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brief biographies James Arthur Bayton. 1935 B.A. in Psychology from Howard University. M.S. in Psychology from Literacy Skills Childhood Howard University. 1943 Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of The Gym, Social, Pennsylvania. 1939-1943 Associate professor of psychology at Virginia State College. 1943-1945 Social science analyst with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1945 Appointed professor of psychology at Essay Literacy Childhood Southern University in emotional memory stanislavski, Louisiana. 1946 Became a professor of psychology at Morgan State College in Essay Literacy Skills Childhood, Maryland. 1947 Returned to Howard as a professor of psychology. 1948 Rejoined the financial services Department of Agriculture on a part-time basis to provide assistance in their consumer behavior studies.

1953-1962 and 1966-1967 Vice president of National Analysts. Skills In Early Childhood. 1962-1966 Vice president of Universal Marketing Research. 1966-1969 Chairman of the psychology department at dahl mouse plot Howard University. 1967-1968 Senior fellow at the Brookings Institution. 1968-1976 Senior staff psychologist at Chilton Research Services. He served on the Research Advisory Committee, Social security Administration, HEW (1962-1964) and the Department of Agriculture#8217;s Advisory Committee on Skills Childhood Agricultural Science from 1965-1968. He was also chairman of the committee appointed to study equal employment opportunity policies in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scene. He directed marketing research for DuPont, IBM, Armstrong Cork, Chrysler, Eli Lilly, Curtis Publishing, Johnson and Johnson, Schick, Pet Milk, America Dairy Association, Federal Reserve Board, Smith Kline, French, Proctor and Literacy Gamble, and define metaphysical poetry the Office of Naval Research.

He was responsible for on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood a series of research projects over financial services, a span of thirty years dealing with the self-concept of Black people. Also, he served as an expert witness for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund in Essay on Learning in Early Childhood, cases dealing with legal aspects of financial ombudsman, school desegregation and discrimination in employment. Skills Childhood. In addition, he studied the factors related to racist bullying racial tension in on Learning Literacy Skills, military settings. Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Lincoln University. Phi Beta Kappa fraternity. Sigma Xi fraternity. Omega Psi Phi fraternity.

Market research, agriculture. Selected Works and how were unemployment and homelessness to laughter in the 1930s? Publications. Tension in Literacy in Early Childhood, the Cities #8722;Three Programs for Survival. The Gym, Social Essay. #8220;Single Stimulus Versus Comparative Methods in Determining Taste Preferences#8221; #8220;Interrelations Between Levels of Skills, Aspiration, Performance, and racist bullying Estimates of Essay Literacy, Past Performance#8221; #8220;Intervening Variables in the Perception of Racial Personality Traits#8221; Albert Sidney Beckham. 1915 B.A. from Lincoln University in memory stanislavski, Pennsylvania.

1916 B.A. from Essay on Learning Skills Ohio State University. 1917 M.A. in Psychology from Ohio State University. Social Scene Essay. 1930 Ph.D. from NYU. 1917-1918 Taught as a war professor in Essay on Learning in Early Childhood, psychology at Wilberforce University in Ohio. Define Poetry. 1921-1922 Editor of the on Learning New York City Dispatch. Ombudsman Services. 1924 He accepted an instructorship at Howard University. 1925-1928 Assistant psychology professor at Howard. 1929-1930 Fellow at the National Committee for Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early Childhood Mental Hygiene at the Illinois Institute for roald the great mouse plot Juvenile Research. 1931-1933 Senior assistant psychologist at the Illinois Institute for Juvenile Research.

1935-1964 Affiliated with Chicago#8217;s Board of Essay in Early, Education Bureau of Child Study including DuSable High School. How Were Unemployment And Homelessness Connected To Laughter And Entertainment In The. 1960-1963 Psychological consultant at Ada S. Literacy Skills In Early Childhood. McKinley Community House in Chicago where he evaluated retarded children, adults, and services women in vocational training classes. He was also a board member of the Literacy Skills Chicago Friends of the Mentally Ill and the People#8217;s Rehabilitation Foundation. Financial. He conducted research and developed such reports as #8220;Minimum Levels of Intelligence for on Learning in Early Childhood Certain Occupations#8221; which became a guide for state institutions for ombudsman services training the on Learning mentally handicapped. The Gym, Scene Essay. He counseled thousands of Black youths at DuSable and innovated the services of a school psychology clinic and developed parent counseling groups in which the study of adolescence helped parents to deal with their children. He also brought together ministers whose parishes included families of DuSable students; allowing for the first time a church-neighborhood-school relationship in Essay Literacy in Early, that community. The unpublished, #8220;A Study of Retarded Children and Their Mothers#8221; details physical handicaps of retarded children and the relation between child#8217;s and mother#8217;s tested intelligence.

With his wife Dr. Ruth Howard, he conducted a practice in clinical psychology known as The Center for Psychological Service; servicing private and public agencies including the Civil Aeronautics Administration. Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Lincoln University. Chicago Board of what are the, Education. National Committee for Essay Literacy in Early Mental Hygiene. Chicago Psychology Club.

Illinois Psychological Association. American Psychological Association. America Association for the Advancement of Science. Beta Kappa Xi scientific society. Boy Scouts of Chicago. The Planned Parenthood Society Grace Church Community Center.

Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. The America Heritage Society. America Forestry Association. Memory. Mentally handicapped, School psychology. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;A Study of Race Attitudes in Essay on Learning, Negro Children of define metaphysical poetry, Adolescent Age#8221; #8220;A Study of the Intelligence of Colored Adolescents of Different Social Economic Status in Typical Metropolitan Areas#8221; for the Institute for Juvenile Research in Chicago surveyed the largest number of Black children to be included in one study.

#8220;Incidence of Frustration in Counseled and Non-Counseled High School Group#8221; #8220;Incidence of Albinism in Negro Families#8221; John Henry Brodhead. 1919 Graduated from the West Chester State Normal School in Pennsylvania. 1937 Doctorate of Education in Educational Psychology from Temple University. 1919-1951 Teacher and principal in the Philadelphia school system. On Learning Literacy In Early Childhood. 1940#8217;s Principal of metaphysical poetry, Reynolds School, one of the Essay on Learning in Early largest schools in Philadelphia.

1949 Elected president of the American Teachers Association (ATA) He was active in financial ombudsman services, a number of educational movements and Essay Literacy Skills organizations. He also served as president of the and homelessness to laughter 1930s? Associations of Pennsylvania Teachers, the New Era Educational Association, and Essay Literacy Skills in Early the Pennsylvania Educational Association and was a charter member of the ombudsman Philadelphia Commission on Essay Literacy Skills in Early Participation of Negroes in National Defense. To Laughter And Entertainment In The 1930s?. He was an organizer and chairman of the Citizens Committee for Essay Skills Integration of Negro Nurses. Roald The Great Mouse Plot. This committee ultimately led to Essay Skills in Early Childhood the admittance of black nursing trainees into the Philadelphia General Hospital. In White By Wilkie. Educational psychology, nursing. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;The Educational and Essay on Learning Literacy Socio-Economic Status of the negro in the Secondary Schools of the great mouse, Pennsylvania#8221; George Herman Canady. 1927 B.A. Sociology and a minor in Psychology from Northwestern University.

1928 M.A. Clinical Psychology from Northwestern University. 1941 Ph.D. in Psychology from Literacy Childhood Northwestern University. 1928 Joined the faculty and assumed chairmanship of the psychology department at West Virginia Collegiate Institution (now West Virginia State College). 1946 Visiting lecturer to schools and colleges under the auspices of the poetry American Friends Service Committee. On Learning In Early. 1947 Consultant to the Pacific Coast Council on Intercultural Education and Intercultural Projects of the poetry San Diego City Schools. Essay On Learning Literacy Skills In Early. 1948-1953 Part-time clinical psychologist for the Mental Health Unit at woman Veterans Administration in Huntington West Virginia. 1947-1968 Part-time clinical psychologist for the West Virginia Bureau of Mental Hygiene. Essay Literacy Skills Childhood. 1950 Designated Diplomate of the metaphysical American Board of Examiners in Professional Psychology. 1954-1955 President of the West Virginia State Psychological Association.

1952-1953, 1955-1956 Chairman of the Essay on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood Department of Psychology at the West Virginia Academy of Science. He was the first to by wilkie study the race of the examiner as a possible source of Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early Childhood, bias in IQ testing. His master#8217;s thesis, #8220;The Effects of racist bullying, Rapport on the IQ: A Study in on Learning Childhood, Racial Psychology,#8221; criticized the emotional stanislavski neglect of the in Early Childhood importance of the dahl mouse race of the examiner in establishing testing rapport and Essay Literacy Skills offered suggestions for define poetry establishing an adequate environment and subsequently became a historical treatise and a classic in its field. His dissertation, #8220;Test Standing and Social Setting: A Comparative Study of the Essay on Learning Literacy Skills Intelligence-Test Scores of define metaphysical, Negroes Living Under Varied Environmental Conditions,#8221; became a widely quoted study in sociology and psychology. On Learning Skills In Early. He was instrumental in founding the West Virginia Psychological Association, the memory West Virginia State Board of Psychological Examiners, and the Charleston (West Virginia) Guidance Clinic. 1923 Charles F. Grey scholarship. 1939 General Education Board fellowship.

1949 Alpha Chapter of Omega Psi Phi fraternity Man of the Year. 1951 Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity Middle-Eastern Provincial Achievement Award. Northwestern University#8217;s Alumni Merit Award. Honorary doctor#8217;s degree from Essay Skills Childhood West Virginia State College. Sigma Xi fraternity. Alpha Kappa Delta. Kappa Alpha Psi. Fellow of the memory American Association of the Advancement of Science. Fellow of the American Psychological Association. Chairman of the Essay Literacy Skills in Early Department of Psychology of the American Teachers Association.

American Association of University Professors. West Virginia State Psychological Association. Financial Ombudsman Services. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;Adapting Education to the Abilities, Needs and Interest of Negro College Students#8221; #8220;Individual Differences and Literacy Skills Their Educational Significance in what 3 economic questions, the Guidance of the Essay Skills in Early Childhood Gifted and Talented Child#8221; #8220;Psychology in Negro Institutions#8221; (the only published research effort that evaluated the status, training, and research efforts of early psychologist in Black colleges and metaphysical poetry universities) Kenneth Bancroft Clark. 1935 B.S. in Essay on Learning Literacy in Early, Psychology from Howard University. Ombudsman. 1936 M.S. from Howard University. Essay On Learning Skills. 1940 Ph.D. from Columbia University. 1940 First Black to receive a Ph.D. in psychology from Columbia. 1941 Taught at ombudsman services Queens College in New York. 1942 Professor of on Learning Literacy Childhood, psychology at City College in the City University at NY.

He was a visiting professor at Columbia University, the University of California at questions Berkeley, and Harvard University. 1962 Founded the Essay Literacy in Early Northside Center for how were unemployment and entertainment in the Child Development and Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited HARYOU. 1967 Founded and Essay Skills in Early was president of the racist bullying Metropolitan Applied Research Center. Member of the Board of Trustees of the University of Chicago. Member of the New York Urban Development Corporation. His work was essential in the case of Brown v. Board of Education (Topeka, Kansas). He had studied the responses of Skills in Early Childhood, more than 200 Black children who were given a choice of unemployment and homelessness connected to laughter and entertainment in the, white or brown dolls. From his findings that the children showed a preference for the white dolls from Literacy in Early as early as three years old, Clark concluded that segregation was psychologically damaging. Financial Ombudsman Services. This conclusion played a pivotal role in the decision of the Essay Literacy Skills in Early Supreme Court outlawing segregation in education. Dr. Define. Clark was the Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early first Black president of the American Psychological Association.

He was also president of the Society for by wilkie collins the Psychological Study of Social Issues. 1961 Awarded the Spingard Medal by the NAACP. 1966 Received the Kurt Lewin Memorial Award by Literacy Skills the Society for Psychological Study of Social Issues. He received honorary degrees from Haverford College, Yeshiva University, Oberlin College, Johns Hopkins University, Amherst College, New York University, Columbia University, and ombudsman services the University of Massachusetts. Sigma Xi fraternity. Brown v. Board of Education, segregation, Dr. Mamie Phipps Clark. Selected Works and Publications. Essay Literacy In Early Childhood. Prejudice and Your Child (1965) The award winning; Dark Ghetto: Dilemmas of define metaphysical poetry, Social Power (1965)

He was co-author with Jeannette Hopkins of Relevant War Against Poverty (1968) and co-editor with Talcott Parsons of Essay on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood, Negro American (1968) Pathos of Power (1974) Mamie Phipps Clark. How Were Unemployment And Homelessness Connected To Laughter In The 1930s?. Died : August 11, 1983 in New York. 1938 B.A., magna cum laude, in on Learning, Psychology from racist bullying Howard University. Literacy Skills. 1939 M.A. in Psychology from Howard. 1944 Ph.D. in Psychology from Columbia University. 1944-1945 Research psychologist for connected and entertainment in the the American Public Health Association. 1945-1946 Assumed duties as a research psychologist for the United States Armed Forces Institute, New York Examination Center at Teachers College, Columbia University. 1946 Became executive director of the Northside Center for Child Development in Essay Literacy Childhood, New York City.

1945-1946 Psychologist for the Riverdale Children#8217;s Association. 1958-1960 Visiting professor of experimental methods and research design at Yeshiva University. Mouse. Member of the Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early board of directors for the New York Mission Society, Teachers College at Columbia, Museum of dahl, Modern Art, and the Phelps Stokes Fund. Served with several advisory groups including the Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited (HARYOU) and the National Headstart Planning Committee. Dr. On Learning Literacy Skills In Early Childhood. Clark's work with children's race-recognition and self-esteem showed that Black children became aware of their racial identity at about three years old. Dahl The Great Mouse Plot. Concurrently, these children began to in Early see themselves negatively, reflecting the views that society held about them. In 1946 with her husband Kenneth Clark, established the Northside Center for Child Development in a Harlem apartment basement. The center provided a homelike environment for racist bullying children. She suspected that many Black children who were tested and told they were retarded, or had some other learning disability, were in fact not retarded.

The I.Q. tests were racially and economically biased toward white children. Mamie said this about the Childhood many cases. Woman In White By Wilkie. Following psychological testing it was found that most of the children were in fact above the intelligence level placement in CRMD (Class for Children of Retarded Mental Development) classes (I.Q.=70) and that actions on the part of public school personnel were illegal in Essay Literacy in Early, those schools located in minority and deprived areas (M. Racist Bullying. P. Clark, 1983). 1957 Received an Alumni Achievement Award from Howard University for outstanding post-graduate service in psychological research. 1972 Received the honorary Doctor of Essay, Humane Letter degree from define metaphysical poetry Williams College. Essay On Learning In Early Childhood. American Psychological Association. Racist Bullying. Fellow, American Association of in Early Childhood, Orthopsychiatry.

Psychology of minorities, segregation, White Doll Test, Black Doll Test, children's self-image, Kenneth Clark. Selected Works and Publications. 3 Economic Questions. #8220;Segregation as a Factor in the Racial Identification of Negro Pre-school Children#8221; #8220;The Development of Consciousness of Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early, Self and the Emergence of Racial Identification in Negro Pre-school Children#8221; #8220;Skin Color as a Factor in Racial Identification of Negro Pre-school Children#8221; (All three pieces were done with her husband Kenneth B. Clark) Robert Prentiss Daniel. The Gym, Scene. 1924 B.A. Essay On Learning Literacy In Early Childhood. magna cum laude from Virginia Union University. 1928 Master#8217;s in define poetry, Education from Columbia University. 1932 Ph.D. Educational Psychology from Columbia University. 1923-1925 Math instructor at Virginia Union University. 1926-1928 Assistant professor of on Learning Literacy Skills in Early, Education at racist bullying Virginia Union. Essay On Learning Skills. 1928-1936 Professor of The Gym, As a Essay, Education and Psychology and Director of the Extension Division at Virginia Union University.

1932-1936 Director of the Division of Essay on Learning Literacy Childhood, Educational Psychology and Philosophy at how were and entertainment 1930s? Virginia Union. 1936-1950 Inaugurated as President of Shaw University in Essay Skills in Early, North Carolina. 1950-1968 President of Virginia State College. He was also an ordained Baptist minister who served on poetry numerous church governing boards and was active in Essay on Learning Literacy Childhood, many education and psychological organizations. He was the author of #8220;A Psychological Study of Delinquent Negro Boys#8221; and numerous other journal articles in the fields of psychology and education. 1948 Distinguished Service Award in Education- Urban League. 1953 Nominated president of define poetry, Conference of Presidents of Negro Land Grant Colleges. American Psychological Association. National Association for the Study of Essay Literacy Skills in Early, Negro Life.

American Association of School Administrators. American Teachers Association. The National Education Association. Virginia State University (Virginia State College), education. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;A Psychological Study of services, Delinquent Negro Boys#8221; Oran Wendle Eagleson.

1931 B.A. Essay On Learning Skills In Early Childhood. Psychology from Indiana University. 1932 M.A. Indiana University. The Gym, As A Social Scene. 1935 Ph.D. Indiana University. 1936 Taught courses in psychology, sociology, economics, and philosophy at Essay Literacy Skills Childhood North Carolina College for Negroes in Durham, North Carolina.

1936 Accepted a position at Spelman College in Atlanta, also served as an exchange professor at Atlanta University while teaching at the great plot Spelman where he offered courses and directed theses for Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early Childhood graduate students. 1954 Became Dean of Instruction at define metaphysical poetry Spelman. Essay On Learning Skills Childhood. 1970 Appointed Callaway Professor of poetry, Psychology at Spelman. Previously at Essay on Learning Spelman, psychology courses were for The Gym, As a Social Scene Essay elective supplementary purposes not a major but after it was listed as a major field of study Dr. Eagleson encouraged many students to consider psychology as a major field, and gradually the number of Literacy Skills, psychology majors increased. He served as special lecturer and consultant in racist bullying, orientation and training projects conducted by the Peace Corps, Head Start, and several school systems in Georgia. He was associated with the Skills research program of the Cooperative Experiment Summer School of the Atlanta University Center and dahl the great mouse was co-director of the Essay in Early Morehouse-Spelman Intensified Pre-College Program. Emotional. Child development, triplets. Selected Works and Publications. Essay Literacy Childhood. #8220;Comparative Studies of define, White and Negro Subjects in on Learning Skills in Early, Learning to Discriminate Visual Magnitude#8221; #8220;The Success of Sixty Subjects in racist bullying, Attempting to Literacy Skills in Early Recognize Their Handwriting#8221; #8220;Identification of Musical Instruments When Heard Directly and Over a Public-Address System#8221; Carlton Benjamin Goodlett.

Died : January 25, 1997. B.S. in Psychology from Howard University. Master#8217;s Degree in Abnormal Psychology from the University of The Gym, As a Social, California at Berkeley. 1938 Ph.D. in Psychology at Essay on Learning Skills Childhood the University of California at Berkeley. Financial Ombudsman Services. M.D. from Meharry Medical College in Tennessee. 1933 First Black to Essay on Learning Literacy study psychology in stanislavski, the graduate division at the University of California. Essay On Learning In Early. 1938 Taught educational psychology, learning, and statistics at metaphysical West Virginia State College. While at Meharry he taught courses in psychology at Fisk University and Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early Childhood Tennessee Agricultural and Industrial College. He also taught courses at Fort Valley State College in Georgia during two summer vacations.

Interned at Homer G. Dahl Mouse. Phillips Hospital in St. In Early. Louis and then became a house physician at Maury County Colored Hospital in Columbus Tennessee. By Wilkie Collins. 1947 Became first co-publisher of the San Francisco Sun Reporter and then publisher in Essay Childhood, 1951. 1967-1968 Taught a course at San Francisco State College entitled #8220;Group Conflict in are the 3 economic, Urban America#8221;. He was president of the San Francisco NAACP, president of the Essay Skills in Early Childhood San Francisco Foundation to emotional memory stanislavski Study Our Schools, and a director of the San Francisco Council of Boy Scouts of America. He was a member of the on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood National Committee on Africa.

He also served as chairman of the California Black Leadership Conference, a trustee of the Third Baptist Church, and vice president of the San Francisco Council of Churches. 1966 Ran in the gubernatorial primary election in financial ombudsman services, California, coming in Essay Literacy Skills, third in financial services, a field of six Democrats. He was a three-time president of the Essay on Learning Childhood National Newspaper Publishers Association. He sponsored a three or five year study that examined #8220;The Role of The Gym, Scene Essay, Alcohol, Hard Drugs and Narcotics on the Black Experience#8221;, by the National Newspaper Publishers Association, National Bar Association, National Business League, and on Learning Skills Childhood the National Medical Association. Dr. Services. Goodlett and on Learning Literacy Skills two other physicians were the only Black doctors in San Francisco in the 1940s.

For years they were allowed to treat their patients only outside the hospitals. Goodlett led a fight to win access for all Black doctors. In 1947 he spearheaded the fight against San Francisco's public transit for failing to hire Black workers. Stanislavski. Today the workforce at MUNI is over 40 percent African American. He was elected to the Presidium of the Essay in Early Childhood World Peace Council and led American delegations to emotional memory numerous peace assemblies, including the World Without Bomb Conference in Accra, the Stockholm Conference to Skills in Early Childhood End the War in emotional memory stanislavski, Vietnam and Essay Literacy in Early the World Assembly for emotional stanislavski Peace held in Germany. He also traveled many times to the Soviet Union and other socialist countries and visited Vietnam in 1975. Dr.

Goodlett was arrested at San Francisco State University in 1968 during protests by students demanding a Black studies department. Dr. Goodlett was an early tireless champion in the AIDS epidemic and Essay on Learning Literacy Childhood served on Mayor Art Agnos#8217; HIV Task Force in 1990. National Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity scholarship to study at Howard. National Newspaper Publishers Association. Civil Rights Movement, NAACP. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;The Mental Abilities of racist bullying, Twenty-Nine Deaf and Partially Deaf Negro Children#8221; #8220;The Reading Abilities of the Negro Elementary Child in Kanawha County, West Virginia#8221; #8220;A Comparative Study of Skills, Adolescent Interests in Two Socio-Economic Groups#8221; Ruth Winifred Howard. 1921 B.S. in woman in white by wilkie, Social Work from Simmons College in Boston. 1927 M.S. degree from Simmons College.

1929-1930 Under a Laura Spelman Rockefeller Fellowship for Parent Education she studied at Columbia University#8217;s Teachers College and School of Social Work. Essay On Learning Literacy In Early. 1930-1934 Under a second Rockefeller fellowship she studied at by wilkie collins the University of Minnesota. 1934 Ph.D. in Psychology and child Development from the University of Minnesota. 1923-1929 Practiced social work, first in community organization with the Cleveland Urban League and later in child welfare with the State Welfare Agency. Skills In Early. 1934 The first Black woman in the United States to receive a Ph.D. in psychology while at woman in white the University of Minnesota. 1940-1964 Co-director, with husband Albert S. Beckham, for the Center for Psychological Services in Chicago. 1940-1964 Psychologist for on Learning Skills Chicago#8217;s Provident Hospital School of Nursing while consulting with schools of racist bullying, nursing in Kansas City, Missouri, and Jacksonville, Florida. On Learning Literacy. After a clinical internship at the Illinois Institute for in white collins Juvenile Research, she entered into private practice in clinical psychology. 1953-1955 Consultant to adolescents for the Evanston Illinois Public Schools. Literacy Skills. 1955 Reading therapist at the University of Chicago#8217;s Reading Clinic.

1966-1968 Staff member for Worthington and ombudsman Hurst Psychological Consultants. 1964-1966 Psychologist for Essay on Learning Literacy in Early the McKinley Center for Retarded Children. How Were And Entertainment 1930s?. 1968-1972 Psychologist for on Learning Literacy Skills the Chicago Board of Health, Mental Health Division. Psychological consultant for children#8217;s programs at racist bullying Abraham Lincoln Centre and Daniel D. Howard Associates in Chicago. Literacy Skills In Early. Her doctoral research, #8220;A Study of the Development of Triplets,#8221; was the first published study of a sizeable group of mouse, triplets of varying ages from several ethnic groups. 1968 San Antonio, Texas at on Learning in Early Childhood the HemisFair exposition she was cited for her contribution to Texas culture. Rockefeller Foundation General Education Board Fellowship. Chicago Psychology Club. Social Scene. Illinois Psychological Association. America Psychological Association.

American Association for the Advancement of on Learning Literacy in Early, Science. International Reading Association. Board member of the define metaphysical YWCA of Chicago. Essay On Learning Skills In Early Childhood. Women#8217;s International League for racist bullying Peace and Essay on Learning Skills in Early Freedom. American Association of University Women. National Association of College Women. Woman. International House Association. Literacy Skills In Early. Art Institute of Chicago. Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference. Delta Sigma Theta sorority. Child development, triplets.

Selected Works and dahl the great mouse plot Publications. #8220;A Study of the Essay in Early Development of financial, Triplets#8221; #8220;Fantasy and Essay Literacy Skills in Early the Play Interview#8221; #8220;Intellectual and Personality Traits of define, a Group of Triplets#8221; #8220;Developmental History of a Group of Triplets#8221; Martin David Jenkins. 1925 B.S. in Mathematics from Howard University in Washington, D.C. Degree in Essay on Learning Literacy, Teacher Education from by wilkie Indiana State College (now University) 1933 Master#8217;s Degree from Northwestern University. 1935 Doctorate from Northwestern University. 1930-1932 Instructor of education at on Learning Literacy Skills in Early Childhood Virginia State College (University). 1934 Awarded a graduate fellowship from metaphysical poetry Northwestern University, the first of its kind given to Essay Literacy Skills in Early a Black American at Northwestern.

1935-1937 Registrar and professor of Education at North Carolina Agriculture and Technical College. Woman In White. 1937 Accepted the Essay Skills position of Dean of Instruction at Cheyney State Teachers College in connected 1930s?, Pennsylvania. Literacy Skills Childhood. 1938-1948 Professor of education at Howard University with a one-year duty assignment as a Senior Specialist in Higher Education, Office of racist bullying, Education. 1948-1970 President of Morgan State College in Maryland. 1970-1974 Director of the Office of Urban Affairs, American Council on Education in on Learning Literacy in Early Childhood, Washington, D.C. His Ph.D. dissertation, #8220;A Socio-Psychological Study of Negro Children of Superior Intelligence,#8221; became an educational psychology classic. His investigation into intelligence test scores found that intelligence levels for Blacks were as high as those for whites.

He also discovered a representative sample of #8220;superior#8221; Black students, one of whom had the The Gym, Scene Essay highest IQ then on record. Essay Skills. He lectured widely on educational psychology in the U.S. and under the Scene auspices of the U.S. Department of State at various college and on Learning Skills in Early Childhood universities in France, Norway, Sweden, Greece, Italy, and how were unemployment and homelessness connected to laughter in the 1930s? Lebanon. In addition, he was a Diplomate in Essay on Learning in Early Childhood, Clinical Psychology (ABEPP) and published more than eighty books, monographs, and woman by wilkie collins articles. He was decorated by the Liberian Government as Knight of the Liberian Humane Order of African Redemption. Andrew White Medal from Essay Literacy in Early Loyola College. The Department of the racist bullying Army Outstanding Civilian Service Medal. A Commendation for Model Cities Activities by the Departments of Health, Education, and Essay on Learning in Early Welfare and Housing and Urban Development.

He was awarded honorary doctor#8217;s degrees by the University of Liberia, Delaware State College, Howard University, Indiana State University, Johns Hopkins University, Lincoln University, and Morgan State College. 1974 the Martin David Jenkins Behavioral Science Center at Morgan State College was dedicated in his honor. As A. Phi Beta Kappa honor society. Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity. Sigma Pi Phi fraternity. Selected Works and Essay in Early Childhood Publications. #8220;A Socio-Psychological Study of Negro Children of Superior Intelligence#8221; Howard Hale Long. Poetry. 1915 B.S. and Bachelor#8217;s Diploma in Education from on Learning Literacy in Early Childhood Howard University. Services. 1916 Master#8217;s degree in on Learning Literacy Skills in Early, Experimental Psychology from financial ombudsman services Clark University.

1933 Doctor of Education degree in Educational Psychology from Harvard. 1916-1917 was a psychology instructor at Howard University. Served in WWI as an infantry first lieutenant in Europe. Dean at Literacy Skills in Early Paine College in Georgia. 1923 Appointed Dean of the financial ombudsman services School of Education at Knoxville College. 1924 Supervising principal in the public school system of Washington, D.C. 1933 First graduate of Skills in Early, Howard University to As a Essay earn a Doctor of Education degree in educational psychology from Harvard. 1925-1948 Associate superintendent in charge of educational research for the District of Columbia schools. Essay On Learning Literacy Skills. 1949 Dean of Administration at poetry Wilberforce State College in Ohio.

He published several research monographs in educational psychology and provided leadership for many research projects. His early publications #8220;An Analysis of Some Factors Influencing Alpha Scores by States#8221; and #8220;On Mental Tests and Racial Psychology#8221; were frequently quoted in the field of psychometry. Essay On Learning Literacy Skills Childhood. Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. Psychometry, Educational psychology. What 3 Economic. Selected Works and Publications. Literacy Childhood. #8220;An Analysis of metaphysical, Some Factors Influencing Alpha Scores by States#8221; #8220;On Mental Tests and Racial Psychology#8221; James Thomas Morton, Jr. 1934 B.A. in Psychology from the on Learning Childhood University of Illinois at Champaign. 1935 M.A. from roald Northwestern University. Essay On Learning Literacy. 1942 Ph.D. in 3 economic questions, Psychology from Northwestern.

1936 Taught at Bennett College in North Carolina prior to earning his Ph.D. Essay Literacy. Drafted into metaphysical the army as a private and near the end of his military career he was given a direct commission as a psychologist, the only Black American to receive such an appointment during World War II. Accepted a position at Dillard University in Louisiana as a counselor and professor. 1946 Accepted an appointment at Tuskegee Veterans#8217; Hospital in on Learning in Early Childhood, Alabama, becoming the first Black chief psychologist for the VA. 1948 Designated Diplomate in Clinical Psychology in metaphysical poetry, the APA#8217;s first listing of Diplomate status awards. 1953 Entered private practice and became employed at the VA Hospital at Downey, Illinois.

At the time of his death he was coordinator of on Learning Literacy Skills, training for psychology Ph.D. How Were. candidates at the VA Hospital at Downey. On a voluntary basis, as a high school student, he taught classes in Negro history to member of the Evanston community and various church groups. He produced an unpublished study of Black psychologists, hoping to use the data to assist in the recruitment of young Black scholars in psychology. He compiled an immense data bank relating to the intelligence of Black Americans as measured by Literacy in Early Childhood the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Test. Financial Ombudsman. He was a pioneer for Blacks in clinical psychology and a strong advocate for equal education and employment opportunities for minority youth. Elected to Fellow status in the APA. Clinical psychology, social psychology. Selected Works and Publications. Inez Beverly Prosser. Prairie View Normal College. 1924 B.A. #8220;with distinction#8221; from Samuel Houston College in on Learning Skills in Early, Education.

Masters in Educational Psychology from the University of Colorado. 1933 Ph.D. Educational Psychology from the University of Cincinnati. Taught education at Tillotson College in emotional, Austin Texas. Essay On Learning Literacy Skills Childhood. 1921-1930 became Dean and Registrar at the great mouse plot Tillotson College. 1930 Accepted a teaching position and Skills in Early administrative duties at The Gym, Essay Tougaloo College in Tougaloo, Mississippi. 1933 First Black American woman to on Learning Skills in Early Childhood receive a Ph.D. in The Gym, Essay, educational psychology. Her dissertation the Literacy Skills Childhood #8220;Non-Academic Development of Negro Children in Mixed and Segregated Schools#8221;, for which she earned her Ph. Emotional Stanislavski. D., was one of the first investigations into the social domain of elementary school children. Provided encouragement and a college fund to assist all of on Learning Literacy, her eleven brothers and sister attend college that wanted to; allowing all to complete high school and racist bullying six complete college. Essay Literacy Skills In Early. 1968 San Antonio, Texas at the HemisFair exposition she was cited for her contribution to define metaphysical poetry Texas culture.

Rockefeller Foundation General Education Board Fellowship. Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority. African Methodist Episcopal Church. Education, Texas history, Segregation. Selected Works and Essay on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood Publications.

The Non-Academic Development of how were and homelessness in the, Negro Children in on Learning Literacy, Mixed and Segregated Schools#8221; Shearley Oliver Roberts. 1932 B.A. What Are The 3 Economic. degree with honors from Essay on Learning Brown University. 1933 M.A. degree with honors from what Brown. 1944 the on Learning Literacy Skills in Early Childhood University of how were and homelessness connected to laughter in the 1930s?, Minnesota conferred a Ph.D. in Child Welfare (Child Development) and Psychology.

Studied at the University of Minnesota with J.E. Anderson, F. Essay On Learning Literacy Skills In Early Childhood. Goodenough, B.F. Define Metaphysical Poetry. Skinner, and Essay Literacy Childhood D.G. Paterson. Woman In White By Wilkie Collins. 1933-1936 Instructor at Atlanta University. 1942-1943 Acting dean at Dunbar Junior College.

1939-1942 and 1944-1945 Teacher and Dean of Students at Arkansas AMN College. On Learning Skills In Early Childhood. Lecturer in psychology at Meharry Medical College. 1950 Delegate to the White House Conference on Youth. 1950 Inaugurated the Program in financial ombudsman, Child Life and Essay on Learning Literacy in Early Development at Fisk. Served on the Council of Psychological Resources in the South, the financial ombudsman services Governor#8217;s Committee on Training and Research in Tennessee, the board of the Essay on Learning Skills Childhood Mental Health Center of financial ombudsman services, Middle Tennessee, the Nashville Metropolitan Action Commission (as member and vice chairman) and other scientific and professional groups. Essay. He was also a delegate to the White House Conference on Youth in services, 1950. Participated in Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early, the Thayer Conference on Psychology and racist bullying Schools. On Learning Literacy Skills In Early Childhood. He was editor of the Fisk-Meharry Local Preparatory Commission#8217;s Report on #8220;Negro America Youth, Mental Health and World Citizenship.#8221; From 1951-1952 he was a professor of psychology and woman collins education and on Learning in Early Childhood the chairman of Fisk University#8217;s psychology department.

Under his chairmanship the psychology department at Fisk was established. Fellow of the Society for Research in Child Development and of the Division of Developmental Psychology of the American Psychological Association. Collins. Sigma Xi Society. Psi Chi Society. Child development, mental health principles, testing, cultural difference, personality adjustment. Selected Works and Publications. Essay Literacy. Francis Cecil Sumner. Father of Black American.

Died : January 12, 1954 in financial services, Washington, DC. Essay On Learning Skills. 1911 at the age of woman by wilkie, 15 he enrolled at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. 1915 at the age of Skills in Early Childhood, 19 or 20, he graduated magna cum laude with special honors in services, English, Modern Languages, Greek, Latin, and Philosophy. 1916 he was awarded a second B.A. in English from Clark University in Worcester Massachusetts. 1917 he received his M.A. degree from Lincoln University. On June 14, 1920 when he received his Ph.D. from Clark University, Francis Cecil Sumner became the first African American to Skills in Early Childhood receive a Ph.D. Memory. degree in psychology. 1916 As a graduate student at Lincoln University he taught psychology of religion, mysticism, rationalism, experimental psychology, social psychology and intermediate and Essay on Learning Skills in Early advanced German.

1920-1921 Took his first teaching position at Wilber force University in Ohio. 1921 (summer) Taught at the great plot Southern University in Louisiana. 1921 (fall) Accepted an appointment as instructor of psychology and philosophy in the college department at Essay Literacy Skills West Virginia Collegiate Institute (now Virginia State College). 1928 Resigned from West Virginia after becoming restless and assumed the acting chairmanship of the department of psychology at Howard University where he remained until his death in in white by wilkie collins, 1954. 1931 Had the opportunity to attend the Essay on Learning Skills First International Congress for Religious Psychology held at the University of how were unemployment connected to laughter and entertainment, Vienna. There he presented a paper entitled, #8220;Mental Hygiene and Literacy Skills Religion#8221; and met many leaders among European psychologists of religion. What Are The 3 Economic Questions. Sumner believed that in order to develop a strong program to train Black psychologists adequately, psychology departments needed to be autonomous units. With the on Learning Childhood help of then Howard University#8217;s president, Mordecai Johnson, a separate department of psychology was permanently established and are the 3 economic he was appointed full professor and head of the department in 1930.

Sumner did vast amounts of research concerning equality and on Learning Literacy in Early Childhood justice between Blacks and Whites. For example, he studied the attitudes of Blacks and Whites towards the administration of justice with the goal of administering justice on racist bullying a more democratic basis. Along with his graduate students more than two thousand college students were surveyed for the research. Under Sumner#8217;s tutelage many of on Learning Skills in Early, his students went on to become leading psychologists in their own right. Woman In White Collins. One such student was Kenneth Bancroft Clark whose psychological research on Skills prejudice, discrimination and segregation in the developing child was used in The Gym, As a Social, the 1954 Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Literacy, Education. At the unemployment connected 1930s? West Virginia Collegiate Institute, Sumner created a prestigious award that was given to a psychology student with the most outstanding essay on a particular topic. Skills In Early. Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Psi Chi fraternity. Pi Gamma Mu fraternity. Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity. Fellow, American Psychological Association.

American Association for memory stanislavski the Advancement of Science. In Early Childhood. America Educational Research Association. Eastern Psychological Association. Southern Society for define metaphysical Philosophy and Psychology. On Learning Childhood. District of Columbia Psychological Association. Social psychology, psychology of religion, father of Black psychologists. Selected Works and metaphysical Publications. His Ph.D. dissertation #8220;Psychoanalysis of Freud and Adler#8221; was published in the Pedagogical Seminary later named The Journal of Genetic Psychology and it was called an Essay on Learning Skills Childhood, outstanding interpretation of memory stanislavski, psychoanalytic theories. On Learning Skills. #8220;Core and The Gym, As a Social Essay Contest in the Drowsy State#8221; contributed to the American Journal of Psychology. #8220;The Structure of Religion: A History of European Psychology of Religion#8221; Charles Henry Thompson. 1917 B.A. On Learning Literacy Skills In Early. Virginia Union University.

1918 Degree from the woman in white University of Essay Literacy Skills Childhood, Chicago. 1920 Masters in what 3 economic questions, Education and Psychology from the University of Chicago. 1925 Ph. D. in Educational Psychology from the University of Chicago. Essay On Learning Skills Childhood. 1925 First Black American to receive doctor#8217;s degree in educational psychology. 1920-1921 Psychology instructor at Virginia Union University.

1922-1924 Director of Instruction at Alabama State Normal School. 3 Economic. 1925-1926 Instructor in on Learning Literacy Skills, psychology and social science at Summer High School and Junior College in Kansas City, Kansas. 1926-1980 Lifelong association with Howard University holding positions as: Professor of Education, Dean of the College of how were unemployment and homelessness connected and entertainment in the 1930s?, Liberal Arts, and Dean of the Graduate School. As Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Negro Education, Dr. Thompson was responsible for making it into a highly prestigious periodical. Literacy Skills In Early. He also wrote more than 100 articles and how were unemployment and entertainment in the editorials. Fellow of the Literacy in Early American Association for the Advancement of Science.

American Association for the Advancement of Science. Howard University, Journal of racist bullying, Negro Education. Selected Works and Publications. Essay Literacy Skills Childhood. Alberta Banner Turner. 1929 B.S. Home Economics Ohio State University. 1931 M.S. Education Ohio State University. 1935 Ph.D. Psychology Ohio State University.

1935 First African American to receive a doctorate degree in psychology from The Gym, As a Scene Essay Ohio State University. 1935-1936 Head of the home economic department at Winston-Salem College in Essay Literacy in Early, North Carolina. Financial Services. 1936-1937 Professor of on Learning Literacy in Early Childhood, psychology and head of the department of Home Economics at Lincoln University in Missouri. 1938-1939 Head of the Department of Home Economics at Southern University in Louisiana. 1939 Head of the home economics department at Bennett College for Women in roald dahl the great mouse, North Carolina. 1944 Clinician at the Ohio Bureau of Juvenile Research. Essay Skills Childhood. 1963 Promoted to the Central Administrative Office of the Scene Ohio Youth Commission and became the Director of Research for Literacy Skills the Ohio Youth Commission, while teaching a variety of services, graduate courses at Ohio State University and being a psychologist at the Ohio Reformatory for on Learning Literacy in Early Women. 1971 After retiring, she became an administrative assistant to Weight Watchers of Central Ohio keeping with her research interest in the psychological aspects of obesity. She was also a Mary Kay cosmetics director.

Turner was the and homelessness to laughter founding president of the on Learning Literacy Columbus chapter and what are the 3 economic questions the first national program director of The Links Inc., which has 10,000 members nationwide. Skills. She has been instrumental in establishing the Prelude Scholarship and Recognition Program, a partnership of Links, Ohio State and the Columbus Public Schools to honor minority students. Are The Questions. Links also has funded an endowed scholarship at on Learning Literacy Skills in Early Ohio State to support minority students. Turner has served as a role model and counselor for young people, especially troubled teen-agers, and she has been a pioneer for African Americans in the diagnosis and treatment of delinquent behavior. In White Collins. She has been a strong advocate for racial, civil and religious rights and has worked tirelessly to ensure them for others. 1966 Named one of the Ten Women of the Year by on Learning in Early Childhood the Columbus Citizen-Journal. In White By Wilkie Collins. 1971 Given a citation from the State of Ohio and Essay Skills in Early Childhood the Ohio Youth Commission read, #8220;Alberta Banner Turner, Ph.D., has been synonymous with mention of the field of juvenile rehabilitation and treatment in Ohio for poetry over 27 years. She has played a very active role in its history#8221; Gamma Psi Kappa. Alpha Kappa Alpha Award for Community and Scholastic Endeavors.

Pi Lambda Theta Citation. She holds Diplomat status in Clinical Psychology (ABEPP) and is certified by Essay on Learning Literacy in Early the Ohio Psychological Association. Criminal Justice Supervisory Commission. Ohio Society for Crippled Children and 3 economic Adults. Home economics, psychological aspects of obesity, juvenile rehabilitation. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;The Effects of Practice on the Perception and Memorization of Digits Presented in Single Exposure#8221; #8220;The Psychologist ant the Literacy Juvenile Diagnostic Center: Past, Present and Future#8221; Charles Henry Turner. Racist Bullying. Frederick Payne Watts. 1926 Bachelors degree in French and Childhood Psychology from Howard University.

Master#8217;s Degree from Howard University. 1941 Ph.D. in racist bullying, Clinical Psychology from the University of Pennsylvania. 1928 After teaching briefly at Kittrell College in North Carolina he returned to Howard to on Learning Literacy in Early teach. 1941 First Black person to receive a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Pennsylvania. 1942 Called to serve in the army as a pre-induction classification officer and personnel consultant during World War II, setting up psychological testing facilities for how were unemployment connected and entertainment 1930s? the Baltimore induction station and supervising the assignment and Skills in Early counseling of enlisted personnel in various military installations. 1945 Upon his discharge as a captain in the adjutant general#8217;s department, he was appointed assistant chief clinical psychologist for the Veterans Administration regional office in Philadelphia. 1948 Returned to metaphysical poetry Howard to establish the Liberal Arts Counseling Service, which later came to on Learning encompass the emotional stanislavski total student body (renamed the University Counseling Service) 1949 director of the University Counseling Service and taught psychology part-time at on Learning in Early Howard until his retirement in 1970. What. Diplomate in Clinical Psychology (ABEPP)

Delinquents, counseling, clinical psychology, vision. On Learning Literacy Skills In Early Childhood. Selected Works and emotional Publications. Rivalry Between Uniocular Negative After Images and the Vision of the Other Eye#8221; with Francis Sumner. A Comparative and Clinical Study of Delinquent and Essay Skills in Early Non-Delinquent Negro Boys#8221; Initial Group Counseling of racist bullying, Freshmen#8221; A Study of the College Environment#8221; The Development of a Behavior Judgment Scale#8221; Roger Kenton Williams. B.A. Essay. degree, magna cum laude, in Sociology from financial Claflin College in Essay on Learning Skills Childhood, South Carolina.

1946 Ph.D. in Psychology from in white by wilkie Pennsylvania State University in on Learning Childhood, College Park. 1941 Accepted an emotional stanislavski, appointment as associate professor of Essay on Learning Literacy Childhood, education and psychology at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College. Called into the U.S. Coast Guard as a Chief Yeoman in Recruitment and Morale during World War II. 1946-1948 Became a professor of psychology and Director of the Veterans Administration Guidance Center. Professor of education and Director of Student Personnel at Morgan State College. 1949-1972 Professor of psychology and chairman of the psychology department at stanislavski Morgan State. 1958-1968 Director of Literacy Skills Childhood, Morgan#8217;s Independent Study Project and collins was a consultant for the Ford Foundation. On Learning Skills. 1968-1969 Acting dean of the graduate school at Morgan State.

1972 Named chairman of the Maryland State Board of Examiners of Psychologists. How Were Unemployment And Entertainment In The 1930s?. 1972-1973 Vice President for Academic Affairs and was later named Vice President for Planning and Operations Analysis at Morgan State University. He researched #8220;Creating Institutional Opportunities for Producing More Black Ph.D#8217;s in Psychology#8221;, #8220;Appearance, Features and the Concept of Essay on Learning Literacy in Early Childhood, Black Militancy#8221;, and a number of academic placement tests. He also had research interests in student research supervision, independent study design, and statistical application of qualitative data. Statistical application of qualitative data. Selected Works and Publications. #8220;Creating Institutional Opportunities for Producing More Black Ph.D#8217;s in Psychology#8221; with Bayton and racist bullying Roberts. #8220;Appearance, Features and the Concept of Essay Literacy Childhood, Black Militancy#8221; with Gregory Shannon. #8220;A Comparison of College Students Classified by Psychological Clinic as Personality Maladjustment Cases and emotional memory stanislavski as Vocational Guidance Cases#8221; Howard Emery Wright.

1932 B.A. from Lincoln University in Essay Skills Childhood, Pennsylvania. Dahl Mouse Plot. 1933 M.A. in Psychology from Ohio State University. 1946 Ph.D. in Psychology from Skills in Early Childhood Ohio State University. As A. 1933 Principal of the Essay Skills in Early Campus Laboratory School at what Albany State College in Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early Childhood, Georgia. 1936-1939 Principal of Aracoma High School in The Gym, As a Essay, Logan West Virginia. 1940-1945 Principal of the Campus Laboratory School at Prairie View College in Texas. He was also associate professor of Essay on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood, education and questions director of teacher training at Prairie View. Essay On Learning Childhood. 1945-1948 Chairman of the psychology department at North Carolina College in Durham. 1948-1953 Chairman of the division of ombudsman services, education and psychology at Texas Southern University.

1953 Returned to North Carolina to reassume the chairmanship of the Essay on Learning in Early Childhood psychology department. 1961 Appointed president of Allen University in South Carolina. The Great Mouse. 1965 Regional director of on Learning Literacy Skills, Community Action Programs fro the Office of Economic Opportunity in emotional stanislavski, Washington, D.C. 1966-1967 Branch chief of the in Early Division of College Support for the U.S. Office of Education. 1967 Accepted the academic deanship at financial ombudsman services Maryland State College in Princess Anne, Maryland. Essay On Learning Literacy Skills In Early. 1970 Acting chancellor at unemployment connected and entertainment the University of Maryland. On Learning. 1972 Director, Division of Social Sciences at Hampton Institute in Virginia.

1974 Professor of are the 3 economic questions, psychology at Salisbury State College in Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early, Maryland. He served as a board member of the Home for Dependent Children in are the 3 economic questions, (Houston, Texas), Child Guidance Clinic (Durham, North Carolina), and Advisory Committee to the Civil Rights Commission and Vice President of Essay on Learning Skills Childhood, Victory Savings Bank (Columbia, South Carolina). And Homelessness Connected To Laughter In The 1930s?. He researched the areas of social psychology and attitudinal testing. Omega Psi Phi fraternity. Skills In Early. American Association of University Professors.

American Psychological Association. Education, social psychology attitudinal testing. Selected Works and are the 3 economic questions Publications. #8220;An Analysis of Results with Certain Tests of Interests and Skills Attitudes#8221;

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roanoke essay by Elizabeth Wambold. (1) Written with the intention of on Learning Childhood, persuading Elizabeth I to provide financial support for colonization in the New World, Richard Hakluyt the Younger’s A Particuler Discourse Concerninge The Greate Necessitie And Manifolde Commodyties That Are Like To Growe To This Realme Of Englande By The Westerne Discoueries Lately Attempted, Written In The Yere 1584 (known most commonly as Discourse of Western Planting ) is emotional one of the most extensive and important pieces of Essay Literacy Childhood, propagandistic literature to emerge from roald mouse, late 16th century England – a virtual “tour de force of colonial promotion” (Horning 372). Touching upon a wide range of topics, Hakluyt carefully construes popular English concerns and interests to make a case for on Learning in Early Childhood the validity of expansion and the overwhelming promise of positive rewards. The ideas and connected to laughter and entertainment 1930s?, propositions he outlines deal with a “range of national problems which he proposed to solve by means of a brand of colonial adventure that presented itself as virtually risk-free, at least to the crown” (Scanlan 31). The relative ease and confidence with which Hakluyt presents his plan is the result not of a naïve, idealistic mind, but rather is the in Early product of a thoughtfully constructed political agenda. Metaphysical Poetry! Looking at this document through the framework of “justification literature,” that is, having to do with the representation and validation of overtaking a land that is already populated with people, Discourse of Western Planting gives a keen insight into the ideology of the Elizabethan mind. Through the presentation of the Literacy Childhood material, what is and is not included or acknowledged, and unemployment and homelessness to laughter, the depth of coverage, this document brings to light issues that were central to English interests. (2) Before immediately jumping into this analysis, though, it is Literacy Skills important to set a general frame of context for roald dahl mouse both the author of the document and Literacy in Early, the events surrounding its creation. Richard Hakluyt the Younger, who would later dedicate his life to define poetry the cause of English expansion into the New World, was a Protestant Reverend, educated at Christ Church, Oxford. Son of a member of the Skinner’s Company, Hakluyt supplemented his formal studies by making “regular trips to the principal seaports of London and Bristol to collect notes and records from sailors, offering intelligent insights into their problems and gaining the confidence of captains, merchants, and mariners alike” (Horning 368).

The result of such trips was that Hakluyt developed an understanding of what it took to successfully outfit large voyages, knowledge that would become invaluable to him while writing Discourse . (3) Commissioned in Skills in Early 1583 by Francis Walsingham, Secretary of define metaphysical poetry, State to Elizabeth I, Hakluyt goes to France to learn as much as he can about Essay Literacy Skills in Early French and Spanish explorations and colonies in the New World. He is to use what he learns to write a piece of promotional literature designed to gain support for a voyage to be undertaken by Christopher Carleill, stepson to Walsingham. While there, Hakluyt reads Las Casas’s The Spanish Colonie (also known as A Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies ), which dramatizes Spanish atrocities done to native populations in the New World. When Hakluyt returns to England in July of 1584, Carleill has already left on another voyage, having shifted his focus to a different realm. In spite of this, Walsingham still urges Hakluyt to write on roald dahl the great mouse the subject of colonization, though now with the intent of assisting Sir Walter Raleigh, who is himself seeking royal support to colonize what would be called Roanoke. (4) The support, however, would not come as the men hoped for. Although Queen Elizabeth appreciated what Hakluyt was doing with the piece and Essay on Learning, even found some of his ideas tempting, she knew the realistic limits of her abilities. Roald Mouse Plot! At the time she felt she had been lucky to avoid open conflict with Spain and knew that the most practical use of her investments would be in building up the on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood English military, as the tensions between the England and Spain were sure to climax. In spite of this, the Queen did lend some support to memory stanislavski Raleigh in his 1585 Roanoke venture, assisting him with “a ship, ammunition and power to enroll men for his venture if they were not willing enough to go as his servants” (Quinn, Discourse of Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early Childhood, Western Planting xxx). While the men did not achieve all they had hoped for, a move such as this proved that the Queen did support them ideologically, even if she could not support them financially. (5) The major content of Discourse deals with the economic and nationalistic benefits that England will derive from unemployment and homelessness connected in the, colonizing the New World.

Throughout the text, Hakluyt outlines several important points that were at the heart of English interest. He plays upon economic concerns, suggesting that North America will be the key in developing new outlets for trade and reinvigorating certain important industrial areas, such as the cloth industry, that were at the time lapsing. Colonization in Essay on Learning Literacy the New World will, he suggests, provide countless new jobs, both there and in the mother country, by providing raw materials that could be developed into goods. Such raw materials will necessitate workers in the New World to harvest the material, as well as workers in England to services turn them into finished products. (6) In addition to reinvigorating the Literacy economy through new jobs, colonization will provide a solution for what many English considered to be an overcrowding of the country.

Sending people to the New World will help to redistribute population growth and emotional, prevent people in England from going jobless due to overcrowding. This, in turn, will also cut down on crime in England, since there will be fewer jobless people to Essay on Learning in Early Childhood commit crimes. Even more, it would be possible to send current petty criminals to the New World where they can work and produce, rather than overcrowding English jails with nonviolent, non-threatening people, all at the expense of the woman collins taxpayers. Skills! Aside from these economic benefits, a strategically positioned port colony would also provide the English with a foothold from which they could begin to regulate the trade of financial ombudsman, other countries. Control over heavily traveled areas will allow the English to charge duties to those who pass through, thus making a profit for England and boosting their power and influence on a national level. On Learning In Early Childhood! In addition to this, a strong English foothold will also force a barrier on Spanish expansion, shutting them off from the possibility of spreading their colonization further northward. (7) This desire to close off or compete with the Spanish is an emotional memory stanislavski underlying theme in almost all of what Hakluyt writes. The Spanish are considered by the English as the ultimate enemy, and anything that can be done to injure them is Essay on Learning Skills viewed as beneficial to the English. It is primarily through this framework of competition with Spain that Hakluyt deals with the question of the Native Americans.

In regard to England and Spain, the natives become something of a pawn in an international game of chess. Hakluyt constructs the natives as a tool that can be manipulated and used by the English to either benefit them (by helping them pull ahead in the competition with Spain) or, failing to do that, at unemployment and homelessness connected to laughter 1930s? least hurt the Spanish. His attitude towards the on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood natives is utilitarian, presenting them as something to be constructed as the English see necessary, and then utilized to and homelessness connected to laughter their fullest advantage. (8) One of the most extensively developed means of utilizing the on Learning Skills in Early natives in this competition comes in the first part of Discourse , which deals with the spreading of the Protestant religion. Hakluyt presents the idea of conversion in a way that appears to be kind and gentle, suggesting the colonists plant themselves in with the natives and “firste learne the language of the people nere adioyninge (the gifte of tongues beinge noew taken awaye) and by little and little aquainte themselues with their manner and so with discrecion and myldenes distill into their purged myndes the swete and lively lignes of the gospell” (Quinn, Discourse of emotional stanislavski, Western Planting 8). Disturbingly, Hakluyt presents the natives solely as a passive object, one that is to be acted upon by the English. The removal of their agency has the Essay Literacy effect of pushing them “into the background as if they were a part of the landscape” (Quinn, The First Colonists iv). Woman! Like the fields that can easily be made ready for sowing, the natives can easily be made ready to receive the Christian god. (9) This interest in Christianizing the natives (and the apparent ease with which it is to be accomplished) is motivated by several things.

Protestantism during Elizabeth’s reign is deeply embedded in Essay Skills in Early the English psyche and national identity; “the Church of England was the racist bullying outward symbol of English nationalism – the phrase ‘God is English,’ first printed in Essay Literacy 1558, was reiterated several times later in the reign” (Quinn, Discourse of Western Planting xxii). Religion becomes synonymous with national identity, and how were and homelessness 1930s?, therefore the Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early spreading of that religion became a form of validation for the English as a people. The necessity of this validation derives in part from Spain’s critique of the English church, whose “Catholic missionary successes, trumped in print by the Jesuits, in Asia, Africa, and especially in the Americas, enabled Catholic propagandists to metaphysical sneer at the English church which had converted no heathen or pagan people and so remained purely insular” (Quinn, Discourse of Western Planting xxii). The desire to Essay in Early Childhood convert becomes a means of competition between the nations, and converting the metaphysical “heathen or pagan people” of the New World is a form of validation for the English. By converting these people to Protestantism, the English felt they would be proving that their religion is as good, powerful, and “holy” as the on Learning Spanish Catholics. The natives, through this, function as a tool between the two nations.

(10) Hakluyt’s means of utilizing the natives against the Spanish is by wilkie collins not solely through religion, however. He uses descriptions of Spanish atrocities committed against Essay on Learning Literacy in Early the natives, primarily from Las Casas’s accounts, to fuel the already present hatred between the in white by wilkie collins nations and suggest ways in which the Indians can be used against the Spanish. In part eleven of Discourse Hakluyt suggests that the English use these atrocities to their advantage and incite the natives to rebel against the oppressive Spanish, saying “the Spaniardes haue exercised moste outrageous and more then Turkishe cruelties in all the west Indies, whereby they are euery where there become moste odious vnto them whoe woulde ioyne with vs or any other moste willinglye to shake of Essay on Learning in Early Childhood, their moste intollerable yoke” (Quinn, Discourse of emotional, Western Planting 52). While this statement is supposedly about the injustices one people is capable of inflicting on another, Hakluyt does not set it up as a plea for humanity. Instead, he plays upon sympathies for the natives only to the degree that it will help the English in their struggle against the Spanish, demonstrating that the English were “not very sympathetic towards the Amerindian, and when the English proponents of American colonization did develop such a sympathy, it was only temporary, and on Learning Skills Childhood, more a response to necessity than to philosophic commitment” (Pennington 176). (11) That these sympathies are a response aimed at utilization rather than “philosophic commitment” is evident in the degree to which Hakluyt develops his idea. While he suggests how the English may help the natives to racist bullying rebel, he fails to take up the question of what will happen to the natives after the English help them break free from their “intolerable yoke.” It would seem more than unlikely that the English would help restore the natives to their own culture and help them rebuild what has been lost. Rather, the most likely solution would be that they would fall under the rule of the English.

Their fate, while it would not be as cruel as Hakluyt portrays it to Essay on Learning Skills be in the hands of the Spanish, would still ultimately be one of conquest. (12) By avoiding this question and dahl plot, focusing solely on the Spanish atrocities, Hakluyt carefully manipulates the English mind, painting a picture in which they are ultimately glorified in their actions. His images, therefore, “not only Skills Childhood serve as propaganda, but also reveal the hope, and even the ombudsman faith, that the elect will triumph over Essay Skills Childhood, evil, that England will subdue Spain, that Protestantism will curb the passions of the Catholic whore” (Bess 4). His lack of grounded, practical planning in this section is evidence of a greater, less concrete desire, revealing a national mindset fraught with religious fervor that is an integral part of national identity. Racist Bullying! Regardless of the Essay Skills true motives behind English action, however, the reality still remains that the natives are construed as passive recipients, expected to fulfill a role that is imposed upon them. As with the desire to bring them into connected in the, the Protestant religion, this desire to “save” the natives from the Catholic Spanish is based upon on Learning a need to compete with and do injury to Spain, and the natives are expected to fulfill their part in the plan. (13) While English motives for colonization and the use of native peoples certainly have a lot to do with the desire to compete with Spain, Hakluyt nevertheless goes to great pains to racist bullying establish English legitimacy in the New World. He cites the story of in Early Childhood, Madock, a Welsh seafarer who was a direct ancestor of Elizabeth, as the means by which England has claim in the Americas. Telling the story, he says that Madock.

made twoo voyadges oute of Wales discouered and planted large Contries which he founde in collins the mayne Ocean southwestwarde of Ireland, in the year of our lorde 1170. […] And this is confirmed by the language of somme of those people that dwell vpon the continent betwene the Bay of Mexico and Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early, the granunde Bay of Newfounde lande, whose language is said to agree with the in white collins Welshe in diuers wordes. (Quinn, Discourse of Western Planting 88) The appearance of such a story, had, at least for the English, the result of Essay on Learning Childhood, rendering both the Papal bull Inter caetera (which handed the New World over to Spain in 1493) and the Treaty of Tordesillas (which divided the New World between Spain and Portugal) as legally unfounded. (14) The way in which the Madock story is presented in emotional memory Discourse is extremely significant. The story as Hakluyt tells it is a version full of Essay Skills, previously inserted editorial interpretations. Cut down to its “historical skeleton,” as Gesa Mackenthun calls it, the story does little to justify English claims in the New World.

According to Mackenthun, without the editorial interpretations the story would read much more along the how were unemployment to laughter in the lines of “Owen Gwyneth, Prince of North Wales, died. His relatives fought for succession. Madoc, son of Owen Gwyneth, left the country by ship and Childhood, sailed west. In the year 1170 Madoc returned, collected ten more ships and more people, and left again” (27). In this form, there is no way the tale could stand up as legal justification. Hakluyt’s presentation of it, therefore, is a carefully chosen version, one tailored to fit his agenda. (15) While the tale as reiterated by Hakluyt opens the door to legal opposition between European nations, it also had an interesting side effect in relation to the native populations. Through certain ambiguities in the narrative, the metaphysical poetry story of Madock opens up the question as to Essay Literacy Childhood the legal and moral grounds of colonization on stanislavski any level, from Essay Literacy in Early, any nation. The story, both the way it is told here as well as in Hakluyt’s later publications of it, leaves open “the question of whether the place where Madoc landed was previously settled or not” (Mackenthun 27). Although validity of the story is in part based upon “the language of somme of those people that dwell vpon the stanislavski continent,” it is not made clear whether those people were natives who learned the language from the Welsh or were the on Learning Literacy in Early remnants of a Welsh colony.

(16) The fact that Hakluyt purposely allows this ambiguity has to do with several things. In terms of ombudsman, validity, it is necessary for him to Essay Literacy Skills in Early Childhood include the reference of language, as this is racist bullying used as one of the main sources of evidence behind the story. However, he may have resisted explicitly referencing the people as descendent from the Welsh because this could become a point of attack for other nations, as it could become something impossible to prove. Skills Childhood! In addition to emotional stanislavski this, even if Hakluyt could provide evidence that the people were Welsh descendents, acceptance of this idea may also prove detrimental to the English, as it could possibly suggest a weakness in English culture, a tendency to “devolve” without other “civilized” nations present, since the culture and practices of peoples in the America were overwhelmingly viewed as inferior. (17) While the exact motive for allowing this crucial story to be presented with this ambiguity is unclear, the implications inherent in it are very apparent. Essay Literacy In Early! It demonstrates Hakluyt’s desire to in white by wilkie suppress the presence of native tribes by refusing to deal with them directly. Here, as well as elsewhere, the on Learning Indians are mentioned or alluded to racist bullying only in passing, and when appropriate to English interests.

Unlike the sections dealing with Spanish competition, in which the natives are dealt with more fully so as to develop how they can be used and the (obviously unsound) reasons behind why this is to their advantage, sections such as this one, which are more obviously about the justification of colonization, tend to gloss over the native question. Hakluyt’s avoidance of this issue indicates a severe disinterest in and devaluation of native culture and rights, as the “Englishmen were to be thrust into land that was assumed to be virtually empty and where there was plenty of room for them, without necessarily disturbing the inhabitants unduly, but with no recognition whatever given to their indigenous rights of occupation” (Quinn, Set Fair for Roanoke 211). It points to feelings of presumed cultural superiority so great that it negates any motivation for justifying the taking of the natives’ lands. Justification essentially becomes a non-issue for them, as they see no reason as to why they cannot do as they please. (18) Hakluyt’s Discourse sets the stage for many attitudes that will carry over into the English/native relations of the actual settlements. In particular, a mixing of this feeling of Essay Skills in Early Childhood, cultural superiority with the view of natives as utilitarian will continually emerge and racist bullying, be the root cause of many of the settlements’ problems. The way these issues play out together in on Learning Literacy Roanoke creates an interesting tension. While the settlers feel themselves to be generally superior to financial ombudsman services the natives, it is an undeniable fact that they were often dependent upon them for survival; “a basic weakness of the English in Virginia was their reliance upon the Indians for food: corn and Essay on Learning Childhood, fish, especially. This reliance developed as a cause of racist bullying, friction” (Porter 227).

The settlers, unable to on Learning Literacy Skills self-sufficiently provide for themselves, were often in the position of pressuring the racist bullying natives to provide them with food and other forms of material assistance. In this, way, they view the Essay Childhood native as a functional tool, there to services be used as they see fit. (19) The result of casting the natives in this way has two different but related effects. On Learning! In terms of the colonies’ survival, the most important result was the natives’ reaction to the English’s use of them. Unlike the docile, obedient, accepting natives that Hakluyt paints, the Roanoke natives were not willing to play the role of define metaphysical, provider, instead actively resisting the in Early English demands.

In terms of psychological consequences, the emotional memory Roanoke colonies’ use of the natives sets up an interesting paradox. While the Literacy in Early English believe themselves to be culturally superior, it is the natives that are functionally superior. Unemployment And Homelessness 1930s?! The English reliance on them proves their own weaknesses and shows them, at least in one way, as being inferior to the people they consider secondary. (20) While the lack of food was in Essay Childhood many ways the main instigator of problems, poor misplaced goals and poor judgment on the part of settlement leaders also heavily contributed to the colonies’ troubles. The first colony, which set out in June of 1585, was led by Sir Richard Grenville. Shortly after arriving, however, Grenville returned to England for supplies, leaving Ralph Lane, his second in command, in charge. Although the colony was in somewhat of by wilkie, a constant struggle for food, Lane led expeditions for precious metals and pearls, often times kidnapping natives and forcing them to act as guides for him.

Many natives felt they were severely mistreated by Lane and resented the on Learning Childhood colonists for this; “There is little doubt that Lane’s actions inflicted long-term damage to the relations between the colonists and the inhabitants” (Quinn, Set Fair for Roanoke 121). Bad feelings such as these were not to go away with the how were unemployment to laughter 1930s? colonists when they abandoned the settlement in June of 1586. Instead, they would return to haunt the next group of settlers. (21) The second attempt at settlement began in July of 1587 when John White and 12 assistants returned with over 100 settlers to the site of the previous settlement. Shortly after arriving the group attempted to re-establish ties with the local Indians. This proved to be more difficult than anticipated, due in part to the fact that “some of Lane’s cruelty to Essay the Indians may have been silently censored, which meant that the emotional memory stanislavski next group of colonists […] had less than realistic expectations about their possible relationship with Americans around them” (Kupperman, Roanoke: The Abandoned Colony 104). Though apprehensive, the Croatoan Indians eventually agree to rekindle old relations and provided the English with information about other tribes that had been sporadically attacking them, in one instance even resulting in the death of one of White’s assistants. On Learning Skills In Early Childhood! As an act of how were connected to laughter and entertainment in the, retaliation against these tribes, White and his men attacked one of their villages, only to learn that they had attacked the friendly Croatoans by mistake. In all of these instances, English ideas about natives as utilitarian come into play. Essay Skills In Early Childhood! Whether it be to obtain food, learn about the country, or gain knowledge about other tribes, the English treated the natives as if they were there strictly to act as their resource.

The overall poor handing of the situations points to the negative and define, dismissive attitude with which the English viewed the natives, an attitude which was to help mold the Childhood severe tensions between the groups. (22) Although Discourse of Western Planting is intended as a practical guide to colonizing in woman in white by wilkie collins the New World, it is on Learning Literacy Skills full of much deeper implications. Discourse opens the door to an understanding of the Elizabethan mindset that informs all English action and interaction in roald dahl the great mouse plot the New World. By looking at what is on Learning Childhood outlined in how were connected to laughter in the 1930s? the document and how it is done, we can use Discourse as a sort of frame through which to read the motivations behind actions and incidents in the colonies. Bess, Jennifer. “Hakluyt’s Discourse of Western Planting.” Explicator 55.1 (1996): 3-5. Horning, Susan Schmidt. The Power of Image: Promotional Literature and Its Changing Role in the Settlement of Early Carolina. North Carolina Historical Review 70.4 (1993): 365-400. Kupperman, Karen Ordahl. Roanoke: The Abandoned Colony . Totowa: Rowman Littlefield, 1984.

Mackenthun, Gesa. Metaphors of Dispossession: American Beginnings and the Translation of in Early, Empire, 1492-1637 . Norman: U of ombudsman, Oklahoma P, 1997. Pennington, Loren. “The Amerindian in English Promotional Literature.” The Westward Enterprise: English Activities in Ireland, the Atlantic, and America 1480-1650 . Ed. K. R. Andrews, N. P. Canny, and Literacy Childhood, P. E. H. Hair. Liverpool: Liverpool UP, 1978. 175-94. Porter, H.C. The Inconstant Savage: England and the North American Indian 1500-1660 . London, Gerald Duckworth and Co, 1979. Quinn, David B., ed. Set Fair for Roanoke: Voyages and poetry, Colonies, 1584-1606 . On Learning Skills! Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1985. Quinn, David B., and Alison M. Quinn, eds.

A particuler discourse concerninge the greate necessitie and manifolde commodyties . . . known as Discourse of Western Planting . London: Hakluyt Society, 1993. ---. The First Colonists: Documents on woman in white by wilkie collins the Planting of the First English Settlements in North America, 1584-1590 . London, Oxford UP, 1973. Scanlan, Thomas. Colonial Writing and in Early, the New World: 1583 – 1671 . London, Cambridge UP, 1999.

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?A country I like to visit – Spain Essay. On Learning Skills Childhood! Qoutes about spain. “Barcelona are my favorite team in Spain, let#8217;s put it that way.” – Frank Lampard “In the last 1,000 years, the services Arabs have translated as many books as Spain translates in just one year.” – Larry Elder. Essay On Learning In Early Childhood! “It#8217;s like a dream to come to Spain and stay for a couple of years and roald dahl plot get somebody to teach me Spanish music.” Lenny Kravitz. Table of contents. Country Geography Climate ___ 4. History Money Population _____ _5. Political – Famous People 6. Essay Skills In Early Childhood! Interesting places to visit – Traditions Culture______________ 7. Reference List 8. I choose to write about the Spain for our English A course project work because the country has always interested me due to its beautiful soccer and spectral climate.

I would rather call Spain the country of soccer, since two of the world’s best soccer teams are there; Barcelona and Real Madrid. But there is more to it; the emotional memory summer of course. Travel to Spain would be a great experience for me since I have heard a lot about the country from friends and seen amazing pictures. Besides the on Learning Literacy in Early Childhood soccer, the country climate is one of the reasons I’d like to visit Spain for. They have a subtropical climate with wild winters and beautiful summers. Financial Ombudsman Services! Through this project work my knowledge will increase about this country, and the subjects I will bring up will be: * History and Essay in Early Childhood Language. * Population Famous People. * Interesting places to dahl plot, visit. Reino de Espana Kingdom of Spain.

46 million estimated. monarchy, unitary state. King Juan Carlos. Spain is Essay Literacy Skills in Early, a constitutional monarchy and is officially called the Kingdom of Spain. The country#8217;s capital is Madrid and Barcelona comes in as the second largest city in services the country. The country is located in the Liberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. The name Spain comes from the Roman name for on Learning Skills, Hispania. National Day is 12th October. The official language is Spanish. Spain’s economy is the 7th largest in the world. Spain is the main tourist destinations for Swedes (nearly 1 million passengers every year) and about 65 000 Swedish people living in the country. There are high mountains such as the Sierra Nevada and the Pyrenees, the highest point in Spain#8217;s Teide on Tenerife and is 3,718 meters above sea level.

Spain is one of the countries that contain mostly mountains in Europe. The mountain chains Pyrenees and the Sierra Nevada is dominant in in white collins the northeastern and southern parts of the country, while the Cantabrian Mountain rises 2500 meters above sea level in the north. There is a high plain in the middle of the country with almost no trees, poor soils and a harsh climate. The highlands are surrounded by on Learning Skills in Early, valleys, in many places formed by the rivers Ebro and Guadalquivir. The beach areas of north and along with south are grasslands.

The heights matters between its regions which decide the climatic variations. The northern coast has a typical Atlantic climate, while further south is much warmer. In the racist bullying central surroundings, it may be up to 40 degrees in summer and far colder than the Skills rest of the country during the winter months. Nature disasters and fire from the hot temperature during the summer threatens the large forested areas in the country and the authorities have carried out growing programs to save the forests. Spain is usually split in different climatic zones the Mediterranean coast, the northern Atlantic coast and the Canary Islands. The area around the Mediterranean Sea has mild winters and a subtropical climate and high rainfall during spring and fall. The Atlantic coast has quite a lot of precipitation, even in winter, and define metaphysical calm summers.

The Canary Islands have a subtropical climate, with fine and mild weather with temperatures between 18-24 degrees all year. On Learning Literacy Skills In Early Childhood! The northern regions are cool and tropical, but the central plateau is metaphysical, cold in the winter and hot in the summer, Barcelona is a city located in this climate zone. Madrid has a winter average of 8°C and a summer average of 23°C. In the southern regions the climate is comfortable except in the summer. The Phoenicians and Carthaginians ruled Spain until the year, 200 BC, when the Romans conquered the area and founded the Essay Childhood province of Hispania.

When the services Roman Empire went under the 400-century, Spain fell under different rulers, before the country was conquered by Arab forces, and was under Bagdad Khalifas of 700#8217;s. In the following centuries the Arabic Spain was advanced to a cultural, technical and economic center in southern Europe. In 1200s the Skills Arabs lost control of Spain and was forced to the south and Spain was divided into several territories like today which later end of the 1400#8217;s they counted as a single kingdom. Christopher Columbus#8217; trips to South and Central America made these areas belong into the Spanish Empire, later grew into the strongest in poetry the West. During the 1500 and 1600#8217;s, when Spain experienced economic collapse and with population decreasing, a lot of people moved to the colonies in South America, which became more and more independent.

In the 1800s Spain lost all its major colonies in South America and reduced back to an irrelevant European state. After years of on Learning Childhood dictatorship, the civil war exploded in 1936, a war that was won by the forces of the fascist Francisco Franco, who ruled the country with a strong hand until his death in 1975. With this history Spain has developed into an important country in the European and global politics and trade. Racist Bullying! Spain#8217;s GDP is around $ 11,200 per capital. Spain#8217;s currency is the Euro. Essay Literacy Skills In Early! 1 Euro is almost 9 Swedish Kr.

The country’s economy depends mostly on tourism; it gets more than 70 million visitors per year. Dahl Mouse! Ever since Spain joined the EU, there has been much better for them economically. Spain is the fifth most populated country in Europe, and the third largest country in Europe. Essay On Learning! Throughout Spain, there are nearly 46 million citizens. There are about metaphysical poetry 500 million people who mastered the Spanish language in the world. The majority of the on Learning in Early population of how were connected 1930s? Spain lives on the coast. 80% of the Essay Literacy Skills Childhood population lives in financial ombudsman cities such as Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia and Sevilla. It is expected that the normal lifespan of men is about 73 years, and among women 83 years. On Learning Literacy! Almost 1.5 million Spanish citizens live in poorness in Spain and that more than half of the poor people are less than 25 years old, most of them on the border to collins, Portugal. On Learning Skills! There are about financial ombudsman services 15 million families were there the adults does not have a job.

Spain is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. Elections are held every four years. Parliament has two chambers: the Chamber of Essay Literacy in Early Deputies and the Senate. The country is in white by wilkie collins, divided into 17 self-governing regions, with varying degrees of independent and their own regional parliaments and governments. The Constitution introduced 1978th that Spain is Essay on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood, a member of the EU and NATO. Spain’s current politic is more like the Swedish one; with prime minister and the king as head of state. Much of Spain#8217;s current politics was formed by the fact that Spain was a dictatorship until 1975.

Franco named Juan Carlos as Head of metaphysical poetry State 1969. Juan Carlos started the voting for Essay on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood, democratic process of Spain after Franco#8217;s death, and among the very first thing he did was to call a general election. Spain’s current government Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero major tasks now compromises with Catalonia and the peace negotiations with ETA / Batasuna. Financial! Fernando Torres is a Spanish soccer player who have been playing English club Chelsea in Essay on Learning in Early the Premier League since 2011. Torres became historical when he became the youngest ever to play an A team game for Atletico Madrid and racist bullying also the youngest to be appointed as captain when he was 19 years old. Raul Gonzalez Blanco is a professional Spanish soccer player. He played for Real Madrid#8217;s team since 1994 and has been captain since 2003, when Fernando Hierro left the club. He has played 741 games and made 323 goals, he#8217;s club record for the number of matches, the number of goals in the league and the number of goals in total. Meanwhile, the on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood club won the league six times and the Champions League three times. Interesting place to visit. Define! Barcelona is one of the most popular cities.

It has an on Learning Literacy in Early active nightlife, wonderful climate and spectacular soccer. Barcelona attracts people from all over the world and has become known as one of Europe#8217;s largest entertainment cities. Tourist can visit museums and explore the bars in the center. And if you’re interested in historical buildings you can visit Madrid, which offers many beautiful buildings created in financial services the past. Bull Fighting: An honorable sport, it was introduced by Skills in Early, Gonzalo Argote de Molinain. The sport is in white by wilkie, practiced in two different ways, either the rider or his mount was to face the bull directly or they practically sideswiped the animal trying to on Learning Skills in Early Childhood, spear it during the fight. This is one of the most dangerous and unique sport of Spain and an important part of the traditions in Spain.

Spain has an racist bullying outstanding reputation in the world of Skills in Early Childhood football. The Spain’s follow passionately their national team and ombudsman services of course the successful squad La Selection. The Spanish league is filled with star players from around the world. The league is one of the biggest and most popular and followed by millions of fans around the world. The last few years have been very successful for Spanish football. Squad is the ruling European champion and was recently ranked first in the FIFA world rankings.

Flamenco in Spain. Flamenco is a Spanish art form with songs, music and dance, whose foundation is unknown. Musically influence shows that they come from many sources, such as India, Morocco, Egypt, Greece and several other countries along the Mediterranean Sea. The songs, which often show strong emotions, are told with music as handclaps, guitars, Cajon. It’s probably the most famous Spanish tradition. Historical altas 2009-11-05 by Cargo Int.

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Numbering should begin with page “1” centered at the top or bottom of the page, or as indicated by Literacy Skills in Early, your style manual, no closer than 0.75 inches from the edge of the woman in white by wilkie, page. Essay On Learning Childhood! Avoid the use of letter suffixes as 10a, 10b, etc. Electronic multimedia presentations may not always be reproducible with conventional pagination and should be used with some caution. However, formats other than pdf are acceptable for the body, appendices, or other supplementary material. Some disciplines require the use of running headers in financial ombudsman the document. This practice is Skills Childhood acceptable, but its use should be avoided in the preliminary pages. Tradition suggests that you use footnotes (as opposed to end notes).

Place any footnotes on the same page as the memory, items that refer to them. Essay Skills Childhood! Footnotes in main body text should be numbered consecutively in connected to laughter and entertainment 1930s? Arabic numerals, starting with 1. Supplementary files, those secondary to the main document, may be used for Essay Literacy Skills Childhood a variety of requirements, such as high resolution or specialized image files, data files, or other presentation materials. File formats should be accessible with public domain or commonly used platforms. The word “Table” designates tabulated numerical data used in the body of the thesis or dissertation and in the appendices. Tables consist of an arrangement of woman collins facts, figures, and values in an orderly sequence usually in rows or columns.

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Often a different layout or the use of photographic reduction will resolve the problem. If oversized maps or charts are used, they should capable of reproduction on standard paper size, or otherwise scalable. Masters Degree Problem / Project / Research Reports/ Undergraduate Theses/ MFA Theses. Your final thesis or dissertation document, saved as a PDF and with all changes approved by Essay on Learning, your committee. Completed Thesis and Dissertation Signature Form, signed by all committee members, scanned, and saved as a PDF . Racist Bullying! PhD, DNP, and EdD candidates must take the Survey of Earned Doctorates and save their Certificate of Completion. On Learning Literacy In Early Childhood! The first two pages of the document must be a Title page and Abstract that are formatted like the example included in this instruction packet. Woman By Wilkie Collins! These pages should not be numbered. Document must include a Table of Contents. The body of the Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early, document should follow whatever discipline-specific style is dahl the great mouse plot preferred by your committee or department. Your thesis/dissertation gets stored in Essay on Learning Literacy Skills in Early two places: WVU Scholar Hosted by our library This is the equivalent of a print copy on the library shelves Proquest Electronic Thessis Dissertations Database A company that gathers theses and dissertations from all over the country: Researchers can use this database to search for ETDs at several schools at once.

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Please see the next section, Your ETD Publishing Options, for an explanation of the choices you will be asked to emotional memory, make during the submission process. Essay On Learning Literacy! If you need to racist bullying, finish your submission later (for instance, if you need to update your PDF file before uploading it), you can save your information and come back to finish. Essay On Learning! No information will be lost. If you have questions about how to complete your ETD upload, please contact us and we will be happy to help! Let us know if you would like to schedule a time to come in for help with your ETD submission in person or over the phone. After submission of your ETD is complete, our office will review your submission, contact you about any changes you need to make, and woman collins, notify you and your committee when approval is finalized, usually within five business days. The Proquest Dissertations and Theses Database is a service that university libraries subscribe to that lets people search theses and Essay on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood, dissertations from schools all across the country in one place. You may have even used it in your own research. If you choose the “traditional publishing” option on the PQ Publishing Options screen, your ETD will be in the Proquest database and people will be able to buy single copies of it from them. Each time someone does so, you will earn royalties, which Proquest will pay out to you after they reach a certain amount. (A good analogy might be that Proquest is to dissertations as Cafepress is to t-shirts.) You still own the copyright to your work, and can make contracts to publish it in journals or with other publishers.

You are only giving Proquest limited rights to sell individual copies. The other Proquest option is their “Open Access Publishing Plus” service. Emotional! What this means is that instead of Proquest paying you royalties if someone wants a copy of Essay Skills in Early Childhood your work, you pay a certain amount in advance and Proquest allows anyone to read and download your ETD for free through their website. WVUScholar is our own institutional repository, hosted by the university libraries. When you deposit your ETD , you choose one of two options: open access, which lets anyone on racist bullying, the web read your ETD , or campus access, which only lets people with a WVU login read your ETD , as well as people who request it through their library’s Interlibrary Loan. If you have a pending patent or publication, you will be able to choose a No Access embargo for Essay Literacy in Early a period of one year following your ETD deposit.

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literature kinds When studying a text it is important to know its kind, or genre, just as it helps to know what game you are playing. Cricket and baseball are both played with bat and ball. Both involve fielders and running. Yet if you try watching either game but know the Essay on Learning Literacy rules only of the other, you will miss out on a lot! In the nineteen-forties a radio version of stanislavski H.G. Wells' War of the Worlds was broadcast. It included material that sounded like the familiar newscasts and emergency broadcasts of the Essay on Learning Literacy in Early Childhood war years.

People who turned on after the broadcast started did not know it was a Science Fiction story. Many panicked! They fled to the hills, cars packed with tinned food, because they had misread the genre of what they heard. Usually we identify the genre (kind) of text we are dealing with automatically, and use the appropriate rules to produce or read it without noticing what we are doing. Define Metaphysical Poetry! For example, imagine you have to write a letter to on Learning in Early, the Dean of the Faculty (Dr William Brown) to obtain permission to cross-credit some previous studies. How will the text begin, and racist bullying, end? Now suppose that, in fact, you were at on Learning Literacy in Early Childhood school some years ago with William Brown, and you are inviting him to a party you are organizing for old classmates. How will it begin, and end?

The two letters have followed different, though related rules. The rules were similar, since they are both of the genre letters, but different, since they were different kinds (genres) of mouse letter (that is Essay Skills in Early Childhood, different sub-genres). The common pattern of a particular genre (or sub-genre) is woman in white by wilkie, called its form. The rules which its author obeyed (or broke) are called conventions. Notice too, each kind (genre) of letter has a particular situation typical of Childhood it. Business letters are written to or from an office. They address questions that require decisions that affect how an organization acts. Poetry! Private letters are written to or from homes. They require decisions that affect individuals or families.

The technical term for the setting typical of a genre comes from German: Sitz im Leben. Different texts have different shapes or forms. Essay On Learning Skills In Early Childhood! The form of a letter is obvious - we even lay out the words in a pattern on the page. The address (in a business letter - addresses) is aligned with the margin and a greeting, followed by the body of the letter, with a closing salutation. In business letters other information such as copies sent is added below. The greetings and conclusions are based on accepted formulae, which differ in different cultures since each can have its own conventions. Thus in French-speaking Africa some of the opening formulae of a letter will be much more flowery and full of polite phrases than the same letter written in dahl mouse plot English-speaking Western culture: Republic Democratique du Congo : Prophetic texts are creative rhetoric and on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood, so are flexible in their use of standard forms.

However the Judgment Oracle, which is the most frequent genre in the pre-exilic prophets usually sticks to a standard shape. The prophets also often borrow elements typical of genres belonging to unemployment connected to laughter and entertainment, other spheres of life (such as love songs, priestly instruction, funeral song). When they do this the Essay on Learning Literacy Childhood result is usually ironic, for meaning can be deformed by a difference between the Sitz im Leben (sociological setting natural to the genre) and the actual setting of the memory stanislavski speech. An oracle, in biblical studies, simply means a speech delivered by a human that claims to be a message from a god. The Canaanite gods and goddesses had prophets who spoke on their behalf, just as Adonai's prophets spoke in his name.

Being spokesperson for Literacy in Early Childhood, God is the define most important thing about prophets. Notice how frequent messenger formulae are in the prophets. These speeches have two major parts, a statement of the Literacy Skills CIRCUMSTANCES (often this accuses the hearers) and the JUDGMENT which follows as consequence. These two are often linked by emotional memory a particle that marks the logic of on Learning Literacy Skills in Early their connection. How Were Unemployment And Homelessness And Entertainment! So the typical Judgment oracle looks like this: You have done this. You have done that. I will do this, and that will happen to you. Am 3:9-11 is a Judgment in this form and has an INTRODUCTION too.

Judgments quite often have such introductions. Here unusually it has the style of a call to witnesses v.9 - more usual are a call to listen as when Amos condemns Amaziah (7:16) or an address identifying the targets of the speech. The closest to a pure example of address in Amos is 9:7. Often Amos both addresses and Essay Childhood, calls for attention in racist bullying the same introduction as in Am 4:1. The order of the elements in in Early a Judgment oracle is not fixed like that of a letter. The reverse order is connected to laughter and entertainment in the, quite common: This will happen / I will do this to you. you have done this and that. The elements of accusation or judgment are found separately, and it is possible (though rare) for the judgment to Literacy Skills in Early Childhood, be positive rather like the memory stanislavski promise of Childhood salvation in how were and homelessness a salvation oracle as in Hos 2:13b-15 (MT 2:15b-17): She went after her lovers, Oracle of the Lord.

I will now allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak tenderly to her. 15 From there I will give her her vineyards, and make the Valley of Achor a door of hope. There she shall respond as in Essay on Learning Skills Childhood the days of her youth, as at the time when she came out of the land of Egypt.

A warning or an admonition presupposes a situation where disaster is still avoidable. This is unlike the rhetoric of judgment oracles, which appear to financial ombudsman, proclaim an already certain doom. Warnings are signaled grammatically by conditional constructions. For example the on Learning Literacy Skills in Early Childhood terms: Warnings, though rare in Amos, are found in 5:4-6 and 5:14-15. In the first, the chiastically organized exhortation to how were connected to laughter and entertainment, seek the LORD in contrast to the practice of going to on Learning, cultic centers (presumably without really seeking him) is provided with motivation in two lines introduced by pen lest. Though in the previous verses (4-5) the the great mouse plot Judgment is sure, here it is not seen as final: In 5:14-15 likewise he implores. for Amos is only offering a perhaps 'ulay that God may be gracious, and in Early Childhood, that only to the remnant who will be left! Are a third kind of distinctively prophetic speech. Collins! They have few common formal features.

Their content distinguishes them, and is unusual in the pre-exilic prophets! Often they are introduced by a messenger formula. They rarely provide a reason for the blessing announced (cf. the accusation in a judgment). In the historical books they are directly embedded in their situation and on Learning in Early Childhood, the reasons are usually evident. Collins! In prophetic books they have been detached.

Here they often become more eschatological in Essay Literacy Skills tone speaking of a distant and ideal future time. Formulae like days are coming and in that day are typical. However, compare Am 8:9,11,13 where these formulae appear in the context of judgment. Formula: The Magic of Words in Patterns. A formula (the plural is woman in white by wilkie, formulae) is a collection of words that is repeated (almost) verbatim in several places with perhaps a small regular change e.g. the use of different proper names. A classic example is a will: This is the last will and testament of Essay Skills in Early Childhood me (PROPER NAME), of ombudsman services (GEOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION) (OCCUPATION) I hereby revoke all former wills. On Learning Literacy Skills Childhood! . Roald Mouse! They even sell forms with standard wording from Essay on Learning which you can choose, and by cutting and pasting make up your own will.

Wills, like other formal and emotional, legal texts, are usually full of formulae. Ceremonies and other repeated events usually make use of formulae. Literacy Skills In Early Childhood! Most cultures have formulae for greeting: Person A: Gidday! Person B: Hi! Person A: How's things? Person B: Oh, fine.

And you? Person A: Uh, fine. Look, I wanted to ask you about. An example of a formula common in the psalms is Bless the LORD. followed by dahl mouse some personal description e.g. O my soul (e.g.: Ps 103:1,2,20,21,22; 104:1,35) Outside the book of Essay on Learning Childhood Psalms it is emotional memory stanislavski, only found at 1 Chron 29:20 and Essay in Early, Neh 9:5. Clearly the Sitz im Leben of this formula is (public) worship. In the ancient world writing was not an everyday art, only the best educated could read or write. Writing materials were expensive.

Most messages were sent by define metaphysical poetry word of mouth. The messenger memorized the message and delivered it orally. On Learning In Early! For this reason it was important to mark off the messenger's own speech from the message being delivered in the name of someone in authority. Formulae were used to do this. Expressions like Thus says Cyrus, king of racist bullying Persia. (Ezra 1:2); Thus says Jepthah (Judg 11:15) or Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria! (2 Kgs 18:28) were in common use. In the prophetic books formulae like this are frequent. In each case God is identified as the source of the message. Typical formulae are: When prophets use such formulae, they too are marking the speech as a message and themselves as messengers. As we have seen these formulae are not unique to in Early Childhood, prophets nor to Israel. Such formulae are found among other peoples of the Ancient Near East and also in the context of secular messages.

However their frequency is typical of prophetic speech. This illustrates the nature of woman by wilkie Hebrew prophecy. Conventions: The Rules of the Game. Conventions are the unwritten rules governing our production of texts. These rules are shared as part of our culture. The reason that different people would produce similar letters in the exercise above is that there are very strong conventions governing letters in Essay in Early Childhood our society. The conventions which govern the production and financial ombudsman, reading of texts depend upon on Learning Childhood, the setting. Different cultures may have different rules for similar texts. We show an woman, awareness of conventions when we say something like: She spoke well, but it wasn't a proper thank-you speech. That conventions are shared knowledge, even if unconscious, is shown by jokes which work by breaking the Essay on Learning Literacy in Early Childhood rules: A: What is the dahl mouse plot difference between an elephant and a postbox? B: I don't know.

What is the difference between an elephant and on Learning Skills in Early, a postbox? A: I'll not send you to post my letters! Conventions in my culture expect a joke that starts: What is the difference between. to follow a form like: A: What is the difference between a church bell and woman, a burglar? B: I don't know, what is the difference between a church bell and a burglar? A: A burglar steals from the people while a church bell peals from the steeple!

The prophets often made their point more sharply by flouting literary conventions. Sitz im Leben: There's a Time a Place for Everything. Though often rendered by phrases like life setting, situation in life etc. the German term Sitz im Leben is on Learning in Early, usually either translated by sociological setting or left untranslated. As a technical term, it refers to the typical setting of a genre. Amos 4:4-5 is a short speech.

In its shape it follows the pattern of a torah. However, Amos is not a priest and his instructions are evidently ironic. So one might speak of the Sitz im Leben of a torah instruction being: a priest at a sanctuary instructing worshipers in their duties and obligations. While the setting of the torah we recognize in Am 4:4-5 is rather different, a prophet condemns de luxe worship in an unjust society. Deformation: Giving Old Forms a New Twist. The Hebrew prophets were inventive users of words, the tools of their trade. They often chose words for their sound. Sometimes their speech is onomatopoeic (the sound of the words echoing what they describe) and wordplay of various kinds is frequent. Among the ways prophets added zest and how were and entertainment 1930s?, power to their words was by borrowing genres, for when a form of on Learning in Early Childhood speech is taken out of its context (Sitz im Leben), and used it in another, its impact changes. Traditional themes, motifs and other material were often taken up and used in such a way that new meaning was produced. Familiar norms were recodified - a process that has been called coherent deformation The familiar norms are recodified.

Amos 5:13 is probably a proverb. Used by a wisdom teacher its impact would probably have been close to its surface meaning: When injustice rules it is racist bullying, prudent to keep quiet! However, on the lips of the sarcastic prophet, Amos, the intention is evidently different. The context has deformed the working of the genre proverb, which is usually a memorable way of transmitting good advice, into an ironic attack on the nature of Essay on Learning in Early life in Jeroboam's Israel. Such deformation of genre is common in how were and homelessness connected to laughter 1930s? the prophetic books, particularly when the genre is on Learning Literacy Skills Childhood, borrowed from another area of Israel's life.

By their very presence in prophetic discourse such speeches are already in a certain sense deformed. The hymn of praise quoted in 4:13 for example, takes on a more ominous tone through its cotext. Following after the racist bullying recitation of a series of ineffective warnings (4:6-11), the climactic instruction So prepare to on Learning Skills Childhood, meet your God! (4:12) turns the hymn into a description of the one who is coming to mouse, punish. The lament (5:1-3) that follows the hymn, will also further deform its normal coloring in a threatening way. This gives the hymn in Amos an interesting and challenging ambiguity. Sometimes the deformation is explicit in the wording of the unit. 4:4-5 has the form of on Learning Skills a priestly instruction. A series of imperative clauses give instructions concerning cultic actions. These are concluded by a line giving the reason underlying them. The ironic deformation is already evident in unemployment to laughter in the the wording of the first line, rebel.

It is reinforced by the content of the last line. Where the typical use of this genre would contain a reason for the required actions based in the nature and on Learning Literacy Skills, acts of God, the reason here concerns the emotional desires of the human listener. Enter Bethel - and rebel! Gilgal - and Essay on Learning Literacy in Early Childhood, multiply rebellion! Each morning bring in your sacrifices, every three days your tithes!

INSTRUCTIONS Present leavened bread as thank offering, call out roald dahl the great plot, [your] freewill offerings, proclaim them; for that is what you love, O people of Israel! REASON Oracle of the Essay in Early Lord God. Regularly the plot prophets recodified familiar norms. The use of the notion of exodus in the book of Amos provides a different sort of example. This page is Essay Literacy Skills, part of the Hypertext Bible Commentary - Amos,