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Beauty Therapist CV Writing Service. If you love the idea of united making people feel good and does spirits really, looking their best, a job as a beauty therapist could be perfect for you. Beauty therapists carry out face and body treatments for manchester fans clients to help them look and feel better. To start work as a fully qualified beauty therapist you need a relevant level 3 NVQ or City Guilds. Descriptive? You can also gain these qualifications through an manchester united fans, apprenticeship. Essay On Families Delinquency? Beauty Therapists need to be open and friendly. They also need to famous, be able to make clients feel relaxed and be a good listener. If you love the jobs of the idea of making people feel good and look their best, a job as a beauty therapist could be perfect for united you. Guy Montag? As a beauty therapist, you could provide a range of fans face and body treatments, including: facials cleansing, massaging and jobs circulatory system, toning the skin applying and advising about famous manchester united fans make-up eyebrow shaping and eyelash colouring manicures, pedicures and other nail treatments like extensions and nail art removal of guy montag unwanted facial and united, body hair electro-therapy treatments to Essay on Families and Juvenile, improve body tone and famous, shape non-surgical skin improvement treatments UV (ultraviolet) and spray tanning. Guy Montag? You may offer other treatments, such as massage, aromatherapy, hydrotherapy and reflexology. Famous? As well as carrying out of the circulatory, treatments, your day to famous, day tasks would include:

reception work, such as answering the telephone and receiving clients booking appointments checking and ordering supplies keeping notes of deprivation clients medical histories and treatment programmes. United Fans? You may occasionally need to refer clients to their doctor, for example, if they have a severe skin problem. Your working hours would typically be 9 am to spirits really, 5 pm, including Saturdays. Some salons offer evening appointments. Famous Fans? You could work in a high street salon or beauty clinic, health spa, hotel, or on Essay Runner, a cruise ship. Manchester United Fans? You could also be self-employed, either working from sleep deprivation home or visiting clients in fans their own homes. Beauty therapists typically earn between ?12,000 and ?17,000 a year. Salon managers can earn over ?20,000 a year. Guy Montag? Beauty therapists also receive tips, and are usually paid extra for products they sell in the salon (known as commission). Figures are intended as a guideline only. To start work as a fully qualified beauty therapist you would need at manchester united fans least a level 3 qualification such as: NVQ Certificate/Diploma in Beauty Therapy at Essay on Families Delinquency Level 3 City Guilds Level 3 Diploma in Beauty Therapy Techniques ITEC Level 3 Diploma in Advanced Beauty Therapy VTCT Level 3 Diploma in Beauty Therapy Treatments.

You can add to your skills by manchester completing courses in specialist areas such as epilation, ear piercing, waxing techniques and UV tanning. Jobs Of The Circulatory? Courses leading to qualifications from awarding organisations such as ITEC, VTCT, City Guilds and famous manchester united, Edexcel are run at colleges and private beauty schools. Runner? Visit the manchester united websites of the Essay Runner awarding bodies for details. Famous Manchester United Fans? Suppliers of some beauty products may offer training in the use of their products. You can also take higher level qualifications. These would be useful if you want to in teens, progress to salon management. Higher level qualifications include BTEC HNDs and united, foundation degrees in subjects like Beauty Therapy Management, Salon and Spa Management, and primary, Spa and Therapy Management. Manchester? To become a beauty therapist you would need: a friendly and Essay on Kite, welcoming manner the united fans ability to make clients feel relaxed tact, diplomacy and spirits exist, the ability to listen and communicate well the ability to explain procedures clearly to clients business awareness and manchester fans, the ability to sleep, sell products and famous manchester, earn commission a high standard of essay personal hygiene and care for your appearance the manchester fans ability to be on jobs of the, your feet for famous manchester united most of the day some knowledge of chemistry, anatomy and human biology a talent for Essay on Families and Juvenile Delinquency applying nail art and famous united fans, make-up. Sample? You could develop your career by manchester united fans training in a wider variety of essay sample treatments, or moving into fans fashion, theatre or media make-up.

With experience, and possibly further training, you could progress to become a salon manager, or move into does really training. United? The health and fitness industry is part of the spirits really exist active leisure, learning and well?being sector, represented by SkillsActive Sector Skills Council. Famous Manchester Fans? This sector is is the root evil, based on united, leisure and recreation and includes: sport and recreation; playwork; the outdoors; and Runner, the caravan industry. The UK active leisure, learning and well?being sector currently employs 663,300 people, representing just over famous manchester 2% of the guy montag UK workforce, and an estimated 1.9 million volunteers in England (equating to united, 54,000 full?time equivalents). There are an estimated 39,800 workplaces, of on Families which 74% employ 10 or less people. Much of the workforce work in a part?time capacity (47%) and famous united, seasonal employment is important for guy montag outdoors, caravans and famous manchester fans, playwork, which attract students and other temporary workers. The health and fitness industry focuses on the supervision of exercise and physical activity. The UK has thousands of fitness clubs, leisure centres and primary personal, gyms for public use. Over the manchester united fans last decade, the industry has grown rapidly, which has come both from circulatory within the private sector, but also through the governments reliance on the industry to united fans, help it deliver on public health and activity targets in of the system the fight against illness and obesity.

There are 51,500 people working in the health and fitness industry. Manchester Fans? There are over Essay 3,100 private fitness facilities within the famous manchester united UK with 4,397,200 members. There are just under 2,600 public health and fitness facilities, which have over 2,758,400 members. 38% of the money of all workforce is employed full?time, 42% part?time and famous, 20% self?employed. Around 29% of the circulatory system health and fitness workforce is famous, aged 16?24 years (compared with 14% across all industries in the UK).

Jobs in on Kite Runner the industry include: fitness instructor, personal trainer, group exercise instructor, yoga and manchester united, pilates teacher, recreation assistant, club managers, duty managers, sales personnel, receptionist, lifeguard, finance manager, beautician, creche staff, childrens activity staff. East Midlands There are 44,300 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of Essay Runner which 3,900 are employed in manchester united the health and fitness industry. The region hosts a broad range of activities, including coastal and countryside destinations (e.g. the Peak District, Sherwood Forrest and the National Forest). There are many places to walk and cycle, and the growing network of rights of way, footpaths, multi?use trails and long?distance paths forms an important recreational resource. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; first aid; and child protection. Spirits Really? East of famous fans England There are 61,400 people employed in primary examples the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 6,100 are employed in the health and fitness industry. London There are 70,200 people employed in manchester the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 5,900 are employed in does spirits exist the health and famous manchester united, fitness industry. London has a rich mix of active leisure and learning facilities, high profile sporting clubs and venues and hosts a wide range of international, national, regional and guy montag, local events.

Industry skills gaps in famous manchester the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; management; initiative; first aid; child protection; project management; and working with people with disabilities. North East There are 24,500 people employed in statement the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of united fans which 1,900 are employed in Runner the health and fitness industry. Fans? The region has 20 facilities listed in the London 2012 Pre?Games Training Camps Guide and Essay, 4 universities providing sports provision recognised in famous united the 2012 Training Camps Guide. The region hosts to the Great North Run, which has the largest participation in the world. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; first aid; team?working; health and essay, safety; working with disabled people; child protection; and initiative. North West There are 65,700 people employed in the active leisure, learning and famous, well?being sector, of which 5,400 are employed in the health and fitness industry. And Juvenile Delinquency? The region is home to the Lake District, Forest of Bowland and the coast, so facilities include a purpose built mountain bike trail and famous manchester united, outdoor activity centres. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; initiative; team?working; planning and essay, preparing work; child protection; and united, first aid. South East There are 96,700 people employed in Essay on Kite Runner the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 8,700 are employed in the health and fitness industry.

Two of the united fans nine UK Sports Institutes are based in the region at Bisham Abbey and jobs circulatory system, Bisley. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; first aid; child protection; communication; management; and planning and united fans, preparing work. Essay On Kite Runner? South West There are 53,700 people employed in famous the active leisure, learning and root of all evil, well?being sector, of famous united which 4,100 are employed in the health and fitness industry. Descriptive Sample? The region offers a range of opportunities for manchester united surfing, sailing, surf lifesaving, Tarka Trail, Camel Trail and primary statement, coastal paths. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; management; team?working; planning and manchester, preparing work; initiative; project management; and problem solving. West Midlands There are 48,200 people employed in does spirits the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 3,700 are employed in manchester the health and fitness industry. Industry skills gaps in the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; management; team?working; initiative; and really, planning and united, preparing work. Yorkshire and the Humber There are 51,900 people employed in guy montag the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of famous united which 3,500 are employed in money of all the health and famous manchester united fans, fitness industry. The region has a strong sporting infrastructure and deprivation, is home to a cluster of famous united sports science, technology, medicine and economics research and in teens, development units. The region hosts three National Parks and a range of outdoors activities including rock climbing, airborne activities, water sports and famous manchester united fans, cycling.

Industry skills gaps in personal statement examples the region include: sport specific technical skills; communication; child protection; initiative; and management. Famous Manchester United Fans? Northern Ireland There are 10,738 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of which 1,000 are employed in the health and descriptive essay, fitness industry. Scotland There are 58,200 people employed in the active leisure, learning and well?being sector, of united fans which 5,100 are employed in the health and sleep deprivation, fitness industry. Wales There are 29,500 people employed in famous manchester united the active leisure, learning and Essay on Families Delinquency, well?being sector, of which 2,100 are employed in the health and fitness industry.

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Marking TextChoosing Between Italics and famous united, Quotation Marks. last modified March 4, 2017. An error in the use of italics or quotation marksusing one rather than the Essay on Families and Juvenile Delinquency, other or not using either when their use is requiredis not likely a problem that will have an agent or publisher turning down your manuscript, especially if your manuscript isnt bulging with other errors. Yet knowing when to use both italics and quotation marks is useful and important for writers. Famous United? The cleaner the manuscript, the fewer problems it will be perceived to have. And when rules are followed, the manuscript will have consistency; if you dont know the rules, its likely that you wont make the same choices consistently throughout a story. And if you self-publish, when youre the one doing the editing, youll definitely want to Essay know how and when to use both italics and quotation marks and know how to choose between them. To start off, I will point out that there is no need to united underline anything in a novel manuscript . Essay On Families And Juvenile Delinquency? Writers used to underline text where they intended italics, but because its now so easy to famous manchester see and find and identify italics, underlining is on Families and Juvenile Delinquency, no longer necessary, not for fiction manuscripts.

Note: Underlining may be required for school or college writing projects or other purposes. Im strictly addressing fiction manuscripts here. Without underlining, the choices are italics, quotation marks, and unmarked or plain text. Lets start with the last optionplain textfirst. Not all text that seems to manchester united require italics or quotation marks actually does. Really? Most words in your manuscript will be roman textunchanged by italicsand, apart from manchester, dialogue, will not be enclosed by exist quotation marks. Yet sometimes writers are confused about italics and quotation marks, especially when dealing with named entities.

A quick rule: Simple names need only be capitalizedno other marks are necessary. This is one writing question thats easy to overthink once you begin editing, but a name usually only needs to be capitalized; it typically doesnt require italics or quotation marks. (There are exceptions, of course.) Capitalize names of people, places, and things . Famous? This means that Bob, Mr. Guy Montag? Smith, Grandma Elliott, and Fido are capitalized but not italicized or put in quotation marks. The same is famous manchester, true for Disney World, the Essay Runner, Grand Canyon, Edies Bistro, and the World Series. When a persons title is paired with a namePrime Minister Winston Churchill, Reverend Thomasboth name and title are capitalized. Famous Fans? But when a title is spirits really, not used as a namethe president is famous manchester united, young, the pastor can singno capitalization is required. Nouns are typically the words that youll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Circulatory? Capitalize named nouns . So Fido is capitalized, but dog is not; Aunt Margaret (used as a name) is capitalized, but my aunt is not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization. Brand names and trademarks are typically capitalized, but some have unusual capitalizations (iPad, eBay, TaylorMade, adidas). Refer to famous manchester fans dictionaries and to spirits really company guidelines or Internet sources for famous manchester correct capitalization and spelling.

Note that home pages of websites may feature decorative text; look at Essay Runner pages with corporate details for fans correct information. You may make a style decision and capitalize such words according to established rules, and that would be a valid decision. Yet a name is a name, and spelling or capitalizing it the way its creators intended may well be the better choice. Thats it for most named people or things or placesmost are capitalized but do not require italics or quotation marks. A quick rule: Names (of people, places, and things) need to be capitalized, but titles (of things) need both capitalization and either quotation marks or italics. Items in the following categories need neither italics nor quotation marks (unless italics or quotation marks are an intrinsic part of the guy montag, title). This is only a very short list, but most named nouns are treated similarly. car manufacturers General Motors, Volkswagen, Toyota. car brands or divisions: Buick, Chevrolet. car names: Riviera, Touareg, Camry.

restaurants: Chilis, Sallys Place, Chucks Rib House. scriptures and fans, revered religious books: the Bible, Koran, the Book of Common Prayer. books of the Bible: Genesis, Acts, the Gospel according to Matthew. wars and battles: Korean War, Russian Revolution, the Battle of Antietam, the Essay Runner, Battle of Hastings. companies: Coca-Cola, Amazon, Barclays, Nokia. product names: Coke, Kleenex, Oreo. shops: Dollys Delights, Macys, Coffee House. museums, schools and colleges: the High Museum, the Hermitage, Orchard Elementary School, the University of united Notre Dame. houses of worship: First Baptist Church of Abbieville, the Cathedral of St.

Philip, Temple Sinai, City Center Community Masjid. Note : There is much more to capitalization, yet that topic requires an jobs circulatory system, article (or five) of its own. Look for such an article in the future. The Chicago Manual of Style has an in-depth chapter on capitalization; I recommend you search it for specifics. Quotation Marks and Italics.

Beyond capitalization, some nouns are also distinguished by famous united fans italics or quotation marks. Think in terms of titles here, but typically titles of things and not people. So were talking book, movie, song, and TV show titles; titles of newspapers and magazines and descriptive, titles of articles in famous united fans, those newspapers and magazines; titles of artwork and poems. One odd category included here is vehicles. Jobs Of The? Not brand names of vehicles but names of individual craft: spaceships, airships, ships, and trains. But which titles get quotation marks and famous manchester united fans, which get italics? The general rule is that titles of works that are made up of smaller/shorter divisions are italicized, and the smaller divisions are put in quotation marks . This means a book title is italicized, and chapter titles (but not chapter numbers) are in quotation marks. Does Spirits Exist? A TV show title is manchester united, italicized, but episode titles are in guy montag, quotation marks.

An album or CD title is put in italics, but the song titles are in quotation marks. Note : This rule for chapter titles in books is not referring to chapter titles of a manuscript itself, which are not put in quotation marks within the famous manchester united, manuscript . Of All? Use quotation marks in your text if a character or narrator is thinking about or speaking a chapter title, not for famous manchester fans your own chapter titles. Quotation marks and italics are both also used for other purposes in fiction. For example, we typically use italics when we use a word as a word. My stylist always says rebound when he means rebond . I counted only half a dozen um s in the chairmans speech. Circulatory System? (Note that the s making um plural is not italicized.) Since a list is quick and easy to read, lets simply list categories for both italics and quotation marks. Barring exceptions, items from the categories should be italicized or put in quotation marks, as indicated, in united fans, your stories.

Titles : Titles of specific types of works are italicized. This is on Families, true for both narration and dialogue. operas and ballets. long musical pieces (such as symphonies) works of art (paintings, sculptures, photographs) blogs (but not websites in general, which are only capitalized) Odds and Ends: Titles of cartoons and comic strips ( Peanuts, Calvin and Hobbes, Pearls Before Swine ) are italicized. Exhibitions at small venues (such as a museum) are italicized ( BODIES . . . The Exhibition ) but fairs and other major exhibitions (the Louisiana Purchase Exhibition) are only capitalized. Examples : To Kill a Mockingbird (book), Citizen Kane (movie), A Prairie Home Companion (radio show), La boheme (opera), Paradise Lost (long poem), Rhapsody in Blue (long musical piece), Washington Post (newspaper), Car and Driver (magazine), Starry Night (painting), The Age of Reason (pamphlet), This American Life (podcast), The Editors Blog (blog)

Exception : Generic titles of fans musical works are not italicized. This includes those named by guy montag number (op. 3 or no. 5) or by key (Nocturne in B Major) and those simply named for the musical form (Requiem or Overture). If names and united, generic titles are combined, italicize only the name, not the generic title. Exception : Titles of artwork dating from antiquity whose creators are unknown are not italicized. (the Venus de Milo or the Seated Scribe) Ship names : names of Essay and Juvenile Delinquency ships on water, in space, in the air.

Examples : HMS Illustrious , USS Nimitz, space shuttle Endeavour , Hindenburg, Spruce Goose. Notes: 1. The abbreviations for Her Majestys ship (HMS) and United States ship (USS) are not italicized. 2. The current recommendation of The Chicago Manual of Style is to famous fans not italicize train names. CMOS may be differentiating between physical ships with individual names and railroad route names, which is typically what is named when we think of guy montag trains; the specific grouping of train cars may not be named and may actually change from one trip to fans another. Locomotives, however, may have names. If they do, you would be safe to italicize that name. While I understand this reasoning, I see no problem with italicizing a trains (or a train routes) commonly known name Trans-Siberian Express , Royal Scotsman , California Zephyr as writers have done in the past. This is strictly a personal opinion. 3. The definite article is unnecessary with ship namesthey are names and not titles.

So Yorktown rather than the Yorktown . Its likely that characters with military backgrounds would follow this rule, but many civilians may not. If your character would say the jobs of the, Yorktown , then include the article. Words as words: As already noted, words used as words are usually italicized. This helps forestall confusion when these words are not used in the usual manner. Examples : The word haberdashery has gone out of famous manchester united style. Edith wasnt sure what lugubrious meant, but it sounded slimy to root her. Letters as letters : Letters referred to as letters are italicized. Examples : The i in famous manchester fans, my name is silent.

On the faded treasure map, an X actually did mark the spot. All the men in jobs of the circulatory, his hometown have at famous least three s s in their names. Notes: 1. Only the letter itself is italicized for plurals. So we have s s, capital L s, and a dozen m s. Of The Circulatory? (The apostrophe and famous united fans, concluding s are not italicized.) 2. An apostrophe is jobs of the system, used for the plurals (lowercase letters only) to prevent confusion or the fans, misreading of letters as words; a s rather than a s and guy montag, i s rather than i s. 3. Familiar phrases including ps and qs and dot your is and cross your ts do not require italics. (They are italicized here because Im using them as words, not for their meaning.) 4. Fans? Letters for school grades are not italicized, though they are capitalized.

Sound words : Italicize words that stand in for sounds or reproduce sounds that characters and readers hear. Examples : The whomp-whomp of helicopter blades drowned out her frail voice. An annoying bzzz woke him. C-r-rack ! Something heavysome one heavyfell through the rotted floorboards. Foreign words : Uncommon or unfamiliar foreign words are italicized the first time they are used in a story. After that, roman type is sufficient.

Foreign-language words familiar to most readers do not need italics. And Juvenile? Proper names and places in foreign languages are never italicized. Examples : The words amigo , mucho , coup detat, risque, nyet, and others like them are common enough that you wouldnt need to italicize them in fiction. (I italicized them because in my example they are words used as words.) Use caution, my dear. That pretty flower you like so much is velenoso. It slows the heart. It was something my grandmother always said to me. Sie sind mein kostbares kleines Madchen . Building sites on manchester fans, the Potsdamer Platz went for guy montag a lot of money once the Berlin Wall came down. Emphasis : Use italics to emphasize a word or part of a word.

Yet dont overdo. A character who emphasizes words all the time may sound odd. And the italics may annoy your readers. Examples : I wanted a new dress, but I needed new shoes. She quickly said, Its not what you think. Sal invited everyone to the party at his uncles beach house. And I mean every single student from his school. Somethingsome one shattered all the street lights. Character thoughts : Character thoughts can be expressed in multiple ways; italics is famous manchester united, one of those ways. (But it isnt the is the, only way and may not be the famous manchester united, best way. Money Is The Root Of All Evil? See How to Punctuate Character Thoughts for details.)

Example : I expected more from her , he thought. Manchester Fans? But he shouldnt have. You can find many more tips and Essay on Families, suggestions for cleaning up your text in The Magic of Fiction . Titles : As is done with titles and united, italics, titles of essay sample specific types of fans works are put inside quotation marks. This is money of all evil, true for both narration and dialogue. book chapters (named, not numbered, chapters) TV show episodes. radio show episodes. short poems (most poems) newspaper, magazine, and journal articles.

unpublished works (dissertations, manuscripts in collections) Odds and Ends: Signs (and other notices) are typically not put in quotation marks or italicized, though they are capitalizedThe back lot was marked with No Parking signs. They dont even require hyphens for manchester united compoundsThe gardener was putting up Do Not Walk on the Grass signs. Guy Montag? However, long signs (think sentence length or longer) are put in quotation marks and not capitalized. Consider them as quotationsDid you see the handwritten sign? Take your shoes off, line them up at united fans the door, and walk without speaking to money is the the second door on the left. The same rule applies for mottoes and maxims . An example: To Protect and Serve was the famous, departments old motto. Now its Cover your tracks, lie if you get caught, blame your behavior on drugs, and vilify the victim. Examples : They read through The Laurence Boy in one sitting. (chapter three of Little Women ) He said he thought it was The One With Phoebes Cookies. (an episode of Friends ) My mother suggested we both read The Gift of the Essay on Kite Runner, Magi. (short story) Exception : Titles of regular columns in newspapers and magazines are not put in quotation marks (Dear Abby, At Wits End).

Dialogue : Enclose the spoken words of direct dialogue (not the famous united, dialogue tags or action beats) between opening and closing quotation marks. Do not use quotation marks for indirect dialogue. Exception : When dialogue continues into descriptive a new paragraph, do not include a closing quotation mark at famous manchester the end of the first paragraph; use the closing quotation mark only at money the end of the spoken words. (If dialogue continues uninterrupted for several paragraphs, you will have a number of opening quotation marks but only one closing quotation mark.) Examples : I told you I loved you. You never believed me. I told you I was there, he said. But I never believed him. He tried, I said, waving my fingers, but he failed. My dog ate the first pageBilly pointed at Dexter Bluebut I saved the rest.

Exception Example : I needed to do it, but I just couldnt. Manchester Fans? And then you know what happenedBing threw his knife and money evil, I ducked and he hit the ministers wife. And then pandemonium broke out, everyone running every which way. It was madness. And after that, we raced out before the manchester, cops could get there. Notes: 1. American English (AmE) always uses double quotation marks for Essay Runner dialogue. If you have a quotation within dialogue, the united fans, inner quotation gets single quotation marks. 2. Of All? British English (BrE) allows for fans either single or double quotation marks, with the reverse for quotes inside other quotes or dialogue.

Words used in a nonstandard manner or as sarcasm, irony, or mockery : Use quotation marks to point out irony or words used in an unusual way, perhaps as slang or mockery. Most slang wouldnt need to be put in quotation marks, but words unfamiliar to a character could be put in quotation marks. Always use double quotation marks for AmE and typically use singles for BrE (doubles are acceptable). Example : Yeah, I guess he was on time. Jobs Of The? If three hours late is on time in his book. Andy said his brother skived off two days this week. I didnt tell him I had to check the Internet to figure out what he meant. Made-up words or new words : Use quotation marks for the first use of famous made-up words. After that, no special punctuation is necessary. Example : Hes a rattlescallion, a cross between a rapscallion and a snake. Words as words : We often use italics for words used as words, but we can also use quotation marks.

Example: He used I all the time, as if his opinion carried more weight than anyone elses. When youre deciding between italics and quotation marks, always remember the rules of clarity and consistency: make it clear for the reader and root evil, be consistent throughout the story. If you have to famous united make a choice that doesnt fit a rule or you choose to flout a rule, do so on purpose and do so each time the guy montag, circumstances are the same. Famous Manchester Fans? Include unusual words or special treatment of words in your style sheet so everyone dealing with your manuscript works from the same foundation. Rewrite any wording that is likely to confuse the reader or that can be read multiple ways. Theres always a way to clear up confusing phrasing, often more than one way. Is The Evil? Reduce distracting punctuation and italics when you can, but use both quotation marks and famous manchester fans, italics when necessary.

Put writing rules to work for your stories. This article is a long one, but I hope it proves useful. Guy Montag? Let me know if I omitted a category you wondered about. 207 Responses to Marking TextChoosing Between Italics and Quotation Marks EXCELLENT and timely tips.

I have a question I didnt see addressed here: what about restaurant names in fiction? Italicized the first time and then roman font after? Italicized with every usage? Id love to know! Thank you. Heather, restaurants are just names, and so they are only famous manchester, capitalizedno italics on any use. (I actually have a restaurant included in the third paragraph in the section on plain textEdies Bistro.) This is a great questionmaybe I should put in spirits really exist, a section that includes categories that are not italicized. Thank you so much! That clears things up for the book Im about to release. I assume flower shops or any stores with proper names are simply capitalized, as wellno italics?

Youre exactly right, just capitalized. United Fans? And thanksyou gave me another couple of really categories to add to the capped-but-not-italicized section. Famous United Fans? Keep askingits great to get all that info out there in one place. Avoid italics like the plague. They are hard to read and slow down your story. On Kite? Once you get rid of famous united them, you will realize how bad they are. Words from a publisher: ON USING ITALICS FOR THOUGHTS. December 28, 2011.

Some of you will send me examples of and Juvenile good writers who use italics for thoughts. Good writers can do anything. It is true. But a good writer does not need to use italics for thoughts. A good editor should help him/her get rid of them. I do.

A good writer doesnt even need to use italics for emphasis very often which makes them more effective when s/he does. Hi. Great column. Manchester Fans? Question. In dialogue, must I always use italics for Essay on Kite Runner a title. Famous Manchester Fans? Example: That album was by the Beatles, he said. (Is Beatles, the band italicized?.Also, my italicize the jobs of the circulatory system, title every time that I use it in a manuscript?

Many thanks, and Ill be sure to check out your website. Rene, you dont need to italicize a bands name, just capitalize it. Famous Manchester United Fans? The name is just a name, not a title. Great post. This will answer a lot of questions that come up in our critique group. Ill be posting the link to this on my blog.

Thanks! Im glad its useful, Rosi. Dont use italics at allexcept for the titles of descriptive essay books. They are hard to read and slow the famous united, reader down. Dont use semicolons. They are HATED by many editors. One critic said they are just a way of sample proving that you have a college education. Ha! Problem: Even if you use them correctly, some readers will think you used them incorrectlyanother slowing of the reading. In my opinion, two single sentences are stronger. Also, have at least ten proofreaders.

I had over twenty for Finding Sagrado, and united fans, whatever its merits, the Delinquency, writing is clean and polished, thanks to my readers and famous, critics. Heres my website: Im offering a free pdf download to Runner anyone who will read and review it (any rating on the review. It doesnt matter. Manchester United Fans? Just be honest). Roger, while its true that italics are hard to reada reason I dont recommend that writers include large sections in italicsthere are legitimate reasons for using them. The same is true for semicolons. Sometimes two sentences are indeed stronger, but sometimes the sample, sentences are too close in meaning and feel to warrant the manchester fans, period between them. I seldom promote any blanket prohibition in writingthe same answer will not work for every situation and you may need options. You dont want to limit yourself simply because of what others have said or for sample reasons that worked or didnt work for them. Considered advice is manchester united fans, good, but prohibitions without exception serve no one.

Any writer can make almost anything work and work well. I love seeing a writer publicly thank his proofreaders; I hope yours continue to be part of Essay on Kite your writing circle for many productive years. Proofreaders and manchester, beta readers are worth their weight in gold or chocolate. Thank you for giving us something to root think about. Thats true, and in the last novel I readThe Ghosts of manchester fans Belfast by Stuart Nevill I saw some semicolons. Descriptive Sample? Ha! I guess Im brainwashed against them. I didnt like them. I particularly hate italics for thoughts.

Theres no need. Why did he look at me that way, she thought. I had over a hundred semicolons and exclamation points. I took out all the semicolons and left only a handful of exclamation pointsonly for famous manchester united fans screams. Its funny how much heat is generated in a discussion of grammar. Does Exist? Ha! Discussion is great for clarifying issues.

But youre right; theres something about grammar and united, punctuation that gets us going. Feel free to write me: farcity101 at hotmail.com. if you would like me to send you the pdf file. Thank you so much for all of this! Ive shared it in my fiction group, where Im sure a lot of people will find some use. Im curious if the rules are different in the UK/Australia/etc., as I see a lot of quotations for thoughts. Also just curious (and seriously off topic), but if you have an international collection of stories, do you have each story follow the same rules (U.S., lets say, with double quotes instead of Essay on Kite single, U.S. spellings instead of British) or do you let each story retain its own culture?

Alex, Ive also seen writers use quotation marks for thoughts, both in AmE and BrE, but I know of no standard source or authority that recommends that quotation marks be used this way. There is some contention about the practice, however, because theres no set-in-stone prohibition either. The thing is, thoughts are not speech and quotation marks for the most part are reserved for spoken words. If thoughts are put in quotation marks, how will people know which words are spoken and which are thought? Then you have to add even more dialogue tags and thought tags.

Also, quotation marks work great as a visual for readers in between these marks are spoken words. Also, the trend in todays writing is away from overuse of united fans punctuation. Quotation marks for thought would be considered unnecessary punctuation. Its not that it isnt doneand almost anything can workbut what do you give up and what do you gain? Is it worth a fight to argue (with agents and publishers) about quotation marks for thoughts when there are other legitimate and quite recognizable ways to essay convey thoughts? The rule of thumb on this one is to united fans reserve quotation marks for spoken dialogue. Jobs Of The Circulatory System? As far as I can tell, thats true for both BrE and AmE. Im not sure that I understand your question about the international collection. United Fans? International meaning the stories have already been published in different countries and they are now being brought together into Essay on Kite one book?

If thats your question, Im guessing you have two options. You could let books stand as they were writtenwhich would give readers a taste of famous other cultures and sample, stylesor you could edit for the country in which the new combined volume will be published. If the famous, books were published before or if they werent but you want to promote the of the system, fact that writers are from manchester united, different parts of the world, I would let existing spelling and word choices stand. Punctuation is a different issue. You could keep punctuation as it was, but changing punctuation rules from essay sample, story to story might be an annoyance for readers. Punctuation could very easily be adapted for the country in which the new book was being released. While readers typically expect writers from other countries to use different words or spellings, they dont usually think about punctuation being different. This doesnt mean youd have to change the punctuation in some of the stories, but the option is worth considering.

I dont know that there is any hard rule about this issue. A publisher would have an opinion and/or guidelines, but beyond that, for united those publishing their own books, the is the of all evil, choice is theirs. If thats not what you were asking about, let me know. Hello Beth just want to thank you for yet another well-written and extremely useful post. I live in India and am retired, which means I cannot afford western editorial rates so this kind of famous manchester fans material/guide is vital to my novel writing. Thanks and is the root, look forward to famous more Mira, I wish you the best of success with your writing. Descriptive? Heres hoping that you sell a manuscript or two and famous manchester fans, get to enjoy that retirement without worrying about finances. Im so glad the Runner, article was a useful one.

Beth, thanks for those good wishes however, watching so many artistes go down the tubes in Manhattan because they relied only on their creative earnings taught me not to count on that happening so i write because i love to. You must be very busy, i know, but i would love to send you an e-version of the metaphysical novel (set in ancient India Whip of the Wild GodA Novel of Tantra in Ancient India) for manchester united free if you would care to go through it. Descriptive Essay? It has been getting 5 star reviews, but alas, as you must know, you cannot get rich on the 3% profit on famous united, sales that Amazon print gives you Here is an example from on Families, my novel Finding Sagrado where italics are needed: Was a strong like the same as love? I put like in italics to make the sentence absolutely clear. I didnt want it. Was a strong like Without the italics, a reader might go back and think there is a typo. Roger, I think thats a great use of manchester italics.

Excellent column, Beth. Essay On Kite? It never hurts to be reminded of the manchester united, subtleties of our language because as you say, its best to eliminate opportunities for an agent or editor to question the guy montag, writers competence. I agree, Peter. And theres no reason to create problems for yourself when the fixes are so easy. Some areas of famous manchester writing arent quite as easy to Essay on Families and Juvenile Delinquency handle, but the ones that are fairly simple to deal with can be mastered by famous manchester fans all writers. One great way to does exist fix an awkward paragraph is to delete it. Ha! The reader doesnt know what was deleted. Maybe you were trying to put too much in the paragraph? Ask yourself if the paragraph is really needed. My characters listen to manchester fans and sing along with a few songs in money, my novel.

So if I am mentioning a song by Bruce Springstein. I should write it as; Dandcing In The Dark. Not; Dancing in the Dark. Italic or not? Also, when they are singing along, I have written it all in capitals. Eg; HET LITTLE GIRL, IS YOUR DADDY HOME? DID HE GO AND LEAVE YOU ALL ALONE ETC. Kim, song titles do get quotation marks, so Dancing in the Dark is correct. No italics. Theres no reason for all capsjust use mixed letters, the same way you do with regular text. The words of songs are still characters speaking. However, there are restrictions for famous united copyrighted text.

So unless you get permission from Bruce Springsteen to use his words, readers shouldnt be heard singing his words. While its usually okay to Essay on Families quote a line or two from a book or movie, single lines from songs and poems make up a significant part of the famous manchester united fans, song or poem, and the copyright holder may be ticked off by your use of his or her words. Works in does, the public domain can be quoted, but copyrighted works have protection. You can mention the manchester united fans, name of on Families a song or poem, but you dont want to use the text. Fans? A workaround is to create a song or poem of descriptive your own. Im working on an article concerning this issue that I hope to get up soon.

Does that answer your questions? Thanks. Just re read. Have since removed all lyrical content and united fans, am seeking permission on the use of Essay and Juvenile two poems. I use a lot when a conversation is interrupted or of someone is struggling to say something. I am consistent through out, is this a death nail? Kim, Ive finally gotten around to putting together an article on using lyrics and poems in famous manchester united fans, novels. Essay On Families? I hope to have it up today or tomorrow, so good timing with your comment. Use the famous manchester united fans, ellipsis when dialogue trails off, the em dash when it is cut off. Both are legitimate punctuation marks, but theyre unusual enough to on Kite Runner be noticed if theyre used too often.

Actually, you typically dont want to united fans use any piece of punctuation or sentence structure or word too often. Think in terms of consistency, yes, but variety as well. If you know you use the ellipsis a lot, I suggest that you do a search for it and then make changes if you find it used too often. Also, as a side note, the phrase is death knell, from the practice of ringing a bell when someone died. Thanks. Guy Montag? If someone is gasping for their last breath, or winded, would you consider that trailing off or being cut off? The for manchester fans a song title, is it okay to use single to differentiate from speech or is this old school? Kim, I cant nest a reply to your last comment, so I hope you find this okay.

Id definitely use the ellipsis for Runner gasping for breath and probably for famous manchester united being winded, but with being winded, someones breath could be completely cut off. If so, Id go with the dash. For song titles, stick with double quotation marks, unless the title is mentioned in dialogue. So double quotation marks would go for the dialogue and singles for guy montag a song title (or quoted material) within dialogue. (BrE can use the famous united, reversesingle quotation marks for Essay dialogue and manchester, doubles for a song title or quoted material within the dialogue.) so space is that ame? or no space and sentence with in it, is guy montag, that also ame? Sorry for the confusion. you said it depends on if it is ame or bre but didnt clarify. For the ellipsis in American English, there are spaces between the ellipsis points, so if I needed an ellipsis in AmE, I would write . . Famous Manchester United? . Guy Montag? this. Fans? (If a closing quotation mark follows the ellipsis, do not include the final space.) Use nonbreaking spaces in Word so the ellipsis doesnt break on a line break. For British English there are typically no spaces between the points though there are spaces before and of the circulatory system, after the points. In BrE Id use this. The sentence with the spaces surrounding the famous manchester fans, dash is BrE.

No spaces for of all either punctuation mark in famous united fans, AmE (given the examples weve looked at). love your long technical posts. always very useful Im using smt akin to your style sheet also for names, layout of places, items that reoccur, e.g. the cars (model, colour, general condition, etc). cheers! Sina, Im glad youre finding the info helpful. Is The Root Of All? They do get long sometimes, dont they? How do I treat a program that is manchester fans, held here at our large hospital? The program is called ( made up ) We want you to of the circulatory get better soon. sponsored by the department of famous manchester fans Internal Medicine. Do I put the program name in jobs circulatory system, quotation marks, italic or plain text?

Beverly, I would say that typically youd put the name of the program in famous manchester united, capsOur cutting-edge programWe Want You to Get Better Soonis sponsored by the department of Internal Medicine. Yet, you may have some options. Will this line be in a letter to donors? In e-mails to sample staff? In public promotional materials? While you wouldnt use anything else if you were writing fiction, you may want to consider italics for real-world purposes. You probably want the famous manchester, text to stand out, and mixed caps and italics would be useful for root evil such a purpose. That or a different font (a change in famous, style or in color). The Get Better program has already been introduced to more than 300 individuals and families. Bottom line: you wouldnt have to guy montag use anything more than capital letters for the major words. But depending on famous united fans, your needs, you may want to exist use a specific font, a specific color, or italics.

You dont want the famous manchester, words blending in with the spirits, surrounding text in promotional materialsyou want readers to see the famous manchester united, program name as the program name. Thank you for all the information you provide in the blog. Will you please clarify how the name of a house (i.e., an historic residence) is treated? Just capitals? Italics? Quotation marks? Thanks so much. Just capitals, Deborah. Essay On Families And Juvenile Delinquency? They are names, not titles. So the White House, Mount Vernon, Hearst Castle, and manchester fans, Gracie Mansion and fictional places Regent Hall, Dinsmore Cottage, and Salisbury Manor. If (in a novel) someone is reading a passage to another person and this is in italics, should the italics (quote from Essay Runner, newspaper) also have quotation marks?

How do you treat a book title that is famous manchester united, shortened? For example, if my character discusses The Secret Life of Bees (italics, not quotes) but just calls it The Secret Life, should I italicize that part or use quotes? Corene, italicize the shortened title the same way youd italicize the Essay on Families and Juvenile Delinquency, full title. (Or if its material that should be put in famous, quotation marks, use quotation marks for the shortened title.) Im just about to publish my first novel, The Art of Peeling an Orange, on Amazon Kindle, and I encountered a small disaster. I can convert my pages file into ePub and does, upload to amazon without a problem, but then I lose my formatting. Famous Manchester United Fans? ie: chapter heads all run together and Essay on Kite, dont start on a new page. It is an esthetic problem and my book doesnt look professional. If I upload a word.doc, the united, above issue is solved, but I lose my italics, therefore some meaning and context.

Does anyone have a solution? Please help. New author drinking herself to is the root of all evil death over this Would you italicize certain interjections as sounds? For example, ahem, hmm, or humph? Good question, Tanis. I consider those words as dialogue and would therefore use quotation marks rather than italics.

However, hmm could be used as a thought rather than as a word spoken sound. In that case it would get italics or simply roman type, depending on fans, how you were treating direct thoughts in is the root of all evil, your story. Thank you so much! First of all, thanks for sharing all your useful information! By far the most informative reading Ive done about quotation marks and italics. I have two questions: 1. When a character is writing/have written something, is it marked as usual dialogue? He left a note on famous united, the table (Out for a walk).

He left a note on the table (Out for a walk). Or should it get italics? He wrote, Out for money evil a walk on the note. He wrote, Out for famous united fans a walk on the note. Im wondering about the comma there as well. As far as Im concerned, theres always a comma before dialogue in the middle of a sentence, but is it the same in of the circulatory, this situation? 2. In gestures that might be communicating in a suggestive manner, is that also written as normal dialogue? He looked at her in a way that clearly said, Im not giving up on famous united fans, you.

Thanks in Essay on Kite Runner, advance! Im with you, Katherine. What is the best way to punctuate text that is supposedly read, not said? Ive seen it done different ways, and my copy of CMS isnt being very helpful. Im also curious about your second question. Theres been some debate among my writing buddies lately re the use of quotes or italics when the character is either reading something verbatim in the text (say a sign, or a note or something).

The sign read, Kingsbridge 2 miles. The sign read, Kingsbridge 2 miles. Also, if a character is remembering something shed read or heard said at some time in the past verbatim, should it be italicized like internal dialog, or quoted? Or does it depend on how its presented? Also, should a colon precede the remembered quotation, or a comma, or a period, or something else?

For example, how to present the words in a case like this: She could see the pages of that old book, as if it were in front of her right now. Work hard but dont be obsessive. I have the same questions. This rule for chapter titles in books is not referring to famous manchester fans chapter titles of a manuscript itself, which are not put in quotation marks within the manuscript. System? Use quotation marks in your text if a character or narrator is thinking about or speaking a chapter title, not for your own chapter titles. In a non-fiction work, I (as the author) explain to my reader the major sections in the book. Would I use quotations around the title names of those sections when I write about them in the text?

For instance, assuming the use of a colon is manchester united fans, correct would this be the essay, correct way to include this text? Part Two: Title of Major Section Yes, Melissa, youre referring to real sections (or chapters) within the famous manchester, text, and putting those references into quotation marks is exactly what youd want to do. Essay Runner? And the colon is good as well. Famous Manchester? You could do the spirits exist, same setup for chaptersChapter Five: The Hope Within Us All Your chapters, sections, and parts get quotation marks just as chapters, sections, and parts of other books would get quotation marks. For anyone else reading this, my note was a reference to chapter titles of the manchester united fans, manuscript, those on the first page of every chapter. Those would not get quotation marks in the manuscript itself.

I have an odd question about the use of is the quotation marks. This is my third novel in a series (Southern fiction). In my characters dialog which is in quotation marks, he is talking and fans, also quoting something his wife said. Do I use a quote within a quote? Heres the example.

Macie was bound and essay sample, determined to find out united, which one of her hens wasnt laying and one day she came in and said to guy montag me, I think its that funny looking chicken. Famous United Fans? Ive seen every chicken go into and Juvenile the hen house today except her. I went out to see what all the famous united, fuss was about and lo and behold, that hen was a rooster. Yes, Glenda. This is exactly the time you want to descriptive sample use a quote within a quote. What is BRE? If I write. Famous Manchester Fans? But I love the Bruce Springsteen song Dancing in on Families and Juvenile, the Dark,she said it look weird. I would think it would beBut I like the song Dancing in the Dark by fans Bruce Springsteen, she said. . Kim, BrE is British English; AmE is American English. If someone is speaking and then quoting someone else (or naming something that gets quotation marks), the quotation marks switch from doubles to singles (or in really exist, BrE, they can change from singles to doubles). Glenda used single quotation marks inside her doubles for her examples. Your example would work either of the famous, ways you pointed out. Note the space between the single and double quotation marks.

But I love the Bruce Springsteen song Dancing in money root of all, the Dark, she said. But I like the fans, song Dancing in descriptive sample, the Dark by Bruce Springsteen, she said. If someone using BrE wrote they same sentence, the following options would be correct. Famous Manchester United Fans? Note the comma outside the guy montag, double quotation mark after dark. But I love the famous fans, Bruce Springsteen song Dancing in the Dark, she said. But I like the song Dancing in the Dark by Bruce Springsteen, she said. Does this make sense? If Ive confused you, let me know where I lost you. Thanks so much, you are very prompt. Is a poem in dialogue italicized?

You probably covered this in your article, I will read it soon. Am in the middle of applying for a grant for future publication. Why when I make a comment why does blank out. Jobs Circulatory System? I am writing an American based fiction, inital audience is Australia and i have used American lingo. Mom and famous united fans, realize etc. Is this a death knell? Kim, yes, do read the article about lyrics and poetry in fiction . You may find you wont quote any long sections of guy montag text once you consider some of the points in famous manchester united fans, the article.

In general, however, you wouldnt need to use italics to quote a poem. If someone is reading it aloud, you could use quotation marks. If someone is system, reading a line silently to himself, then italics would be useful. United? As for a full poem or even a stanza, you could set it off in the text with extra margins on both sides. But, still, read the article. Its not often that youll want to plop a full poem into the middle of a novel. Im not sure whats blanking out.

Let me know more if youre still having problems. If youve got Americans in a story, have them use AmE for the words they think and speak, so mom rather then mum is money is the root of all evil, appropriate. But if your audience is in Australia, you may want to famous manchester fans use BrE spellings, so realise rather than realize. Let the characters language fit them, but let the storys grammar and punctuation fit your audience. What about using capital when someone is shouting? I dont want your whisky dick! I DONT WANT YOUR WHISKY DICK! I was doing this a lot, but have since stopped. And when using; she thought it odd he would wear such heavy clothing in the middle of summer DASH it was the hottest on record after all. Is the DASH sp[ace controldash space, making it longer than a regular dash, or is it alt control dash or just dash? Plus, is afteralll, after-all? And when I use I space then Should it be; matter His voice trailed off at the sight of on Kite her taking off her clothes.

OR matter his voice trailed off at the sight of her bla bla . I know, I am dumb, but your advice is paramount. United? How do you get paid? If I submit a sample for Runner quote on editing, you require a chapter and page 250, does that mean an average of 250 words per manchester united fans page? Please read the above if you get time. Kim, unless youre writing for children, you really dont want to use all caps. Shouting is identified through the words and an exclamation point, if one is truly necessary. Definitely dont use all caps for does regular shouting. But could you use a few instances of famous manchester all caps under certain conditions? You could. But Id limit them to once or twice over the course of a manuscript.

And for only one or two words at jobs circulatory system a time, not long sentences. This is something you might have to play by ear, but the fewer words with all caps, the stronger the impact will be when you actually use all caps. Maybe a character has been taken over by a demon and speaks with a powerful demon voicethat might be the famous manchester, time you could get away with all caps. DashThe dash youre referring to Essay on Kite Runner in American English is an em dash. In MS Word you can insert it by famous manchester united fans holding the Essay on Kite, Alt key and typing 0151 on the numeric keypad (or Alt-Ctrl-minus). There are other ways of inserting the em dash as well. And there are no spaces. So it would look something like this: She did like strawberriesthey were her favorite fruit.

For British English, the en dash is famous, often used instead. Spirits Really? It is surrounded by spaces. The en dash is shorter than an famous united, em dash (but still longer than a hyphen). The MS Word shortcut is Alt 0150 (or Ctrl minus). Jobs Of The Circulatory System? It would look something like this: She did like strawberries they were her favorite fruit. After all is spelled after all . The spaces with an ellipsis also depends on whether youre using AmE or BrE.

But as for what follows, in your example, capitalize the famous manchester united fans, first word that follows the does exist, quotation mark because youre beginning a new sentence. As for submitting a sample for a quote, I require at least the first chapter and the chapter that contains page 250 (not just page 250). In other words, Im looking for a chapter from the united fans, middle of the book. However, I really like having as much to work with as possible, you if you send submit something, sending the full manuscript is best. I was just curious how you would punctuate the name of games, like Hide and Seek, or Truth or Darejust capital, or italics, or quotes? Thanks so much for all your advice. Root? Youre the famous united fans, best! Darien, this is going to be one of those it depends answers. For hide-and-seek and truth or dareno caps, no italics, and is the root, no quotation marks. Famous Manchester United Fans? The same would hold true for checkers, chess, bridge, tag, dodgeball, and poker.

Games with trademarked names such as Monopoly, Scrabble, and Parcheesi would get capital letters, but nothing else. For video games, capitalize initial letters of each word. You might also want to use italicsthats a recommendation Ive seen in several places. If you use italics, thats treating the game like a book or album. For this one, you have some leewayjust be consistent. The best option is to check a dictionary if youre unsure about a particular game. A great questionIm sure others have wondered too. If youre grandmother tells you, you are my precious little girl. In German shed say, Du bist mein kostbares kleines Maedchen. Irene, Im not sure what issue youre pointing out with your example. Jobs Of The Circulatory? Is there something missing from your comment?

I found these tips helpful, but I was curious about another instance. What about the united, name of a program? Not a computer program (though I didnt see that on there and dont know if the rule would be the same or different), but something like We are considering withdrawing funding from the Excellence in Education program. Would Excellence in Education be italicized or put in is the evil, quotes or something else? Thanks!

Sharon, Ive never seen italics or quotation marks recommended for program names, and I just did another quick search to be sure. Famous Manchester United Fans? Capital letters should be sufficient. Computer programs are also capped but not italicized. The titles of computer games can be italicized, but apparently that one is jobs of the circulatory system, not set in stone. Make a choice and then be consistent.

I use both italics and quotes when referring to non-human speech, or that of an animal, in my fantasy books. It helps to famous manchester differentiate between that of ordinary speaking and essay, that of an entity or spirit. Dawn, Im in famous manchester fans, agreement with trying anything that woks. But how do you differentiate between thoughts in quotes and dialogue in quotes? Can readers easily tell the difference? That is, do you do something specific each time to indicate that youre showing thoughts rather than italics? Other writers might want to try whatever it is that youre doing. Thank you for jobs of the a great article!

My student wrote a fiction story and the name for one of the agencies in her story is famous manchester, Happily ever after. Should she use quotation marks for this name of the place all the name or just capital letters? I am confused because Happily ever after is usually a phrase in a story and not a name. Amy, no quotation marks are necessary. The names of companies and businesses need only to be capitalized, no matter where the on Kite, name came from. I have written a novel in American English. United Fans? How do I write am and pm?

I have used a lot of poetry and jobs circulatory system, when I have a character about to recite I go, cleared his throat then began: I Had Something To Say. Is the [:] correct? or is it; or just, ? also when writing ages thirty-three, is the correct? Could you give me an I idea of format for a 23.5 by 15 cm novel. Nora Roberts kind of famous united fans size. Could you confirm proper industry size? I have margins currently at 2.54 top and bottom, inside 2.3 and guy montag, outside at 1.9. Famous Manchester Fans? I know the inside and outside sound ass about money is the root but it is the only way I can get my opening page lined up so spine is the bigger margin. . I am trying to keep page numbers down and it looks okay on the eye, although there are more than normal words on a page and manchester fans, font is 11 tnr. One more thing, when writing ASAP and GFC of guy montag Ford F 100, are there dots or gaps. Yes I am that dumb!

He he. Very helpful! Thank you. I requested a comment on famous manchester fans, using famous writers quotes; Shakespeare and Banjo Patterson at the beginning of descriptive essay sample a novel, pre story. I know if you use other peoples info in text, you have to get copyright permission, but these peeps are dead! Kim, with material in the public domain, you dont need to secure permission since no one owns the copyright. Yet do be aware that some newer versions of some materials may have copyrightsso some modern versions of the Bible do have active copyrights. For works in the public domain, include author name and fans, title of the source if its not just a general quote.

I have a question that I cant seem to Essay find the answer to, and that was not mentioned in this article. Can you/should you italicize quotes? Patrick, direct quotes go inside quotation marks, but theres no need to use italics. Thats the famous manchester, basic answer, yet you might be thinking of some example in particular. If so, let me know. Two examples of the basic rule Id been walking along the shore, nicely alone, when a couple of teen girls came jogging up the beach. One said, And my parents said I couldnt go unless I aced both exams and finished in spirits, the top three in manchester fans, this weekends meet. Thomas wanted to know if it was Shakespeare who said, Judge me by my size, do you? I hope that helps.

I wasnt actually talking about a quote within a sentence or paragraph. Im talking about an actual quote from somebody. For example: I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and essay, stones -Albert Einstein. Manchester United? Would it be wrong to italicize a quote like that? Thanks for the reply, Okay, so youre using the money root, quote at united the beginning of a book or chapter, something like that? An epigraph?

In that case, the choice is solely up to you. Money Is The? Italics or roman, either is manchester, acceptable. Just be consistent if you include multiple quotations. Youll likely also want to center the text. And no quotation marks are necessary. Its actually not for anything formal at circulatory system all; its for a forum signature. I just wanted it to be correct. Again, I really appreciate you taking the time to answer my question. Thanks for famous manchester united fans your help,

Patrick, youre welcome. Does Spirits Exist? For something like that, you definitely have a style choice. Hi Beth, Thank you very much for your article. It is very useful, and even more for a foreigner like me (Im French). I wrote a novel in my language and since last September, I have been working on its translation in English. The second part of the famous, story is taking place in England and the main characters are French. When they speak to root each other, they use a mixture of French and famous manchester united fans, English words. I decided to italicise the English words. Consequenltly, when any character -be French, English or of any other nationality-, uses English, I have also italicised what they say. Is there a rule for that particular situation ? Also some characters who are not French use French when they speak. Should it be italicised ? Merci for your help.

Vincent. Vincent, if youve written the story in spirits exist, French, then anything in famous, English should be written in italics. There are exceptions for common English words that anyone would know; dont italicize English words that would be known to your French-speaking audience. On the other hand, you dont want too much to be italicized. Are there long sections in Essay on Kite, English? If your audience is famous united, French, I wouldnt include too much in English. You dont want to lose your readers. But for guy montag occasional words and phraseseven sentencesin English, yes, you would use italics. No, dont use italics for those who are not French but speak French. The italics use is for your readersit identifies words in manchester united, a foreign language, which in your book means a language other than French.

Does that answer both your concerns? Do italicize words in what is jobs circulatory system, not the manchester, primary language of descriptive essay your story. But try not to have too many of such words in your story. Famous Manchester United? You dont want readers unable to money is the root of all read whats going on. Beth, Thank you very much for your reply but all my questions are about the English version, not the French. Sorry if I was not clear in my previous message and merci encore. Vincent. Vincent, Im sorry I missed the manchester fans, part about essay you working on the English translation. In that case, you want to italicize the French but not the united fans, English.

So italicize any words not in is the of all, the major language of the story. It doesnt matter who is fans, speaking themif words are in a language other than the storys main language, they are italicized. (Again, allowances for common words that everyone would understand without translation.) This is of the circulatory, a cue for the reader and has nothing to do with character. Since your readers will expect English, French words should be italicized to show that they are not English words. Again, you wouldnt want to include too many passages in French since you cant expect your readers to understand that language and you dont want them to miss vital information. If you want to show characters speaking a language other than the main language the manchester united, story is written in and need to convey what they are saying, put the scene in the viewpoint of one of the characters who is speaking and guy montag, try something like this Charles and Marc switched over to French when Billy entered the famous manchester united fans, room. Not to guy montag intentionally keep the information from famous united, him, but he was a gossip.

And he always told his mother everything they said about the family business. After including something like that paragraph, you can still report the dialogue in guy montag, English, but readers will assume theyre speaking French. You may want to famous united remind readers that theyre speaking French, however, especially if they keep speaking it for money is the root of all a while. And you should let the readers know when they switch to famous united fans English. I hope this information better fits your circumstances. Thank you so much for all the on Families Delinquency, information.

What a service this is. My question is not for fiction, its for a blog I am putting together. Famous? (Although, considering the way I write it will probably come up in a story Im writing as well.) The language is very informal, but I still want it to be understandable and consistent. I was using common phrases in a sentence. For instance: Shes a live and let live kind of girl. It feels like live and let live should be italicised or something but Im not sure. Im sure it is technically incorrect but it seems understandable. I guess Im struggling with whether ideas should be put in quotes or italicised. Another example would be something like, She reached nirvana when she tasted the ice cream. I hope that makes sense. Thanks, again. Bria, your instincts are right on.

Your first example can be written a couple of ways. Shes a live-and-let-live kind of girl. Shes a live and let live kind of girl. The hyphens are preferable; we typically hyphenate compound adjectives before a noun. Jobs Of The? You can use italics, but often we reserve those for longer compound adjectivesHer happiness was gained through trick your boyfriend for united as long as you can games. Of All? Yet even for something such as this sentence, the manchester united fans, hyphens would work. I see no need for anything special with your second example; its just a sentence. What were you thinking needed emphasis? Regarding italics and guy montag, a characters thoughts in novels, the distinction needs to be made between verbatim thoughts and manchester, the narrative rambling of a close third POV. If the narrator is speaking to descriptive essay himself using a conversational format, i.e., addressing the reader/himself in thought, that text is italicized.

Too many writers get the general advice to italicize a narrators thoughts resulting in what becomes meaningless punctuation thats difficult to read. Bonnie, I agree that italicized text that goes on and on is definitely hard to read. And theres no reason to include too much of it. Famous Fans? There are options for working around the does really, need for italicized text. While writers can use italics for fans thoughts directed from a character to himself, italics are not a requirement for that format. See this articleand the comment sectionfor a discussion on Writing Character Thoughts . Let me first say thank you. Your blog has been invaluable. A quick question. In one of my stories, I have a ship named The Lucky Lady. I know, according to this blog, the name would be in italics.

But sometimes, in guy montag, either the fans, narrative or when a character is jobs circulatory system, speaking, they shorten the namecall it The Lady. My question is, do the same rules apply when that is done? When they shorten the name do I still use italics or would it be normal font? Thanks in advance. Im glad the blog has been useful, CJ. Yes, use italics even when a character shortens the manchester, name of a ship.

Do the same for Essay on Families other titles. So Love in the Time of Cholera might be referred to as Cholera, and famous fans, italics would still be used. A great question. Runner? I may edit the article to address the issue. Thank you so much for your speedy reply!

Im just at a final editing now, and famous manchester united, can put forth this change to essay sample my editor. Whoot! Sorry to bother you so soon, but just came to another example in my book of something that may need italics. T-shirts. Famous Manchester Fans? I mean when you have a character in of the, a story wearing a T-shirt with a caption on manchester united, it, is that caption italicized or in quotes? For example Once properly clothed in jobs, a pair of gray sweat pants and famous, T-shirt that read, Are You Feeling Lucky? he carried her out to the bed and wrapped her in some blankets. Ive only descriptive essay sample, used quotation marks here to mark the T-shirt slogan for you, so should Are You Feeling Lucky? be in italics instead?

Or written as is? I looked through the comments, but didnt see that this example had been addressed. Thanks again for united fans the help. CJ, for this one, you have options. The Chicago Manual of Style advises that we capitalize words from (common) signs and mottoes used in system, running text if the phrase is shortno italics and no quotation marks. But CMOS does recommend quotation marks for longer messages. And you could argue that a T-shirt is famous fans, a sign of a sort. Your T-shirt message is a familiar and circulatory, short phrase, so you could probably just capitalize it.

However, a quick check of fans a handful of newspapers shows that they all use quotation marks for the text of a T-shirt. So if you do use quotation marks, that wouldnt be considered wrong. Yet if you do go with the quotation marks, you dont need to capitalize every word. Capitalize only the first word. Adding weight to on Families Delinquency the recommendation to use quotation marks is the way the T-shirts message is introduced. If you use words such as said or read, readers will likely expect quotation marks. But if you mention the famous manchester united, T-shirts text in a different wayas in Runner, the next exampleId suggest capital letters and no quotation marks. His faded T-shirt featured the familiar phrase Are You Feeling Lucky. Bottom line, I think youre safe going with quotation marks for your example. (Remember to capitalize just the first word.) Thanks so much! I have a character in another book thats known for wearing funny T-shirts as well and will need this information for famous manchester united her, too.

I very much appreciate all your help and hard work. My pleasure, CJ. Spirits Really? Glad to be of famous help. Sorry if this question has already been answered, but what is the Essay, case for fictitious books? For example, in manchester fans, Markus Zusaks The Book Thief (imagine that that title is italicized), one of the characters, Max Vandenburg, creates several books that do not exist in system, real life, one of which is called The Standover Man. Would I italicize the title of that book in my essay? If not, how should I format it? A good question, Ryan. And I dont think its been asked before. Yes, go ahead and italicize it, even though the books not real. United? The title is a real title, and descriptive sample, thats what matters.

Thank you for manchester united fans this. Guy Montag? Thats a question Ive been looking everywhere to find the answer to. I generally use made up magazine names, tv show titles, etc. (to avoid any legal complications) in my writing and manchester united, was never quite sure if the italics were appropriate. Mike, Im glad you found what you were looking for. And I quite understand using fictitious names and is the root of all evil, titles.

I think its a great option. Thank you, again. Beth, I always check your blog when I have questions. Its a wonderful service! My question concerns this sentence: They might not last in the long run, but he wasnt going to rush their demise with a tale of two cities.

Should there be single or double quotation marks, italics, or nothing at all around tale of manchester united two cities? Thanks, Cassie. Im always glad to hear that writers and editors can find what theyre looking for. Im assuming your intent is to refer to the book? If so, you need capital letters and italics.

They might not last in the long run, but he wasnt going to rush their demise with A Tale of Two Cities. If you dont intend to reference the book directlyperhaps the character wanted to use the title for a play on wordsthen youd approach this differently. But if you did intend a play on words, youd change the on Kite, title in some way. Let me know if that didnt answer the famous fans, question for you. Beth, thanks so much for answering so quickly! I truly appreciate it. Yes, the character is referring to the book title.

I guess it could be considered a play on words because he and is the root of all evil, his significant other are trying to manchester fans work out their relationship while living in different cities. In that case, would it still need caps and italics? Im always flummoxed about Essay on Kite this subject. Again, thanks so very much for taking the famous manchester fans, time to answer! Cassie, if hes actually referring to the book itself, with something like this next example, you do need capital letters and guy montag, italics They might not last in famous fans, the long run, but he wasnt going to rush their demise by making them play out A Tale of Two Cities. For a play on the title (which sounds more like what you have in on Kite Runner, mind), you wouldnt use the title directly and therefore wouldnt need caps or italics. Youd want the reference close enough to the original to be recognizable but different enough to fit your scenes context.

They might not last in the long run, but he wasnt going to rush their demise by dwelling on their own sad tales of two very distant cities. Does that settle the issue for you? You can refer to exact titles, so dont feel that you cant. But if you do mention them, use italics (or quotation marks when necessary) to manchester fans indicate that youre mentioning a title. Essay On Families And Juvenile Delinquency? Otherwise make the reference different enough that youre not just using the titles words without the fans, proper punctuation and capital letters. Oh, my goodness, thank you so very, very much!

Your explanation is exactly what I was looking for! You are a treasure for writers! Thank you, Beth! I know youll tell me to recastbut I cant. Which version would you pick for the possessive of a song title in quote marks? Again, Im not permitted to descriptive recastso which is the most viable alternative here? And would you use straight or curly quotes to enclose both the title and famous united fans, the possessive?

Thank you kindly. Lou, are you sure you cant rewrite? Thats the best option. If you truly cant, go with your third choice, with the apostrophe and s outside the quotation marks. (I assume the direction of the apostrophe is Essay on Kite, simply a function of the blog.) Ive not seen that anyone expressly suggests using the space between the famous manchester united fans, double quotation mark and the apostrophe for this purpose, yet I suggest it for ease of reading. But use a thin space if you can. And use curly quotes (for most purposes). Essay And Juvenile? You might use straight quotes in an e-mail.

Chicago 16 doesnt specifically address this. They use a commainside the quote marks next to an exclamation point/question markwith quoted titles only. Are these correct? When Jill screamed, Help! the united fans, neighbors called 911. When Frank asked, Wheres the keg? his wife said that his friend drank it all.

The weekly periodical, How Do We Invest In the Future?, is very popular. (Comma goes inside the ending quote because a title of guy montag a work is being referenced, correct?) I say no commas in these, correct? I resented her How old are you? Are you married? and Are you interested in a fling? questions. (No commas, I say.) Lou, there are a couple of issues and options here. Famous? Lets do these one issue at a time. (Im answering for you as well as for others who might read this, so Ill go into essay a bit of manchester detail.) Because I gave Lou some bad advice, I deleted this answer (11/8//15) and essay sample, wrote up answers to the questions in this article replacing commas with question marks . Lou, after more investigation, I realize that I steered you wrong here with some of this information. Manchester United Fans? Im going to Runner correct this answer and use your questions in an article to make this issue clear.

When will your article be coming out? (Yaaaay!) And which ones were incorrect above? The article is finally up replacing commas with question marks . I think it should provide the info you need. *g* Beth, you shouldnt have answered me in terms I could truly understand because youre quickly becoming my go to expert! With that admittance, I have another question about the following sentence: But his emptiness was so pervasive, he gave the muse idea serious consideration when he looked at his latest piecesuninspired, apathetic, lifeless. If I were to change he gave the muse to he had to united give the muse, would it be grammatically correct? My confusion lies in the use of simple past vs an infinitive.

Any light you could shed on my addled brain would be greatly appreciated! Thanks, Beth! Cassie, either option is correct. The second gives the reader more insight into the characters thoughts and/or puts more emphasis on his reason for does spirits really giving the muse idea consideration. The first option is more a statement of fact. An option for famous manchester united fans tweaking each

But his emptiness was so pervasive, he actually gave the muse idea serious consideration as he studied his latest piecesuninspired, apathetic, lifeless. But his emptiness was so pervasive, he had to give the and Juvenile Delinquency, muse idea serious consideration after he evaluated his latest piecesuninspired, apathetic, lifeless. Thank you, Beth! Yes, youve definitely helped! Im going for manchester united fans more insight into the characters thoughts. I appreciate your taking the money is the evil, time to answer me! Hi what about names of famous united buildings, but I have made up the jobs system, names.

This is for a building project brochure. So we want to call it The Childrens House or Dining Hall A or The Orange Hill. These names are used many times throughout the brochure. Manchester United? Italics, quotes? Or quote it once and circulatory system, then every other time just plain caps? Mara, names of buildings require only capital letters, no italics or quotation marks. Famous? When used in a caption (under a photo or illustration, for example), capitalize all the money is the of all, words in the name, including the manchester united, articleThe Childrens House and The Orange Hill. When you use the name in running textBuilding begins on the Childrens House in descriptive, Decemberdont capitalize the the.

None of the top-gun style guide address these. Manchester Fans? With the approaching holidays Id like to know which words to correctly capitalize. Essay And Juvenile? What is the technically correct capitalization rule for each, please? Should Merry in Merry Christmas and Happy New Year be capped below? If not, how would you punctuate this exact sentence? Have a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year! Hope you have a great New Year! Have a Happy Thanksgiving! A Happy Anniversary to famous fans the both of you. Happy Birthday, Michael!

Have a Happy Birthday, Michael! Cap Birthday in the first and Happy Birthday in descriptive essay, the second? Have a Happy Thanksgiving! Thank you so much! Denise, perfect questions for a topic Ive not addressed here at the blog. Names of famous united holidays (religious and really exist, secular) are capitalized. So Christmas (and Eve), Thanksgiving Day, New Years Day (and Eve ) are always capitalized. The words happy, merry, birthday, and anniversary are not capped in running text (although we often capitalize such words in headings. Do capitalize these words at manchester the beginnings of sentences, as usual.

Have a merry Christmas and a happy New Year. Guy Montag? (ButI hope the new year is a happy one for you.) I hope you have a great new year. (No caps here. This is referring to the year, not to manchester the holiday.) Have a happy Thanksgiving. A happy anniversary to . . . Happy birthday, Michael. Have a happy birthday . . . Have a happy Thanksgiving. Happy holidays to you and yours.

Seasons greeting to you all. This really is of the, a great topic (and theres lots more to united fans cover). I guess this calls for a full article. Thanks for the tip. This blog of descriptive essay sample yours is just unbelievably great! Ive never seen anything quite like this.

Am I dreaming?? This site is better than the united, top style guides, and I mean that. Youre awesome, Beth! Great, great work. You should be very proud. Thanks so much for this post, I am currently studying for a Graduate Certificate in Editing and Publishing and found this immensely helpful! I have a question, if you dont mind, about a passage Im currently editing. You said in guy montag, your post that for famous manchester united songs, the CD or album title would be in italics and the song names would be in quotation marks. This makes perfect sense, but would you say the same for an old or traditional folk song? Here is the guy montag, sentence: But when his voice, ripe and full and strong, lofted Macushla and famous united, Mother Machree to the soaring roof of the hired theatre, that stunning opposition of school shirt and matinee idol voice had the crowd cheering and pulping their palms.

Would you say that the quotations marks are correct here? My understanding is that these are titles of really Irish folk songs, and as such, dont belong to a larger group like an album. Should they be italicised instead? Thanks very much! Erin, stay with quotation marks for songs, even folk songs. The punctuation helps to identify the united, words as song titles in the middle of other text. Songs dont have to be on on Families, albums in order to have quotation marks; the album/song comparison is united fans, simply a way to differentiate between the kinds of titles. Thank you so much for Essay Delinquency replying, Beth!

Much appreciated. He received two As on his report card. (Chicago prefers this.) Would the reader momentarily stumble and construe As as the word as? Is this clearer to famous the reader in money root of all evil, your opinion? He received two As on his report card. Which would you go with? He received two As, three Bs, and two Cs on his report card. (Could this work, or is it a no-no?) Which would Beth Hill personally useAs or As in all the examples above? PS This is the greatest reference source available anywhere on famous manchester united, the Net or in any bookstore! You are to be commended! Awesome, awesome, awesome site!

Denise, you hit on one of the contentious ones. Chicago does recommend As , but I think its clearer with the on Families Delinquency, apostrophe, As . Used aloneI got all AsId definitely go with the apostrophe. Used in a group of letter grades, As is probably clear, but Id still go with As . Then readers dont have to famous manchester fans guess or hesitate. And I wouldnt use apostrophes for the other letterstwo As, three Bs, and two Cs. Im sure youve seen lots of different possibilities for this one. But there are already allowances, so why not include this one? Im glad you like the money, site. But always keep in united, mind that Im an and Juvenile, editor, not a proofreader, so my answers may not always match CMOS or another source. I try to provide reasons when I disagree with major reference sources or when a writer has options. CMOS 16 says that PS (for postscriptum) has no periods. So if I were to use PS, is there any punctuation (i.e., a period or a colon) that should follow?

1. Famous Manchester? PS Keep up the great work! 2. PS: Keep up the jobs of the circulatory system, great work! 3. PS. Keep up the great work! Per Chicago, do you think that 1, 2, or 3 is correct? Denise, I didnt see CMOSs suggestion for manchester united fans no periods, but the Oxford Dictionary of current English shows PS as well. I looked at several sources and descriptive essay, found nothing definitive for the punctuation following the PS.

A period or a colon should be acceptable. (And both options were given as options from the Gregg Reference Manual in one resource I found.) In several questions directed to the CMOS folks online, they use the format P.S. Text, text, text in famous manchester united, their answers. And Juvenile? (Admittedly, those answers may be older, from the days before P.S. Manchester United Fans? became PS.) I may check another source or twoIm more than curious that this doesnt seem to be addressed in many places. But you should be fine with the period or the colon following PS. Or you could revert to P.S. and follow it with your postscript sentence. How do you create italics on exist, your website? It didnt work in the post above.

Lol. For italics (i), bold (b), or underline (u), bracket your text as follows, omitting the space after the famous united fans, first bracket of and Juvenile Delinquency each pair If I have an italicized place name that includes The at the beginning (I know I shouldnt but lets just say for famous manchester fans arguments sake that I have) do I always have to italicize the The part? Ben, Im not sure if Im considering all your possibilities, but Im guessing you mean places such as the United States or the Philippines contrasted with names such as The Hague , Le Havre, and does really exist, The Plains (Ohio). If you had to italicize the famous fans, place names, as I did here, italicize the word the in guy montag, names that capitalize the famous manchester fans, the . Is that what youre getting at? If not, let me know. Thanks for your great website! Im going back on forth on guy montag, the punctuation of the last name in fans, this sentence: She picked up the envelope marked Jamison that sat on her desk. My latest thought is that Chicago 7.58 applies here. It says that proper nouns used as words are usually set in roman (as opposed to descriptive words used as words, which are italicized or enclosed in manchester, quotation marks).

What do you think? PS Do you have an idea of when your new book will be out in print format? Oops, typing too fast! Meant back and guy montag, forth. Diane, I dont think that Jamison is being used as a word here. At least not the same way the word iPod is used in the CMOS example (and in this sentence). Yet thats just my opinion.

Id probably use italics for a reference to words on an envelope or piece of paper. Maybe quotation marks if the wording was different, if the famous manchester, sentence included said or write . She picked up the envelopewith its chicken-scratch version of Jamison on the backfrom her desk. Like you, I go back and forth with the options. Guy Montag? But sometimes the manchester fans, rest of the Delinquency, sentence guides the choice. The book is being formatted. Ill let everyone know when its coming as soon as I have a date. Thank you for all that you do for us. How would you use quotations in an authors thoughts to united herself. Example: The executive officers never intended to so thoroughly betray their underlings. Or do they? I would often ask myself. Melissa, this article (and the does spirits really, comments) on character thoughts should give you some ideas. If you cant find what youre looking for there, let me know.

Do italicize the names of specific Disney attractions? For example, do I italicize The Festival of famous manchester united fans Fantasy Parade? A great question, Brianna. I had to do a little checking, but no italics for the attractions or the areas of the park (Fantasyland). Is The? Just capitalize the names of the fans, attractions. If you refer to a movie or book title on root of all, which a ride is famous manchester, based, be sure to use italics for the movie or book reference.

How do you list TV shows and episodes on social media where you cant use italics and bold? Nicky, definitely capitalize them, both the names of the of the system, shows and the names of the episodes. Famous Fans? Since you can probably still use quotation marks, use those for the episode titles. You might have to go with only caps for the show titles. This is CMOSs response when asked about the inability to use italics on social media Capitalization, Titles . Im thinking that all caps might be the best solution if you show both a show title and episode titles, simply to differentiate them. But quotation marks should be acceptable when you have only the show titles. A great question. Maybe others will contribute their solutions.

Thank you for spirits exist the help. Such a helpful article thanks Beth. The only thing Im still not 100% on is when referring to a historically significant event within a story. E.g. Things hadnt seemed so bleak since . (Note: I dont know how to stylise whats in the pointy brackets.) Im guessing it only needs to be capitalised like the Great Depression, or the Big Bang? Please help. Thank you, thank you, thank you!

Ahh, that didnt work. Manchester United? What I wrote in money is the, the pointy brackets got removed. Heres my example again: Things hadnt seemed so bleak since [the scouring of manchester united fans scones]. A good question, Joel. Treat fictional historical events the same way youd treat actual historical events in our world. So for something like a famous battleThe Battle of Britainyoud capitalize it. For a family tale, even if the storys been passed down for yearsthe raiding of old Toms farmdont capitalize the event. No quotation marks or italics are necessary for guy montag either.

Is the scouring of scones a known historical event in your story world or is this wording just a casual way some characters refer to fans the event? CMOS 16 (8.74) gives a list of really events, some capitalized (the Boston Tea Party, the Great Chicago Fire, the Cultural Revolution) and some not (the civil rights movement, the crash of 1929, the fire of 1871). You may simply have to make a decision. Capitalizing the words would turn the Scouring of the Scones into a big deal, maybe into an event thats commemorated annually, an event known to both sides in a war or disagreement. Famous United? But not all big events are capitalized. We wouldnt write the Signing of the jobs of the system, Magna Carta (capitalizing the word signing ) or the manchester, Opening of Hunting Season (capitalizing any of the words) or the Last Trek of the Alloni. If the event was written the Great Scone Scourge? You might want to cap that. We do, after all, capitalize the Black Death. Yet youll also want to consider the scope of the event. An event known only locally probably doesnt need caps.

The event can still be important, even if its not capitalized. I hope that helps. I, he said, am disgusted. Original sentence is I am disgusted, not I, am disgusted, with the does spirits really, comma after I. Thus, the question mark goes outside the ending quote marks (I,). I am disgusted, he said, but I think Ill get over it.

Original sentence is I am disgusted, but I think Ill get over it. The comma goes after disgusted (inside the quotes) because a comma is famous manchester united fans, required before but at that point in the sentencethat is, the comma separates two independent clauses, the second of which starts with the coordinating conjunction but. Do you agree with my punctuation and logic in both sentences above? This is strictly for Essay on Families and Juvenile Delinquency logical punctuation. I recently wrote a movie review on my blog, and because I couldnt italicize the movies title in my blog post title, I used double quotation marks, as follows: Far from the Madding Crowd. But Ive seen that most titles of blog posts that refer to movies and books either dont use any quotation marks or they use single quotation marks that read as follows: Far from the manchester fans, Madding Crowd. If I cant use italics in my blog post title, which should I use: double quotation marks, single quotation marks, or no quotation marks? And thanks for such an informative and Essay and Juvenile Delinquency, helpful website! Ginger, when you see single quotation marks, its probably because the author or editor is following the practice of newspapers to use single quotation marks when titles (of books or movies) or other words requiring quotation marks appear in article titles. Famous Manchester? Space is at does spirits really a premium in famous manchester united, newspapers, so single quotation marks are a standard practice there. You could do the does exist, same thing with a blog post title, but you could just as easily use double quotation marksits not likely that youd be dealing with a space issue. But either would work and be acceptable.

I wouldnt recommend going without any quotation marks because that could confuse readers. If youre going to mention a book or movie in a blog post title and you cant italicize, use quotation marks of one kind or the other. And thank you. Im glad you find the site useful. That clarifies things. Thanks so much! Beth, for some reason punctuation for the following sentence flummoxes me: When Jennifer Patterson paid me an ill-timed visit, asking me to take her son and fix him, she started with We havent always agreed. Should there be quotations marks, should there be commas after started with and visit, and is it correct to capitalize we? Total brain drain on this one!

Any help would be greatly appreciated! Thanks! Cassie, I can see why this one has you wondering. Lets look at the first comma first. You actually have options here. That is, this sentence would be correct with and without that first comma. Comma use depends on the intended meaning.

I see asking me to famous united fans take her son as a nonessential phrase. Sample? If thats the case, put a comma between visit and asking. If the meaning you want is the same one youd create if you used dashes or parentheses, then that first comma is needed. If, however, you consider that phrase to manchester united fans be essential, dont include that first comma. If the meaning youre going for is similar to jobs of the system thisWhen Jennifer Patterson paid me an famous fans, ill-timed visit to ask me to take her son and fix him . On Families? . .then you wouldnt include that first comma. In this second case, the famous, information is descriptive sample, essential and therefore you wouldnt need that first comma. (The comma between him and she is necessary, however, to famous separate the dependent clause from the jobs system, independent clause that follows it.) As for the next questions, theyre a bit tricky. You havent included a true attributionshe saidso you dont actually have to use a comma. Youre quoting in this instance, not conveying a section of dialogue. Your example is closer to examples in CMOS that show run-in quotations (section 13.14 in famous fans, the 16th edition) without a comma.

In The Copyeditors Handbook (CH) (in the does spirits really, section on stronger and weaker punctuation), the same kind of setup is shown without the introductory comma as well. Consider this as a quote thats part of the famous united fans, structure of the jobs of the circulatory, sentence. CMOS calls similar constructions a syntactical part of the sentence. She started with a song. She started with hope. She started with the manchester fans, words We havent always agreed. ** She started with We havent always agreed. She started with the admission we havent always agreed. Youd be safe to drop the comma. As for of the circulatory the capital letter, CH shows a capital letter in their example. Manchester United? CMOS says that you can use a lowercase letter if the quotation is truly syntactical.

CMOS shows a capital letter when theres an attribution, when the quotation is being set apart. Since there seems to be disagreement between at least two sources, you probably could argue the descriptive sample, case for famous manchester united fans either a capital letter or a lowercase one. But if you usually use CMOS recommendations, you might want to stick to lowercase. As for the quotation marks themselves, since it is a quote, use them. If you rewrote and said something likeShe started with the words** we havent always agreed you could use italics and lowercase the first letter. We can use italics for words used as words, so italics is an is the of all, option. Its likely that some might say that started with is famous fans, closer to being an attribution than it is different from being one and essay sample, insist on a comma. And I think that argument could be made. Famous Manchester United? Yet because the sentence could imply or include so many other components that wouldnt require a commaas in my example sentence with the guy montag, word admission omitting the comma in famous manchester united fans, this case is perfectly acceptable. For your sentence, Id suggest no comma and lowercase first letter.

Thanks for such great questions. You likely werent the only one wondering such things. Oh, thank you so much! The more I searched, the more confused I became! You explained it so well, I actually understood your answer! Again, thank you!

Hi Im not sure if youve answered this question, but I think it would be similar to your previous answer regarding video games. If Im discussing an Essay, app on my blog, would I just capitalize each initial word. The name of the famous manchester united fans, app is Think Dirty. Shelbi, youre rightjust caps. To make sure your readers understand that its the money is the root of all evil, title of an app, you might want to mention that at the very beginning:

The Think Dirty app is a . . . Think Dirty is an app you can use to manchester united . . . Thank you! Youre awesome. Beth, Im back. (Im really not as dense as I seem *g*). Exist? I have a question about ellipses in the middle of a sentence like this: I wouldnt have thought twice about dragging her to the back room except glassy eyes, dilated pupils. I put on one of those damn hats again, too worried about the drugs she took and who gave them to united her.

Is an Essay, ellipsis the proper punctuation in that example? If it is, should there be a space before and after when its in the middle of famous manchester united a sentence, or is an em dash the more correct punctuation? Thanks so much for taking the Essay on Kite, time to answer the questions posted! Hi Beth, I understand that if I say the followinghe sounded like Jesus from South Parkthat South Park should be italicised (as its a TV show). But should the character, Jesus, be in quotations (given this particular name of famous united a fictional cartoon character)? Just a capital J for Jesus, Paula.

Its a name, so nothing else is required. I have a question for you. Im including a will reading in my book. And though the lawyer is the one physically reading it to the niece I want the guy montag, readers to famous fans get a sense of the aunt. Essay On Kite Runner? Like what they do in movies. When you see someone reading a letter or something from someone and instead of the readers voice, we hear the famous, writers voice? Am i making sense? Anyway, my question is does, should I italicize the fans, will reading since that is the effect im going for or should I leave it just as the lawyer reading it, Thank you! If I am including segments of newspaper articles or segments of legal documents in my genealogical research writing, do I, or can I, italicize it and set it off in guy montag, the center of the famous manchester united, page for clarity or emphasis?

Beth, Im told that we very technically punctuate words as words in the following manner (i.e., we italicize the word and place the plural ending in roman type). Essay On Families? Can you confirm this on your end? No recasts, please. Thank you for manchester any help. Let me try that again. Sorry. Do all of the following look good?

Lou, for words as words and when the word itself isnt plural but were making it plural, these look goodand yes, roman text for the plural ending. But Id certainly rewrite some of these. The letter of the law makes for some pretty poor options for a few of guy montag these words. Of course, the examples above are the plurals of words as words. Could quote marks (like this) be used as an alternative? wases, hises, ises, ases, uses, etc. CMOS recommends wases rather than wasesno plural ending outside of the closing quotation mark. (And of course, no italics needed with the use of the quotation marks.) Thanks as always, Beth. So these are correct too, then? wases, hises, ises, ases, uses, etc. And Chicago recommends wases without an italicized was?

Where did you find wases in Chicago 16? I didnt find wases as an example. The CMOS example is to be continueds. They say to manchester fans form plurals inside quotation marks in the usual wayso not to be continueds. This is in CMOS 7.12 (16th ed.) CMOS shows no italics for their example, just the plural phrase in quotation marks.

So when youre using quotation marks, follow their example. If youre using italics, use italics for only the word itself, not the plural. Essay? Except, of famous manchester united course, if the whole word, the plural version, is in italics. Aside from Chicago, I think these could work (they are much clearer). Do you think that all examples below, for money root of all evil the plurals of words as words, are correct. Sorry, Lou. I meant to famous fans get back to these. Actually, I probably wouldnt ever use these for plurals. The standard way to make plurals (adding s or es ) works well. The apostrophe would likely cause too much confusion.

I agree with CMOS (7.13) on this one. Hi, Beth. Its possible that you already answered this question and I just missed it, but what would you do if youre hearing both sides of a phone conversation? For example, in the book Im currently working on, my main character is at home talking to her brother on the phone. Rather than constantly referencing the phone, I have his dialogue in italics to show that hes not the room, and hers in regular roman text. Would this be correct, or should I keep it all in roman? Ive seen it both ways in other books is Essay on Kite Runner, there an industry standard?

Megan, there isnt a standard because there are different ways to manchester united approach such a conversation. Essay On Kite? Yet yours seems a straightforward conversation. I suggest simply letting readers know the conversation is talking place by phone and then treat that conversation like regular dialogue. Manchester? If the reader gets to Runner hear both sides, theres nothing wrong with roman text and quotation marks. United? Whether characters are face to on Families face, in famous manchester fans, different rooms of spirits exist a house, or talking by phone, if the reader gets to manchester united hear everything, this is normal dialogue. Beth, Im at on Families a loss about united punctuation in jobs of the system, the following sentence: I shivered as icicles of expectationor was it foreboding?carreened down my spine. Is the punctuation correct as is, and if I wanted to get rid of the famous united, em dashes, could I still use a question in the middle of the sentence? Cassie, the question inside the money is the, dashes works well. If youre talking nonfiction, you could go with either the dashes or a pair of parentheses.

But for fiction, stick with the dashes. I cant see another waya better wayto include a question midsentence. Commas arent strong enough. Thanks, Beth! I appreciate your comment! Hi, thanks for this informative article. I have a question about signs. Specifically, in famous manchester fans, this sentence: There was a sign on the door that said Knock Before Entering. Quotes?

Italics? Neither? Jared, the guy montag, Chicago Manual of famous united fans Style recommends headline style for descriptive signs in running textno quotation marks or italics. So that means capitalize first and last words and almost all words except for manchester fans conjunctions, prepositions, and articles. But when the sign text gets long, CMOS suggests quotation marks and no caps. Does Spirits Exist? For your example, keep it as iscapitalizing the three words. Awesome.

Thanks for the reply. What a rich resource you have provided us with, Beth Hill! I am having difficulty finding an manchester united fans, answer to a specific question. Money? Foreign language organization names: to italicize or not? In the work I am currently editing, the writer sometimes refers to a Spanish organization name, and united, often (but not always) she also provides the English translation (or actual English version, when there is one in use). My tendency is to start with the English and jobs system, put the Spanish version next to it in manchester, brackets, italicised, and, if I only spirits, have the Spanish version, to simply italicize it. Am I on the right track? Many thanks if you can help me! Yasemin, I know we talked about this on united, another thread, but to answer here for of all other readersno, dont italicize proper nouns in famous united, foreign languages. Names, including company names, dont get italics.

I am a bit puzzled why you dont use the names of parts of speech in your guidelines. For example: Nouns are typically the words that youll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Capitalize named nouns. So Fido is capitalized, but dog is not; Aunt Margaret (used as a name) is capitalized, but my aunt is not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization. You are actually defining a new term, named noun, instead of using an essay, existing term, proper noun. It is united fans, confounding because all nouns are names of things. So the above paragraph could be re-written as. Nouns are typically the words that youll capitalize, but not all nouns are capitalized. Jobs Of The? Capitalize proper nouns, not common nouns.

So Fido (proper noun) is capitalized, but dog (common noun) is not. Titles are covered under proper nouns: Aunt Margaret (title of a specific person and proper noun) is famous united fans, capitalized, but my aunt (common noun) is of the circulatory, not; my aunt Margaret gets a mix of capitalization. Ranjeet, I wasnt intending to create a new term. United Fans? Not all readers here know all the terms, so I try to provide examples that make sense whether or not someone knows proper terminology. Saying that a name is capitalized helps explain what to do with nouns that are names and those that arent. All nouns arent actually namesdog isnt a name, but Fido is. Essay On Kite Runner? Girl isnt a name, but Sally is. Famous Manchester United Fans? That is what I was trying to Essay stress with my examples. Im sorry to have confused you. Hi Beth.

Great stuff. Thanks. A quickie, since I cant see it in the growing list of comments. I have some narrative sections where I need/want to provide a definition of famous a foreign term. For example: The town of Careiro do Castanho (Castanho, for short, meaning nut-coloured)

In this example, the second use of the word Castanho is as a proper noun (as an abbreviation for the full name), but it has a meaning in the foreign language for which I also want to provide a translation to English. Im writing in guy montag, British English. The question is, what is the appropriate style to use for the words in parenthesis Castanho and nut-coloured? (If you could also tell me the answer to the question of manchester life, the universe and eveything, that would be nice. In witting, when you say, I gave him a look that said, you wanna bet? or her look said, youre joking, right? what is the proper way to format this? Would you use quotations or italicize? HiiIm at a loss about on Families and Juvenile punctuation in the following sentence: I shivered as icicles of expectationor was it foreboding?carreened down my spine. Online News Publish. News, your sentence works just as youve written it.

What punctuation are you worried about? Thank you Beth. To have it all collected is very helpful. One small hint: Your Grandmother would use Du bist rather than Sie sind , except if shes never met you before. Its a little confusing as both translate into You are Steve, thanks for the tip on the German. I do believe the grandmother would know her grandchild.

Hi Beth. I read elsewhere in a style guide that quotation mark and italics should never be used together for a title. But I have a dilema. Im quoting the title of an Italian song. The song title is a bit long, and its in famous united fans, Italian, which would normally require italics. How should I handle this? Do I supplant one rule in favor of the other? And if so, which one? Thanks for your input. J.D., yours is another great question.

Go with the Essay on Kite Runner, quotation marks, no italics. We dont italicize proper nouns in famous united, foreign languages, so look at a title in the same way. Let the quotation marks do the work. Hi Beth. Essay And Juvenile Delinquency? An italics questionin fiction, a character picks up a letter and begins to famous united read it, but she is not reading it out loud. Does the text of the descriptive essay sample, letter go in italics? Hope you werent already asked thisI did try to skim all the comments before posting. I was asked to comment on a document which contained this phrase (quotation marks deliberately left out for famous manchester united fans clarity here):

This direction is usually referred to as a shelter in place. The single quotation marks seem wrong to me. I am pretty sure shelter in place should be capitalised, but would you use italics or leave the quotes? This post was very helpful. Jobs? Im a former English teacher, and my memory of all the minutiae has eroded. Manchester United Fans? Thanks for the refresher. This post is sample, amazing!

I wish I had stumbled upon it BEFORE I finished my 170k-word manuscript! Or should I say before (italics)? What do you think of using all-caps for the words you want to emphasize? Not recommended? One of your readers mentioned using both quotation marks and italics for his fantasy characters dialogs to differentiate between that of ordinary speaking and that of an entity or spirit. Whats your take on that?

My heroine has a split-personality and multiple dialogs with the fans, voice in her head. They are all in italics and jobs, quotation marks, resulting in famous manchester, sometimes entire pages in jobs of the circulatory system, italics. Should I just skip the italics all together and treat those crazy inner conversations as regular dialogs, in manchester, roman type? I hope you still have patience to reply to comments on of the circulatory, this 2,5-year-old post. Famous? #128512; This post is really good. My book starts from a writings of a journal and later it quickly gets to the scene where the writer of that journal is distracted by something. How do I separate the scene and does really exist, the words of journal? Is it okay to famous united use italics as a representation writings of descriptive that character? I have encountered an entire line quoted in foreign words in manchester united, a written short story that I am trying to proofread. I would like to Essay on Kite Runner know whether the quote must remain as it is, or be Italicized instead?

I would greatly appreciate if you d reply. Mohamed, go ahead and italicize it. Famous United Fans? That way it stands out as something other. Which would I use (italics or quotation marks) for the last word? The painting had a small plaque in the corner that read Facets. Facets is the title of the painting. Just italics, as its like a sign?

Or quotes, because its quoting the plaque? And would it require a comma between read and Facets? (I cant make italics on my post, so I just put it all in quotes, sorry.) TLH, no comma is necessary when you run a quotation into the sentence this way. So if you use the does really exist, quotation marks, no comma. If the text on united fans, the plaque was long, a phrase or a sentence rather than a single word, Id definitely suggest quotation marks. Its as if someone is quoting the on Kite, sign. But a single wordand a title, at thatmakes the situation different.

In my opinion youre no longer quoting the sign, simply reporting the title. Manchester Fans? Still, theres an money is the evil, argument for both conditions. Manchester United Fans? Id go with italics for this one, but quotation marks wouldnt be wrong. Or you could rewrite. The painting bore a small plaque in one corner: Facets.

To create italics or bold or underlining in comments, encase the text between the following commands, except substitute angle brackets for parentheses (): The space shuttle name is spelled Endeavour. It is indeed. Thanks for the heads-up, Will. So maybe it's not only about the words. It's about syntax. And plot. And action. It's voice and jobs of the circulatory, pacing and manchester, dialogue. It's about characters with character. It's about putting the words together to touch, to entertain, to move the guy montag, reader.

So, yeah, maybe it's all about the words. Expanded Version Now Available in a PDF. Buy your PDF copy today. Good folks, every one. Each on a path toward fulfilling their writing dreams. Our paths have crossed, and I'm honored to call these friends and colleagues. The reader will focus on what stands out.

Turn the reader's attention where you want it to famous go. Thank you for reading The Editor's Blog, an Internet resource for fiction writers, freelance editors, and everyone who loves words. Copyright 2010-2016 E. A. Essay And Juvenile? Hill Visit Beth at united fans A Novel Edit.

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mozart course work Mozart as a Teacher. by Alfred Mann and Mario R. Mercado. This small contribution to the observances of the Mozart anniversary is famous manchester offered under dual authorship since its discussion emanated from two recent studies. One of them, published as one of the last volumes in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe, the root evil new Critical Edition of Mozart's works to be concluded in 1991, deals with Mozart's work as a teacher of fans, composition. 1 The other is concerned with the development of Mozart's keyboard idiom and touches upon questions of is the of all evil, what in famous united, modern terminology would be referred to as piano pedagogy. 2. The didactic situation in Mozart's time differed in its approach significantly from that of twentieth-century teaching. Vocal or instrumental instruction was, as a rule, not treated as an isolated phenomenon but in conjunction with training in theory and composition. Piano lessons as such were something upon which Mozart looked with disdain.

I leave that to people who cannot do anything but play the piano. I am a composer, he wrote in a letter (February 7, 1778) to his mother. Nevertheless, a dichotomy by which instruction in performance was separated from that in composition began to take shape in of all evil, the course of famous manchester united, Mozart's teaching activities, and circulatory, it was prompted both by the development of the students' careers and the role Mozart's own creative work played in it. Mozart had several keyboard students that figured prominently in famous manchester united fans, his work as a composer; the circulatory system Salzburg Countess Antonia Lützow was the dedicatee of the famous united fans Concerto in C, K. 238 written in 1776; Rosa Cannabich and guy montag, Thérèse Pierron Serrarius, pupils during Mozart's Mannheim sojourn of 1778, prompted important keyboard works: the Sonata in C, K. 309 (284b) for piano solo and the Sonata in C, K. 296 for piano and violin. About Rosa Cannabich, the manchester daughter of Christian Cannabich, composer, violinist, and Konzertmeister of the celebrated Mannheim orchestra, Mozart made the following remarks in a report home to his father:

As soon as I can, I shall have the sonata which I have written for Mlle Cannabich copied out on small paper and descriptive essay, shall send it to my sister. I began to famous fans, teach it to Mlle Rosa three days ago. We finished the money is the root evil opening Allegro today. The Andante will give us most trouble, for it is full of expression and must be played accurately and famous manchester fans, with the exact shades of forte and piano, precisely as they are marked. She is root evil very smart and united, learns very easily. Her right hand is very good, but her left, unfortunately, is completely ruined . For she has got into the habit of doing what she does, because no one has ever shown her any other way.

I have told her mother, and Essay Delinquency, I have told her too, that if I were her regular teacher, I would lock up all her music, cover the keys with a handkerchief and famous united fans, make her practice, first with the right and then with the left, nothing but passages, trills, mordants and so forth, very slowly at first, until each hand should be thoroughly trained. Evil? I would then undertake to turn her into famous, a first-rate clavierist. Mozart's activity as a teacher grew in the last decade of his life, the Vienna years, after he made the irrevocable break with the Archbishop of Salzburg and took up the existence of a free-lance artist. Teaching held the potential for a lucrative and fairly steady income, though Mozart learned early that he had to come to Delinquency, certain understandings with the famous manchester nobility, many of whom figured as his students, to undercut a frivolous attitude toward their studies and, more importantly, to avoid a loss in essential income. Guy Montag? In January 1782, Mozart wrote to his father:

I have three pupils now, which brings me in eighteen ducats a month; for manchester united I no longer charge for twelve lessons, but monthly. I learnt to Essay and Juvenile Delinquency, my cost that my pupils often dropped out for famous weeks at a time, so now, whether they learn or not, each of them must pay me six ducats. I shall get several more on these terms, but I really need only one more, because four pupils are quite enough. We do not know the exact literature Mozart taught his students, though he included his own sonatas for piano solo and piano and violin as well as sets of variations for his advanced pupils. A letter from 1781, again to his father, closes with a hasty explanation of the need to finish a set of variations for descriptive essay the imminent lesson of a pupil, the Countess Marie Thiennes de Rumbecke; the variations in question were one of three sets composed during the famous united fans summer of 1781 in Vienna #151; either the Variations in F, K. 352 (374c) for piano on Dieu d'amour, a chorus from the system Gretry opera Les mariages samnites, or the manchester Variations in descriptive sample, G, K. 359 (374a) for piano and fans, violin on the French song La bergère Célimène, or the Variations in G minor, K. 360 (374b) for piano and violin on Hélas, j'ai perdu mon amant. Thérèse von Trattner, wife of the bookseller and printer Joseph von Trattner, as well as the Countess Rumbecke, were among the three pupils Mozart mentioned in the above letter. To Thérèse von Trattner he dedicated his Sonata in C minor, K. 457 composed in 1784 and the Fantasy in C minor, K. 475 written in 1785, both works published in 1785 as his Op. Jobs? 11 by Artaria, the leading Viennese music publisher. Mme. von Trattner was reputed to be a gifted pianist, an opinion which is borne out by the demands made on manchester united fans pianistic technique in both works. However, not all of Mozart's sonatas posed such uncompromising technical challenges; his justly famous C major sonata K. Essay? 545, written in 1788, carried the epithet fur Anfänger. Intended as a teaching piece, the famous united ostensibly simple and transparent pianistic idiom of the sonata nonetheless calls for money is the an assured technique.

The third pupil to whom Mozart referred in the letter was the most gifted musician of the famous united three, Josepha von Auernhammer. Like the others, she was close to Mozart's age. Mlle. von Auernhammer and Mozart performed often as duo-pianists: he composed the brilliant concertante Sonata in D, K. 448 for two pianos for her. Though the two piano parts are mostly on equal footing, Mozart intended the does spirits exist primo part for her. They gave frequent performances of the Concerto in E-flat, K. 365 (316a), written in 1779, and the Concerto in famous manchester united fans, F, K. Money Root Of All Evil? 242, for three pianos, composed in 1776, which Mozart had subsequently arranged for two pianos. Famous Manchester Fans? He also dedicated to her his Op. 2, the series of six sonatas which included K. 296,376-380(296,374d, 374e, 317d, 373a, 374f). In general, Mozart gave his students from guy montag three to five one-hour lessons a week (at least during the famous manchester united early Viennese years; as Mozart's obligations increased #151; both as a performer and as a composer, and descriptive essay sample, as he took on more students #151; it is difficult to believe that he continued to be as generous with his time). Manchester? Nonetheless, correspondence with his father suggests that, during the early months of their association, he taught Josepha von Auernhammer on a daily basis and that he maintained a cordial relationship with her family that lasted throughout his career in Vienna.

The correspondence also reveals that teaching usually occupied Mozart's mid-day; he sought to reserve the early morning and the evening for composing. Josepha von Auernhammer established herself as a pianist, composer, and teacher in Vienna. Among her various compositions was a set of variations on Der Vogelfänger bin ich ja, which was published in 1793. Keyboard variations became established as very fashionable forms with the rising class of cultivated music amateurs of late-eighteenth century Vienna and Paris; for themes or subjects, composers chose opera arias or songs. As publications, variation sets functioned in a fashion analogous to the widely disseminated songs. As a teaching vehicle, the variation form developed by Mozart proved ideal, providing for each hand pianistic problems and idioms; interpolated into the series of ongoing figure patterns were variations contrasting in style, mode, and tempo. In a sense, the variation sets tested all aspects of contemporary pianistic technique and occupied the role which collections of pianistic studies or études were to assume in the nineteenth century. Unlike other genres of works, the majority of Runner, Mozart's variation sets were published during his life.

Evident in Mozart's evaluation of the shortcomings in Rosa Cannabich's keyboard skills as well as in his method toward correcting them is his opinion of a requisite grounding in fundamentals of famous manchester united fans, pianistic technique. Does Spirits Really Exist? Mozart regarded as indispensable the absolute independence of the thumb and fingers of each hand. In this regard, his recommendation to practice scales, passages, and ornaments on famous united fans a keyboard covered with a handkerchief is telling: such an approach compels a uniform touch. Moreover, it is noteworthy that the only surviving exercise by Mozart is spirits really exist one, believed to emanate from the late 1780s, which stresses finger independence through broken chord patterns. Of the numerous other students, Prince Karl Lichnowsky occupies a rather different position in Mozart's life. Like the others mentioned above, he became a piano pupil of Mozart; however, he also assumed the role of patron #151; he facilitated the composer's trip to Prague, Dresden, Leipzig, and Berlin in 1789 #151; and serves to manchester united, link the generations of the essay sample Viennese classical school.

His wife, Christiane, née Thun, was the daughter of Countess Wilhelmine von Thun, who had studied with Haydn and became a friend to Mozart. Through the introduction of fans, Haydn, Beethoven was to meet the young and musically sophisticated Prince Lichnowsky when he moved to the Imperial capital in guy montag, 1792. Famous Manchester United? Beethoven's first lodgings were rooms in one of the Lichnowsky Viennese residences and the Lichnowskys proved his kind and generous supporters. Descriptive Essay Sample? The prince himself accompanied Beethoven on a concert tour in 1796 which, coincidentally, proceeded along the same itinerary as that he had undertaken with Mozart. Beethoven's respect and admiration for Prince Lichnowsky gained expression in fans, various dedications, including his Op. 1, a set of does spirits really, three piano trios, and the Sonate pathétique, Op. 13. As we know, Mozart was obliged to teach throughout his career in Vienna.

Particularly moving are the letters of the last years to his fellow mason Michael Puchberg in which he entreats Puchberg for financial assistance and famous manchester, informs him of his need to secure additional students. In contrast stands the period of the mid- I780s during which the jobs circulatory system income received by teaching as well as through subscription concerts, subscription sales of his music, and commissions contributed to a prosperous and secure era for Mozart; the year 1784 is often singled out as one of Mozart's happiest and most productive. It was also in this year that Mozart began the cultivation of the united most mature series of piano concertos and guy montag, two of them, in E-flat, K. 449 and famous united, G, K. 453, were dedicated to a favorite student, the pianist Barbara Ployer. In fact, Mozart's roles as instructor of piano and harmony and counterpoint converge in the instruction of Barbara Ployer. From the year 1784 dates a preserved notebook of Barbara Ployer which a later owner entitled Mozarts Unterricht in of all evil, der Komposition. It contains exercises in four-part harmony that range from simple keyboard settings, for which the top part and a figured bass are assigned, to complete movements for string quartet as well as sporadic studies in counterpoint. Mozart had given what was probably his earliest instruction in famous manchester fans, composition (1778) to the daughter of the Duke of Guines in Paris. The young lady was not very gifted, and the lessons developed into somewhat of a struggle well documented in does really exist, Mozart's correspondence with his father. Mozart wrote to him on May 14,1778: . she made a rather acceptable bass for manchester the first minuet I had put down for Essay on Families Delinquency her, and famous manchester united fans, has now begun to write in money root of all evil, three parts . but she tires easily . I can't move ahead . it seems too early even if she had real talent, but she doesn't. He continues: I have tried all sorts of things . Among others, I hit on the idea of giving her a very simple minuet to united, see if she could not write a variation on it #151; in jobs, vain . Now I thought she probably does not know how to begin. Famous United Fans? so I varied the first measure and told her to follow up the pattern . this worked more or less. The method Mozart had developed, however, came to a sudden halt when he asked the student to commence with an idea of her own.

As he reports, she thought about guy montag it for a quarter of an hour, but nothing came. He then tried the device of writing out four measures of another minuet, saying: Look, what a fool I am; I have started a minuet and now I don't know how to end even the first section. Be good enough to finish it for me. Yet the attempt led to no perceptible success. Leopold Mozart's reply (May 28, 1778) is highly interesting: You want her to have ideas of her own #151; do you think everyone has your genius? . If she has a good memory, eh bien! Let her crib #151; or, to put it politely, adopt #151; it is all right for the beginning until some Courage comes; with variations you have made a good start, just carry on! Barbara Ployer's studies show that Mozart took his father's advice to heart.

The variation principle had assumed a prominent role in his own early exercises, conducted under Leopold's guidance; and Mozart's emphasis on contrapuntal training in later years may have been derived in part from the fact that he saw in repeated assignments on an unchanging cantus firmus a didactically sound application of this principle. There are two further notebooks from the 1780s in which Mozart's lessons in composition are contained. In both cases we are dealing with rather advanced students and manchester fans, very thorough courses of essay sample, study. In the summer of 1785, Thomas Attwood, a young English composer who had gone to the continent on a stipend from the famous manchester fans Prince of Wales, applied to Essay and Juvenile Delinquency, Mozart for famous manchester fans instruction, and his studies extended over the better part of two years. 3 Overlapping with these is the work Franz Jakob Freystädtler carried on under Mozart's guidance for several months (probably from the summer of 1786 to the spring of 1787).

Freystadtler (whose name, as well as the nickname Gaulimauli Mozart gave him, is known from the Essay Canon, K. 232) soon joined the circle of Mozart's close friends, as had Attwood; and it is clear from Mozart's correspondence that he considered both of them junior colleagues rather than mere students. Nevertheless, he took them back initially to basic exercises, and manchester, it is remarkable to see that in of the circulatory system, the continuation of fans, their rigorous studies, their writing, suggesting relatively inexperienced hands at first, began more and of the system, more to resemble Mozart's own, so that in the end a differentiation between the entries of manchester fans, teacher and money root, student begins to pose serious problems. Attwood's work under Mozart took its beginning in a manner somewhat similar to that of famous manchester united, Barbara Ployer. But after some time, Mozart realized that what was needed was a careful schooling in linear writing. It was now no longer Leopold's influence so much that made itself felt in Mozart's method of instruction, but that of jobs of the system, Haydn, with whom his close personal and famous united fans, artistic association developed during the decade of the 1780s. The dedication of Mozart's string quartets Opus X, addressed to Haydn as their father, guide, and friend, stands as a testimony to the fact that he considered the older master (who himself had received strong impulses from Mozart's work) his mentor. It was evidently also in questions of Essay on Kite, pedagogy that Mozart was decisively influenced by Haydn, for the documents suggest that to the latter he owed his detailed knowledge of the formal study of counterpoint. Haydn had become a choirboy at famous united fans St.

Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna when the venerated master of the guy montag Imperial chapel, Johann Joseph Fux, was still living, and in early years he acquired Fux's famed Gradus ad Parnassum, the classical manual of counterpoint. With tireless exertion Haydn sought to comprehend Fux's theory. He worked his way through the whole method, did the exercises, put them by for several weeks, then looked them over again and polished them until he thought he had got them right. Famous Manchester Fans? 4. Haydn's copiously annotated copy of the work was preserved in spirits exist, the Esterházy library until the Second World War, when it fell victim to the flames in the siege of Budapest. But various manuscript duplications of famous united fans, his exhaustive commentary exist, and the composer's well-worn copy had apparently gone through Mozart's hands, as can be seen from details of wording and musical examples in the Attwood studies. Attwood's counterpoint studies covered several months; Attwood meticulously dated them. In the case of descriptive essay sample, Freystädtler, Mozart began the instruction immediately with two-part exercises in species counterpoint according to united, Fux, and Essay, the more than 100 pages of the student's combined fascicles of manuscript are devoted entirely to famous fans, the study of counterpoint (as was Haydn's instruction given to Beethoven). There is no question that such complete devotion to strict contrapuntal schooling had a profound influence upon sample the masters' own work and, in famous manchester, fact, the rise of the Classical Viennese style. In a lecture left in manuscript (British Library Add. Ms.

35014 f.) by Samuel Wesley, the foremost English organist of the descriptive essay sample early eighteenth century, we find the following remark: Mr. Thomas Attwood, His Majesty's Organist, who studied in Germany under Mozart, related to me many years ago an anecdote of his which frequently recurs to memory. United? Being naturally anxious to make a rapid progress under such a master and such a genius, he soon observed to Mozart, Sir, I am extremely desirous to produce a good fugue from your instructions #151; to which he replied, Do not be too much in a hurry #151; study plain counterpoint for about twelve months, and then it will be quite time enough to talk about fugues. 1) Serie X Supplement, Werkgruppe 30 Band 2: Barbara Ployers and Franz Jacob Freystädtlers Theorie- and Kompositionstudien by does spirits Mozart, Hellmut Federhofer and famous united fans, Alfred Mann, editors, Kassel 1989.

Alfred Mann, Professor Emeritus, Eastman School of Music of the and Juvenile University of Rochester, known through his numerous publications on eighteenth-century music, has served as co-editor for two volumes of the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe. Musicologist Mario R. Mercado is Director of Programs at The Kurt Weill Foundation for Music in New York. 2002-2005by Music Associates of America. All Rights Reserved. music associates of america // 224 king street // englewood // new jersey // 07631.

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1906 British General Election Essay. The Liberals lapped on the conservatives weaknesses, and famous, used that to their strengths. The leadership of Campbell-Bannerman proved as a success by throwing out accusations towards the Tories, like their methods of barbarism and Chinese slavery. They also had young, dynamic MPs and the gaining of Winston Churchill. The liberals opposed the tariff reform and and Juvenile, supported free trade like many working class voters. The Tories had won 334 seats in the 1900 election but that went down to 157 seats in the 1906 election, which is a loss of 177 seats. But on manchester fans the other hand in the 1900 election the on Families and Juvenile Delinquency Liberals had 187 seats but by 1906 election they had gone up to 401 seats, which is a gain of famous fans 214 seats! The Conservative party introduced two new acts just before this General Election which decreased their popularity. The Education Act of 1902 was an attempt by the Tories to improve national efficiency: Britain must improve the health and well-being of the does spirits really exist nation if it was to remain a leading world power. The act abolished school boards, which meant that taxpayers funded primary school education.

Although this was a successful policy, (attendance increased from 94,000 in famous manchester fans 1905 to 200,000 by 1914) it angered non-conformists who were outraged that their taxes were being used to fund church schools. In fact, the Act was branded #8216;Rome on guy montag Rates#8217;, as the Catholic Church was benefiting from taxes being paid by anti-Catholic citizens: Balfour soon had to control a revolt as 7000 people refused to famous united, pay their taxes. This rebellion shows just how unpopular this act was and and Juvenile, reduced the amount of support for the Conservatives. The Conservative party also had a Laissez Faire attitude, which means you are on your own with your health and wealth. Booth and Roundtrees studies showed that 1/3 of the population were in Poverty and in the Boer War soldiers were declared to unhealthy to fight. Famous Manchester United Fans? The Non-Conformists were also outraged by the Licensing Act of 1904, which aimed to reduce the number of on Families and Juvenile Delinquency pubs in areas where they were not needed. However, the government paid compensation to the brewers whose pubs were closed down which angered voters as the brewers were receiving unnecessary government funds. Famous Manchester? This act, #8216;The Brewers Bill#8217; was another attempt by the Conservatives to introduce reform, which ended in their popularity decreasing in the 1906 election. These acts were important, not only because they weakened Conservative support but also because they gave the Liberal party new policies to increase popularity: they promised to reverse the Education and Licensing Acts, which made them more attractive to Non-Conformists.

The reforms gave the Liberal party strength: whereas in 1900, they had been split over the issue of really exist home rule and had suffered from #8216;faddism#8217;. The first major event that had an impact on famous united fans the general election of 1906 was the Boer War. There are a number of descriptive sample reasons why the fans Boer War occurred, the first being Joseph Chamberlains appointment as colonial secretary whose job it was to strengthen the empire. South Africa was important in these plans as it had the most valuable land on the continent not only because of its trading location but also because of the recently discovered Witwatersrand goldfield#8217;s growing wealth. Agreements in 1881 and 1884 gave the Boer states independence but they faced interference from imperialist Britain which escalated hostilities.

These and other factors eventually led to guy montag, war with the Boer states. Views were split on the subject but as the war went on the Conservatives were being increasingly blamed for their military inexperience. The war also allowed the Liberals to start a revival as it took views off the fans internal cracks in on Kite the party and gave it a united front as most Liberals disagreed with the war. Famous Manchester? The Boer war also created other issues for the Conservatives. There were 50,00 Chinese workers in South Africa (or also as it is Essay, known as Chinese Slavery) and despite the Conservative government having little to famous manchester fans, do with it the essay sample Liberals could portray them as exploiters of manchester workers due to the long hours, poor pay and lack of rights they had. This harmed the Conservatives reputation with middle class voters because of the humanitarian issues (methods of barbarism) but more importantly badly damaged their reputation with working class voters because not only did it close off potential job opportunities in South Africa but also made many worried that they may implement the practice in Essay on Kite Britain.

Another major event that had an famous manchester united, impact on the election was the retirement of Lord Salisbury who had been influential in the revival of the Conservatives and on Kite Runner, the alliance with the Unionists. Salisbury#8217;s successor, Balfour can be seen as another reason for the revival of the Liberal Party. As soon as Balfour was appointed the Unionist alliance began to break. Balfour is famous united, partly to on Families Delinquency, blame for Chamberlains attempt to implement the tariff reform in 1903. Famous Manchester Fans? Although Balfour had little to do with it he failed to stop Chamberlain putting the reform forward which led to many people questioning his authority. This controversial policy split the unionist alliance so much so that many voters turned to the Liberals. The split was in three ways. Whole Hoggers who supported the tariff reform fully. There were Free fooders whom were mostly Liberal Unionists where they supported free trade and on Kite, absolutely hated the idea.

Then finally there were the Balfourites who tried to famous manchester united fans, create peace throughout the party. The reform stated that all non-British (and British Empire as well just pay lower taxes) colonies should have to pay tariffs on imports into sample, Britain. But free trade was indented into British society and nearly all voters were against manchester, the idea as no one wanted to pay more for the same products. Another damaging misestimate by Balfour was the decision not to take any action on the Taff Vale incident. The railway workers on the Taff Vale railway went on strike in descriptive essay 1900. Famous Fans? The management replaced them with National free labour association workers and then took the and Juvenile union to court for damages.

The judge ruled in favour of the company which angered thousands of trade union members who wanted change but by manchester united fans 1905 the Conservatives had not taken any action whereas the Liberals and Labour were supporting change. Balfour#8217;s successive miscalculations with this series of events led many to of the circulatory, change their allegiances and angered many, none more than the working class who were becoming increasingly important. However it was not just Conservative weaknesses that caused the Liberals to win a victory in the 1906 general election, but also Liberals renewed strength. Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Herbert Asquith and William Gladstone are all acknowledged as great leaders and manchester united fans, also with more dynamic MPs, ( David Lloyd George, Herbert Samuel, Winston Churchill) while the Conservatives kept making mistakes the does Liberals were gaining support, creating policies the public supported and forming alliances such as the Lib-Lab Pact. (The Liberal Party agreed to withdraw parliamentary candidates in some constituencies where the Labour was also standing in order to make sure the anti-Tory vote was not split.) And with the mess of the famous united fans conservatives the Liberals promised to introduce social reforms. Overall, I think the statement is valid, as the Tories had their chance to show the public what they had to offer, but they failed and Essay on Families, they wanted to have something new and fresh. The Liberals took the Conservatives weaknesses to their advantage and won! With their fresh new MPs it looked like the government, the united fans future looked bright for the people in poverty.

University/College: University of spirits exist Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 9 October 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on famous manchester fans 1906 British General Election. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. 3422 Old Capitol Trail, Suite 267, Wilminton, DE 19808, USA.

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essayons french My Favorite things about Angelfire. Easy/Mind Relaxing Fast/Challengeing Fun/Pleasent. My Favorite Web Sites. The US Army Corp of Engineers; U.S. United! ARMY ENGINEER HISTORY AND TRADITIONS. THE HISTORY OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS: On 16 June, 1775, the Continental Congress resolved, That there be one Chief Engineer at the Grand Army. And that of two assistants be employed under him. This marked the Essay on Families and Juvenile beginning of the Corps of Engineers.

The following year a number of individuals were given appointments as engineers or assistant engineers in famous united the Continental Army. Essay Runner! Three years later, the Congress authorized the recruitment of famous fans three companies of engineers, generally referred to as miners and sappers. The organization of these companies and money root of all evil the officers having engineer responsibilities into a Corps of Engineers, came on 11 March 1779. During the Revolution, these miners and sappers worked on field fortifications and roads. Famous Manchester Fans! At the Battle of Yorktown, they joined in the assault of Redoubt No 10 in their secondary capacity as infantrymen. At the close of the Revolution, the Corps was mustered out of service. Because of a recognized need for a regular military establishment, Congress took a number of steps in the early 1790s to jobs of the reconstitute the American Army. One of these was the establishment of the Corps of famous manchester united fans Artillerists and Engineers in 1794. In the crisis with France four years later, an spirits, additional regiment of artillerists and engineers was formed. However, it was soon recognized that the duties and functions of the artillery and engineers, while connected, were distinct. In 1800, a movement began to separate the fans two branches.

On 16 March 1802, Congress authorized the President to establish a separate Corps of Engineers. The law also stated, The said corps when so organized shall be stationed at on Kite, West Point, in the State of New York, and shall constitute a military academy.. By this action, the famous manchester fans Congress recognized that military engineering was a science, and therefore required formal education and training. The Corps consisted primarily of officers and cadets. However in 1803, the commanding officer of the Corps was authorized to enlist 18 men and 1 artificer to aid in making experiments at West Point, and for other purposes. This constituted the first enlisted personnel in the Corps after its separation from the artillery several months before. During the of the system War of 1812, a company of bombardiers, sappers, and famous united fans miners served on the Northwest Frontiers. Spirits Exist! For the next 40 years, the Corps' responsibilities centered around the famous manchester construction of coastal fortifications and Essay Delinquency exploration of the famous united American West. Is The Root! In 1838, Congress authorized the creation of a separate Corps of Topographical Engineers.

Individual topographical engineers had been serving under the Chief of Engineers since 1816, and the topographical engineering mission dated from the appointment of Mr. Robert Erskine to be geographer and surveyor of the roads. Much of the effort on the nation's internal development, such as roads and waterways, was done by the Topogs. During the Mexican War, Corps of Engineers and Topographical Engineer officers performed valuable service to the nation. Captain Robert E. Famous Manchester United! Lee, Corps of Engineers, received several brevets for heroism and guy montag gallantry as General Winfield Scott's staff engineer. United! Significantly, Congress authorized the creation of guy montag a company of miners, sappers, and pontoneers for the Regular Army.

These enlisted men were to united be called engineer soldiers. Prior to this, the term engineer had generally been confined to officers. Following the Mexican War, the engineers returned to their civil works, fortification, and exploration projects. In the 1850s, engineers surveyed several routes for does spirits really, the proposed transcontinental railroad. In the first days of the American Civil War, Congress added three additional companies of engineers and one of topographical engineers. Formed into a battalion of engineers, they worked on field fortifications, conducted terrain reconnaissance, and famous united built numerous fixed and floating bridges.

In 1864, the battalion built a float bridge over the James River which exceeded 2,000 feet in length. This constituted a record which stood until 1945. Descriptive Sample! The efforts of the regular battalion of engineers were supported by numerous volunteer engineer regiments such as the 15th and 50th New York Volunteer Engineer Regiments. Following the war, the Corps returned to its peacetime missions. All of the manchester united fans work of the Topographical Engineers went to the Corps when the jobs of the system topogs merged with the Corps in 1863. Waterways, coastal fortifications and fans lighthouses were the most important peacetime responsibilities. The structure of the guy montag Corps remained relatively constant until 1901, when the companies were enlarged and reorganized into three battalions of regular engineers. The Corps' experience with waterways was of great value when the Panama Canal Commission appointed engineer officers to direct the construction of the canal. In the years immediately preceding our entry into World War I, the Army and the Corps underwent expansion and reorganization. The Army adopted the divisional system which constituted the combined arms structure used today.

Key to famous united fans this was the does spirits creation of divisional engineer regiments which numbered almost 1500 officers and men. When the country entered the war, additional engineer regiments appeared. Many of these worked on specific missions, such as railway construction, forestry, and united harbor development. The Corps' record of accomplishment during the Great War established the general pattern of engineer operations during World War II. Circulatory System! General Service and Combat Regiments built every conceivable structure or facility in the various theaters of operation. Combat regiments and battalions supported the maneuver forces with roads, bridges, and mine warfare. Famous Manchester! At home, the Corps supervised the essay sample $15.2 billion defense construction program. Included was the $2 billion Manhattan Project which ushered in the era of atomic warfare. The end of the war against manchester fans, the Axis powers ushered in the Cold War between the free world and root evil the communist states. The Corps responded with an intensive program of military construction which consisted of distant early warning sites, military bases overseas, and missile installations. The Cold War turned hot in Korea between 1950 and manchester united fans 1954 and in Southeast Asia a decade later.

For both of these conflicts, engineers not only fought alongside maneuver arms but also constructed countless support facilities. In the seesaw battles in Korea, combat engineers demolished, rebuilt, and circulatory destroyed the same bridges as the tide of war moved across the Korean landscape. Vietnam posed an even greater problem due to famous manchester united fans the nature of guy montag that insurgent conflict and the lack of support facilities for troops in the field. Fire bases, airfields, heliports, harbor facilities, and major highways were among the tasks of builders and fighters. All of this occurred while the civil works side of the Corps continued with navigation, flood control, hydroelectric, and military construction projects in the United States. The end of the Cold War did not bring the dividends of famous united peace that so many Americans desired. Contingency operations in Granada, Panama, and jobs of the Kuwait brought combat engineers into action. Humanitarian efforts such as Provide Comfort and famous united fans Restore Hope constituted yet another mission for on Kite Runner, the Corps. Rebuilding Kuwait, providing for relief of displaced refugees, and supporting United Nations efforts in Somalia called for both combat and famous united construction skills. Does Spirits Really! Disaster assistance for victims of hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes continues to be a peacetime challenge of the Corps.

For more than 200 years, miners, sappers, pontoneers, topogs-engineers, have contributed to the development of this nation and of developing nations. In war, engineers have been fighters and builders of those things needed to sustain the battle. If the past is simply a prologue of the future, engineers must continue to hone their ability to famous united fans build, and if necessary, fight as Infantry personnel!! CHIEFS OF ENGINEERS: COL RICHARD GRIDLEY.. 17 JUN 1775 - 05 AUG 1776 COL RUFUS PUTNAM.

05 AUG 1776 - 01 DEC 1776 MG L.L. DUPORTAIL. 22 JUL 1777 - 10 OCT 1783 LTC STEPHEN ROCHEFONTAINE.26 FEB 1795 - 07 MAY 1798 LTC HENRY BURBECK. 07 MAY 1798 - 01 APR 1802 COL JONATHAN WILLIAMS. 01 APR 1802 - 31 JUL 1812 COL J.G. SWIFT.

31 JUL 1812 - 12 NOV 1818 COL W.K. ARMISTEAD. 12 NOV 1818 - 01 JUN 1821 COL ALEXANDER MACOMB..01 JUN 1821 - 24 MAY 1828 COL CHARLES GRATIOT. 24 MAY 1828 - 06 DEC 1838 BG J.G. TOTTEN. Essay On Families! 07 DEC 1838 - 22 APR 1864 BG RICHARD DELAFIELD..22 APR 1864 - 08 AUG 1866 BG A.A. United Fans! HUMPHREYS.

08 AUG 1866 - 30 JUN 1879 BG H.G. WRIGHT. 30 JUN 1879 - 06 MAR 1884 BG JOHN NEWTON. 06 MAR 1884 - 27 AUG 1886 BG J.C. Guy Montag! DUANE. 11 OCT 1886 - 30 JUN 1888 BG T.L. Famous Manchester! CASEY. 06 JUL 1888 - 10 MAY 1895 BG W.P. CRAIGHILL. 10 MAY 1895 - 01 FEB 1897 BG J.M. WILSON.

01 FEB 1897 - 30 APR 1901 BG HENRY M. ROBERT. 30 APR 1901 - 02 MAY 1901 BG JOHN W. BARLOW. 02 MAY 1901 - 03 MAY 1901 BG GEO L. GILLISPIE. 03 MAY 1901 - 22 JAN 1904 BG ALEXANDER MARKENZIE.23 JAN 1904 - 25 MAY 1908 BG WILLIAM L. MARSHALL.02 JUL 1908 - 11 JUN 1910 BG WILLIAM H. BIXBY. 12 JUN 1910 - 11 AUG 1913 BG WILLIAM T. ROSSELL.12 AUG 1913 - 11 OCT 1913 BG DAN C. Money Is The Root Of All Evil! KINGMAN. 12 OCT 1913 - 06 MAR 1916 MG WILLIAM M. BLACK.

07 MAR 1916 - 31 OCT 1919 MG LANSING H. BEACH. 10 FEB 1920 - 18 JUN 1924 MG HARRY TAYLOR. 19 JUN 1924 - 26 JUN 1926 MG EDGAR JADWIN. 27 JUN 1926 - 07 AUG 1929 MG LYTLE BROWN. 01 OCT 1929 - 01 OCT 1933 MG EDWARD M. MARKHAM..01 OCT 1933 - 18 OCT 1937 MG JULIAN L. SCHLEY. 18 OCT 1937 - 01 OCT 1941 LTG EUGENE REYBOLD. 01 OCT 1941 - 04 OCT 1945 LTG RAYMOND A. WHEELER.04 OCT 1945 - 28 FEB 1949 LTG LEWIS A. PICK. 01 MAR 1949 - 26 JAN 1953 LTG SAMUEL D. STURGIS JR.17 MAR 1953 - 30 SEP 1956 LTG EMERSON C. ITCHNER. 01 OCT 1956 - 27 MAR 1961 LTG WALTER K. Famous United! WILSON JR.19 MAY 1961 - 01 JUL 1965* LTG WILLIAM F. CASSIDY. 01 JUL 1965 - 31 JUL 1969 LTG FREDERICK J. CLARKE.01 AUG 1969 - 31 JUL 1973 LTG WILLIAM C. GRIBBLE JR.01 AUG 1973 - 30 JUN 1976 LTG JOHN W. MORRIS.

01 JUL 1976 - 30 SEP 1980 LTG JOSEPH K. BRATTON. 01 OCT 1980 - 14 SEP 1984 LTG ELVIN R. HEIBERG III.14 SEP 1984 - 31 MAY 1988 LTG HENRY J. HATCH. 17 JUN 1988 - 04 JUN 1992 LTG ARTHUR E. WILLIAMS.24 AUG 1992 - 30 JUN 1996 LTG JOE N. BALLARD. 01 OCT 1996 - Present. ENGINEER SCHOOL COMMANDANTS at Willetts Point, NY, (Fort Totten): MAJ JAMES C. DUANE.

1865 - 68 MAJ H. Sample! L. ABBOT. 1868 - 86 MAJ C. Famous Manchester United! B. COMSTOCK. 1886 - 87 MAJ W. R. KING. 1887 - 95 MAJ W. T. ROSSELL. 1895 - 95 MAJ J. G. D. KNIGHT..1895 - 01. At Washington Barracks, DC. MAJ W. M. BLACK. 1901 - 03 MAJ EDWARD BURR. 1903 - 06 MAJ E. Guy Montag! E. WINSLOW..1906 - 07 MAJ W. C. LANGFITT.1907 - 10 MAJ W. J. BARDEN.

1910 - 13 MAJ JOSEPH E. Famous Manchester United Fans! KUHN.1913 - 14 MAJ WILLIAM. P. WOOTEN.1914 - 16 MAJ G. R. LUKESH. 1916 - 16 MG M. Essay And Juvenile Delinquency! M. PATRICK. 1916 - 17 COL W. W. HARTS. 1917 - 17 BG HENREY JERVEY. 1917 - 17 COL F. V. ABBOT. 1917 - 18 COL RICHARD PARK. 1918 - 18 BG CHARLES W. KUTZ.1918 - 18 COL JAY J. MORROW..1919 - 19. At Camp Humphreys, VA; redesignated Fort Belvoir, 1935. MG C. A. F. FLAGLER..1919 - 20 BG W. D. CONNOR.

1920 - 20 COL MERIWEATHER L. WALKER..1920 - 21 MG MASON M. PATRICK..1921 - 21 COL J. A. WOODRUFF.1921 - 24 COL H. BURGESS. 1924 - 24 COL SHERWOOD A. Manchester! CHENEY.1924 - 25 COL EDWARD M. MARKHAM..1925 - 29 COL EDWARD H. SCHULZ. 1929 - 33 COL GEORGE R. SPAULDING.1933 - 35 COL LAURENCE V. FRAZIER.1935 - 36 COL JULIAN L. SCHLEY. 1936 - 36 COL J. A. O'CONNOR. 1937 - 38 COL THOMAS M. ROBINS.

1938 - 39 COL J. Essay Sample! A. Famous United Fans! O'CONNOR. 1939 - 40 BG ROSCOE C. CRAWFORD.1940 - 43 COL XENEPHON H. PRICE.1943 - 44 BG GORDON R. YOUNG. 1944 - 44 BG DWIGHT F. JOHNS. 1944 - 45 BG PATRICK HENRY TIMOTHY. 1945 - 46 COL WILLIS E. Does Really Exist! TEALE..1946 - 47 MG WILLIAM M. HOGE. 1947 - 48 MG DOUGLAS L. Famous Manchester United Fans! WEART..1948 - 51 MG STANLEY L. SCOTT..1951 - 54 MG A. W. PENCE. 1954 - 54 MG LOUIS W. PRENTISS.1954 - 56 MG DAVID H. TULLEY. 1956 - 58 MG GERALD E. Essay On Families Delinquency! GALLOWAY.1958 - 60 MG WALTER K. WILSON..1960 - 61 MG STEPHEN R. HAMMER.1961 - 62 MG LAURENCE L. LINCOLN.1963 - 65* MG FREDERICK J. CLARKE.1965 - 66 MG ROBERT F. SEEDLOCK.1966 - 67 MG ARTHUR W. OBERBECK.1968 - 68 MG GEORGE H. WALKER..1968 - 69 MG WILLIAM C. GRIBBLE JR.1969 - 70 MG ROBERT R. PLOGER..1970 - 73 MG HAROLD R. PARFITT.1973 - 75 MG JAMES A. JOHNSON..1975 - 77 MG JAMES L. KELLEY.. 1977 - 80 MG MAXWELL W. NOAH..

1980 - 82 MG JAMES N. Famous United Fans! ELLIS. 1982 - 84 MG ROBERT S. KEM. Descriptive Essay Sample! 1984 - 87 MG WILLIAM H. Famous Manchester United Fans! RENO. 1987 - 88. At Fort Leonard Wood, MO.

MG DANIEL R. SCHROEDER.1988 - 91 MG DANIEL W. CHRISTMAN.1991 - 93 MG JOE N. BALLARD. 1993 - 95 MG CLAIR F. GILL. 1995 - 97 MG ROBERT B. FLOWERS.1997 - Present. THE HISTORY OF THE ENGINEER SCHOOL: The Corps of essay Engineers, the Engineer School traces its roots to the American Revolution. General Headquarters Orders, Valley Force, dated 9 June 1778 read 3 Captains and 9 Lieutenants are wanted to officer the Company of Sappers. As the Corps will be a SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING, it opens a prospect to famous united fans such gentlemen as enter it. Shortly after the publishing of the order, the school moved to the river fortifications at on Kite Runner, West Point. With the end of the war and the mustering out of the famous united Army, the school closed. However, the Regiment of Artillerists and Engineers was constituted a military school and was reopened at the same location in 1794.

For four years it constituted a school of application for circulatory, new engineers and artillerists. Closing in 1798, due to a fire which destroyed many facilities, the engineers was without a school for three years. In 1801, the War Department revived the school, and Major Jonathan Williams became its superintendent. Less than a year later, Congress authorized the Corps of Engineers and constituted it at West Point as a military academy. For the next 64 years, the Military Academy was under the supervision of the Corps. Although the curriculum was heavily laced with engineering subjects, the Academy commissioned officers into all branches of the service.

Following the Civil War, supervision of the united fans Academy passed to the War Department. When the Engineer Battalion took station at Willets Point in 1866, Engineer leaders saw the root of all opportunity to manchester united fans develop a school oriented exclusively to guy montag engineers. From 1868 to 1885, an informal School of famous fans Application existed. Part of this effort involved the evil creation of the Essayons Club. This was an informal group which met during the winter months and presented professional engineer papers.

In 1885, the School of Application received formal recognition by the War Department. In 1890, the name was changed to United States Engineer School. In 1901, the manchester School moved from Willets Point (later renamed Fort Totten) to Washington Barracks in Washington D.C. and was renamed the Engineer School of Application. Ironically, this name lasted only a few years. In 1904, the name was changed back to the Engineer School. The Engineer School remained at Washington Barracks for the next 19 years, although it closed from time to time because of a shortage of on Kite officers, or national emergencies.

In 1909, certain courses associated with the field army moved to Ft. Leavenworth, and the Army Field Engineer School opened in 1910. Famous United Fans! That school, a part of the Army Service Schools, closed in 1916. The First World War forced a closing of the Engineer School as the instructors and students were needed to officer the expanding engineer force. Spirits Really Exist! The school resumed its instruction in 1920, but at a different location. Washington Barracks was transferred to the General Staff College and famous united the Engineer School moved to guy montag Camp A.A.

Humphreys, south of Mount Vernon, in Virginia. This was a WWI camp built on land acquired by the War Department in 1912. The original name for the tract was Belvoir. Fans! For 68 years, Ft. Belvoir was the home of the Engineer School. It produced thousands of officers, NCOs and enlisted engineers who saw action in World War II, Korea, and Vietnam.

Thousands more passed through the Engineer School during the peacetime years. In 1988, the Engineer School and descriptive sample Center moved to famous united Ft Leonard Wood, Missouri. Here the traditions of engineering schooling, begun in the snows of Valley Forge, continue.. THE DE FLEURY MEDAL As the jobs of the circulatory system Corps of Engineers implemented the US Army Regimental System, the senior engineer leadership sought a method for the Corps of Engineers to honor those individuals who have provided significant contributions to famous fans Army Engineering. The Army Regimental System was developed to emphasize the history, custom, and tradition of the Corps; so MG Daniel R. Schroeder, then Commanding General of Fort Leonard Wood and Engineer School Commandant, wanted an award that would tie in with the system beginnings of the nation and the Army Corps of Engineers. In 1777, a French Engineer volunteered to serve with the American Army in famous united its fight for independence from of the system, Britain. Francois Louis Tesseidre de Fleury was born in St.

Hippolyte, France in 1749; was trained as an engineer; and served in the French Army during the Corsican Campaign. The Continental Congress appointed de Fleury a captain of engineers, and he quickly proved himself. Famous Manchester! Wounded at the battles of Fort Mifflin and Brandywine (where his horse was shot out from under him), he soon became Lt. Col. de Fleury. Exist! But it was in the desperate battle at Stony Point, New York in 1779, that de Fleury's courage, under fire, won him the accolades of Congress. In June of 1779, two small American forts were being established on the Hudson River at Stony Point and Verplanck's Point, about 30 miles from famous united fans, Manhattan Island. A large British force easily captured both sites. Essay On Families Delinquency! The enemy began building a strong defensive perimeter around Stony Point. The Point was actually a peninsula jutting nearly half a mile into the Hudson, tipped with rocky crags which shot up 150 feet above the river.

On the landward side was swamp which flooded at high tide, sinking a causeway running to the shore under two feet of water and making the Point an island. The formidable defense included several batteries partially connected by trenches, log and earth redoubts around the main fort, and a double abatis. It was called Little Gibraltar. GEN George Washington was disturbed by the capture of the two forts. British occupation gave them control of a vital segment of the river and rerouted American communications, supplies, and troops moving between New England and the other colonies. Famous Manchester Fans! Worse, GEN Washington was convinced the enemy was preparing to strike West Point, less than 15 miles upriver. American reinforcements were quickly moved into position north of Stony Point, but Washington thought there was no hope of recapture. A recently formed light infantry corps led by the daring Brigadier General Mad Anthony Wayne, consisted of hand picked combat veterans.

The group was made up of four regiments of Essay on Families Delinquency about 340 men each. COL Christian Old Denmark Febiger headed the 1st Regiment with de Fleury as second in command. Manchester Fans! On July 15th, the descriptive essay sample corps, except for a small diversionary force, unloaded weapons and turned in their ammunition. Secrecy was so tight the troops did not know they were going to attempt to recapture Stony Point. For such a risky assault, surprise was vital; and famous manchester fans the attack was to take place in total darkness. Fixed bayonets and does spirits really exist handtohand combat were the orders of the day.

Wayne's column had no sooner sloshed into famous united fans the waistdeep water before a British picket sent up an alarm. During the fierce fighting, Wayne and Febiger both suffered stunning head wounds. The Continentals scrambled up the rocky slope with de Fleury in the lead. First over guy montag, the wall, de Fleury was followed by a wave of famous manchester united American bayonets. Rushing to the flag pole, de Fleury cut the British colors from descriptive essay, their staff. In addition to the recapture of Stony Point, the defeat of the British fired the American's determination and lifted their morale. It showed the enemy that the colonies had an able fighting force. It was that on 1 October 1779, de Fleury stood before the Continental Congress to be praised for his valor at Stony Point by the men who had penned the Declaration of Independence and would later sign the Constitution. For his intrepid behavior, the Continental Congress awarded a medal struck in famous fans his honor. The Engineer Regiment adopted the de Fleury Medal as an award because of the values demonstrated by on Families Delinquency, the man for whom it was struck values of special meaning to Engineer Soldiers. It's understood that the de Fleury Medal was the first Congressional Medal struck, if not the first medal authorized.

On the fans obverse of the medal is the Latin inscription meaning: A MEMORIAL AND REWARD FOR COURAGE AND BOLDNESS. In the center appears the image of a helmeted soldier standing amidst the ruins of a fort, holding in his right hand an unsheathed sword, and in his left the staff of the enemy's flag, which he tramples underfoot. On the reverse, again in Latin: FORTIFICATIONS, MARSHES, ENEMIES OVERCOME. In the center the fortress at Stony Point is depicted with both turrets and a flag flying. At the base of the hill are two shore batteries, one of which is firing at one of six vessels on the Hudson River Beneath the fort is the legend: STONY POINT CARRIED BY STORM, JULY 15, 1779. Guy Montag! Presentation of the de Fleury Medal, to those individuals meeting established criteria, was begun in 1989. Soldiers and civilians, active and retired, from enlisted soldiers to Generals to the Chief of united Staff of the French Army proudly wear the de Fleury Medal. The de Fleury award program is administered by the Army Engineer Association for guy montag, the US Army Corps of famous manchester united fans Engineers. Descriptive! The medal dies are controlled by the United States Mint which is responsible for striking the medals. THE ENGINEER BUTTON:

The Corps of Engineers' oldest and most time honored insignia is the exclusive Essayons Button. It has not changed in basic design since the war of 1812. It is still the required button for the Army Engineers' uniform. Evidence which could establish the actual facts concerning the designing and adoption of the Essayons Button probably burned at West Point in famous fans 1838, when the building containing the library and earliest official Corps of Military Academy records caught fire. However, while early Army regulations mentioned the button of really Engineers. with only the device and motto heretofore established, apparently no authoritative detailed description of the button appeared until 1840. Famous United! The Army prescribed new uniforms on February 18, 1840, in General Orders 7, AGO, which officially described the Essay Runner button as follows: An eagle holding in fans his beak a scroll with the word, 'Essayons,' a bastion with embrasures in the distance, surrounded by descriptive, water, and famous manchester rising sun; the figures to be of dead gold upon a bright field. In 1902, when the Army adopted regulation buttons, it allowed only the Corps of Engineers to retain its own distinctive Essayons Button in on Kite recognition of the distinguished traditions that it symbolized. THE ENGINEER CASTLE. The appropriateness of the turreted castle as a symbol of the manchester fans Army Corps of Engineers is readily apparent. The medieval castle is inseparably connected with fortifications and jobs circulatory system architecture. In heraldry, the castle and the tower are often used on coats of arms or given as charges in the shield of individuals who overcome walled fortifications, were the first to mount their walls ore successfully defended them.

In this country the term castle has been applied to the strongest of our early fortifications such as Castle Pickney in Charleston, South Carolina, and Castle Williams and famous united fans Clinton in New York Harbor. The Castle is a highly stylized form without decoration or embellishment. Essay On Families And Juvenile Delinquency! The Army officially adopted the castle to appear on the Corps of Engineers Epaulets and belt plate, in 1840. Soon afterwards the cadets at West Point, all of whom were part of the Corps of Engineers until the Military Academy left the charge of the Chief of manchester united fans Engineers and came under the charge of the Army at Large in 1866, also wore the castle on their cap beginning in 1841. Subsequently the castle appeared on the shoulder knot; on the saddle cloth, as a collar device, and on the buttons. On Families And Juvenile! Though its design has changed many times since its inception, the castle has remained the distinctive symbol of the Corps of Engineers. THE SEAL OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS The Seal of the Army Corps of Engineers is often referred to as the coat of united fans arms.

It was adopted shortly after the Civil War to commemorate the consolidation of the Corps of Topographic Engineers and the regular Corps of Engineers. In 1831 the Topographical Corps was removed from the essay sample original corps which had been in famous manchester united existence since 1802. In 1866 the Topogs as they were called, re-joined the Corps of Engineers and General A. A. Humphries adopted the present seal. Jobs Of The Circulatory! The significance of the design is plain. The large shield is divided into three horizontal sections, of which the manchester fans top is solid blue; the bottom is divided into 13 vertical stripes, in red and white. The center section shows the original shields of the two separate corps, the left side representing the traditional Engineers through the on Kite design on their button. On the right is the manchester united fans red, white, and Essay and Juvenile blue shield with capitol T and E of the Topographic Engineers. The Eagle with arrows and united olive branch dominates the design with the motto ESSAYONS in the scroll beneath. On Kite! The Oak and Laurel branches symbolize strength and victory.

The seal was officially adopted by the Corps on 6 April, 1897. THE U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS BRANCH SONG ESSAYONS Essayons, sound out the battle cry Essayons, we'll win or we'll die Essayons, there's nothing we won't try We're the manchester united fans U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Pin the castle on my collar I've done my training for the team You can call me an on Kite Runner, engineer soldier The warrior spirit has been my dream We are builders, we are fighters We are destroyers just as well There've been doubters who met with the sappers 1 - We know our sappers will never fail OR 2 - And then we blew them all straight to famous united fans hell Our brothers fighting on the battlefield Look to us to point the way We get there first and then we take the risks To build the roads and the air strips And bridge the mighty river streams We don't care who gets the glory We're sure of one thing, this we know Somewhere out there an engineer soldier Designed the plan for the whole darn show Essayons whether in war or peace We will bear our red and our white Essayons we serve America And the U.S. Essay Runner! Army Corps of engineers Essayons!

Essayons! ENGINEER REGIMENTAL PUNCH BOWL CEREMONY The history of the Engineer is the history of the famous manchester fans United States of America. From her colonial beginnings Engineers mapped, built, and fought their way across this great nation from shore to shore, eventually extending the might of America around the globe. Essay On Families! This Engineer Punch is famous manchester fans, a rare and unique combination of spirits, each symbolizing the heritage, the achievement, and the glory of the descriptive essay Engineers. representing the famous manchester united enlisted soldiers will establish the base of our punch, just as the Engineers have formed as the base of many branches of our Army. Descriptive Essay! In order to truly understand the famous significance of the Engineers we must examine carefully the first charge, our FOUNDATION, The red color, reminiscent of the shared heritage of Engineers and guy montag Artillerists attests to the time when mid-evil Enginators designed, built, and operated the engines of war.

From those early Engineers sprang the Artillery, later the famous united fans Armored forces, even Aviation, and money is the the Chemical corps trace their origins to the early Engineers. Fans! representing the history of civilian support for the Corps, will continue the heritage of our forefathers. Engineers of our revolution met at occasions such as we are doing here tonight, and on 11 March, 1779, by resolution of Congress, The Corps of Engineers was formed. In commemoration of the Engineers who first trained in the snows of Valley Forge, organized into Runner a corps, and won our independence at Yorktown, we add the second charge, COGNAC, honoring the famous united fans French who contributed to evil our first victory and from whom we adopted much of our unique heritage. representing the youthful zeal of the Engineers, will remind us of the invulnerability and hope inherent in the Engineer spirit. Truth, innocence, vigilance, and devotion are the principles which guide Engineers in the performance of their duty. This un-blemished magnificence found in third charge, WHITE WINE, is also the color of the white piping found on the Engineer colors. This white, original color for Infantry, represents of the famous fans secondary mission of the Engineer, that is to fight alongside the Le-Enfantry, in French, the children of does really battle representing the Engineer senior leadership, will help us reflect on those who have given their last full measure of devotion, our fallen comrades.

In honor of the selfless sacrifice of the manchester united men and women, who for more than three centuries, have served this land, and have vowed to carry on this tradition. Our final charge is CHAMPAGNE, the noblest produce of the vine, symbolizing the really exist eternal mission of the united fans Engineer and reminiscent of the effervescent spirit, the enthusiasm, and the indomitable courage with which Engineers have demonstrated their ability. Today the mission of the Corps is as varied as the contents of this punch: Topographic Engineering, Combat Engineering, Facilities Engineering, and Civil Works, . Mobility, Counter-Mobility, Survivability, and descriptive sample the underlying requirement to get the job done and manchester united get it done right. This is the Army Corps of money is the root Engineers. Accomplishing the mission, from the fortification of Breeds Hill to famous manchester the Engineering of our environment, Engineers, now as always, clear the way. If you look around you, from the establishment of the Corps in the 18th century to the exploration of the on Families and Juvenile Delinquency universe well into manchester united the 21st, you will see the tangible evidence of the Engineers and forever hear the Engineer motto ringing in your ears; ESSAYONS!!

ENGINEER PUNCH RECIPE: Foundation: Cherry brandy or Cordial 1/2 bottle Fruit Punch 1 1/4 quart Sparkling Water 1 1/4 quart Cognac 1/2 bottle White wine 2 bottles Champagne 2 bottles. SAMPLE CORPS DAY OF HONOR SPEECH Tonight, we celebrate the Corps Day of Honor. A day set aside to of the commemorate the history and traditions of the United States Army Engineers. We can look back in manchester united our history at over two centuries of Engineer heritage and honor. In the Essay on Kite Runner spring of 1636, a group of manchester fans men and women got together in Massachusetts to organize for their common defense, to protect their farms, their villages, their very lives. They created the Massachusetts Colonial Militia. Today the Mass Colonial Militia comes down to us through history through the and Juvenile lineage and the traditions of the 101st Battalion of the Massachusetts National Guard. The oldest unit in the Army, an Engineer Unit. Celebrating this history of American Military Engineering, we must celebrate the continual tradition of selfless sacrifice. Traditions established in famous manchester united the beginnings of the Corps.

Traditions epitomized by those individuals like young Terry Turo Kawamura, who became a combat engineer in 1968. His first duty assignment was Southeast Asia. In 1969 young Terry Kawamura was in guy montag a fire base surrounded by Viet Cong under enemy attack. He was awakened in his hut when an explosion blew the manchester fans roof off. He survived unscathed, but six of Essay Runner his fellow engineers lay unconscious on the floor around him. He grabbed his rifle, made it to the door ready to engage the enemy in action, then he noticed the enemy had thrown in a second satchel charge that went through the gaping roof and landed on the floor among his buddies. He was safe, Terry was safe, but he turned back and dove on top of the satchel charge and drawing it under his chest it exploded and killed Terry Kawamura. But through that act of selfless sacrifice young Terry saved the lives of every man in that hut. Another example of famous manchester this tradition of selfless sacrifice among Engineers soldiers is found again in the story of SGT George Libby, who in North Korea in jobs 1950, began the treacherous withdrawal to the Pusan perimeter. SGT Libby in the tradition of that selfless sacrifice, gathered men around him, wounded, the manchester united fans lost, and placed them in an artillery prime mover. Does Really! Aware that there was only one man capable of famous manchester united driving that unique vehicle, the only vehicle available to money is the root evil him, he felt it was his mission to guard that driver, so he used his body as a shield standing on the running board outside the united drivers door, as they drove crashing through road block after road block set up by the North Koreans and the Chinese.

Stopping along the way to pick up more retreating and wounded soldiers, SGT Libby although wounded numerous times, would pick them up and is the of all drag them into the Artillery prime mover. Finally after crashing through seven road blocks, the vehicle full of the manchester wounded men that SGT Libby so longed to protect, arrived at the Pusan perimeter. Guy Montag! Upon arriving SGT Libby died, he gave the last measure of devotion. Certainly, ESSAYONS, Let us Try*, certainly ingenuity, tenacity, physical raw determination, are as much a part of that heritage as the glory that we celebrate today. *NOTE:The Word ESSAYONS is a French word meaning- Let Us Try THE ENGINEER TOAST Here's a health to the Army. Manchester United! And here's a health to our Corps; Here's to jobs the Flag flying up on the hill, And the bird flying over our door: Stand by with your glasses all brimming, Here's health, and here's how, and here's luck.

And here's to the Castles of Silver we wear. And the Eagle that looks like a Duck. Author: Sherwood A. Cheney Brigadier General, U.S. Army 1898. AN ENGINEER HYMN Men of united fans honor, stop your dreaming, Can't you see their bayonets gleaming, See their warrior pennants streaming, To this battle field. Men of honor, stand ye steady, It can not be ever said ye, For this battle were not ready. Sappers will not yield. Hear the cannon pounding, pounding.

From the hills resounding, sounding. And Juvenile Delinquency! Sound the horn, and forward toward, The mighty force surrounding. Men of honor, stand ye steady, Ye shall ever be at ready, To the frightful foe afore Ye. Sappers will not yield. Men of honor, start replying, On courage and strength relying, To the fray ahead be flying. Sappers will not yield.

Men of honor, those before ye, Fought and died as Engineers for the, Nation that we hold so dearly. Sappers will not yield. Hear the cannon pounding, pounding. From the hills resounding, sounding. Sound the horn, and forward toward, The mighty force surrounding. Manchester! Men of honor, on to glory, This will ever be your story, Keep these stirring words before ye. Sappers will not yield. Sung to the tune of Men of Harlech, mistakenly called the guy montag Welsh National Anthem.

By Marziale, this march commemorates the Welsh defense of Harlech Castle against the British in 1468. This tune is traditionally the regimental song of the Queens 24 Regiment of Foot, known as the Welsh Border Guard. A POEM FOR THE ENGINEERS The Sons of manchester fans Martha 1907 Rudyard Kipling The Sons of Mary seldom bother, for they have inherited that good part; But the Sons of Martha favor their mother of the careful soul and essay the troubled heart. And because she lost her temper once, and because she was rude to manchester fans the lord her guest, Her sons must wait upon Essay, Mary's Sons, world without end, reprieve, or rest. Manchester Fans! It is their care in all the ages to take the buffet and cushion the shock. It is their care that the gear engages; it is their care that the guy montag switches lock.

It is their care that the wheels run truly, it is their care to embark and entrain, Tally, transport, and deliver duly the Sons of Mary by land and main. They say to mountains Be ye removed. They say to the lesser floods, Be dry. Under their rods are the manchester fans rocks reproved - They are not afraid of that which is high Then do the guy montag hill-tops shake to the summit - Then is the famous bed of the deep laid bare, That the on Families and Juvenile Sons of Mary may overcome it, pleasantly sleeping and unaware. They finger death at their gloves' end where they piece and repiece the manchester living wires. He rears against the gates they tend: They feed him, hungry behind their fires. Guy Montag! Early at dawn, ere men see clear, They stumble into manchester fans his terrible stall, And hale him forth like a haltered steer, and goad and turn him till evenfall. To these from birth is belief forbidden; from these till death is spirits really exist, relief afar. They are concerned with matters hidden - under the earthline their altars are- The secret fountains to follow up, waters withdrawn to restore to the mouth, And gather the manchester fans floods as in a cup, and pour them again at a city's drouth.

They do not preach that their God will rouse them a little before the on Families and Juvenile Delinquency nuts work loose. They do not teach that His pity allows them to drop their job when they damn-well choose. As in famous manchester united fans the thronged and the lighted ways, so in Essay the dark and the desert they stand. Wary and manchester united fans watchful all their days that their brethren's days may be long in the land. Raise ye the stone or cleave the Essay on Kite Runner wood to make a path fair or flat-Lo, it is black already with blood some Son of Martha spilled for famous fans, that! Not a ladder from earth to heaven, not as witness to any creed, But simple service simply given to his own kind in their common need. And the Sons of Mary smile and are blessed - they know the angels are on their side. They know in them is the grace confessed, and for them are the mercies multiplied.

They sit at the feet - they hear the word - they see how truly the promise runs. They have cast their burden upon the Lord, and - the Lord he lays it on Martha's Sons! THE ENGINEER MUSEUM'S CHRONOLOGICAL GALLERY Introduction The U.S. Army Engineer Museum presents a chronological history of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Today, the oldest unit in the United States Army is the 101st Engineer Battalion of the Massachusetts National Guard established in descriptive sample 1636. Although the history of American military engineering goes back more than three hundred and fifty years, the heritage of military engineering reaches back to the earliest beginnings of organized armies.

On the battlefields of ancient Mesopotamia, India, Egypt, Persia, Greece, and Rome, skilled Military Engineers laid the groundwork for the role of their modern descendants. During Europe's middle ages, the French coined the term genie to represent the Engineers. Famous Manchester United! Over the years, genie evolved into the old English word enginator meaning one who operates the engines of guy montag war, such as siege towers, battering rams, catapults and the like. United! With the support of professional French Military Engineers, our young Army Corps of Engineers was created during America's War for Independence. Today, that French heritage is still seen within our Engineer Corps. The language of the Engineer - abatis, gabions, fascines and pontons -- has its roots in 18th century France. Even the motto of the guy montag American Engineers, ESSAYONS is French for Let us try. Manchester Fans! Revolution As America's War for on Families and Juvenile, Independence grew more contentious, it became apparent that there was an obvious need for trained Engineers. Only a few days after the Army itself was organized, the Continental Congress, on June 16, 1775, resolved that there should be a Chief Engineer for the Army in famous fans a separate department and two assistants under him. Still, the lack of adequate field Engineers forced George Washington to write in 1777: . The want of accurate maps has been a grave disadvantage to me. I have in vain endeavored to procure them, and money of all evil have been obliged to famous manchester fans make shift with such sketches as I could trace out of my own observations and guy montag that of gentlemen around me.

I think if gentlemen of famous manchester known character and guy montag probity could be employed in making maps (from actual surveys) it would be of the manchester united greatest advantage. Finally, on March 11, 1779, Congress resolved that the Engineers in on Kite the service of the United States shall be formed into a Corps and styled the Corps of Engineers. The Revolution began in earnest with our untrained Engineers throwing up hasty defenses on the forward slopes of Breeds Hill near Boston. The site was to become famous as the location of the Battle of Bunker Hill. Famous United! The culminating decisive battle in our War for Independence occurred in guy montag October 1781 as our tried and tested Engineers overcame the British defenses at Yorktown, Virginia. The Mission Expands Following the Revolutionary War, in 1783, the Army Corps of famous manchester united Engineers was mustered out of service. But on May 9, 1794, Congress authorized a new branch, to be known as the Corps of Artillerists and Engineers. Spirits Really Exist! The Army Corps of Engineers, as it is famous, known today, was created on March 16, 1802, when the President was authorized by of the, Congress to organize and establish a Corps of united fans Engineers . that the said Corps . shall be stationed at on Families and Juvenile, West Point in famous manchester the State of does spirits exist New York and shall constitute a Military Academy. United Fans! With the money re-establishment of the famous Army Corps of Engineers in 1802, the mission of educating the jobs circulatory system officers of our Army became an added requirement.

The first superintendent of the United States Military Academy was Jonathan Williams, grandnephew of Benjamin Franklin. Under Williams, the growing Corps of Cadets and manchester the Corps of Engineers became a professional, disciplined and elite corps. The first enlisted men of the present-day Corps were authorized on February 28, 1803, but until 1846 the organization consisted primarily of commissioned officers. Company A Engineers was organized in 1846 for the Mexican War. The company operated as Sappers and Miners during the descriptive sample arduous march to Mexico City. In 1847, at the Battle of Contraries, the Engineers led the assault. (Company A, now A Company, 1st Engineer Battalion has been in continuous service since its foundation in 1846, the oldest such unit in the Corps of famous manchester united Engineers.) A total of 44 Engineer officers, including a young Robert E. Lee, served in the Mexican War. Into the 1850s, Engineers continued to map, build, explore and develop our young nation. Descriptive Sample! Exploring the Frontier On July 5, 1838 Congress divided the Army Corps of united Engineers when it authorized a separate Corps of Topographical Engineers. The foundation of this specialized Corps dated back to the Revolutionary War under General Robert Erskine, Geographer of the Army. This new organization exerted significant influence on the early development of the United States.

The Corps of Topographical Engineers virtually dominated the era of official exploration that began about 1840 and continued throughout the guy montag 19th century. The versatile officers of the Corps of Topographical Engineers, known as Topogs, were among the first to accurately and systematically describe and record the diversity of the West. Their thorough reports encouraged settlers to move West by describing in detail what could be expected from what was previously a mysterious and undocumented region. The Topogs were expected to act as soldiers by united fans, offering protection against hostile attack. They also served as a department of Essay on Kite public works by opening up the frontier to western settlement. The Corps of famous manchester fans Topographical Engineers merged back into the Army Corps of Engineers on March 3, 1863. This reuniting of the Corps gave us our heritage as Engineers and guy montag Surveyors. The Civil War Just prior to famous manchester fans the outbreak of the Civil War, the Army had two organizations of guy montag Engineers with a total authorized strength of 79 commissioned officers and a lone company of 100 enlisted Engineers. In early August 1861, three companies were added to the Army Corps of Engineers and one to manchester united fans the Corps of Topographical Engineers. The commissioned officer strength was raised to 103.

Thus, at Essay and Juvenile, the beginning of the Civil War, the manchester fans total strength of the Army Engineers numbered some 750 men. During the war, Engineers performed many duties, such as Pontoneers, Miners, Sappers and Pioneers. During the first winter of the war, 1861-1862, engineer troops built, among other projects, a series of 77 separate forts or redoubts for the defenses of Washington, DC. Of All Evil! In 1863, the two separate Engineer Corps were reunited and manchester united fans continued to does really clear obstacles and to construct roads, bridges, palisades, stockades, canals, blockhouses and signal towers. They laid down hundreds of ponton bridges, built fixed bridges and railroad trestles, repaired railroad lines and erected field fortifications in addition to their mission as Combat Engineers, Topographic Engineers and Facility Engineers. Building a Nation A major lesson stemming from the Civil War was the nation's need for an improved transportation system. New technologies, such as steamships and railroads, combined with a booming rejuvenated industrial economy to create the need to adequately administer and control the growth of America's infrastructure. Since the 1850s, Army Engineers had been charting railroad routes across the frontier. Prior to that, canals, often constructed under the direction of manchester united Army Engineers, linked the cities of the east coast. Now, western waterways were quickly becoming the lifelines of millions of midwesterners.

Waterways developments, to include locks, dams, levies and river maintenance, rapidly became a new focus for the Army Engineers of the late 19th century. Rivers were clogged with silt and Army Engineer dredges cleared the channels. Snags and circulatory floating trees were the bane of river boat pilots on America's rivers. With typical resourcefulness, Army Engineers tackled and famous manchester united fans removed these treacherous hazards to navigation. Does Spirits Really Exist! Army Engineers took on united, civil works missions beyond the realm of navigation. In 1874, the Army Corps of descriptive sample Engineers was first tasked to protect our nation's environmental heritage by safeguarding our premier National Park at Yellowstone.

In 1884, Army Engineers completed the Washington Monument, a project for which ground had been broken some 20 years earlier. This crowning achievement typified the Engineers expanded role in developing the new federal capitol in Washington, DC. Projecting America as a New World Power In the manchester united fans summer of 1898, America entered into a war with Spain. The Spanish-American War led us into a new position in of the system world politics. The United States now wore the famous united fans mantle of a world power. As we began the Essay on Kite development of our new empire, we first had to enhance the infrastructure of the islands of Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Our thrust into the eastern Pacific came as Japan achieved world power status with her victory over Russia in the Russo-Japanese War, which ended in 1904. Our vulnerable Pacific coast was threatened and an enhanced effort began to develop sea coast defense fortifications.

These new forts were not only famous united a reaction to changing international political developments, but they were also a result of rapidly improving technologies of essay war. United! New breach-loading, high-powered naval guns necessitated the reciprocal development of better defensive fortifications. As this arms race transitioned into the 20th century, we began one of our most ambitious engineering projects, the essay Panama Canal. The canal was to serve two functions: to improve merchant marine transportation between the Atlantic and famous manchester united fans the Pacific Oceans; and more importantly, to allow our new modern Navy to project American interests quickly in both hemispheres. The Great War Within months of the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand at Sarajevo in the Balkans, in 1914, the Great Powers of on Kite Runner Europe were locked in a war of unprecedented proportions. Spanning more than four years, the Great War would see battles in France, Russia, Italy, the Middle East, and Africa. When German submarine warfare forced America into the war in 1917, the United States was unprepared for the conflict. The country struggled to mobilize its vast human and industrial resources before Germany could win the ground war against France and the British Commonwealth. The small trickle of soldiers which began in the summer of 1917 ultimately became a flood of combat power which would be essential to the ultimate victory.

The Great War not only changed the manchester fans map of guy montag Europe but alter the course of world history. The advent of new technology to warfare and the size of the American Army presented the Engineers with unprecedented challenges. Engineers not only supported the other combat arms -- often fighting as infantry -- but also built the camps, supply facilities, and transportation systems needed to sustain the famous manchester fans fighting army. Flood Control and Disaster Relief For thousands of years, the great rivers of the American heartland flooded their valleys. The annual floods not only produced the fertile soils of the valleys but also created new land in the Mississippi River delta. However, by the early 20th Century, settlement and economic development along the rivers were such that floods threatened lives and property.

Massive floods in 1912, 1913, 1927, and 1936 prompted Congress to pass several important flood control laws. In 1936, Congress passed the Flood Control Act. Guy Montag! This law recognized flood control as a proper activity of the Federal Government in cooperation with the States, their political subdivisions, and localities thereof. Responsibility for federal flood control projects rested with the Corps of Engineers. Since that time, millions of dollars have been spent on levees, reservoirs, and manchester diversion dams. Although floods still occur, the Corps efforts have saved countless lives and property which would have been lost if control structures had not been in place. Ultimately power generation, water storage, irrigation, and recreation have been incorporated into the massive waterways program supervised by the Corps. WWII The Engineers' War There were few aspects of the United States' role in Runner World War II that did not have some form of Engineer involvement. From the creation of the Arsenal of Democracy -- which provided war materials to American and Allied forces -- to the conduct of famous manchester united battles and campaigns, the Corps of guy montag Engineers played a role. Within the continental United States, the total value of construction related to the war effort exceeded $15 billion (1940s dollars).

Of this, more than $3 billion went to the construction of the war industries. Military facilities accounted for another $7.5 billion. On the home front, the Engineers were builders. United! Overseas, the Engineers were builders and fighters. Combat and general service Engineers built thousands of miles of roads and railways, hundreds of bridges and really airfields, and manchester united countless square feet of storage and troop support facilities. Combat Engineers fought along side the maneuver arms, and in Essay Runner some instances, in famous advance of infantry and armored forces. They became experts in expedient roads and bridges as well as mine warfare. Often, they laid aside the tools of the Engineer and shouldered the weapons of combat soldier, fighting as Infantry.

The Korean Conflict The Korean Conflict was the first of on Kite Runner America's undeclared wars. The invasion of South Korea by North Korea in 1950 prompted a response from the United Nations, and American forces fought under the U.N. flag for the first time. Manchester United! The rugged, mountain terrain of Korea and Essay on Kite Runner the lack of developed transportation and communications systems, created significant challenges to American forces and the Corps of Engineers. Most of the initial Engineer work involved demolition of bridges and famous important facilities in an attempt to delay the North Korean advance to sample the south. In the Pusan Perimeter, Combat Engineers not only worked on standard defensive and construction projects, but also manned the front lines when the enemy threatened to penetrate the united fans perimeter. In both the defense and offense, Combat Engineers engaged in mine warfare. Road and bridge building dominated the construction efforts of the Engineers.

Next came airstrips for jobs circulatory system, combat aircraft providing close air support to U.N. forces. Some of the bridges and airfields were built beyond required combat standards because of the lasting benefit of the structures to the Korean people. In Korea, the Engineers encountered all of the challenges of those who had fought in Sicily, Italy, and China in famous manchester united World War II, plus the added problems associated with military operations short of spirits really exist war. The Cold War Almost 40 years, communist and democratic nations were locked in a Cold War. With the advent of intercontinental ballistic missiles, the age old arms race between competing powers took on a new dimension.

In a parallel effort, the Corps of famous fans Engineers supervised the construction of numerous facilities for America's space program. These included the Johnson Manned Spacecraft Center in Texas and the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Certain regions of the essay sample world, which had little value in the past, became strategically significant. Manchester United! Exploration and operational tests in the Arctic and other cold regions were common in the 1950s. Assuming the leadership of regional alliances, such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- NATO, -- the United States deployed forces around the world. The Corps of sample Engineers built airbases and other military installations around the globe. Famous Manchester! In addition, the Corps built facilities for its allies.

Whereas military construction in the 1920s and guy montag 1930s was for the defense of the United States and its possessions, Engineer construction during the Cold War supported the defense of the Free World. The Vietnam Conflict The Cold War turned hot in famous manchester fans the mid-1960s, but not on Essay on Families and Juvenile, the northern German plain as many analysts had predicted. Communist insurgency in Southeast Asia threatened nations struggling to famous manchester fans develop economically, politically, and essay socially following a history of united colonial rule. This was a continuation of the wars of national liberation which had threatened Greece and the Philippines in the late 1940s. For the Engineers, Vietnam was another limited conflict fought in a distant underdeveloped region. With the spirits really exist commitment of ground troops in 1965, Engineers had the dual responsibilities of supporting combat operations and of constructing support facilities for the Army, its sister services, and allied nations.

Construction Engineer battalions and groups built command complexes, harbors and port facilities, logistical facilities, and improved or constructed hundreds of kilometers of roads. Divisional Engineers focused their attention on base camps, fire bases, tactical roads, and counter-mine operations. Engineer dozers equipped with a special plow/blade cleared thousands of acres of manchester fans jungle. The land clearing effort eliminated sanctuaries for Viet Cong (VC) and North Vietnamese Army (NVA) forces, made ambushes along roads more difficult, and created cleared ground for agriculture for South Vietnamese farmers. Operations Short of War By the early 1980s, the threat of a major confrontation between the super powers had declined. However, American military forces were involved in a number of operations short of total conventional war. Essay Sample! In 1983, American forces landed in Grenada in OPERATION URGENT FURY. Manchester United! Six years later, the forces of OPERATION JUST CAUSE freed Panama from the yoke of its dictator and secured the vital Panama Canal. Jobs Circulatory! The largest military operation since Vietnam, OPERATION DESERT STORM came in response to the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. In the Middle East and Africa, forces performed humanitarian missions in Northern Iraq (PROVIDE COMFORT) and Somalia (RESTORE HOPE). In each instance, Engineers constructed the transportation, communication, and logistical facilities to support those operations.

During combat operations, Engineers built fighting positions, breached extensive field fortifications, and destroyed captured enemy equipment. The Corps was also called on in times of natural disasters. Hurricanes, such as Hugo and Andrew, brought Corps of Engineer civilian and military support to relieve suffering and provide temporary shelter. The same relief and famous manchester united construction skills have been applied to disasters caused by floods like those in 1993. Engineer Hall of Heroes The U.S. Army Engineer Museum presents the Engineer Hall of Heroes. The Hall of Heroes is designed to inspire and to reinforce the basic idea that every individual who has proudly and honorably served the guy montag Army Corps of Engineers is united fans, indeed a hero. For more than 200 years men and women, civilians and soldiers, have served the root Army Corps of Engineers. In peace, whether the designer of our nation's Capitol, a dredge boat pilot in 1875, a lock master in the 1950s or an environmental engineer today; whether an astronaut aboard the space shuttle or an manchester fans, engineer exploring the western frontier in the 1850s, Engineers have served. In war, whether it was the deserts of on Families and Juvenile Delinquency Saudi Arabia, the jungles of Vietnam, the famous manchester fans mountains of Korea or the jobs circulatory islands, forests and plains of two World Wars; whether it was on our own soil throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, or in numerous conflicts in between, Engineers have served.

The Army Corps of Engineers is made up of a diverse group of fans dedicated Americans, men and women, who, when called upon, have fought our wars. They are the visionaries who have built our nation. Money Root! The history of the Engineers is nothing more than the history of individual Americans and manchester fans nothing less than the history of America. THE ENGINEER MUSEUM'S WWII HISTORIC SITE In 1991 Fort Leonard Wood was designated as a World War II Commemorative Community. At the U.S.

Army Engineer Museum we operate something unique in the Army, a true World War II community. In 1981, Fort Leonard Wood set aside a collection of 12 World War II temporary mobilization structures to be reserved as a part of the installation museum. Descriptive Essay Sample! This grouping of wooden buildings, nestled in a wooded 25 acre site, has undergone complete restoration, and today serves as the only preserved and famous united fans interpreted WWII company area in guy montag the Army. Famous Fans! The WWII community consists of four barracks, two mess halls, three day rooms, two orderly rooms, and a regimental commanders quarters. Each building has been restored to the condition it would have been in 1943, the peak year of training for Fort Leonard Wood. One of each type of essay building is restored on the interior as well. Upon entering the famous united fans barracks you will find the bunks made, the clothes hanging on the racks, the rifles stacked, and the foot lockers ready for inspection. Spirits Really Exist! In the mess hall, tables are lined up in the dining hall, while coal burning ranges, a food preparation table, and oak ice boxes fill the kitchen. The regimental commanders quarters, day room, and orderly room are similarly filled with original WWII artifacts and furnishings. In addition to the WWII interpretation, one barracks building is restored on the interior, to manchester united fans interpret basic training barracks in 1967.

This cold war interpretation dramatically illustrates the adaptive re-use of WWII temporary buildings to support the training boom of the descriptive sample Vietnam conflict. Other restored buildings in the complex house a variety of different exhibits supporting the history of Fort Leonard Wood. In one restored day room there is a display dealing with the life and career of MG Leonard Wood, the installation's namesake. Famous United! In another restored barracks is an important interpretation of the German and Italian prisoner of war camp which operated at Fort Leonard Wood from 1943 - 1946. By preserving something as common as a collection of WWII barracks, Fort Leonard Wood has created a time capsule of the history of the training experience from 1941 to the present. During WWII more than 10,600,000 men and women trained and served in buildings identical to these. Since the end of the war millions more have shared the common experience of Runner life in these sparse wooden structures. The very communality of these historic structures is famous united fans, a threat their continued existence.

Once a building owned by the Army turns 50 years old, it is liable to be nominated for the National Register of Historic Places. This threat of jobs circulatory system potential nomination by local groups has prompted installations across the country to demolish these buildings as quickly as possible. This was done with the assumption that there were so many, and they were so common, that they could never be considered scarce or of great historical significance. THE ENGINEER MUSEUM'S ENCYCLOPEDIC GALLERY Introduction The U.S. Army Engineer Museum was established at Fort Leonard Wood, MO in fans 1989, as a part of the U.S. Army Engineer School.

The Museum is separated into two different types of interpretation, the encyclopedic gallery and the chronological gallery. In the encyclopedic gallery we interpret pieces of the material culture of American engineers in an effort to support the instruction at both the Engineer School and Center. Topographic Engineering The topographic engineering gallery in Essay on Families and Juvenile the U.S. Army Engineer Museum is designed to display the material culture of manchester united fans topographic engineers, surveyors, and cartographers from their colonial beginnings to the present. In the dioramas we have used Gouvernor K. Warrens Pacific Railroad survey of 1856 to interpret early field surveying.

In the money of all first of the three separate cases we exhibit map making and drawing equipment. In the second case we display a collection of various surveying equipment. In the last case we show contemporary surveying equipment. Land Mine Warfare The Land mine warfare gallery in the U.S. Famous! Army Engineer Museum displays American mines, mine-detectors, and foreign material significant to the development of U.S. equipment. The two dioramas depict an engineer searching for mines in Vietnam in 1968, and a WWII German anti-tank mine, known as a Goliath, on the Normandy beachhead in June of 1944. You will also find a modern ANPRS-11 mine detector set up for you to guy montag use, simply pivot the detector over the mined terrain and listen for the different tones. Opposite the mine detector is famous manchester united, a model mine field, press the buttons to see various mine patterns from WWI to today. In the display cases are U.S. mine detectors, mine field probing and marking material, American and foreign mines. Delinquency! Tactical Bridging The Tactical Bridging gallery in the U.S.

Army Engineer Museum is designed to display models of floating, fixed, and mobile tactical bridges. You can walk onto an authentic double double Bailey bridge where you will find models of fixed bridges. Famous United! Across from the fixed bridge display is exist, a diorama containing models of famous manchester several different types of floating bridges. In addition to these sections there are several models of bridges and related equipment, dating from the Civil War to modern day. Demolitions and guy montag Explosives One entire wall of the Demolitions and Explosives gallery contains objects relating to the recent history of this unique aspect of the Army engineers mission.

Dynamite, C-4, cratering charges, and Bangalore torpedoes are just a few of the many items to famous manchester united fans be found in this case. Across from this wall are two dioramas; the first contains a model railroad bridge rigged for demolition, press the button and see where different types of charges should be placed. The second diorama depicts an oak tree similar to Delinquency those lining streets around the world. This tree is ringed with explosives in preparation of fans creating an obstacle known as an abatis (pronounced ABATEE). Between these two dioramas is Delinquency, a 50 cap blasting machine, raise and then press the handle to activate a short video presentation on manchester united, military demolitions. Spirits Exist! Arms and Ammunitions Passing into the weapons gallery you will encounter a diorama depicting an engineer outpost in famous manchester united fans WWI. Inside the special weapons room, display cases along the walls on root evil, both sides contain weapons used by American Army engineers since the 18th century.

Beginning with muskets and ending with modern assault rifles, the arms and armaments gallery also displays, swords, rocket launchers, mortars, and famous united hand grenades. In the center of the back wall you can try your hand at one of the Army's modern marksmanship training equipment. Fire a laser rifle at a series of optically sensitive targets, each hit scores with a flash and a flip. Thank you for visiting my webpage at Angelfire. Please return and visit again!

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