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Nov 18, 2017 What genre is heart of darkness,

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Beat the what Robots: How to Get Your Resume Past the rate in america System Into Human Hands. Mark Slack and what genre is heart, Erik Bowitz. Landing an interview for Thinking Essay, a position in genre is heart of darkness a giant organization can feel impossible if you dont have any personal connections. People often blame the sheer volume of statement, resumes that are submittedHR simply cant review them all with enough detail to what genre see what a perfect candidate you are! And this is History: The Salem Trials Essay, partially trueone study suggests that recruiters spend only six seconds looking at each resume. However, many resumes are trashed before theyre even seen by genre is heart, human eyes. How is History: Trials and the, that possible? Heres how: Many large organizations rely on what genre is heart, applicant tracking systems (ATS) to help pre-filter resumes.

The systems work by Electromagnetic Cell Phones, scanning resumes for genre of darkness, contextual keywords and key phrases, mathematically scoring them for relevance, and sending only the most qualified ones through for Radiation Phones, human review. Essentially, theyre the what genre of darkness 21st century version of the black troll under the bridge. Undoubtedly, this saves HR managers the genre of darkness time and trouble of Repeating History: Red Scare, sorting through irrelevant, underprepared, and weak resumes to find the golden candidates. But it also means that your application could slip through the what cracks if you dont format your resume just right or include the exact keywords the hiring manager is divorce in america, searching for. What Of Darkness? To make sure you get past the In The Workplace troll and into what genre of darkness, the door for interesting biologist, an interview, check out these tips for writing a resume that an what genre is heart, ATS will approveand a hiring manager will love. Divorce In America? While you might want to what is heart highlight your creativity or individuality to a hiring manager, ATS require cold conformity and simplicity. Therefore, youll need to delete any extra touches youve added to your resume, like logos, pictures, symbols, and shadings. Unilever Statement? Also, stick to standard resume formatting in a normal font like Arial, Courier, or Times New Romanthe ATS cant read fancy fonts and what, will reject your resume out of confusion. Furthermore, only include the orpheus usual sections of a resume: Qualifications, Professional Experience, Education, Skills, and the like.

Adding unfamiliar headings like Affiliations, Publications, or Memberships can choke up an ATS. Finally, send your resume as a Word doc or in is heart rich text format instead of Repeating History: The Salem Witch and the, a PDF. Though ATS software is genre is heart of darkness, becoming better at divorce in america reading PDFs, it can still miss important things when trying to process them. What Of Darkness? For any profession, theres always lingo, software, responsibilities, basic skills, and licenses or certificates associated with performing the divorce in america job welland an genre is heart of darkness, ATS will be looking for black orpheus movie, key phrases and genre is heart of darkness, contextual information related to those qualifications. To make sure the software recognizes that youre a good fit for the job, use these tips to divorce rate in america successfully keyword optimize your resume: Include verb phrases and skills written in the job description on your own resume. These are very likely to genre be the Thinking In The Workplace Essay same keywords and genre is heart, phrases the hiring manager has programmed the ATS to In The Essay pick upproject manager, Final Cut Pro, or social media marketing, for example. Try services like Wordle and TagCrowd to is heart of darkness help you figure out which keywords to divorce in america focus on. Genre Of Darkness? Input the job descriptions into these tools to Electromagnetic Cell create a word cloud that visually highlights the genre of darkness most frequently used words, and make sure theyre sprinkled throughout your resume. About? Use both the of darkness acronym and the spelled-out form of any given title, certification, or organization, so youre set regardless of which format the should ATS is what, looking for. For example: Certified Public Accountant (CPA).

An important note here: Dont go overboard. In the past, people thought that they could exploit the Essay system by genre is heart of darkness, overstuffing their resumes with keywords, thus ranking them higher in rate in america the eyes of the what genre of darkness ATS. This is interesting facts marine, a very bad idea: Not only is the software sophisticated enough to of darkness see this kind of rate, keyword stuffing, if your resume does make it into human hands, no one will be impressed by a nonsensical resume dressed to the nines in keywords. Aim for genre of darkness, repeating important skills-related keywords two or three times (and no more). How can you do that without repeating job responsibilities or sounding obnoxious? Try this: WANT TO GIVE YOURSELF AN EXTRA BOOST? Are there people who would say no to that? 3. Ditch the Career Objective Section. Career objective sections are kind of a waste of Radiation Cell, space. That boring boilerplate I am a hard working person who wants to work in is heart of darkness (blank) industry is mission statement, a bit obvious: Why else would you be submitting your resume? Furthermore, its not about how you want to what is heart apply your skills, its about Workplace Essay, how the company needs you to apply them.

Instead, try replacing this with a qualifications summarya six-sentence (or bullet pointed) section filled with ATS-friendly keywords. Even better, use those six sentences to what is heart concisely present the women should creme of the what of darkness crop of your achievements, major skills, and important experiences. The Working Class Essay? By doing this, youre killing two birds with one stone: Youre appeasing the what is heart ATS with keywords, and marine, youre also giving the hiring manager the what genre is heart juicy, important bits right at Repeating History: Witch Red Scare Essay the top where he or she can quickly scan and what genre is heart, understand the in america value you would bring the company. Seriously, spelling mistakes are the death of your resume. While a human being can at least figure out what you mean (before tossing your resume into what genre is heart of darkness, the trash in The Working Class Essay disapproval), an ATS will terminate you immediately because it will simply have no idea what youre talking about. So double, triple, and quadruple check your resume before sending it in.

Have someone else do the genre is heart of darkness same. Spelling mistakes can be easily avoided if youre careful. Black Orpheus Movie? So take the of darkness time to Thinking Workplace Essay follow these tips, and youll have a resume that will make it onto what is heart of darkness, a hiring managers deskand ultimately snag you the facts about biologist interview. Feeling on a roll with your resume? Why not check out is heart of darkness, how to Essay optimize your contact information or beef up your skills section? Photo of person on laptop courtesy of Sawitree Pamee/EyeEm/Getty Images#46; Mark Slack and of darkness, Erik Bowitz are Senior Resume Consultants and Electromagnetic Radiation Cell, content managers of the Resume Companion Blog. Of Darkness? Resume Companion is a leading online resume building company with over 650,000 registered users, and over 8 million resumes created to date. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.

While you#39;re here, you may as well check out The Working Class Essay, all the what genre of darkness amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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What genre is heart of darkness

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Nov 18, 2017 What genre is heart of darkness,

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nihilist resume Regeneration through Creativity The Frontier in Paul Auster's Moon Palace. In his novel Moon Palace (1989) Paul Auster uses a variety of different frontier-like settings. He especially contrasts the original frontier of the what is heart of darkness, American Midwest and West, with urban settings that show characteristics of the frontier. While the protagonists in the novel can experience a creative act that can trigger a regeneration or rebirth at the original frontier, the urban settings do not offer the opportunity for orpheus movie such a regeneration. Therefore, the aim of this article will be to show the differences between the urban settings and the frontier of the Amercian West as they are portrayed in the novel. Furthermore it will be discussed what is necessary for a character in Auster's novel to go through this regeneration through creativity. Paul Auster's novel Moon Palace (1989) is divided into three major parts, each telling the life story of one of genre of darkness three men, Marco Stanley Fogg, Thomas Effing, and Solomon Barber.

As the plot proceeds it is Thinking In The Workplace Essay revealed that Effing is the father of Barber and also Marco's grandfather. Thus a genealogy between the three is established. Their individual life stories resemble each other so much, and they are so deeply interwoven with each other, that Martin Klepper, for instance, talks about a threefold repetition of plot (Klepper 1996: 297). Beside the genealogy that is gradually established, the major link between the three plots of Moon Palace is the great significance of the American West, and the frontier for all three protagonists. They all find themselves at genre the geographic location of the historic frontier at unilever mission statement some point in the novel: Thomas Effing's life story is what genre is heart based on his experiences in The Working Class, Utah; at the end of the novel Marco Stanley Fogg travels to the frontier himself, walking several hundred miles from what is heart Lake Powell to the Pacific Coast; Solomon Barber teaches at black movie various colleges in what genre is heart, the Midwest. It would be wrong however, to assume that the American West is the only frontier setting within the novel. Every major character is The Working Class faced with his own personal, frontier-like setting that forces him to evolve into a 20th century version of the traditional frontiersman. Like the original frontier of the American West, such frontier-like settings challenge traditional forms of authority and require the characters to adapt to hostile circumstances with determination and resourcefulness. In doing so, a unique mixture of individualism is prompted, causing on what genre, occasion isolation or and sometimes requiring cooperation with strangers.

So when Marco is divorce rate in america driven out of genre his apartment he moves to Central Park, which, as will be shown, can be read as an Urban Frontier. In The Essay! 1 Solomon Barber roams the American Midwest in is heart, pursuit of professional success and in america having failed at this, he retreats into his own obese body. Significantly the what genre is heart of darkness, plot of the novel is set in the 1960s, in Cell Phones Essay, which John F. What Genre Is Heart Of Darkness! Kennedy had announced a 'New Frontier.' All these different frontier settings are united in the novel by the moon as common symbolism. The moon keeps reappearing in the novel, both as physical appearance in the sky and within the Electromagnetic Cell Essay, language and names used throughout the whole text: Several critics have commented on the use of moon symbolism in Moon Palace and there are many different interpretations offered.

The moon, according to what genre of darkness, Andrew Addy for example, is a metaphor for the mind, and for orpheus our darker nature (Addy 1996: 160). Sven Birkerts suggests that the genre of darkness, moon appears frequently in order to place everything under the aspect of fancy and madness (lunacy) (Birkerts 1992: 197), Christian Berkemeier sees it as a symbol of nondeterminability (Berkemeier 2002: 149) and William Dow even claims that the symbol of the moon only appears randomly (Dow 1996: 197). The most convincing interpretation however, is that argued for by Heinz Ickstadt. He regards the moon as a unifying symbol that embraces the variety of Cell plots within the novel. Together with the plots it also unites the different frontier settings and brings them together under the metaphor of a greater, final frontier that embodies all desires and dreams, and triggers creativity and imagination (Ickstadt 1998: 196). So the what genre is heart, moon, and the restaurant Moon Palace, which can be read as the earthly representation of the moon, bring together the various frontiers in only one symbol: In this article some of the frontier settings that the characters in Moon Palace experience will be discussed and set into relation to each other. In the first part these settings will be described and their specific representation of the unilever, frontier will be discussed. The emphasis here will naturally be on those frontier settings experienced by the protagonists, Marco Stanley Fogg and what is heart Thomas Effing. In a second part the results of the analysis of the frontier settings will be used to Class, work out the regenerating force of what genre of darkness each of these different frontiers.

In doing this they will also be compared to each other in order to Thinking In The Essay, explain why some of the settings have a regenerating effect on the characters and why others do not. 2 The Mythic Frontier: Thomas Effing in Utah. Effing claims that he used to socialize with the genre of darkness, artists of the Hudson River School, a group of American painters that specialized in rate in america, portraying the wilderness landscapes of the Amercian West. With his connection to this group Effing creates a context of myths and genre legends concerning the American West. Black Orpheus! In particular Effing refers to what of darkness, three painters of this school: Thomas Cole, Ralph Blakelock and Thomas Moran. When Marco moves into divorce rate, his room in Effing's apartment he finds only one picture in it, a large etching in a black varnished frame that depicted a mythological scene crowded with human figures and a plethora of architectural details ( MP : 108).

Together with his comment that it is a panel of Thomas Coles The Course of Empire series, this picture can easily be identified as the third painting of the what is heart, series, called The Consummation of Empire . The painting shows the empire at the climax of its power and wealth, a classical city basking in the fullness of its prosperity (Flexner 1962: 51). Orpheus Movie! The whole series however, depicts the rise and fall of an empire from the what genre is heart, savage state through its greatest wealth and power to destruction and desolation. Taken out of the context of the whole series, the picture shows the promises of wealth the The Working Class, frontier seemed to offer without the dooming fall and destruction. Thus, the genre is heart, picture can foreshadow Effing's enlightening experiences at the frontier and give a possible interpretation of Marco's desolating experiences in Central Park at the same time. Taken alone, it predicts the mythological dimension of Effing's narration, but within the context of the whole series it already alludes to divorce in america, what has to be the consequence of the conquest of civilization and of the wealth and genre is heart prosperity that come along with it: the black orpheus, decadence and the decline of the.

empire and of civilization as such. This foreshadowed decline of the is heart of darkness, empire will be important for In The the interpretation of Marco's experiences in Urban Frontier of Central Park before he came to work for Effing. Before Effing is willing to tell his story he instructs Marco to closely study another painting, Moonlight by Ralph Blakelock ( MP : 133ff). Again, this picture not only functions as support for the mythological dimension of Effing's story, but also plays an important role for the description of frontier settings in the novel as a whole. The elaborate scene in which Marco travels to the Brooklyn Museum to see the picture, and his detailed description of it are at the ideological center of Moon Palace (Weissenburger 1994: 75). Moonlight shows a peaceful and genre is heart pastoral scene, in which Native Americans seem to unilever mission statement, be in perfect harmony with the landscape: I was only guessing, of course, but it struck me that Blakelock was painting an American idyll, the world the Indians had inhabited before the what, white man came to destroy it ( MP : 139). But again , there is In The Workplace Essay more to the painting than only the what, idyllic pastoral scene: Perhaps, I thought to myself, this picture was meant to stand for everything we had lost.

It was not a landscape, it was a memorial, a death song for a vanished world ( MP : 139). So Moonlight , like Consummation of Empire depicts an idyllic scene at first sight. The two pictures together show the two major promises of the frontier: wealth and harmony with nature. But both pictures also predict the transitoriness of The Working these promises. Of Darkness! While with Moonlight it is rate Marco who comes to this conclusion, it seems as if Effing is aware of it as well, if only in hindsight. On the one hand he wants Marco to study the Blakelock painting to understand the of darkness, transitoriness of the frontier myths, on the other, he confesses that another painter had a greater influence on black movie, him when he was young. He refers to Thomas Moran as the person who convinced him of taking the trip to the frontier (cf.

MP : 141). At the same time however, he now regards Moran and his followers as the major representatives of the philosophy of Manifest Destiny, which is the main reason for the destruction of the pastoral idyll: Unlike Cole's and Blakelock's pictures, Moran's paintings do not suggest the threat of civilization for the wilderness of the frontier. He forthrightly declared his principles to be idealistic, not realistic [. Genre Of Darkness! ] (Yaeger 1996: 71). So Effing's preoccupation with the Blakelock painting and his refusal to tell his story before Marco has seen it, shows that he is now aware of the transitoriness of the idyllic, mythological frontier his tale is about. He also wants Marco to understand that.

as well. But at the same time the divorce rate, confession that it was Moran who made him visit the frontier in of darkness, the first place shows the idealistic, or rather ideological and Class mythological dimension of his experiences in Utah. 2. These legendary landscapes, which he knew in is heart of darkness, theory from Morans paintings, are encountered by Effing as soon as he arrives in the desert of Utah. The vast open spaces overwhelm Effing and leave him with an existential fear of losing himself: At the American frontier Effing is confronted with the 'sublime,' a force of feeling brought about by a natural phenomenon that is in america so powerful in its infinity that it is both terrifying and fascinating at the same time. What Genre! For the time being, Effing cannot handle the experience of the sublime, he is not able to paint or draw any pictures, as he is so overpowered. While the landscape such is described in the novel as a mythic place, the black, action that unfolds in this landscape is obviously based on the legends and stereotypes concerning the American frontier, just as they might be found in is heart, a dime novel or a Wild West movie. All the unilever, characters Effing meets and is heart of darkness their behavior are clichÈ-like figures of greenhorns, frontiersmen and Thinking In The Workplace Essay outlaws: Upon his arrival in of darkness, Salt Lake City Effing calls himself a rich greenhorn from back East. Their guide through the desert, Jack Scoresby, is described as a former cavalary soldier, who knew the territory well, he knew it as well as anyone else we could find ( MP : 152f). Scoresby turns out to Electromagnetic Radiation, be a hard-boiled frontiersman, who does not understand Effing's ambitions to paint and what who is divorce rate in america unsympathetic to Byrne, Effing's companion, who is severely injured after falling down a steep cliff.

Not hesitating to shoot Byrne (just like he shot a horse with a broken bone only moments before), Scoresby simply leaves Effing and Byrne behind as Effing has refused to let him kill Byrne and also did not agree to is heart of darkness, leave him by himself (cf. MP : 158f). This behavior marks Scoresby as the stereotypical frontiersman, who knows the The Working Class, ways of the wilderness but in his behavior is crude and uncivilized. His acts, though incomprehensible for Effing, are based on a certain way of living, and refer to their own codes. What Genre Of Darkness! This behavior is typical for most frontier characters in Western movies, whether they are cowboys, marshals, or social outcasts (cf. Belton 1994: 221). They all left the Thinking Workplace Essay, codes of civilization behind to follow a new way of what genre is heart of darkness life that has its own codes of honor and black conduct. This comes as a necessity in order to be able to what, survive in an unexplored and possibly dangerous and harmful surrounding like the frontier. It is orpheus movie here that Effing learns that nothing is ever certain and what is heart that you must never take anything for granted ( MP : 111).

No less stereotypical is the description of the Gresham brothers, the band of criminals that Effing has to confront in The Working Essay, the cave some time after Byrnes death. They are described as unscrupulous outlaw, who did not hesitate to kill the hermit (the original resident of Effing's cave) whilst he was sleeping. Their only actions in the novel, beside the murder, consist of playing cards and heavy drinking (cf. MP : 178). Stereotypically outlaws in is heart, Wild West movies have a hideout somewhere in the wilderness, and for the Gresham brothers this hideout is Effing's cave. In a shoot-out, in some aspects similar to the great showdown at the end of a Western movie, Effing is finally able to divorce in america, kill all three outlaws and takes their loot, obviously gained from a stagecoach robbery, a typical crime for what is heart any stereotypical Wild West outlaw (cf. MP : 180f). The plot of Effing's narration is significantly driven onwards by these acts of violence. Without Byrnes death, Effing would never find the black, cave, without Effing's murder of the Gresham brothers and the fortune he gains from it he would never be able to return to civilization (cf. Weissenburger 1994: 76).

The importance of violence for Effing's tale seems to genre is heart, go along with Richard Slotkins theory of regeneration through violence as an important part of American mythological narrative structures (cf. Slotkin 1973: 179). But in fact Effing is not so much regenerated by these acts of violence as he is de-mythicized. Thinking Workplace Essay! Only Byrnes death helps Effing overcome the petrifaction he had suffered from since his confrontation with the sublime. In the cave Effing starts to paint again, more creative and more passionate than ever before.

After the second act of violence he is able to leave the mythic frontier for good. While violence and shoot-outs are important parts of the what genre, legends established by Electromagnetic Radiation Essay, Wild West dime novels and movies, the way these action are described in Moon Palace differ significantly from these other stories, where violence often has a heroic and purifying dimension. What Genre! When Effing approaches the cave to face the Gresham brothers he is Workplace far from the stereotypical fearless gunfighter, and even one of the outlaws starts to cry when he is faced with his own death (cf. MP : 180). As Andrew Addy argues: This solipsism therefore helps Effing overcome the feeling of existential loss he had experienced facing the sublime in the frontier landscape. If the violence is not part of the actual myth however, but instead a means of Effing's inner development, it can also explain why both Scoresby and Effing get away with their violent actions without being held responsible for genre is heart them. Auster makes use of the stereotypical absence of conventional authority structures at the frontier to establish. a meta-realistic dimension of authority.

Effing's deeds are not pursued by legal authorities. Instead, when his spine breaks as he is mugged much later in Radiation Essay, the streets of San Francisco, he regards this as a punishment brought upon him by destiny and as a redemption from the sins he has committed: He had been punished, and because the punishment was a terrible one, he was no longer obligated to punish himself ( MP : 198). In his description of his frontier experience in what is heart, the desert of Utah, Effing moves from a very mythicized, legendary narration, to an account that is more detached from the traditional myths and legends but that is still no more realistic. The story of his adventures in the cave can rather be seen as a parable for Electromagnetic Radiation Phones the regeneration process Effing goes through at the frontier. The question thus, is what of darkness not whether Effing is telling the truth within the fictional construct of the novel, but rather what meanings Effing is trying to convey with his narration, as Marco finds out: In that way Marco questions the truth of Effing's narration several times in the novel (cf. MP : 183 and 276).

Even though it is told as an authentic life story, there is enough doubt left to rate, define it as part of the myths, and legends, of the genre, frontier. During his time in the cave, Effing experiences a rebirth in a creative outburst. However, the should, question of is heart of darkness if, and how regeneration is women should at home possible for what is heart Effing through his creativity needs to be discussed in comparison with Marco Foggs story and his individual frontier experiences. 3 The Urban Frontier: Marco Stanley Fogg in New York City. Thus, Marco's identity as the prototypical explorer or pioneer is already established throughout the first pages of the novel.

His name proved that travel was in my blood, that life would carry me to places where no man had ever been before ( MP : 6). Indeed, Marco's story is his quest for his identity, which turns out to be an exploration of his obscure genealogy. This is the quest that serves as a motivation for the unfolding of the Essay, narrative. Any other search in the novel, while most of the time starting as a characters attempt to what genre is heart, escape a desperate situation, turns out Electromagnetic Radiation Phones as a variation of this quest for identity and genealogy: Marco's struggle to come to terms with his financial problems on his own, forces him to what of darkness, live rough as a homeless person in Central Park. Thinking Essay! Desperate to learn from genre of darkness this first mistake and to find his place in the world he tries to turn into an altruist, which he claims to mission statement, be his motivation in what is heart, taking the position as Effing's assistant: At the end of the novel, Effing will turn out to be his grandfather. Marco's job with him serves as the narrative framework to statement, Effing's story, which portrays Effing's search for what genre of darkness identity. It eventually leads to the introduction of Solomon Barber, who will turn out to The Working Class Essay, be Marco's father. Barber's adolescent novel Kepler's Blood itself is just the quest of a young boy for his own origin and genealogy. Later, Barber persuades Marco to join him for an expedition to search Effing's cave which again is Barbers search for his lost father.

This search helps Marco find a new identity after his relationship with Kitty has failed, and eventually he learns about the link between Effing, Barber and himself on this journey. So the development of the genealogy from Effing to is heart, Marco is closely linked to a similar ongoing search for identity on part of the three protagonists. This search takes Marco through different frontier settings, which accounts for the allusions to pioneers and explorers in his name. Furthermore, when Marco decides to replace his first name and his middle name by women at home, their initials, M.S., his uncle Victor mentions that these initials also stand for genre manuscript: Every man is the author of his own life [. ]. The book you are writing is not yet finished. Unilever Mission Statement! Therefore, its a manuscript ( MP : 7). Bernd Herzogenrath argues that this connection suggests a link to the American Dream, describing Marco in genre, terms of the American myth of the 'self-made man' who is symbolically writing his own story (Herzogenrath 1999: 126). Thus Marco's name is an allusion to his quest for identity as much as it links him with all the explorers and pioneers of history, including those who have conquered the wilderness of the American West. The frontier situations Marco encounters increase significantly in unilever mission, the effect they have upon of darkness him. They also reflect the traditional American paradigm of the Midwest as location of innocence and childhood, the East as the location of experience, and finally the West as the place of black orpheus a new beginning (Berkemeier 2002: 149).

The first are imaginative frontiers, mental spaces that he is exploring. What Genre Is Heart! Growing up. in a time in which there are no more wildernesses to be conquered and no more unexplored spaces to be pioneered, Marco has to turn to mental spaces he can discover. Thinking! Even as a child he and his uncle invent and explore imaginary worlds as a refuge from real life: This escape into a frontier of imagination is repeated after Uncle Victor dies. To mourn him, Marco decides to read all the books he has inherited from Victor. Marc Chénetier argues that Victors book-buying parallels the course of western expansion, but it is also Marco whose reading process mirrors a journey to what genre of darkness, a frontier (Chénetier 1996: 118). All in all there are 1492 volumes, a number that evokes the The Working Essay, memory of Columbus discovery of Amercia ( MP : 13). Marco reads the books in the order he takes them out of the boxes Victor has sent to him. In so far he commits himself to what, an order that has been imposed on him by Electromagnetic Phones Essay, his uncle. However, the order in which he opens the boxes is an arbitrary one.

Thus it is Marco's own expedition into his uncles mental space: To overcome his financial needs, Marco sells the books after he has read them. But because he had used the what is heart, boxes with the divorce in america, books as his furniture, the interior of his apartment vanishes bit by bit in what of darkness, this process (cf. Divorce Rate! MP : 23). Thus the consequences of Marco's reading have a spatial dimension, which supports the aspect of the pioneering movement into the mental frontier he is involved with. The further his way leads him into what genre is heart, this frontier, the less traits of civilization his apartment shows until nothing is left. Women Should Stay At Home! However, those two imaginary frontiers Marco encounters are merely a foreshadowing of his experiences in Central Park and of his quest in the West later in the novel. Their main purpose, thus, is to characterize Marco as a pioneer character.

It is not only is heart of darkness his name and the fact that he encounters several frontier situations, that make Marco a pioneer. He also shows several characteristic traits of a frontiersman. When he learns that his monetary funds are almost exhausted, he devises a plan that maintains his independence from everybody else. In America! He not only refuses any help from his friends but he also fails to genre is heart of darkness, tell them about unilever mission statement, his situation. So he also consciously rejects all other possibilities society could offer him scholarships, stipends, jobs, and loans: This already extreme individualism, which is typical for the frontiersman, is what is heart of darkness reinforced after he graduates from Electromagnetic Cell Essay college and his telephone is disconnected. What Genre Of Darkness! These two events mark his ultimate retreat from civilization as he is Cell Phones Essay now isolated from the outside world. The consistency with which Marco coheres to his self-destructive plan shows further typical traits of the frontiersman: determination and resolution. Once Marco has reached a decision about is heart of darkness, how to deal with his situation, he is not willing to change his mind, even though he is aware of the negative consequences his plan will have. This persistence, however, does not consist of a determination of doing the Thinking In The, right thing, instead he refuses to is heart of darkness, take any action at stay all, perhaps the only adequate decision for a postmodern pioneer:

In his determination to genre is heart of darkness, carry on with his original plan, Marco shows himself to be very creative in women, adapting to what genre, new situations. He finds convincing excuses for his friends whenever they inquire about his whereabouts and he is able to convince himself of a hidden advantage in every deprivation. Rate! Even when he finally has to search for food in what is heart, garbage bins he puts up with it (cf. MP : 60). His ability to adjust to rate in america, new situations is what genre a further feature that marks him as a contemporary, urban frontiersman, a trait of personality that helps him live through his experiences in Cell, Central Park, which can be read as an Urban Frontier setting. As an of darkness Urban Pioneer, Marco finds his personal frontier setting in Central Park. His individualistic refusal to accept any help in his time of need causes him to unilever statement, become homeless and forces him to move into the park.

His time there foreshadows Effing's narration of his time in the desert of Utah. Marco himself regards Effing as a kindred spirit, who was somehow describing the same things I had felt ( MP : 183). But already the last weeks Marco spends in his apartment mirror Effing's life in the cave. They both have to realize that their supplies are limited and so they have to plan the use of their reserves. For Marco this is is heart a matter financial calculating: For Effing, however, this is not so much a financial matter than rather a matter of planning the usage of the supplies he already has at hand: In their individualistic behavior, both Marco and Effing challenge civilization. They completely retreat in their cave or apartment, Marco even retreats further into the imaginary world of women should at home his books. They both refuse to take part in genre is heart of darkness, any activity that would be considered normal by civilization. Black Movie! Unlike Effing, who ends his retreat from civilization out of free will before his supplies come to their end, Marco finally has to realize that he failed in this challenge.

He does not fail because he is not able to feed himself any longer, but rather because he is unable to pay his rent (cf. MP : 45ff). Thus money, as a purely material good, becomes the major reason for what of darkness his failure. The only possibility left for him is a further retreat into Central Park, where he can live as a homeless and should stay at home does not depend on money any more. What Genre Is Heart! The park thus already shows one of the major features of the frontier: for Marco it serves as a safety valve, a place he can escape to from his failure in civilization. This notion of the park as seemingly redeeming space is supported by a clear distinction between the park as natural, democratic space, and the streets as space of Essay corrupted materialism and capitalism, of larger social malaise (Birkerts 1992: 345): Marco's description of the park stresses the freedom from what genre is heart of darkness any social conventions or restraints and the liberty to choose ones own way of unilever mission statement life, a freedom that does not seem possible in the streets. With regards to is heart, the park Marco claims that the grass and should stay the trees were democratic, a statement that echoes. Frederick Jackson Turner's idea of the frontier as the what, cradle of American democracy ( MP : 57). The park, like the frontier, is a place of The Working individualism where everybody is free to live the life they choose, and a place of genre is heart of darkness democracy at the same time.

And like the original frontier, the park is a wilderness, even though it is just an artificial wilderness. Marco recognizes the paradox of living in a man-made natural world and even goes so far as to call it nature enhanced ( MP : 62). Here he feels safe and just before he is about to enter the park he even feels like someone about to be reborn, like someone on the brink of discovering a new continent MP : 52). But the Urban Frontier of Central Park is not so much about a distinction between wilderness and civilization, it is rather a state of mind Marco finds himself in. Phones! His escape from the genre of darkness, conventions of society is symbolized by his retreat into black, the only wilderness an urban society can still offer him. There he abandons former habits and codes of conduct for a life that is seemingly free of these restraints. Genre Of Darkness! Thus he is willing to give up any comfort and to live rough from leftovers that visitors of the park have thrown away. Even though he does not romanticize his searches in the garbage cans, he still tries not to see them as a sign of his personal failure.

He rather calls them spiritual initiations ( MP : 61). Thus, Marco's attitude makes Central Park a frontier setting more than the description used in the novel. However, Marco's life in the park still resembles life at the frontier in various aspects. Like life at the frontier, his experiences in Central Park are not only influenced by a specific understanding of individualism, but also by cooperation among people in the park and by a certain void of authority structures. In spite of his individualism, Marco still depends to a certain degree upon the help of others to survive, both physically and psychologically. A life completely isolated from society is not possible, even in the park. In Central Park Marco gets help that he does not get on the street. People give him money or invite him for a picnic lunch or a game of softball: Those were happy moments for me, and they helped to carry me through some of the The Working Class, darker stretches when my luck seemed to have run out ( MP : 58).

The other people in the park also define the authority structure there. Even though Marco once encounters a policeman when he is searching for food in a garbage can, he is able to escape further persecution by genre, impersonating a student of Columbia University, doing research on an Urban Studies project (cf. MP : 60). The police and other authorities from the society outside the park do not have any power or influence within the park. Instead there is a lack of statement authority that makes the park a dangerous place. During his time there Marco experiences several dangerous moments but he is able to remain unscathed (cf. MP : 65). The greatest threats for Marco however, are not crime or official authorities. His greatest danger comes from the unpredictable weather. The weather, or rather an what genre of darkness outpour of rain Marco had not foreseen, reinforces his position as a social outcast and finally ends his frontier experience in Central Park.

After being soaked by the rain, Marco's appearance starts to women should at home, worsen. He cuts off his hair after drying it of the of darkness, rainwater because he can no longer control its wild look. The Working Essay! Without the long hair the thinness of his face becomes recognizable: It accentuated my thinness to what genre of darkness, an appalling degree. My ears stuck out, my Adams apple bulged, my head seemed no bigger than a childs ( MP : 67). With his body diminishing, Marco physically disappears out of society. His exclusion is further marked by the smell of his clothing as it starts to dry: Unfortunately, once my clothes began to dry in earnest, they also began to smell. [. ] This had never happened before and it shocked me to realize that such a noxious odor could be coming from my person ( MP : 68). Marco eventually even has to leave a library because of this smell. In this context the library can be read as a representation of civilization's intellectual achievement, and thus, his expulsion from the library is symbolic of his expulsion from orpheus movie this spiritual side of what genre is heart society.

But even the 'safety valve' of his Urban Frontier is not able to save Marco now. Unlike the original frontier of the in america, American West, the Urban Frontier is only artificial and genre of darkness does not have the same regenerating forces that the Thinking Workplace, real wilderness has. Consequently, the genre of darkness, rebirth Marco expected upon The Working Class first entering the of darkness, park cannot really take place. Marco retreats into a cave that was formed naturally in Central Park. In his feverish delirium he transforms the Urban Frontier setting into an original historic frontier: His mental journey leads him to the historic frontier of unilever Manhattan Island before it was corrupted by white civilization and society. It is a prelapsarian state, the same state the frontier of Blakelocks Moonlight is in, and one similar to the frontier Effing experiences (cf. What Is Heart! Klepper 1996: 293).

Marco is rescued right in Essay, the middle of this prelapsarian vision, but he is not regenerated by his experiences at the Urban Frontier. It is only at the end of the novel when he reaches the Pacific Ocean that regeneration is possible for him. 4 Regeneration through Creativity. force at their frontier, thus it can be assumed that the different frontier settings have different regenerating powers. At the end of the novel, when Marco stands at the Pacific shore after he walked several hundred miles from Lake Powell to California, he comes to the conclusion: This is where I start, I said to myself, this is where my life begins ( MP : 306). Yet after his frontier experience in is heart of darkness, Central Park, he still feels a need to purify myself, to repent for The Working all my excesses of is heart self-involvement ( MP : 73) and soon begins to resemble the person I had once been ( MP : 82). Thinking Workplace Essay! An important question one needs to ask in order to what is heart, understand Moon Palace and its representations of the frontier is why there is a difference in the regenerating forces of the frontier settings. After being left behind in the desert of Uthah by Scoresby, Effing's only bond to civilization and In The Workplace society is what genre his companion Byrne, who lies dying. He is convinced that he cannot return to divorce rate in america, civilization without Byrne. And so he clings to nursing him as his only connection to what genre is heart, the world: Once Byrne was gone, there would be nothing to think about anymore, and I was afraid of that emptiness, it scared me half to death ( MP : 161). And indeed, after Byrnes death Effing's former self, Julian Barber, was obliterated and simply canceled himself out ( MP : 165).

This scene is a key passage in the novel, it is the first instance in which a character goes through a complete transformation. This is marked in the narrative style by In The Workplace, Marco taking over the role of the narrator again. Effing's story is now told from Marco's perspective in the third person, after the first part had been narrated in first person from Effing's perspective. With Byrnes death and in his struggles after it, Effing loses everything, not only his last bond to civilization and what genre is heart society but also all his belongings. Black Movie! He breaks up his easel to bandage Byrnes broken arm and leg, his horse dies and he gradually uses all his food supplies. Only when he is of darkness prepared to really die, not only in his identity as Julian Barber, but physically and statement totally, does he find the what genre is heart, hermits cave. Electromagnetic Radiation Phones Essay! It is stocked with ample supplies and secures his survival. Here the regeneration process slowly sets in, he feels reborn: Thus, only in is heart of darkness, the desert of the should stay at home, frontier, where he loses all connections to genre is heart, his old self and to civilization as such, a rebirth - or rather regeneration - is made possible. This regeneration however only truly sets in a little later when he starts to paint again.

After a few random sketches in a notebook he experiences a creative outburst, using up all his painting supplies and painting on every surface he finds after there are no more canvases left. It is in black, this creative act that he is finally regenerated: It was an extraordinary reprieve, he said, and for the next three weeks he felt as though he had been reborn ( MP : 171). In this creative act Effing, who already has abandoned all his ties to civilization, also rids himself of artistic conventions and paints for what genre is heart of darkness the mere sake of creativity: An important aspect for him also is the fact that no one would ever see his paintings. His creative act thus is not an Electromagnetic Cell Phones Essay attempt to gain material or social advantages; it is is heart of darkness uncorrupted by any conventional social standards. Thus in Moon Palace, I would argue, there are several prerequisites for the regeneration process. These are effectively only fulfilled in the description of the frontier of the American West, which all protagonists encounter at one point in the novel. Before the regeneration sets in, the characters lose all their ties to society, their families and to civilization as such and they also lose all their belongings and prospects.

In this instance of In The Workplace total independence and liberty a surge of creativity can be set free that then signifies the actual regenerating process. Marco is not able to experience this regeneration through a creative act in Central Park because within the urban setting this independence is not possible. Genre! Unlike Effing, who finds refuge and provisions in his cave, Marco always has to take care of practical concerns (looking for a place to Radiation Essay, sleep at night, taking care of what genre my stomach) ( MP : 62). For these concerns Marco needs to use all his creative energy so he has no resources left that could support his regeneration: Occasionally, I jotted down some of these observations in my notebook, but for the most part I felt no inclination to write, not wanting to remove myself from my surroundings in any serious way ( MP : 63). Even after his experiences in the park he is not capable of any creativity. To earn money he translates a report from French into English.

Again he is not as independent as Effing is in Utah, his aim is to earn money in order to reimburse his friend Zimmer. Thus he only can regard the report as dead language ( MP : 91). Similarly, his job for Effing, as he writes the obituary, only seems like a creative act. He only reproduces Effing's words. In Central Park and in the city no rebirth or regeneration can take place because in the urban setting Marco is black orpheus movie not free of social or financial restraints. What Is Heart Of Darkness! Marc Chénetier thus talks about Effing's cave as womb, a fetal environment that enables his rebirth (Chénetier 1996: 61).

On the Thinking In The Workplace Essay, other hand Dennis Barone calls Marco's apartment, which at first sight seems to resemble Effing's cave so much, a tomb (Barone 1995: 17). The absolute lack of productivity in genre, the urban setting is also symbolized by Kittys abortion. The love between Marco and Kitty remains unproductive (cf. MP : 279ff). In contrast, Effing fathers a child the night before he takes to the frontier (cf. Black Orpheus! MP : 152). Thus Steven Weisenburger notes that as long as Marco is in the city the what, genealogy that is steadily unfolding in the novel cannot be continued (cf. Weissenburger 1994: 73).

The reason for the impossibility for independence and for the unproductivity of the city is the influence of money and capitalism. In the urban setting one always depends on money to survive. Radiation Essay! So the genre, creative act always is corrupted by capitalism because all creativity needs to be used to earn a living. The reign of capitalism is strong enough to drain the wilderness landscape of Central Park of its regenerating power. Electromagnetic Cell Essay! This reading of the genre is heart, Urban Frontier setting goes along with Auster's assessment of capitalism and money-making in his autobiographical account Hand to Mouth : The negative influence of money on the creative act can be observed in Moon Palace whenever money is gained or lost. Effing's creative excess ends as soon as he finds the money of the Gresham brothers: As Effing put it to me, it was precisely at that moment that everything changed for him again, that his life suddenly veered in a new direction ( MP : 181). He returns to civilization and never paints again. Or as Carsten Springer notes: With his creation of a new identity as Thomas Effing, this character closes his personal frontier and domesticates his moral wilderness (Springer 2001: 143). However, his imagination and creativity return when he and Marco symbolically give the money back to society by orpheus movie, handing out genre is heart of darkness fifty-dollar bills to total strangers.

They meet a man with a broken umbrella who pretends that it is raining and that his umbrella protects him from the rain. Effing not only plays along, he also takes out this umbrella some days later in a real rainstorm, pretending that he is sheltered from the rain. This is the Thinking, last night of their task to what genre, return the money he has taken from the Gresham brothers and the incident with the at home, umbrella shows clearly, how Effing's imagination and creativity have returned (cf. MP : 212f). Similarly, Marco's regeneration only takes place after he loses all his belongings in the West. After Barber dies, Marco inherits the money Barber himself has inherited from what Effing. Radiation! He has the what genre, money in the trunk of his car, which is stolen at Lake Powell when Marco realizes that his quest for Effing's cave has failed. He then walks all the divorce rate, way to the Pacific coast, where he finally feels regenerated.

Again this regeneration is only possible in the American West, after Marco lost all his ties to is heart, society, his father, his grandfather and his lover, and after he lost all his money. The creative act that enables the regeneration, then, is should stay of course the narrative of Moon Palace itself, which is what genre is heart of darkness a first-person account of Marco's life. Marco's regeneration at the shore of the Pacific makes Moon Palace one of the very few novels by Phones Essay, Paul Auster that have a positive ending: In Moon Palace, unlike the what genre is heart, prior novels where words fall apart, Fogg eventually is able to put them back together again (Barone 1995: 18f; original emphasis). 4. His father, Solomon Barber, cannot be regenerated, even in the Midwest.

He has still his family ties, as personified by Marco, his son. Significantly his worst failure or rather fall takes place at the grave of his former lover and Marco's mother, at the precise moment when he reveals to Marco their family relation. Also, when he falls, Barber still holds on to the money he inherited from Effing and so he is not free of the material constraints, either. Already in an earlier episode Auster shows how money and Cell capitalism oppose the what is heart, idea of the regenerating frontier. It has been shown that Marco's reading of his uncles books resembles the exploration of an imaginary landscape or frontier. Radiation Cell! However, when Marco tries to is heart, sell these books, they are just treated like any other commodity, without any consideration for the emotional and symbolic meaning they have for Marco: Like the Course of Essay Empire , Auster's Moon Palace seems to suggest a cyclic understanding of history.

If the characters manage to return to a prelapsarian state, to genre, Effing's mythic frontier, they can undo the damage civilization has imposed on their person. This is just the attempt made by many of Auster's other characters, by Stillman Sr. and by Daniel Quinn in unilever, City of Glass and by Hans Sachs in Leviathan for example. As Martin Klepper puts it, many times this search for the prelapsarian state is is heart a linguistic search, a search for a prelapsarian speech (cf. Klepper 1996: 252). Stillman, Quinn and Sachs fail in their quest, in Moon Palace , however, some of the In The Workplace Essay, characters actually succeed.

Addy, Andrew (1996): Narrating the Self: Story-Telling as Personal Myth-Making in Paul Austers Moon Palace . in: Q.W.E.R.T.Y.: Arts, Litteratures ans Civilisations du Monde Anglophone . 6, 153161. Auster, Paul (1997): Hand to Mouth: A Chronicle of Early Failure . New York: Henry Holt. Auster, Paul (1989): Moon Palace . Genre Is Heart! New York: Penguin. Barone, Dennis (1995): Introduction: Paul Auster and the Postmodern American Novel. In: Dennis Barone (Hg.): Beyond the Radiation Cell Phones, Red Notebook: Essays on genre of darkness, Paul Auster . Black Movie! Philadelphia, Penn: U. of Pennsylvania Press, 126. Bawer, Bruce (1989): Doubles and More Doubles. In: The New Criterion 7, 6774. Belton, John (1994): American Cinema / American Culture . What Genre Of Darkness! New York et al.: McGraw. Berkemeier, Christian (2002): Schlafes Bruder: Assoziationen zu Text, Tod und (T)raum in Electromagnetic Cell Essay, Austers Moon Palace , Timbuktu und Lulu on the Bridge . In: Lienkamp, Wolfgang et al. (Hg.): As Strange as the World : Annäherungen an das Werk des Erzählers und Filmemachers Paul Auster . Münster: LIT.

Birkerts, Sven (1992): American Energies: Essays on Fiction . New York: William Morrow. Chénetier, Marc (1996): Paul Auster as the Wizard of Odds: Moon Palace. Paris: Didier Érudition. Dow, William (1996): Never Being This Far From Home: Paul Auster and Picturing Moonlight Spaces. Q.W.E.R.T.Y. What Genre Is Heart Of Darkness! : Arts, Litteratures ans Civilisations du Monde Anglophone . 6, 193198. Flexner, James Thomas (1962): That Wilder Image: The Paintings of Americas Native Schhool from Thomas Cole to Winslow Homer . Boston, Toronto: Little, Brown and Co. Herzogenrath, Bernd (1999): An Art of mission Desire: Reading Paul Auster . Postmodern Studies 21.

Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi. Ickstadt, Heinz (1998): Der amerikanische Roman im 20. Jahrhundert. Transformation des Mimetischen. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. Klepper, Martin (1996): Pynchon, Auster, DeLillo: Die amerikanische Postmoderne zwischen Spiel und Rekonstruktion . Is Heart! Frankfurt, New York: Campus Verlag. Slotkin, Richard (1973): Regeneration through Violence. The Mythology of the American Frontier, 1600-1860 . Middletown, Conn.: Weslyan UP. Springer, Carsten (2001): Crises: The Works of Paul Auster . American Culture 1. New York et al.: Peter Lang.

Wade, Richard C. (1967, 1959): The Urban Frontier. The Rise of Western Cities, 1790-1830 . Harvard Historical Monographs 41. Cambridge: Harvard UP. Weisenburger, Steven (1994): Inside Moon Palace . In: Barone, Dennis (Hg.): The Review of Contemporary Fiction 14.1, 7079. Yaeger, Bert D (1996): The Hudson River School: American Landscape Artists. New York: Todtri. 2 These legendary qualities of Effings accounts are further shown by his paraplegia. When Effing is Thinking Workplace Essay introduced in one of Austers manuscripts of an earlier draft of the novel, Auster noted on the margin: legend = leg|end.

Farfetched as this connection might otherwise seem, it should be taken seriously as Auster himself points it out in his manuscript. These manuscripts can be consulted in the Berg-Collection of the New York Public Library. 3 This quotation can also be read as a poetological statement Auster makes on the structure of his novel. He uses elements of the picaresque novel, but changes them and thus reinvents the genre (cf. Herzogenrath 120).

He is what is heart unteaching himself the rules he has learned to find a new form. Carsten Springer however rightly argues that the women should stay, widespread assumption that all of Austers work have to is heart of darkness, be seen as deconstruction of a genre [. Unilever! ] fails to account for the characteristics of the texts written before and after the [ New York] Trilogy . (Springer 8; original emphasis) 4 Barone includes in this statement Auster's novel In the Country of Last Things , which had been published one year before Moon Palace . The novel, however, has an open ending and I would argue that there are certain indications that suggest the same dichotomy between an unproductive urban frontier and a regenerating natural frontier. The novel ends the night before the protagonist, Anna Blume, leaves the what, city westwards and the book is written in first person, suggesting a similar regeneration through creativity for Anna Blume.

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aix resume Software Engineer / Technical Lead Architected an internal PaaS based on Apache Mesos with the Apache Aurora framework Deployed and modified aurproxy, a load balancer manager using nginx for Apache Aurora Tested out various other Mesos frameworks such as Marathon, Chronos, Kafka, and tested isolation Simplified some clustering bits using the of darkness, keepalived vrrp daemon and some tricks learned previously Served as a senior technical resource on deploying and The Working Class managing salt for configuration management Benchmarked docker storage and networking configurations to deduce the is heart of darkness, best production configuration Maintained several internal web services (hypermedia apis) written in Thinking In The, a mix of golang and what genre python via TDD Helped migrate the Systems Automation team over to using an Agile (SCRUM) development methodology Mentored other developers in building web services to run on elastic infrastructure such as Mesos or Kubernetes. Systems Automation Engineer Helped with a P.O.C. and ended up as a core committer of graphite Migrated our team's largest webservice from MySQL to PostgreSQL and implemented barman Monoglot software maintenance of various internal software in golang / python / php / perl / ruby Coached other team members on software development and unilever mission proper devops / automation best practices Wrote an out of band vendor agnostic Lights Out management tool supporting 3 server hardware vendors Primary maintainer of a largish internal REST php api which we rewrote as a Django app with full unit test coverage Wrote a fully automated Windows inventory system using nmap, wmic, our internal inventory api, and a bit of python Migrated critical internal webservices to a proper clustered and redundant setup using glusterfs, drbd, and pacemaker. Systems Engineer / Tools Developer Strived for automation in everything or built tools to what is heart of darkness, increase user productivity Tested newer versions of mission statement, open source tools we use such as cobbler or salt and added features Reviewed upstream kernel changes and what is heart technology for The Working Class, achieving an what, ever lower network latency Used publish/subscribe message bus software like mcollective and statement salt to what genre is heart, solve real user problems Tied together monitoring and configuration management of network devices with open source and internal tools Architected a multi-vendor network device configuration management suite using pexpect and women at home django with a touch of jQuery. Senior Systems Administrator Re-implemented the global dns/ldap setup for higher availability. Used keepalived for auto-failover High performance computing, benchmarking, and kernel tuning. Constant review of upstream kernel activity Maintenance and engineering on of darkness a from scratch Linux distribution in support of high volume electronic trading Authored many internal tools and The Working django web dashboards. What Of Darkness? Used a mix of python, perl, and jQuery / Javascript Rolled out Electromagnetic Radiation, a completely new monitoring system based on ZenOSS. Lots of integration with xmlrpc and genre of darkness REST apis. Linux Systems Administrator NetApp Filer Storage and NAS administration.

NFS configuration and ongoing maintenance Perl archive encryption script supporting key rotation and unilever mission statement key retrieval from an Ingrian Datasecure Initial setup of OpenLDAP to centralize network device authentication. Also looked into RSA products RPM package creation for what genre, Ticketmaster proprietary software. Workplace Essay? Redhat Package Manager spec file creation Advised on best practices and spearheaded an what of darkness, upgrade project from older Linux distributions to CentOS/RHEL5. Web Administrator Configured and administered fault tolerant java application clusters Automated repetitive tasks using bourne shell scripting on HP-UX 11i, SLES9, and AIX Personal interview syndicated on linux.com To Iraq and Back: Soldier Uses Linux in War and unilever Peace Assisted with and implemented a migration from Tomcat 3 - Tomcat 4 - Bea Weblogic Server 8.1 Utilized open source software to meet business needs: awstats, Squid / Squidguard, Mediawiki, Bugzilla, etc. Proactive hardening of SLES9, Novell OES9 Linux and HP-UX 11i Unix servers Vulnerability scanning and network penetration testing of customer facing applications Re-wrote the web server standard from scratch after and existing infrastructure security review Customized and branded Perl open source web metrics reporting software for what of darkness, intranet usage statistics Moved internet facing IIS servers internally and In The Workplace Essay fronted them with the more secure Apache using mod_proxy.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Operator / Team Leader. Hardening Apache webservers to NIST SP 800-44 (Guidelines on Securing Public Web Servers) Flight Hours: 474 total, 460 of which were during combat in a year long overseas deployment Wrote a 17 page technical paper detailing GCS software improvements (Solaris 7 shell scripts) Co-maintainer User support in the #graphite IRC channel on Freenode Updated and merged external contributions for graphite-web, whisper, and carbon Release management and feature wrangling of the (yet to what genre of darkness, be released) 0.9.11 release. Divorce In America? Co-maintainer Wrote a lot of features for salt (over 400 commits) Updated and merged external contributions for what is heart, various subprojects Suggested architectural design choices / features with the salt stack team. Volunteer Systems Administrator Setup web-based open source software such as Piwik, CiviCRM, and The Working Essay Drupal Worked on and enhanced the django application snowy for the Tomboy Online project Setup a mock chroot rpm build environment. Backported rpm packages from Fedora to RHEL5 Volunteered to run the GNOME booth at the Southern California Linux Expo 6x, 7x, 8x, 9x, and 10x Managed systems with the genre is heart, puppet configuration management system and Class Essay ran a 25,000 user MoinMoin wiki. 201: Firewall Installation, Configuration, and Management. Linux: Basic System Administration IV HP-UX System Administration Script Writing.

Weblogic Server 8.1 System Administration Weblogic Server 8.1 Advanced System Administration. What Genre Of Darkness? LPI LPIC-1 Linux Systems Administration IEEE Computer Society Member since 2005 Comptia A+ and Network+ Computer hardware and Electromagnetic Radiation Cell network troubleshooting.

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Essay: Speech Disorder Vocal Folds. Vocal Pathologies arise due to accident, disease, misuse of the voice, or surgery affecting the vocal folds and have a profound impact on patients life. The modeling of normal and pathological voice source and the analysis of healthy and pathological voices has gained increasing interest recently. Genre Of Darkness! Among the most interesting works are those concerned with Parkinsons disease (PD) and black orpheus Multiple Sclerosis (MS), which belong to a class of neurodegenerative diseases that affect patients speech. Most voice-related pathologies are due to irregular masses or the is heart, presence of pathologies in the larynx such as vocal fold nodules or vocal fold polyps located on divorce rate the vocal folds interfering in their normal and regular vibration.

This phenomenon causes a decrease in voice quality, that is, usually the first symptom of this type of disorders. In the past, the only way to genre is heart of darkness, measure voice quality was by applying perceptual measurements denoting the existence or absence of several voice characteristics [26]. To analyze the speech signal in order to estimate numerous parameters that indicate amplitude and frequency perturbations, the orpheus movie, level of air leakage, the degree of genre is heart, turbulence, and so forth. Voice production starts with the vibration of the vocal folds, which can be more or less stretched to achieve higher or lower pitch tones. In normal conditions and in spite of this pitch variation ability, phonation is considered stabilized and regular. Women Should Stay At Home! Any transformation on of darkness the vocal folds tissue can cause an irregular, nonperiodic vibration which will change the shape of the glottal source signal from one period to the next, introducing jitter [7]. The same problem can occur in amplitude. If, for instance, the vocal folds are too stiff, they will need a higher sub glottal pressure to vibrate. The glottal cycle can thus be irregularly disturbed also in The Working Essay, amplitude, originating shimmer. What Genre Of Darkness! The possible existence of high frequency noise, especially during the closed phase of the glottal cycle, originated by a partial closure of the vocal folds will cause an Class, air leakage through the what, glottis, providing a turbulence effect. All these phenomena affect the glottal source signal, but there is no direct access possible to this signal, the access is only available to the sound pressure radiated at the lips.

The estimation of the glottal source signal from the voice signal is not a simple task. Research in this field shows that it is reasonable to approximate the influence of the vocal tract by a linear filter. Using this approximation, the voice signal can be filtered by inverse of statement, this filter to obtain an estimate of the what genre is heart, glottal source signal [11]. In this work a non-interactive approach is taken without consideration of the influence of the supraglottis vocal tract or the influence of the sub glottis cavities on the glottal flow. As a consequence, it is Electromagnetic Radiation Cell assumed that the source and filter parameters are independent. Details of the vocal tract and the utterances with respect to different articulators are indicated below. Figure 7.1 Vocal Tract indicating Place of different categories of Speech Production. 7.2 Frequency Perturbation-

Fundamental frequency has been shown to reflect the vocal fold status and how the variables interact and perform. Fundamental frequency is defined as follows. The vocal fundamental frequency is reflective of the biomechanical characteristics of the vocal folds as they interact with sub glottal pressure. The biomechanical properties are determined by laryngeal structure and applied muscle forces. Adjustment of the latter, in turn, is a function of reflective, affective and learned voluntary behaviors. The small cycle-to-cycle changes in frequency are represented by frequency perturbations or what is called jitter. The estimation of irregularities in the vibration of the vocal folds is commonly measured by the jitter parameter. Jitter measures the irregularities in a quasi-periodic signal and can account for is heart, variations in rate, one or more of its features, like period, amplitude, shape, and what is heart of darkness so forth [7].

Even a sustained vowel produced by a professional speaker cannot be considered as a periodic signal. Hence, the unilever mission, jitter of a voiced speech signal is usually taken as a measure of the change in the duration of consecutive glottal cycles. Jitter the instability of vocal fold vibration represents a reflection of genre is heart of darkness, biomechanical and Electromagnetic Radiation Cell neuromuscular control. Perturbation values can vary in several ways. What Genre Is Heart Of Darkness! Variations of black, pitch perturbation are inversely proportional to the frequency, for example when fundamental frequency increases, jitter decreases. Variations of pitch perturbation is expected to change in relation to the degree of tension present in the vocal folds, where high tension reflects lower perturbation values and low tension reflects higher perturbation values. Vocal intensity and speech samples used have shown to affect perturbations.

The effects of intensity on genre is heart jitter values are as follows. Stay At Home! The higher jitter ratios were related to what genre is heart of darkness, low pitch and intensity of sustained vowels. It is found that pitch perturbation measures were more useful than amplitude perturbation measures. Mission! The use of perturbation measures in sustained phonation to detect laryngeal pathologies is more valuable when combined with amplitude perturbation measures. Amplitude perturbation measures could increase the accuracy of targeting vocal pathologies. The greater the force, the greater is the amplitude of a sound wave. Intensity is an objective measure of sound loudness and it is the what genre is heart of darkness, amount of force per unit of area. As pressure changes the perception of loudness also changes. Changes of frequency can affect perceptions of loudness. The Vocal intensity is dependent on an interaction of sub glottal pressure and the adjustment status and aerodynamics at the level of the divorce rate in america, vocal folds, as well as vocal tract status. Changes in genre, fundamental frequency can affect maximum and minimum vocal intensities.

The speakers raise their fundamental frequency when asked to speak louder. Reduced vocal intensity can also be an In The, identifying factor to some speech disorders, especially those involving the genre, central nervous system. Values of Phones, amplitude perturbation or shimmer are similar to jitter values. Shimmer measures the is heart of darkness, cycle-to-cycle variations of the vocal signal. Amplitude perturbation also analyzes the short-term variability of the vocal signal .Amplitude perturbation measures are based on the maximal peak amplitude of each cycle measured in mill volts or millimeters. That the forces of vocal fold tension, mass, length and should stay at home subglottic pressures can affect shimmer as well as jitter scores. Shimmer is what genre is heart also better analyzed in prolongations of single sounds rather than in spontaneous or connected speech. Connected speech contains instances of The Working Class, silences, its intensity is variable between syllables as well as in word stress, and each phoneme has its own acoustic pattern. [9] The vocal folds are driven by the cranial nerves originating within this system. If the cranial nerves which innervate speech articulators are destroyed or damaged, then the genre, transmission to the vocal folds will be disrupted. This subsequently may cause changes in the vocal fold vibratory pattern.

It happens in case of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) subjects. Jitter and shimmer values represent the small cycle-to-cycle changes during vocal fold oscillations. It would seem logical that there would be significant changes reflected in the jitter and Essay shimmer measures, since the vocal folds play an active role in speech production. Speech portion of genre is heart, large duration 10ms is used to calculate frequency, jitter and shimmer. The pathological subjects have higher jitter values than the normal subjects for utterances. Vocal Tract Model. The vocal tract is responsible for changing the spectral balance of the glottal source signal. By changing the vocal tract shape the speaker can modify its resonance frequencies to produce a wide variety of different sounds.

Humans use the evolution in time of the resonance frequencies to produce speech. Should! The glottal source signal is what is heart of darkness further modified by the vocal tract filter. The contribution of the vocal tract resonances can be removed from the Workplace Essay, speech signal by inverse filtering. Noise to Harmonic Ratio (NHR) is another useful measure of hoarseness. For a signal that can be assumed to be periodic (e.g. a sustained vowel), the signal-to-noise ratio will be equal to the harmonics-to-noise ratio (HNR).

Praat declares that a healthy voice phonating /a/ or /i/ should have an HNR of 20, and 40 for the phonation of the vowel /u/. The pathological subjects have lower HNR values than the normal subjects for utterances and hence the is heart, intelligibility of vowels or consonants produced by them is very low. Formant Frequency Analysis. In real time continuous speech, even the sustained vowel phonation consists of some random part mainly due to turbulence of airflow through the glottis (anterior and/or posterior glottis) and due to pitch perturbations. During the vowels pronunciation, the value of first formant (F1) can be found in range from Essay 250Hz to what genre is heart of darkness, 1000Hz. When the tongue is closer to the hard palate the Class Essay, value of what is heart of darkness, F1 is lower.

The value of the second formant (F2) can vary from 550 Hz up to 2700 Hz and it depends on Electromagnetic Phones front and back position of the tongue. The lower value for F2 can be achieved by what of darkness, rounding the lips [4]. Third formant (F3) is important for quality and unilever statement clarity of pronounced phoneme. 7.3 System Implementation. The system implemented for vocal folds Speech disorder is described below. The present work attempts to find few parameters from pathological speech for is heart of darkness, confirmation of Vocal Folds disorder. Researchers have used lot many parameters. We try to reduce the black movie, computational cost and reduce the number of parameters. The present work is based on study of children and some adult male and female subjects speaking with Marathi as their mother tongue. The speech data of normal subjects/children and pathological subjects/children of the is heart, same age group between 3 to 10 years is collected. The children were trained to utter similar words before recording.

The speech data of normal adult male and female subjects and pathological adult male and female subjects of the same age group between 20 to 50 years is collected. The standard database is not available. Radiation Cell Essay! The speech data of 11Vocal Folds disordered speakers comprising of above 100 words uttered by each subject are collected. The speech database consists of isolated words, connected words, fast uttered sentences and songs for e.g. Prarthana-School-Prayer, National anthem and Pledge ,Nursery Rhymes ,famous film songs etc.

The speech data was recorded using Sony Intelligent Portable Ocular Device (IPOD) and recording facility in COLEA freeware in what genre of darkness, digital form. The recording was carried out in a pleasant atmosphere and maintaining the children and other subjects in tension-stress free environment. The recorded signal is transformed into .wav file by using GOLDWAVE software. Radiation Essay! The data was collected at is heart, ChetanaVikasMandir, a special school established to educate Mentally Retarded children as well as children with various disorders. It is located at The Working Class Essay, Kolhapur, India. What Genre! The data is also collected from the patients under the treatment of speech therapists and ENT specialists in Kolhapur city. We got the database labelled by consulting the doctors as Vocal Folds disorder speech data. 7.3.3 Evaluation of Speech. The present work attempts to confirm the Cell Phones, Vocal Folds disorder from the speech signal by extracting only what genre is heart of darkness, important segmental and supra segmental acoustic indices. Black Orpheus Movie! The important indices are considered as Diagnostic Markers are as follows. 1. Evaluation of what genre is heart, Fundamental frequency fo, Jitter, Shimmer, and HNR for the analysis of women should stay, harshness and breathiness in the voice to be done in of darkness, the Training Phase to confirm the speech as of pathological speech category.

Evaluation of Voice Regularity for the analysis of overall motor control during speech production activity. This is done with reference to the parameter threshold ranges specified in Table 4.1. 2. Fundamental Frequency Analysis- The fo mean value lies in the high range between 180 Hz to 440 Hz for adult male female speakers and children. 3. Glottal frequency variations the Thinking In The Workplace Essay, source frequency fo variations with respect to is heart, % percentile values from 0% to 100%. Unilever Mission Statement! The Linear or nonlinear nature of the characteristics is important. The Vocal Folds disorder is confirmed by low gradient index in 0% to 50% fo percentile range and high gradient index and nonlinear nature of the what genre is heart of darkness, characteristics in 50% to 100 % fo percentile range. 4. Radiation Phones! % Close Quotient (CQ) graph simulates the Laryngograph and indicates the genre is heart, close phase of Glottis pulse signal or vocal folds vibrational cycle. The mean CQ, range of The Working, variation of CQ and CQ variations with respect to total time duration of speech sample are important parameters. 5. All Tx graph indicates histogram of all pitch cycles for what of darkness, the total time duration of speech sample.

Regular Tx graph indicates the Class, histogram of the regular pitch periods which vary within +/- 10% with respect to what genre of darkness, the adjacent pitch periods. The Working! The similarity between the two graphs and the mean fo value of the person are important parameters. 7.4 System Block Schematic Diagram of the system implemented for evaluation of Vocal Folds disorder is as shown in genre is heart, Figure 7.2 below. The present work attempts to confirm the Vocal Folds disorder from the speech signal by divorce, extracting various segmental and supra segmental acoustic indices. The important indices are considered as Diagnostic Markers.

The acoustic indices are evaluated for all isolated word and SFS tool generates Ls signal from the input speech data, which is compatible to Laryngograph signal which is not accessible to us. The SFS tool provides the Qx a histogram of the closed quotient values found in the recording. Genre! The closed quotient is an estimate of the percentage time the vocal folds remained closed in each pitch period. It is found from the Laryngograph signal.The SFS tool provides the Dx1 a histogram of all the Thinking In The Workplace Essay, pitch periods found in the recording, distributed according to their fundamental frequency, Dx2 a histogram of is heart of darkness, all the regular pitch periods found in the recording, distributed according to their fundamental frequency. A pitch period is divorce rate defined as regular if it deviates in what of darkness, duration by Electromagnetic Radiation Cell Essay, no more than 10% from the period before or after it. Using the acoustic indices the relationship between the Electroglottograph (EGG) measures and the physical movements of the vocal folds is what is heart expressed as ratios between the temporal measures of open phase of vocal fold movement with closed phase and also between different phases of divorce, movement with the of darkness, full glottal period continuous sentence type speech data samples (above 100 words by each subject) uttered by Workplace Essay, every pathological and normal subject. The ready to use softwares are used for the development phase .We have used the developmental tool Praat to verify the intensity, pitch , the genre, formant frequencies f1 , f2 ,f3 and HNR calculated by Electromagnetic Radiation Cell Phones Essay, us using our MATLAB code for the speech samples. Is Heart! We have used the developmental tool SFS to extract the parameters voice regularity, Jitter, Shimmer, fo mean mode values. The Laryngeal Quality Analysis, Glottis Pulse Analysis is Class performed by genre of darkness, using SFS software. SFS reports indicate exactly similar all Tx and women should stay at home regular Tx glottis pulse graphs in case of is heart of darkness, normal subjects where as for pathological subjects the regular Tx pulses produced are very low, insufficient in time domain as well as variable in frequency domain . 7.5 System Development. The system is developed using two modes training mode and testing mode.

Training Mode- In training mode 50 speech samples are used to black, train the what genre, system. The Laryngograph comprising of The Working Class, % Close Quotient (CQ) with respect to time indicative of the close phase of Glottis pulse signal or vocal folds vibrational cycle and what is heart of darkness the comparison of histograms of all Tx which is all pitch periods with respect to regular Tx pitch periods are plotted for these 50 speech samples to stay, confirm Vocal Folds disordercharacteristics. The observations for Tx are as follows. 1. Is Heart! A pitch period is defined as regular if it deviates in Electromagnetic Radiation Phones Essay, duration by what of darkness, no more than 10% from the period before or after it. 2. In case of normal persons, regular Tx graph matches with all Tx graph. 3. For Vocal Fold disordered persons, regular Tx contains almost 50 % of frequency range as compared to all Tx. Glottal Frequency F0 variation is Thinking In The Workplace found for what genre of darkness, normal as well as pathological speech.

It is evaluated in transformed percentile domain. The fo values for a speech data file are calculated by using Framing and Windowing Algorithm in MATLAB. Then the black orpheus movie, Normalization routine is developed in Microsoft Excel. The algorithm for evaluation of what, Normalized fo Variation in Percentile Domain is as follows. 1. The % percentile value of f0 maximum level is considered to be 100% percentile. 2. Hence according to the data values of f0 variations as per the speech sample 0%-5%-10%-15%95%-100% percentile values of every speech sample are calculated. 3. The f0 frequency variations are plotted with respect to rate, % percentile values. This graph provides a very good measure of fundamental frequency analysis to differentiate between normal speech and pathological speech .It also confirms Vocal Folds disorder.The graph is linear for certain range with high or low gradient and it exhibits curved nature in the other range of fo for what is heart of darkness, Vocal Folds disorderedspeakers. For normal speech % percentile fo track graphs are linear from 5% to 95 % range with very low gradient 0.05 to 0.3. The observations for CQ are as follows.

1. Rate! CQ is a time Vs CQ graph. What Genre Is Heart! It indicates that the unilever, CQ values are present in the range 15 % to 75 % for Vocal Folds disordered speakers. For normal speech, CQ variation is genre is heart observed in the range 15 % to Thinking Essay, 60 % The observations for Regular Tx pulses are as follows. 1. % Regular Tx pulses is less than 20 % or even negligible of the frequency spectrum as compared to all indicating loss of regular pitch periods. 7.6 Graphs of some of the genre, Diagnostic Markers-

Figure 7.3 to Figure 7.5 show the speech parameters extracted for 3 different speakers. The observations are indicated in Workplace Essay, the notes. Diagnostic Markers dudh1.wav. Figure 7.3a. % Regular Glottal Pulses dudh1. Notes-The regular Tx pulses are produced in what is heart, the 110 Hz to 140 Hz and 258 Hz to 278 Hz pitch spectrum. The time duration of regular Tx pulses is almost 50% of All Tx graph. Figure 7.3b. % Close Quotient wrt Time dudh1. % Qx graph indicates set of short Qx pulses spread in 20% to 75% CQ with mean value %CQ 54.7. Figure7.3c. % Percentile fo track variations dudh1. % percentile fo track indicates initial linear section from women at home 5% to 50% percentile range with 0.07 -low gradient index, and second nonlinear curved section graph from 55% to 95% percentile range and from 9 5% to 100% range 4.31 very high gradient index. Figure 7.4a. % Regular Glottal Pulses -dr1.

Notes-1. What Is Heart Of Darkness! The regular Tx pulses are produced in should stay, the 120 Hz to 140 Hz and 500 Hz to 510 Hz pitch spectrum. 2. The time duration of regular Tx pulses is almost 30% of All Tx graph. Figure 7.4b. % Close Quotient wrt Time dr1. Note-% Qx graph indicates set of of darkness, short Qx pulses spread in 15% to Thinking In The Workplace Essay, 72% CQ with mean value %CQ 44.5.

Figure 7.4c. % Percentile fo track variations dr1. Note- % percentile fo track indicates linear graph from 5% to 50% percentile range 0.12 low gradient index, nonlinear curved graph from genre is heart 55% to 95% percentile range with very high gradient. Diagnostic Markers-par 16.wav. Figure 7.5a. % Regular Glottal Pulses -par 16. 1. The regular Tx pulses are not produced in the entire 60 Hz to 600 Hz pitch spectrum. Figure 7.5b. Movie! % Close Quotient wrt Time-par 16. % CQ graph indicates Qx pulse 18% to 77% wide with CQ with mean value %CQ 46.2.

Figure7.5c. % Percentile fo track variations par16. Note-Glottal frequency fo Characteristics in Percentile Domain indicates continuous rising locally nonlinear graph from what is heart 0% to 100% percentile range 0.55 high gradients Testing Mode- In testing mode remaining 50 speech samples are used for confirmation of Vocal Folds disorder. Electromagnetic Radiation Cell Phones! The testing mode checks the Laryngograph characteristics, CQ graph and F0 track to confirm Vocal Folds disorder. The following observations are made. 1. Fundamental Frequency fo mean is in the range 120 Hz to 440 Hz as per what genre the categories like adult male, female, children or elderly speakers. 2. It is observed that Laryngograph comprising of regular Tx pulses contains less than 20 % or even negligible of the frequency spectrum as compared to all Tx. 3. Time Vs closed quotient graph indicates closed quotient range more than 50 % wide with mean %CQ within 42% to 48%. 4. fo track has a mixed linear and nonlinear curved nature. More than 90 % speech samples followed above pattern of Vocal Folds disorder characteristics.

7.7 System Developed for correction We have used MATLAB based open source developmental tool E-System compatible with SFS developmental software for trying methods for correcting Vocal Folds disordered speech. The developmental tool COLEA and Adobe Audition are used for preprocessing the speech samples. In preprocessing the silence zone or the audible breathing voice segments are removed. Using E-System following processing blocks can be designed. Amplifier /Attenuator Design specifications are gain and Bandwidth. Low Pass Filter- Design specifications are Cut off Frequency. High Pass Filter- Design specifications are Cut off Frequency. Band Pass Filter- Design specifications are lower and upper Cut off Frequency. Band Stop Filter- Design specifications are lower and upper Cut off Frequency.

Vocal Tract Filter- Design specifications are f1,f2 and f3 formant Frequencies. Resonator- Design specifications are Resonating Frequency and Bandwidth. The system applied for correction is developed with the divorce in america, help of what genre of darkness, following filters. Band Pass Filter- The lower cut off frequency is in the range 10 Hz to 100 Hz and unilever mission the upper cut off frequency selected should be such that the second formant frequency f2 should lie in the pass band. Hence it is selected as 1500 Hz, 2000 Hz or 2500 Hz as per genre male, female or children based on pitch frequency range. Resonator The resonating center frequency selected should be such that the second formant frequency f2 should lie in the pass band. Hence it is selected as 1500 Hz, 2000 Hz or 2500 Hz as per male, female or children based on Thinking Workplace pitch frequency range. Vocal Tract Filter It is realized as a cascaded combination of three resonators acting as per genre three formant frequencies. The standard adult male formant frequencies are 500 Hz, 1500Hz, and 2500 Hz. Unilever! The first formant frequency is amplified by 20 dB, the second formant frequency is amplified by what genre is heart, 10 dB and the third formant frequency is maintained at 0 dB.

Hence this filter boosts up the input speech signal spectrum as per the formant frequencies. In case of pathological speech the amplitudes of The Working Class Essay, upper formants are degraded .Hence the VTF is the better solution to is heart of darkness, lift up the second formant spectrum. 7.7.1 System Applied for Correction of Vocal Folds disorder. The performance of Band Pass Filter was found to be better in comparison with Vocal Tract Filter and Resonator Filter during the Training mode. Hence the BPF is applied for divorce rate in america, correction of Vocal Folds disorder speech. The BPF is designed with upper cut off frequency such that the second formant frequency f2 should lie in the pass band. What! Hence it is selected as 1500 Hz, 2000 Hz or 2500 Hz as per unilever statement male, female or children based on pitch frequency range. After applying the BPF to Vocal Folds disorder the what, following observations are made. 5. It is observed that Laryngograph comprising of regular Tx pulses graph shows improvement and black orpheus movie contains more than 50 % of the frequency spectrum as compared to what is heart of darkness, all Tx.

6. Time Vs closed quotient graph indicates closed quotient range more than 50 % wide with mean %CQ within 42% to 48%. 7. F0 track has a low gradient (slope)- In 10% to Essay, 50% percentile range 0.17 to 0.24 and a high gradient (slope) in 55% to 100% percentile range 0.55 to 1.94 .The nonlinear curved section is improved and converted to what of darkness, approximately linear with comparatively low gradient levels. Improvement in the diagnostic markers due to application of BPF Filter is indicated below with the help of Regular Tx graph, % Close Quotient (CQ) graph and % percentile fo track graphs. Diagnostic Markers-dudh 1BPF.wav. Figure 7.6a1. % Regular Glottal Pulses-dudh1 BPF processed. Figure 7.6a2. % Regular Glottal Pulses-dudh1 Original. The regular Tx pulses are produced in the 110 Hz to 140 Hz and divorce in america 260 Hz to 275 Hz pitch spectrum in original where as in 110 Hz to 160 Hz pitch spectrum only in BPF processed graph. Figure 7.7b. % Close Quotient wrt Time dudh1 BPF Processed. Figure 7.7b. % Close Quotient wrt Time dudh1 Original. The % CQ graph lies within 20 to 75% range in Original where as it lies in what, 15% to 60 % range in BPF processed. Figure7.5c1. Orpheus! % Percentile fo track variations dudh1 Original.

Figure7.5c2. % Percentile fo track variations dudh1 BPF Processed. Original% percentile fo track indicates linear graph from 5% to genre, 50% percentile range 0.077 low gradient indexes. In BPF processed the nonlinear curved graph from 55% to In The, 85% percentile range is smoothed ,approximately linear from 5% to 85% percentile range with 0.06 very low gradient. fo Track Comparison dudh1 Vocal Folds Disorder. Figure7.7. Comparative Response of the what is heart, Correction System for Vocal Folds Disorder.

It is evident from the graph that the In The Essay, BPF is better than Resonator and VTF. The BPF processed graph extends linear range till 85% fo and of darkness further reduces the gradient of The Working, both the sections. Hence it is preferred as Correction System. 7.8Segmental and genre of darkness Supra segmental Acoustic indices Analysis. The analysis of unilever mission statement, segmental and supra segmental acoustic indices was carried out for particular isolated words and continuous speech data. Of Darkness! The isolated word data above 100 words uttered by each of Electromagnetic Cell Essay, 25 normal subjects and12 Vocal Fold disabled subjects were analyzed and reference /threshold level was considered for what is heart, each isolated word. Various Misarticulation cases were analyzed in unilever mission, case of what is heart, pathological subjects. The spectrograms were studied for Formant analysis. Fast uttered words or continuous sentences exhibit greater complexities with respect to Radiation Cell Essay, speech intelligibility. Considering the observations for % CQ variation, Tx variation and F0 track variation observations the what genre is heart of darkness, system is designed for confirmation of Vocal Folds Disorder. Results for training system are shown in Thinking, Table 7.1.

Table 7.1 range of diagnostic markers for 50 % of Vocal Folds Disordered speech sample and 50 % of what genre is heart of darkness, normal speech. Diagnostic marker Range of values for Vocal Folds Disordered speech Range of values for normal speech. Time Vs % CQ 15 % to 75 % 10 % to 60 % Time periods Vs frequency TX graph Regular Tx has less than 20 % or negligible frequency range as compared to all Tx graph with intermittent pulses Regular Tx matches with all Tx for more than 90 %. Percentile Glottal Frequency fo track variation fo track has a mixed initial range linear and nonlinear, curved nature in orpheus movie, higher range in percentile domain fo track has linear nature for entire range in percentile domain with low gradient. Results for testing of genre is heart, remaining 50 % samples are shown in Table 7.2 as % samples confirmed for Vocal Folds Disordered speech and normal speech. Table 7.2 % confirmation for 50 % of Vocal Folds Disordered speech and normal speech samples. Parameter used % samples confirmed for Phones, Vocal Folds Disordered speech % samples confirmed for normal speech. Time periods Vs frequency TX graph 98 % 100 % Percentile F0 track variation 100 % 100 % All 3 parameters % CQ, Tx, F0 97 % 100% The existing speech enhancement algorithms like spectral subtraction do not help in genre is heart, enhancement of pathological speech [97]. The pathological speech due to vocal folds disorder suffers from following conditions.

Breathing voice segments are audible in speech because the subjects are under stress when they speak .When the speakers are supposed to take pause in unilever, between utterances of two successive words generally the breathing voice segment is heard. The minimum intensity level does not drop much as there is no silence region due to the presence of breathing voice segments. The speakers have to put more efforts for the motor movements of articulators .Hence the is heart, utterances of different words is not appropriate. Due to low HNR levels below the pathological threshold of 12 dB the speech indicates harshness. The formants f1, f2, f3 are seen to be spread in case of pathological speech with respect to women at home, normal speech. As a result the vowels and consonants produced are either weak or inappropriate. 7.10 Our Contribution to present work. The Vocal Folds disordered speech database is not available. We got the database labeled by the doctors .We have evaluated and analyzed the speech of the Vocal Folds disorder people with the help of few segmental an supra segmental acoustic indices like fo mean , Percentile glottal frequency fo track Characteristics, Laryngeal Quality represented by % Close Quotient characteristics , All Tx-Regular Tx time-frequency Histogram and % voice Regularity.

Evaluation and confirmation of Vocal Folds disordered speech using the present theory is genre is heart of darkness done for the first time by us and it is not done by any one before. 7.11 Concluding Remarks. The Vocal Folds disorder can be identified by evaluation of speech of 25 normal and 12 pathological subjects .Out of 12 pathological subjects 11 were confirmed to be vocal folds disabled persons .The disorder can be evaluated on the basis of following segmental and supra segmental acoustic indices. The speakers exhibit variability in different acoustical indices from time to time. The range of % Voice Regularity is In The Essay observed to be 15% to 40%.

The range of % CQ Mean is observed to be 25% to 49 % with standard deviation of 13% to 20 %. The % of regular Tx pulses is very low with respect to all Tx pulses. The glottal pulses exist relatively only for 20 to 50 % of time duration of speech data and are effectively present in particular frequency range in 140 Hz to 300 Hz. The glottal pulses cannot be produced by is heart, the disabled speakers in low frequency range and Essay in400 Hz to 600 Hz spectrum.. Percentile glottal frequency characteristics are Linear with low gradient up to 50 % percentile fo and Nonlinear curved with very high gradient up to 100% percentile fo. Genre Is Heart Of Darkness! In some cases Nonlinear with very high gradient. The minimum intensity levels attained are in the range 28 dB to 40 dB because of Thinking In The Workplace Essay, breathing voice segments present consistently. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Health essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to what genre of darkness, help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to Thinking Workplace Essay, your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Health work in your email box, in what genre is heart of darkness, as little as 3 hours.

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