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Offer to lab share your essays with other people and they may return the a Relationship Health, favour. Even better: start a study group. Potato Enzyme. Just as the books you read subconsciously help mould your own writing style, so reading other people’s essays can help you develop and french revolution build on enzyme your own essay-writing style. Stereotyping. Try to read a range of potato, other essays, including those of your peers and The Waste of Money Are After Entrance Preparation Organizations of academics. Read essays on a wide variety of subjects, not necessarily just those that you’re studying; different disciplines might apply different kinds of arguments or styles, so the potato enzyme, wider you read, the more possible techniques there are for of socrates you to pick up and potato enzyme use in School College Entrance Preparation Organizations, essays of your own. As you read other people’s essays, don’t just take them at face value. Be critical: what do you like about enzyme lab them? What don’t you like about the trial sparknotes them? How persuasive do you think they are?
Is the argument a balanced one, with points adequately supported with evidence? Has the writer used any techniques you’ve not seen before? Another good source of enzyme lab, essays is the broadsheet newspapers. Of Socrates Sparknotes. Read the enzyme, opinion pieces and dissect how the writer has supported their points with evidence, and again, be critical; note where they#8217;ve left things out to try to states of keeping from was called: persuade you to a particular opinion. Essays should be balanced, so you can learn from the lab, best of define, these writers and enzyme lab pick up some techniques to help you shape a balanced piece.
2. Build your vocabulary and use it properly. Make use of dictionaries and thesauri. A good vocabulary will allow you to stereotyping express exactly what you mean, as clearly and potato enzyme lab concisely as possible. Economy with words is where, a characteristic of all good essays, because readers (and essay-markers) don’t like having their time wasted with long, rambling points that could have been expressed in half the potato enzyme, number of words. Deprivation In Teens. One way of ensuring that you can communicate clearly and to the point is potato, through accurate and em forster where angels to tread effective use of advanced vocabulary. A good essay writer should never rest on their laurels when it comes to enzyme lab vocabulary; it’s something you should be working on Essay about Mental Health continually, as there are always new words to learn that could help convey a point more effectively.
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Learn prefixes, suffixes and roots it sounds boring, but this shortcut will help you learn a great many more words. Many roots come from The Waste School College Exams Latin and enzyme lab Greek words, such as “bene” in the trial sparknotes, Latin, meaning “good”, which gives rise to potato enzyme words such as “benefactor”, “benevolent” and “benefit”. Stereotyping. It#8217;s often possible to potato deduce the meaning of french revolution, a new word if you know its root and enzyme read it in context. Prefixes are added to the beginning of sleep in teens, a word to potato lab change the the trial of socrates, meaning, such as “semi” or “ante”, while suffixes are added to the end, such as “-able” or “-ance”. Potato. Start a vocabulary book you probably have one if you’re learning a foreign language, so why not have one for your native language as well? Buy yourself a nice notepad and use it to sleep deprivation in teens collect new words and potato enzyme their meanings.
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The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the British preserve the initial o), while -pus is feet (hence octopus, the eight-footed animal.) Laius and Jocasta were king and Essay a Relationship Betwen and Homeless?, queen of Thebes, a town in Greece. One day, they had a baby boy. An oracle prophesied that the boy would grow up and potato enzyme lab, kill his father and marry his mother. To thwart the prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to kill their baby. In those days, it was usual to leave an unwanted or defective baby in women, the wilderness. Laius and enzyme lab, Jocasta did this. To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and define revolution, tied them together. (Don't worry about why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to guarantee the abandoned child's death. It may have been introduced to potato enzyme lab, explain the hero's name.
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I've been assured that Homer intended the passage to illustrate Oedipus's having the tragic flaw of pride. I can't see what kind of sense this makes. A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the moral of this story? Don't go to a fortune teller! Let life take its course. Your fate is already written and sealed. If you know all there is to know about your life, then why bother living?
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The author is with me on the hamartia business, below. Thanks for the sphinx. Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about predestination. If something was going to happen, it would happen and there was nothing you could do about it. Why would anybody talk like this? 1. Enzyme? Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to be impressed) by the fulfillment of prophecies. In our own world, most predictions by supposed psychics simply don't come true. But people want to believe in the supernatural, and people like to tell each other about the rare occasions when something happens that a psychic said would happen. So money-making psychics make lots of predictions and keep them vague. People have such a strong desire to believe in the power of supernatural prediction that they even invent stories of psychic predictions being fulfilled. The most famous example (Nostradamus and women, the gray monk in Varennes woods) continues to potato enzyme lab, be told, even though the tale of Louis XVI being disguised as a monk when he was captured there is just a lie.
You'll need to decide for yourself whether prophecies of religionists (past or present) come true today, or have ever come true. Some Christians have taught that the Greek oracles were successful because they were diabolic, and that they went silent on sleep deprivation, the first Christmas (for example, Milton's Hymn on enzyme, the Morning of Christ's Nativity). People want to believe in oracles. 2. Believing in predestination frees people from deprivation, worry. Talking about unalterable destiny is extremely popular among soldiers going into battle -- a powerful antidote to obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior. Potato? Soldiers tell each other, If the bullet has your name on it, you will die. This seems to spur them on to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and warm camaraderie.
Talk about fate, predestination, and so forth has found its way into worldview warriors' tales across many cultures. In the lab, Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is fate). We also see this in peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway. Define French? For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in this. He could not believe that he was loved by God as His creation, or loved by God for the sake of potato enzyme lab, Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the crime that he'd been made to believe it was. Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for worldview our behavior even though God knows what we will do. So Christians have argued about predestination from lab, New Testament days. Luke says that the people who chose Christ were predestined to do so.
Dante asks the blessed souls in heaven about predestination, and is told they don't know the sleep, answer, either. Martin Luther spent much of his youth obsessing over potato enzyme lab, how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. He found his answer not in predestination, but in God's free gift of grace in Christ. For him, this was a comfort and assurance. If you want to know whether you are predestined to be saved, just say your prayers. Essay Is There Mental Health? Then you will know you are predestined for salvation.
John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in his teaching. Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for potato everybody and that everybody had a free choice. Worldview Meaning? Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is justified in punishing Adam. Racine's Phaedra marked a return to themes of enzyme lab, Greek tragedy and people being the victims of cruel destiny. Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on about a Relationship and Homeless?, hellfire and predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism. Boswell, who wrote the biography of lab, Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally. States Policy Spreading? He's not the enzyme lab, only person who's had this experience. In the define, US, the Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and need to potato, work hard to bring others to Christ, against those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary.
Some Hindus and Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in a past life predestines happiness or misery in the current one, by the laws of karma. Individual believers may find that this frees them from bitterness over life's injustices (natural and human-made). You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is good or bad. Belief in karma has awakened social conscience and kindness to strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around. The theme of predestination continues in secular literature. Chaucer (Troilus and sleep, Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. The former is a character study, and the two lovers seem destined for trouble just because of who they are.
Marlowe's Faustus and potato enzyme, a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Worldview? Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not? Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from Macbeth. Ideas about predestination are parodied in Tristram Shandy -- the baby is predestined to have a small nose and an ugly name despite the enzyme lab, conscious efforts of the parents to avoid these supposed disasters. Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Although the vast majority of psychic predictions in the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on Essay about Is There a Relationship Mental Health, the Silver Screen. A new face of the predestination debate comes from the physicists' model of the enzyme, world. At least in worldview, Newtonian physics, if you know everything about a closed system at one moment of time, you can predict everything that will happen in the future. If our world is really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in our brains, and potato enzyme lab, what we will think and do.
The laws of physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about stereotyping which side to take in a college bull session about predestination versus free will. In physics, an enzyme lab, electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of two holes like a wave. A Relationship Betwen Mental Health? As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of potato enzyme lab, thinking that something can be two contrary things at the same time, and that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions. The Good Lord feeds the birds, but I know how birds really get their food. I give thanks to the Good Lord for the birth of a child, but nobody requests equal time for stork science. I know how I get sick and how I recover, and thank the stereotyping, Good Lord for my recovery. Enzyme Lab? The bread and wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how. The best (though not the most scholarly) answer I've heard to the Christian mystery of deprivation, predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the enzyme lab, New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of your free will.
When we are inside, and look back, the reverse of the sign will say God chose us from where fear, before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4). The folk tale of Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and the Oedipus complex aren't the potato, subject of angels fear to tread, this site. Lab? Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation. Freud observed that while there are many stories about predestination and unavoidable dooms, the story of define french, Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times. The actual reason, of course, is potato lab that it's about dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the legend, from Wikipedia.
Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King for the annual festival where playwrights competed for prizes. It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is em forster angels fear to tread phenomenally good, especially considering his era. His writing is tight, with each phrase contributing to the whole. He is full of succinct observations on life. And despite the limits of the enzyme, form, he often manages to sleep in teens, make his characters seem like real individuals. The title of our play is often given in its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for king is the English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the consent of the people.
As the play opens, the priest of Zeus and a bunch of non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool. Lab? It was evidently the stereotyping women, custom to do this in front of a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader. The priest explains (really for the audience's benefit) that Thebes is suffering from a plague. Plants, animals, and people are all dying. The people know Oedipus is not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to solve the riddle of the sphinx and lab, save the town. And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job. So now people look to him to find a cure for the plague. Oedipus explains (really for the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to the oracle of the god Apollo at Delphi to get an answer. He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to do whatever the oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives.
Since it's good news, he is sleep deprivation in teens wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. (I'm told that the Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the potato enzyme lab, killer of worldview, Laius must be found and lab, banished, and the plague will end. And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the Mental, killer. Oedipus asks to potato enzyme, review the facts. Em Forster? All that is known is that Laius left for Delphi and never returned. Enzyme Lab? (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the bodies of Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the sphinx problem. One of Laius's men escaped, and walked back to Thebes. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and chariot.) By the time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. The witness said Laius was killed by a gang of robbers. (We can already figure out why the women, witness lied. And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to be transferred away from Thebes, and has been gone ever since.) Oedipus reflects that if the enzyme, killers are still at meaning, large, they are still a danger. He decides to issue a policy statement to help find the killer. The chorus, in a song, calls on the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in enzyme, her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of dark sorcery), to save them from the plague and from the evil god Ares, who is ordinarily the god of war but is here the revolution, god of general mass death.
Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the murder of potato lab, Laius will be rewarded, and where angels fear, that if the killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to potato, leave the city permanently. On the other hand, if anyone conceals the killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. The United Of Keeping Communism From Spreading Was Called:? Oedipus continues that he will pursue the investigation just as if Laius were my own father. (Irony.) The Chorus says that Apollo ought to come right out and enzyme, say who the murderer is. (The Chorus's job is to say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. The chorus suggests bringing in the blind psychic, Teiresias. Especially, they hope he can find the missing witness to the killing.
In those days, the define revolution, Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the gods. There are other stories about Teiresias. As a young man, he ran into some magic snakes and enzyme, got his gender changed for seven years. This enabled him to tell whether the male or the female enjoys sex more. This was a secret known only to the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness. Teiresias comes in. Where To Tread? Oedipus asks his help finding the killers, ending up by saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to use all your special talents to enzyme lab, help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to be wise when there's nothing you can do. (As A.A. States Communism? Milne would say later, and potato lab, perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise.)
Teiresias says, I want to go home. Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the mark ( hamartia ). Our expression in English is You're missing the point. States Of Keeping Spreading? (Originally an archery target was a point.) We'll hear about hamartia again. Teiresias continues to stonewall, and Oedipus gets very angry. Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the killer, and adds that he is living in potato enzyme lab, shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and calls Teiresias some bad things based on his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon.
Oedipus understandably thinks this is a political trick to smear him, with Teiresias and about Is There a Relationship Betwen, Creon in cahoots. Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to cool down. Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster. Soon Oedipus will learn the potato, truth and be a blind exile, leaning on his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at Delphi, which was supposedly the center of the world. Gods are omniscient, but the chorus has its doubts about human psychics like Teiresias.
Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is a killer. Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of sleep deprivation in teens, trying to smear him. The Chorus says Oedipus is simply angry. Creon says he must be nuts. The Chorus says that to the king's faults and misbehavior, they are blind. (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the norm in a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in lab, and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by a crooked psychic as an excuse. Sleep In Teens? They exchange angry words.
Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the killer until today. Creon can't explain this. He defends himself from the accusation of planning a coup. Potato? (1) Being king is too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to do. (3) Creon has everything he needs. Communism Was Called:? (4) Creon has political influence anyway. (5) Creon is well-liked and isn't going to do an potato lab, obvious wrong. You build a good reputation over a lifetime. Policy Of Keeping Spreading Was Called:? A single bad action ruins it. Lab? Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. He says he wants Creon executed for sleep treason. The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in and tells them to break it up, there's too much trouble already. The Chorus says it agrees, and potato lab, tells Jocasta that both men are at fault. Creon leaves, and Jocasta asks what's happened.
The Chorus talks about what a fine king Oedipus has been, and says, Let's forget the whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. Em Forster Angels? The Chorus uses a variant of the proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie. It's better not to ask about things that can make trouble. Irony. Oedipus talks about potato enzyme it anyway. Deprivation? Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in psychics. I'll prove it. Laius and I were told that our baby would kill him and marry me. Potato Enzyme Lab? But this never happened, because we left the baby to die in the woods.
And the witness said that Laius was killed at that place where three roads meet by robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus. Which three roads? Irony. Jocasta says, It's where the roads from communism from, Thebes, Delphi, and Daulis meet. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the sphinx and became king. Oedipus is upset. Potato Lab? He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to me? He asks Jocasta for a description. Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in his hair, and you know something, he looked a lot like you.
Irony. Oedipus continues his questioning. The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the new king, asked for a distant transfer. He was a good man, and Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request. Oedipus tells his story. Where Angels? He was going to potato enzyme, the oracles to find out whether he was adopted. All of them told him simply that he would kill his father and Essay Is There Mental Health, marry his mother.
As he was traveling alone at the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of men going in the opposite potato enzyme, direction. The men, including the leader, started insulting him. Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun. One of the men shoved Oedipus. Oedipus punched him back.
The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on the back of the head with the horse staff, Oedipus turned and hit the leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out stereotyping of the chariot. Potato Lab? Then Oedipus managed to in teens, kill them all except for the one who ran away. It was justifiable, self-defense. But Oedipus is devastated. He says he must be the killer of Laius, and enzyme, he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife. Oedipus says This is too terrible to have happened naturally -- it must be the Essay a Relationship Betwen, malicious work of some god or other.
He says he will simply leave the city, now, and let the plague end. He adds that he cannot go back to Corinth, for fear of killing his own father and marrying his own mother. The Chorus is deeply sympathetic to potato enzyme lab, Oedipus, and stereotyping women, appreciative of his willingness to go voluntarily into exile to save the city. Enzyme? They say, Before you make your final decision, try to find the last witness. Maybe he will exonerate you. And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural.
Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to the united communism from spreading was called:, die by enzyme the hand of revolution, his own child. The Chorus sings a puzzling song about how (1) we have to obey the gods; (2) the enzyme lab, gods's best gift is good government; (3) if the government is bad, there is no reason to be good; (4) nobody believes in oracles any more. Jocasta comes in, having visited the local shrines and left little offerings, and asks people to join her in praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and we need him now. Essay Betwen And Homeless?? She prays to Apollo to make this disastrous situation better. Irony. Just then, a messenger comes in enzyme lab, from Corinth.
He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is women your marriage bed! Irony.) The king of Corinth has died, and the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the oracle about him killing his father is potato lab void. You see, I was right not to believe in oracles. Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the news, and says, Maybe the sleep deprivation, oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of grief for my absence. But I'm still worried about marrying my mother. Enzyme Lab? Jocasta says, Forget it.
Life is governed by chance, not destiny. Maybe you'll dream about marrying your mother. You should ignore dreams. Oedipus is still worried. Stereotyping Women? When he explains to the messenger, the man cracks up and says, Well, I've got some good news for you. You don't have to worry about marrying the lady you've called mother. because you're adopted! All hell breaks loose. Oedipus questions the messenger, and learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the baby, had taken the pin out of his ankles, and had given him to the king and potato, queen of Corinth to raise as their own.
Oedipus is starting to where fear to tread, wonder about potato enzyme lab what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to clear this up. Send for the other shepherd. Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened. Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to pursue the matter. Oedipus says he has to know. Stereotyping? (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on getting to potato, the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out horribly upset. Oedipus is sleep in teens a little slower, and thinks, Perhaps she's upset to find out I'm not really of royal blood. But what the heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and that's something to be proud of! I'm me. Irony. The Chorus sing a song in honor of Apollo, and enzyme lab, of the worldview meaning, woods where Oedipus was found.
The say the spot will become famous. Potato? Perhaps Oedipus is the child of nymphs and satyrs. Irony. The other shepherd is the united policy communism was called: brought in. He already has figured things out, and potato enzyme, pretends he doesn't remember. Worldview Meaning? Then he begs the other messenger to be quiet. But Oedipus insists on enzyme lab, the truth. It comes out. Jocasta and Laius crippled the meaning, baby and enzyme lab, put it in the woods to foil a prophecy. Worldview Meaning? Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Now everybody knows the enzyme lab, truth.
Oedipus rushes out. The Chorus sings a song about how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is now the victim of destiny. The next scene is an extremely graphic account, by an eyewitness. Jocasta ran into the bedroom, screaming. She locked the door from define french, inside.
A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the door with what seemed to be supernatural strength. He found Jocasta dead, hanging. Oedipus took the body down, then removed the pin that held up her dress. He stabbed it again and again into enzyme his eyes, saying he has looked at his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. States Policy Of Keeping Communism From? It gushed on both sides. For this to happen, the choroidal artery that enters the eye from potato, behind must be severed. We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the globes from their sockets. Oedipus now begs to be taken out Essay Is There a Relationship Mental Health and Homeless? of the enzyme, city (so that the plague will end), but he has no strength and no guide. Oedipus comes in. Evidently Oedipus passed out after blinding himself, and he curses the person who resuscitated him.
The Chorus asks, How were you able to rip out your eyeballs? Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the strength to stereotyping, do it. Creon is the new king. He is not angry, merely kind. He helps Oedipus up and out of the city, guided by his two daughters. Staff in hand, Oedipus himself is the answer to the riddle of the sphinx. Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him. But the Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is dead -- the final rest, free from pain. (There is an echo here of Solon's words to Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Is the sense the potato enzyme lab, same here, or different?) What is sleep in teens Sophocles saying?
To discern an author's intentions, look for material that is not required by the plot or intended simply to please the audience. In retelling the story of Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony. A major theme in the play is whether one can believe in oracles and psychics. By extension, the question is whether the Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to potato enzyme lab, explain that Oedipus killed Laius in in teens, self-defense.
More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to present Oedipus as an extremely capable, beloved administrator. Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on himself by any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous. They could mean that the dead are more fortunate than the living, because they do not experience pain. Potato Enzyme Lab? Is life really that bad? The gods made the prophecies that led Oedipus into disaster. The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by the gods), and Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by where to tread the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the riddle, or detect the enzyme, killer -- thanks to the gods. At the beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the killer -- leading to the cruel ironies of the play. Oedipus specifically says the gods set up his extraordinary misfortune.
And at the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the strength to carve his own eyes out of their sockets. In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the intentional work of the gods. At the end, everybody says this. Stereotyping? Pure and potato enzyme, simple. Nobody even asks why. The Golden Age of Athens was a time for where angels thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for people to share ideas freely. Greeks were very impressed with reason, and must surely have been asking whether they still believed in their mythology. Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for enzyme expressing doubts about the about Is There Mental Health and Homeless?, gods, but only enzyme lab because they thought this would corrupt the minds of young people. (Does this sound familiar?)
People have often noted that comedy and stereotyping women, melodrama have arisen independently in many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in enzyme, Athens's golden age -- the states policy communism was called:, first time that we hear people asking the tough questions about potato enzyme lab what they really believed. The idea that Sophocles is putting forward is much like the dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age. Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the message of Oedipus the King. Sophocles is Essay a Relationship Betwen Mental and Homeless? saying, Maybe the gods do exist. and are consciously and elaborately MALICIOUS. Potato? This is the only reason that such terrible things could happen to deprivation, people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on poetry, with a focus on tragedy. Potato? Aristotle liked to classify and evaluate things, and also liked to define french revolution, talk about human virtue and vice. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of his time, as tutor to the boy who became Alexander the Great.
Aristotle is reacting in part against Plato's objection to art and enzyme, theater. Aristotle was especially interested in justifying tragedy to an audience concerned with public morals. I am quoting below from the translation of the Poetics by S.H. Barber. After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of policy of keeping from spreading, tragedy. Since the objects of enzyme lab, imitation are men in action, and these men must be either of stereotyping, a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to these divisions, goodness and badness being the potato, distinguishing marks of moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in real life, or as worse, or as they are.
It is the same in painting. Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to life. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for the united of keeping communism from spreading was called: realism. Enzyme? Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Comedy; for Comedy aims at states policy communism spreading was called:, representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in actual life. -- II.
Aristotle means both better-spoken and of better moral character. Aristotle goes on to explain why people make poetry in the first place. He decides that there's an instinct to mimic things, and people like the imitations of others because it's fun to recognize things. He continues. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to the individual character of the writers. The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of good men. The more trivial sort imitated the actions of meaner persons, at first composing satires, as the former did hymns to the gods and the praises of famous men. -- IV.
Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the successors of the epic poets, who also focused on high and noble deeds. Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in his era. He tells about its origins in improvisation, and its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the importance of the Chorus, and assigned the potato lab, leading part to the dialogue. Sophocles raised the number of actors to three, and added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by a chorus. Then one member would take the role of define, a character. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the potato enzyme lab, chorus.
Sophocles added a third, and introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into the famous definition of tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of define french, narrative; through pity and fear effecting the enzyme, proper purgation of these emotions. -- VI. Tragedy must be a unified story, about something important. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people. He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. Probably he thought that the women, great themes of life required larger-than-life characters. Arthur Miller would write about a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man.
And a comic hero would be Truman -- the one true-man in a world that deceives him. The end of the potato enzyme, paragraph begins the business that has caused all the em forster where angels, trouble. Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for potato lab a laxative comes from the Greek term catharsis, which you already know). You watch a tragedy to have a good cry, and get rid of your ideas about bad things happening to good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI.
Aristotle goes on Essay a Relationship, to explain what these are. Plot: the enzyme, story; the sleep in teens, good ones focus on a single episode. Character: the personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and actions. Enzyme Lab? (Considering the define french revolution, limitations of the form, the Greeks did a nice job of drawing character.) Diction: the right choice of words. Aristotle points out how effective using just the potato enzyme lab, right word can be. Thought: Arguments and exposition. Communism Spreading? Aristotle compares it to rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects.
Not so much the poet's business as the stage-specialist's. Song: words joined to music. What is missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the thoughts about life on which tragedies can be based. Potato Lab? Aristotle was a very smart person, and of keeping spreading, the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on life.
Yet Aristotle is silent on this important element of potato enzyme, tragedy. As you continue to study literature, you'll constantly look for themes. I like Shakespeare, and like the sleep, ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of its impact from its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on potato enzyme lab, the phoniness and meanness of human society. Sleep In Teens? Hamlet starts by wishing he was dead. At the end, he comes to terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and love well in an unfair world. The themes of Romeo and Juliet were radical in Shakespeare's time.
Shakespeare changed the enzyme lab, messsage of his source (which was a cautionary tale for teenagers to obey their parents instead of making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to em forster where angels fear, choose their own husbands and wives. The disasters of young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on their parents. And love gives happiness and enzyme, dignity even in states policy of keeping communism was called:, the worst circumstances. Antony and Cleopatra asks the age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them? King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to Oedipus the King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at least temporarily, give beauty and potato, meaning in a godless world. Aristotle, the school-teacher, is women actually steering his students AWAY from looking for themes. Aristotle goes on to say that the potato, plot is best kept unified, without subplots, and the action not covering more then 24 hours. Subjects from mythology are traditional but not mandatory. Stereotyping Women? (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to suspend disbelief if the enzyme lab, stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to stereotyping, be coincidences, they should seem to make sense.
But again, Tragedy is an imitation not only lab of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity. Essay A Relationship Betwen Mental? Such an effect is best produced when the events come on us by potato enzyme lab surprise; and the effect is heightened when, at women, the same time, they follow as cause and effect. The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of themselves or by accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an potato, air of design. We may instance the statue of Mitys at Argos, which fell upon his murderer while he was a spectator at stereotyping women, a festival, and potato, killed him. Em Forster To Tread? Such events seem not to be due to mere chance. Plots, therefore, constructed on these principles are necessarily the potato lab, best. The United Policy Communism Was Called:? -- IX. Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and potato enzyme lab, people are willing to suspend disbelief in them. (People want to define, believe in enzyme lab, magic.) A character today might say that the falling statue expressed the will of the Force. Aristotle launches into a big discussion about simple vs. complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of these reversal of the Essay Betwen Mental and Homeless?, situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes). Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage. A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on the simple but on the complex plan.
It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and fear, this being the distinctive mark of tragic imitation. Enzyme? It follows plainly, in the first place, that the change of fortune presented must not be the spectacle of a virtuous man brought from prosperity to adversity: for this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Nor, again, that of a bad man passing from adversity to prosperity: for nothing can be more alien to women, the spirit of Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear. Nor, again, should the potato enzyme, downfall of the define french, utter villain be exhibited. A plot of this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the misfortune of a man like ourselves.
Such an event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible. There remains, then, the character between these two extremes- that of a man who is not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by potato lab some error or frailty . He must be one who is highly renowned and prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of french, such families. -- XIII This passage continues to cause problems. Plays about bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. (Beavis and lab, Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of tragedy.) Plays about define thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in the end don't work because we can't identify with the bad guy. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. Enzyme? He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the King DOES shock us, and is intended to french revolution, do so.
Why is Aristotle avoiding the lab, obvious? We'll soon see. A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in its issue, rather than double as some maintain. Essay About Is There A Relationship Betwen Mental And Homeless?? The change of fortune should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. It should come about as the potato enzyme, result not of vice, but of some great error or frailty, in a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse. Worldview Meaning? The practice of the stage bears out our view. -- XIII. By double plots, Aristotle is enzyme referring to serious plays that have a disaster in where angels fear, the middle, but a happy ending. Aristotle considers these to be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them. In the second rank comes the kind of lab, tragedy which some place first. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of plot, and also an opposite catastrophe for the good and for the bad. It is accounted the best because of the weakness of the spectators; for the poet is guided in french, what he writes by lab the wishes of his audience.
The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the true tragic pleasure. It is proper rather to Comedy, where those who, in the piece, are the deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and Aegisthus -- quit the stage as friends at the close, and no one slays or is define french revolution slain. -- XIII This only makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to make you have a good scare and potato enzyme lab, a good cry and go back to thinking that real-life is more fair. Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and the best scripts themselves arouse pity and fear, and deprivation in teens, that the best plays don't even need the special effects. Fear and pity may be aroused by spectacular means; but they may also result from the inner structure of the piece, which is the better way, and indicates a superior poet. Potato? For the plot ought to the united policy of keeping spreading, be so constructed that, even without the aid of the eye, he who hears the tale told will thrill with horror and potato enzyme, melt to pity at Betwen Health, what takes place. Potato Lab? This is the impression we should receive from the united states from spreading was called:, hearing the story of the Oedipus. Enzyme? -- XIV. Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family.
The killer may or may not know what he/she is doing. It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in a Relationship Betwen Mental, Oedipus the King. Aristotle was a product of his times. In respect of Character there are four things to be aimed at. First, and most important, it must be good.
Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of any kind will be expressive of potato enzyme lab, character: the character will be good if the purpose is good. This rule is relative to worldview meaning, each class. Even a woman may be good, and also a slave; though the woman may be said to enzyme, be an inferior being, and the slave quite worthless. The second thing to aim at about Is There and Homeless?, is propriety. There is potato enzyme lab a type of manly valor; but valor in a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is inappropriate. -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to despise this kind of sexism and classism. But the sleep in teens, truth is that on the Greek stage, the women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and brave as the men -- an potato lab, obvious fact that Aristotle ignores. Aristotle goes on to say that characters should be believable, the stereotyping, kinds of people we meet in life, and enzyme lab, that characters should be consistent. Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in Aulis, which tells the story of a sudden decision for heroic altruism.
It remains to women, speak of Diction and potato enzyme lab, Thought, the other parts of Tragedy having been already discussed. Concerning Thought, we may assume what is fear said in the Rhetoric, to which inquiry the subject more strictly belongs. Under Thought is included every effect which has to be produced by speech, the subdivisions being: proof and potato enzyme lab, refutation; the excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and the like; the suggestion of importance or its opposite. Now, it is evident that the dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of view as the dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. -- XIX. Aristotle talks about realism, which is a curious topic when talking about tales from Greek mythology. Betwen? Further, if it be objected that the description is not true to fact, the poet may perhaps reply, But the objects are as they ought to potato enzyme, be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are. In this way the objection may be met. If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the poet may answer, This is how men say the thing is, applies to stereotyping, tales about the gods.
It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of potato lab, them. Essay Is There Betwen Mental? -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and said it -- the potato enzyme, tales of Greek Mythology are fiction. Sleep Deprivation In Teens? Aristotle knows this is potato lab important, but once again, he avoided the rough issue. Somebody may ask you about Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and Euripides portraying people as they are. Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and altruistic.
Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of regret, making a speech about how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed. Euripides, by contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in cold blood just to get back at their father. You can have fun examining this further. I think I understand. Aristotle got paid to worldview, tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to them. To explain why they saw really bad things happening to good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers.
1. Potato? When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. Define French Revolution? When something really bad happens to potato enzyme, a good person in a tragedy, it is just make-believe. It is so you can have a good scare and a good cry. This gets these emotions out of your system. You can go back to the real world, where life is fair. It's bunk, intended to keep people from complaining about worldview meaning Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the first schoolteacher to smokescreen Sophocles's message that the gods might be malicious. He may have thought he was right to do so. Potato Enzyme? Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Even today, students are forced to write essays about tragic flaws and sleep, purging pity and fear.
Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and enzyme lab, so forth) has come to be identified as the usual tragic fault. I cannot understand why -- the idea does not seem to stereotyping, be Aristotle's. But whenever something bad happens to a basically good person in a tragedy, students are invited to see hybris. (Hubris is the same word; the Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and is its origin, but the enzyme lab, sound was more like the uhh that I make when I have no idea what to say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the chorus specifically call Creon on his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to promote national security. I have seen this section from Antigone quoted and said to be from Oedipus the King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of hybris. In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the murderess gets the victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in em forster angels to tread, order to potato lab, gain public support after the murder. Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the victims of Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for what most of us would say is common sense and genuine goodness. It is hard to generalize this.
Interestingly, I can't find the idea of hybris in Aristotle's Poetics. During the sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against an accusation of hybris. I am an honest physician who engages in public debates. When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc. The United States Policy Spreading Was Called:? I tell people that they're asking the wrong question, and to look instead at what the author is lab really saying about life.
If Aristotle and meaning, his successors had been free to speak the lab, truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in discussion and with which most students (then and now) would probably agree. In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to very good people. Your chief security comes from what people know you can do well. French? This results in potato lab, turn from your natural abilities, your effort, and women, your good character. It's safest, and the best strategy, to try to be a good person. It's fun to be scared at shows, and to potato enzyme lab, cry.
But we don't want to be rid of these emotions, but to feel them most intensely. Perhaps we can also bring back, from a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of where angels, ourselves, our neighbors, and our world. Oedipus seeks the truth about himself despite the warnings that it will not bring him happiness. Potato Lab? We cannot blame Aristotle for the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to limit free inquiry. But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the truth about nature, and about themselves. It is a modern, rather than an Aristotelian, theme. Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an intensity that remains unsurpassed. Serious drama did go on, after the Greeks, to become richer in many ways, including variety of plot, character, and theme.
Much of the power of serious literature (like tragedy, and like the comedies of Aristophanes and Shakespeare) comes from the philosophical issues that it raises. We do not have to be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to be more frightened of people who would restrict the meaning, free sharing of ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on us. Young people naturally discuss whether the enzyme, stories they hear in church are true, and perhaps even whether the universe itself might be malevolent. (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of Cthulhu, in which the stereotyping, spiritual powers of the universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the potato, morals of young people. Every person must find his or her own answer to em forster where angels fear to tread, the mystery of potato lab, why bad things happen to good people in a universe supposedly under God's control. French Revolution? Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and express them freely, people can usually still live and work together in peace and good-will. Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the idea that Apollo, or one of his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to those of us who approach the universe with a sense of potato enzyme, awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is more than there appears to sleep deprivation in teens, be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the word used in the original Greek of the New Testament for sin. The King James Version has 172 instances.
Jim Donahoe's essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw is no longer online. Potato Lab? In the stereotyping, end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. He becomes a better person and is better off after his fall. Dr. Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is his special ability to solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect. Yet this is a form of hubris -- the enzyme, belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the future etc. States Of Keeping Communism Spreading Was Called:? through one's native wit, and this is what brings him down, despite several warnings to give up the hunt. Reason = Apollo. Myth Man.
Oedipus. brought about his own downfall because of his excessive obsession to enzyme, know himself. I'm honored to be the source of his quotation (Thus, some say that the moral of the story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.). Link is now down. University of Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in this account, his basic flaw is his lack of knowledge about stereotyping women his own identity. Potato Enzyme? The writer is fair enough to point out that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw. Angels To Tread? You can decide for yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in context. Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out themes common to enzyme lab, world literature prior to the decline in religious belief. Who does control our lives?
What sort of relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is his very excellence -- and worldview meaning, this also gives him his tragic greatness. Letters on potato enzyme lab, the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. The United Policy Of Keeping Communism Spreading Was Called:? [This is potato enzyme a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to the united states policy of keeping from was called:, find one. The whole business of 'tragic flaws' is something that English and Drama teachers have got hold of from some book they read when they were students. No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is any such thing. Tragic Flaws . Enzyme Lab? . Of Keeping Communism Was Called:? I realized something quite interesting: just about everything Aristle says about tragic heroes is wrong.
Aristotle had postulated the principle of the tragic flaw in tragedy. A hero, who is mostly good, makes some sort of enzyme, mistake related to acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride. However, from what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by flaws or by hybris . In fact, in Essay about Mental Health and Homeless?, most cases, the potato enzyme, protagonist is actually destroyed by his or her virtues. In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in fact,not trying to explain exactly what is happening in Essay Is There Betwen, tragedy but what should be happening. He is answering a very specific challenge to the very existence of tragedy presented by Plato in the Republic Book III. Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the audience. Aristotle's development of the lab, tragic flaw is a response to this challenge. The author has a Ph.D. in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy.
Link is now down: Cyber Essays to help students. The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the King with reference to Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is not worth living and Essay about Is There Mental and Homeless?, (A.A. Winnie the Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to potato enzyme lab, be wise. Seeking a tragic flaw for Oedipus, the author says that Oedipus would have been better not to have been so curious. What the french, essay ignores is potato enzyme lab that Oedipus pursued the truth to save his city, not to amuse himself. The author avoids this obvious point in drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion. It's better not to know. We used to hear this from anti-science college-campus types on both the far-right and the far-left, who want to reshape society down ideological lines. You'll have to angels to tread, decide for yourself about this. Potato Lab? But like it or not, focusing on science over Essay about Is There Betwen Health, make-believe has a lot to do with why whole cities don't die of the plague any more. This essay has been offered for sale (and perhaps still is) by at least two websites set up for students who for whatever reason do not want to write their own papers.
I have received no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Potato? Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Students: If your teacher is at em forster angels, all computer-savvy, and you turn in a paper that you took for free off the web, you will be caught. Everybody will make fun of you, and you can forget about being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever. That'll be your tragic flaw. Ha ha! Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in potato, the character [of Oedipus], is really nothing -- and need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in define french, the face of what he conceives to be a challenge to his dignity, his image of his rightful status. Only the passive, only enzyme lab those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of us are in that category.
Miller adds that the terror and worldview, the fear that is classically associated with tragedy comes from questioning the unquestioned. Maybe this is more about potato enzyme Miller than about Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting. Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother. Release date Sept. 2004. About And Homeless?? Re-released 2011.
I'm Ed. Enzyme Lab? You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from there to my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the stereotyping, world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the potato lab, commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances), and get out of abusive relationships by sleep in teens any means. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people.
Thanks for visiting. Health and friendship. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the King by enzyme lab Sophocles Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is define revolution Ed Friedlander MD.
Visitors send me this question from time to enzyme, time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is a God, why do horrible things happen to worldview, perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to children? -- then the answer is maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to tell me that I am wrong, but not why.
Each of three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem. I use the term immoral for the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for lack of potato, a better English word. And it seems appropriate to about Betwen, me. (Cliff Notes used the word moral for potato the idea that the gods are fair and decent.) If you can think of a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution. Athenians often constructed sentences in the form of One the em forster where to tread, one hand ( men ). and on the other hand ( de ). Argue both sides. It'll be fun and prevent trouble. If your instructor is a proponent of one of the three sides of the culture war, you can make him/her happy and still be honest. If your instructor is a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out how Sophocles recognizes the potato, falsity of em forster where, old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on grievance-group politics, point out how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the potato lab, oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc.
If your instructor is a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and all the talk about gods and so forth, was bunk, and maybe this is what he is really telling us. If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to Oedipus the King, be ready for these questions from your students. Cliff Notes, which is sleep deprivation in teens as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on a search for the decisive flaw in the protagonist as the key factor for understanding the tragedy can lead to potato, superficial or false interpretations. The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. The United States Policy? He goes on to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is his anger (at Laius, at Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and his pride and potato enzyme lab, determination in trying to worldview, get the enzyme, herdsman to communism from was called:, tell the truth. (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the universe is fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the different supposed tragic flaws? If a lone man is hassled and then physically attacked by potato lab a group of thugs on where fear to tread, a deserted stretch of highway, especially when the area is not patrolled by fast police cars, he is enzyme lab much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for stereotyping women mercy. This isn't right, but it's a fact of life, and potato enzyme, if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of Laius as self-defense. What kind of sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to think Oedipus caused his own downfall?
Today, if a psychic went on the air and accused a decent, respected government official of sleep deprivation in teens, murder and incest, people would be furious and believe that this is crooked politics. Oedipus is right to think this and to lab, be very angry, though I think (as the Chorus does) that he goes too far in assuming Creon is behind it. Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and angry? If Oedipus had not tried hard to get to sleep, the truth, there would have been no play. Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and the Chorus says he is over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the potato enzyme, need to revere the gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do. In fact, the Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster. This is in define french revolution, spectacular contrast to the ending of Antigone, where the Chorus sings about Creon's hybris (I refuse to allow proper religious burial rites for potato enzyme a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an deprivation in teens, example and keep our people safe) and lab, how it caused his ruin (Religion and angels to tread, conscience and decency and human love take precedence over supposed National Security.)
Does the word hybris even appear in Aristotle's Poetics? The site went up in 1998, and has proved very popular. Most of potato enzyme, my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about this page, all claiming to come from teachers. (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to teach English at a major university, but the department chairman tells me that he knows of no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to send hate mail. However, not one of them (or anyone else) has ever tried to explain why I am wrong -- and that leads me to draw the obvious conclusion. If you have no case, shout hybris . Define French Revolution? If you are a student who has been punished for using this website, please contact me and I'll probably be able to take care of it for you. Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have!
Health and friendship! This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is right and potato, that I'm wrong, but not why. In the meaning, 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the process. Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease. Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries. Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for criminality are not in lack of self-esteem, but in a sense of entitlement and special privilege.
Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on enzyme lab, dandruff apart from its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and Is There a Relationship Betwen Mental and Homeless?, a baby can smother by overling or on a mattress or big toy. William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of insight. I'm no Teiresias. Lab? But except for define french revolution the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and a little basic understanding of the world eventually wins out over academic dogma.
I'm thankful for the experimental method and the fact that science corrects itself. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the potato enzyme, large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sleep deprivation, sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know.
reset Jan. 30, 2005: Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to act as good as other good people . Click here to see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right.
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Problems of National Integration in India Essay. Read this comprehensive essay on the various problems of national integration in India ! India is a country of immense diversity. Race, language, religion and caste etc. Potato! constitute the major forms of diversity in India. Groups of people in India differ from each other not only in physical or demographic characteristics but also in distinctive patterns of behavior. Image Courtesy : 1.bp.blogspot.com/-acqApubgJMQ/T2CZ-RE1XXI/AAAAAAAACrs/2nwTI5vx09E/s1600/2.jpg. These patterns of behavior are determined by social and cultural factors like language, region, religion and caste. Castes are divided into sub-castes, language into dialects, region into subregions, and religion into sects on ethnic lines. The Indian sub-continent is a museum of different races. It is said that India is sleep deprivation in teens, a “Veritable tower of lab, Babel.”. In the words of Is There a Relationship Betwen Mental, A.R.
Desai, “India presents a spectacle of Museum of tongues”. The diversity in India is potato enzyme, unique. Being a large country with large population, India presents endless varieties of physical features and cultural patterns. In short, India is Essay a Relationship Betwen and Homeless?, “the epitome of the world.” The vast population is composed of people having diverse creeds, customs and colors. Economic development, level of education and political culture of the people in various social segments differ from region to region. Notwithstanding the various diversities evinced in India, there are the bonds of unity which are located in a certain underlying uniformity of life as well as in potato enzyme, certain mechanisms of integration. Unity amidst diversity is visualized in the geo-political sphere; tradition of accommodation, emotional bond etc. India’s political unity is an offshoot of the religious and cultural unity.
The First bond of unity of meaning, India is found in its geo-political integration. Politically, India is now a sovereign State. Every part of it is governed by the same Constitution and same Parliament. We share the same political culture marked by the norms of democracy, secularism and socialism. Quite in line with the traditional bonds of potato lab, unity, the Indian State in where, post-Independence era has rightly opted for a composite culture model of national unity rather than a uniform culture model.
The composite culture model provides for the preservation and potato lab plurality of cultures within the the united policy communism frame work of an integrated nation. Hence, the significance of our choice of the norm of secularism, implying equal regard for all religions, as our policy of national integration. The account of the unity of lab, India should not be taken to mean that we have always had a smooth sailing in matters of define french revolution, national unity, with no incidents of caste, communal or religious riots. Nor should it be taken to mean that the divisive and secessionist tendencies have been altogether absent. There have been occasional riots, at times serious riots.
For example, we cannot forget the linguistic riots in enzyme, Tamil Nadu in protest against the imposition of Hindi, the riots in about Betwen Mental Health and Homeless?, Gujarat between Hindus and Muslims. In spite of all our unity and integrity, in spite of all the attempts of past and present national integration is hindered due to some factors. Potato Lab! Along with these factors some new challenges have emerged during last decades. These have created a lot of women, difficulties in the process of State- building as well as nation-building. A host of interrelated factors have disrupted efforts to achieve goals of equality and social justice as well as building of a nation-state. All these factors are discussed below: India is a heterogeneous society. Lab! It is made of a number of diverse groups. The first potential threat to the Indian nation state lies in this plurality. The Indian society was and is divided in terms of religion, caste, language and ethnic origin.
Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/62/Women_in_tribal_India.jpg. The British were able to somewhat control the diverse groups by Essay about Is There Betwen Mental, following the policy of pitting one group against the other. But the divisive tendencies were sharply manifested even during the nationalist movement when different groups apparently united to remove the British rule from India. One of the more serious challenges that Indian national leaders in India face even now is how to integrate the interests of the divergent group. Each of them has its own distinctive aspirations, history, and enzyme way of life. Attempts to minimize confrontation between conflicting groups do not always succeed. As we have already seen, the adoption of an egalitarian model of communism from spreading, society is one important strategy to contain the divisive tendencies. Enzyme! It is, of course, necessary that these divisions are not allowed to threaten the nation – state.
2. Regionalism and Cultural Identities: Regionalism is meaning, also a threat to national integration. Some of the social elements having their separate cultural identity want to potato lab, preserve it even at a political level and for this purpose some of these segments want further reorganization of the states.’ We find that national politics in our country is still marked by emergence of regional nationalities. This is quite evident in the formation of States on linguistic basis. It is also evident in demands by some regional identities such as the Gorkha for Gorkhaland, for example. Image Courtesy : 1.bp.blogspot.com/-7kWvu8giylQ/TsyzOFOcNzI/AAAAAAAAADQ/Photo-0122.jpg. Creation of meaning, Jharkhand State is the potato enzyme outcome of the demands by some tribals. Similarly, the Gorkha hill Council-was created in 1988. Despite the early gains of consolidation of the nation – state, diverse cultural identities asserted themselves.
One example of this is the opposition in the Southern States to Hindi as the national language. Another example is the demand for reorganization of states. As matter of fact, the national level politics has recognized the existence of regional and cultural identities and the Central Government has even provided legal sanctions. Casteism has always played a dirty role in matters of politics and reservation policy and Essay about Is There Betwen Mental and Homeless? has created a wide gulf between different segments of society. Unfortunately, the caste system has been recognized by enzyme lab, the framers of the define french revolution Constitution by providing a protective discrimination to enzyme, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Though the reservation was made for a limited period, it is being extended from time to time. The reservation of seats in the educational institutions and jobs on the caste basis has strengthened the caste feeling and resulted in the possibilities of new types of inequalities and caste conflict. Image Courtesy : 2.bp.blogspot.com/-N8EHj0VBV6Y/TlN1_9kInfI/AAAWedding.JPG. As casteism is considered a social evil and caste ideology does not go well with the egalitarian model of a socialist society, role of caste in national politics is viewed as a necessary evil.
It is seen a factor which poses a challenge to the task of define, nation-building. All the same in the absence of an alternative basis for people to come together, caste continues to play a decisive role in Indian national politics. From what has been discussed so far, it is obvious that the task of building a nation – state is not an easy excise. A growing realization is that national integration is the key to achieving a political identity. Due to linguistic and regional loyalties the national feeling gradually erodes. Linguistic tensions are manifested in the borders which are bilingual. Potato Enzyme Lab! For example, Goans are divided on the basis of Konkani and Marathi Languages. Meaning! There is also conflict between Marathi and Kannada-speaking people in Belgaum. Language has become, especially since Independence, a powerful source of political articulation. For instance in the South, particularly.
Image Courtesy : russiancouncil.ru/common/upload/ind0.jpg. in Tamil Nadu, language sentiments have been propagated among the people for getting power within State politics. The people of different linguistic groups who are concentrated in a State seem to think only in terms of interests of their own States. Potato Enzyme Lab! This undermines consideration of national issues and causes parochial feelings. The erosion of national feeling due to linguistic loyalties threatens the sovereignty of our country. Broadly defined, communalism refers to women, the tendency of any socio-religious group to maximize its economic, political and social strength at the cost of other groups. Potato Enzyme Lab! This tendency runs counter to the notion of the secular nation – state that India purports to be. Secularism in the Indian context is defined as the peaceful co-existence of women, all religions without State patronage to any of them.
The State is to treat all of them equally. Enzyme Lab! Yet, in a secular State like India, we very often hear, see and read about communal conflicts. While making conscious efforts towards the goals of democracy and communism spreading was called: socialism, the India national State has not been free of communal clashes. Image Courtesy : cf4aass.org/yahoo_site_admin/assets/images/Unity.275174138_std.jpg. There is historical evidence to prove that various religious communities in India have coexisted peacefully through time. Of course, there is also evidence that reflects the conflict between religious communities. The most well known clashes have been between Hindus and enzyme Muslims. One of the major social problems of India in the 80s has been the the united policy of keeping spreading was called: communal divide problem.
When one group asserts its interests and identity at the cost of another group, the communal divides emerge. Some cities such as Moradabad, Meerut, Aligarh and enzyme Boroda etc. has appeared as the in teens centers of communal riots. In every society there is a system of social stratification. Social stratification refers to inequality in lab, society based on sleep deprivation in teens, unequal distribution of goods, services, wealth, power, prestige, duties, rights, obligations and privileges. Take for example, the social inequalities created by enzyme lab, the caste system. Image Courtesy : ahinda.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/14668875-unity-of-india.jpg. Being a hereditary and endogamous system, the Is There Mental Health and Homeless? scope for social mobility is lab, very little. Social privileges and financial and educational benefits are by and large accessible to only to upper caste groups. Social inequalities have a disintegrating effect on the process of nation-building. The unequal development of different regions of India has negatively affected the character of national integration. The unequal development has become the major cause of many social movements after the independence.
For instance, the Jharkhand movements which involved tribal groups from Bihar, M.P. Bengal and em forster angels fear Orissa stresses the backwardness of the region among other issues. While demanding a separate State, people, involved in this movement argue that the rich natural resources of the area have been drained out to benefit others. Image Courtesy : indiadailyphoto.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/national-integrity.jpg? The dissatisfaction caused by potato enzyme, the perceived and / or actual threat of material deprivation has led people to think that the socio-economic development of their region is not possible if they continue to be a part of the Indian Union. Thus the regional disparities in terms of socioeconomic development have at times proved to be a threat to the concept of united nation-state.
8. Essay Is There A Relationship Health! Ethnonationality and lab Ethnic Conflicts: Ethnonationalism and ethnic conflict has hindered national integration. Whereas the modern concept of nationalism is closely linked with the concept of nation-state, scholars have described another prevailing notion of nationalism such as religious nationalism, ethnonationalism etc. Although nationhood is denied to a Relationship Betwen Mental Health and Homeless?, the Nagas, the potato enzyme Nagas understand themselves as nation in the sense of ethnonationality. The concept of about Is There a Relationship Betwen Mental and Homeless?, “ethnonationalsim” best defines the self-understanding of the potato enzyme ethnic groups in Northeast India in the various forms of their struggle for about identity. Ethnonationalism is a phenomenon of lab, political movement launched on the basis of ethnic identity. It is to mention that the define french nation-building came to be challenged by the eruption of ethnic conflicts. Image Courtesy : 1.bp.blogspot.com/-Ubu0w9ReWfg/T2CZbHQy8PI/s1600/3.JPG. In the political parlance of India today, the very term “North-East” has almost come to devote a region characterized by ethnopolitical movements.
Since India’s independence in 1947, we have not seen a single-decade of calm in political atmosphere in the region. Instead, each decade saw new movements of political unrest, most of which turned to violent revolutions. One need not make a substantial argument to show that these movements have their origin in the ethnonational understanding of the identity. Insurgency, an extreme form of ethnopolitical upsurge, has rocked five of potato enzyme, seven States at one time or another, and the remaining two States are highly poised for a similar movement. Nibaan Bora’s words depict the situation well: Insurgency took roots in Nagaland and Manipur in Essay Betwen and Homeless?, the early fifties, immediately after the potato enzyme establishment of the Republic (of India), those in Mizoram in the sixties, in Tripura in the seventies, while in Essay Is There a Relationship Betwen, the case of Assam it has arrived in eighties. Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh are just now menacingly militant, not yet insurgent though, Karbi Anglong (District of Assam) too is equally poised. To a member of the Indian national mainstream, a Khasi, a Naga or Mizo are tribals. The pejorative term “tribal” carries a denotation of primitivity and inferiority of the people for whom the name is applied. The attitude of the national mainstream that primitivises and thereby inferiorizes the tribals is in serious conflict with the proud self-understanding of the tribals in the northeast.
Such a pride is exhibited in their ethnonational feeling. Their fear of losing their identity were the lab major factor that led to ethnopolitical movements of insurgency. In tracing the historical development of insurgency in Nagaland, Asoso Yonuo attributes the people’s unpleasant experience of interaction with the ‘non-tribals’ to be one of the main causes of the revolution. The Naga National councils original demand was some sort of regional autonomy, he says, and in course of their interaction with the non-tribals they developed the fear of losing their identity… in the midst of stereotyping, Hindu rule leading to potato, a demand for outright sovereign independent Nagaland State. The regional political parties play a dirty role in exploiting the regional feelings of the people. Regional political parties formed on the basis of linguism at times form the Government. Em Forster Where Angels To Tread! The States like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Mizoram, Jammu Kashmir may be cited as examples in this regard.
It has been experienced that such political parties in power often complicate the Centre-State relationship. Image Courtesy : nfch.nic.in/images/Indore1.JPG. In brief, it can be concluded that various forces pose challenge to national integration in India. The multiethnic and potato enzyme multicultural setting of India and deprivation in teens India’s struggle to define its nationhood since nationalist movement provided a fertile soil for the development of ethnoationalism and other forms of identity-quest. India as a ‘notions’ also suffers acute identity crisis. As G. Aloysiw has rightly notes, Indian nationalism, so far, has failed to potato lab, construct the nation in India. While the dominant India culture at define french, the centre continues its quest for self-identity, those in the periphery react to such potentially hegemonic and enzyme oppressive movement.
Although existing as a nation- state for the last fifty years, India has been struggling to find the central integrative force that can bind us together as a ‘nation’. India with its vastness both from the point of view of geographical spectrum, social diversities, and culture and spiritual autonomy, has always been a political federacy. The modern concept of nationhood has rechristened the entire mind and body politic of the country Promotion of national solidarity through generation of policy communism was called:, a new climate conducive to it has been the goal of great men and major political institutions of the country. A cross current of religions and rituals, castes and sub-castes, creeds and colors, diet and dress patterns, dialects, scripts and languages and above all localism and potato lab regionalism presents a historic political scenario that demands wholesome sociological attention. India has believed in the past and believes today that creativity and change through continuity and a sense of unity amidst diversities is paramount to national integration.
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4 Resume Tips for potato enzyme Teachers Transitioning Out of Teaching. The latest Forbes estimate is that 46% of new teachers leave teaching within the first five years. While the Essay Is There Betwen politics of how teachers are treated is a topic unto itself, there#8217;s good news for teachers everywhere: you#8217;ve never been more hire-able! If you#8217;re a dissatisfied teacher who is hungry for potato more from your career, check out these four resume tips for transitioning out of teaching from the 2013 eBook, Life After Teaching: Before you write and submit a resume or fill out a profile on define a job search website, head online to secure an email address with your initials and last name. Approximately 70% of resumes find their way to an HR professional electronically, so it#8217;s time to embrace email as your primary tool for job hunting. Have one already?
Make sure it#8217;s professional enough for potato lab a corporate job hunt, as few HR professionals will be interested in worldview sending a reply email to hotchikk88@ or mrmoney4ugirl@. Use a free email service to create a professional, permanent email address with your initials and last name. (Note: Using your initials instead of your full name will help you avoid targeted spam and will protect your privacy.) Translate Your Teacher Skills into enzyme lab Corporate Skills. Em Forster? As a teacher, you know you discovered and honed a variety of skills and abilities. Enzyme Lab? But do you know how to translate them for a different career? Whether you learned these skills as a student in college or earned your knowledge by jumping right into teaching, you developed competencies that apply across careers, such as basic customer service, multi-tasking under pressure, and tracking data. As you create your new resume, call on those competencies that you developed as a teacher to show hiring managers just how well you will perform in worldview meaning a new career. Here#8217;s an example of enzyme lab translating traditional teacher tasks into resume-ready administrative tasks. Entering grades into french revolution a grade book or computer program becomes Perform manual data entry Observing other teachers and administrators becomes Observe teammates and offer constructive criticism for enzyme best practices Monitoring absences for make-up work, missed lectures, discussions, group activities, and media presentations becomes Create and manage systems for tracking large amounts of the united states policy from spreading data. By translating your skills ahead of lab time, the Human Resources department won#8217;t have to do a lot of work to imagine you in the position. Make Your Goal Statement Relatable.
Your goal statement or highlighted qualifications should speak to your next career, not your next “job”. Starting your resume with a phrase such as, “Seeking full time employment in em forster fear the field of radiology,” is lab not an attention-getter. Instead, make the most of this space by highlighting where you intend to go in your career path. A better goal statement would be, “Seeking to transition from the field of education to pursue engaging, creative work in the industry of editing and writing”. Something that is specific and em forster where angels to tread true will speak deeply about who you are and immediately address the fact that you are transitioning from a different field. Keep Your Cover Letter Honest Short. Cover letters can be intimidating whether you#8217;re transitioning into a new career or not.
Instead of feeling overwhemled, use the following standard cover letter guidelines to help you write a short and simple cover letter: Paragraph 1: Who are you? Paragraph 2: What have you done? Paragraph 3: Where do you want to go with your career? Make sure that your contact information appears in potato the form of a signature line that includes your name, phone number, and email address, and get ready to define french, be called back for an interview! Are you a teacher trying to transition out of the field? What is lab your biggest fear?
Were these tips helpful? Access the full version by clicking on the image above, or visit www.LifeAfterTeaching.com. Sarah Greesonbach CEOs, CMOs, and Website Development Agencies keep up with the deprivation demand for consistently high-quality and potato enzyme lab targeted thought leadership and website content. Stunning websites, convincing blog posts, and compelling thought leadership content without stressing over deadlines (she always meets them). Sleep Deprivation In Teens? Read more at http://www.B2BContentStudio.com. View full profile › This article was written for Business 2 Community by potato lab, Sarah Greesonbach. Learn more about writing for B2C. Working as a teacher for students and working as a teacher in corporate are really two different fields and it is hard for every teacher to fit into both of shoe. This article perfectly shows that how a teacher should draft a resume to impress recruiters in both of the field. Great article.
Gave me lots to define revolution, think about. Great information..that really useful for each an every Teachers to potato lab, get an Idea or tips how to build up a resume in order to Express their experience in sleep such a way that recruiter will have a confident to provide a chance in potato any career to carry on#8230; A great, but too short article for teachers looking to switch gear as I am. Some other examples of translating teaching skills to sleep, corporate skills relate to management, since in many ways a position in teaching is like a position in management. These universal skills include decision-making, motivating, thinking on one#8217;s feet, lesson planning, training, conflict resolution, working under multiple deadlines, public speaking (communication skills), being a team player, critical thinking, etc. Definitely an useful article for persons who have chosen teaching as their first profession. With no corporate skill to boast off, it gives an idea as to how to relate your skills in potato enzyme education to corporate needs. In Teens? Thank you very much. I#8217;m an eighth year teacher, with a masters degree in English as a Second Language, trying to potato lab, transition out of teaching into a position at General Motors. I#8217;m having a very difficult time writing a resume. How can my skills as a teacher become appealing to another field?
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essays in bankruptcy and firm finance. Author by : Cesar E. Tamayo. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 223. File Size : 45,5 Mb. Description : This dissertation investigates the role that capital market imperfections play in shaping the behavior of potato firms along several dimensions: capital structure, investment policies, bankruptcy decisions and Essay about a Relationship Betwen Mental, life-cycle dynamics. The dissertation puts together two separate but closely related papers, both of which are concerned with bankruptcy and firm financing under asymmetric information and limited enforcement. Potato Enzyme Lab! In Chapter 2, I present a model of firm finance that encompasses imperfect investor protection, risk aversion and costly state verification. The United States Policy Of Keeping Spreading! Imperfect investor protection is enzyme lab introduced through the limited liability clause of the french revolution, financial contract, and captures the potato lab, maximum fraction of returns that the investor can seize from the entrepreneur. Em Forster Angels To Tread! A positive lower bound on consumption then interacts with entrepreneurial risk aversion in non-trivial ways. Enzyme! I characterize optimal contracts and study the conditions under which standard debt is Essay Is There Betwen and Homeless? optimal.
Under suitable assumptions about the structure of the problem, standard debt contracts (SDCs) are optimal if and only if investor protection is sufficiently low. On the other hand, low investor protection results in potato, higher funding costs and bankruptcy probabilities. In my setting, this implies that when SDCs are optimal, lowering investor protection reduces the states policy of keeping communism from was called:, entrepreneur's welfare. Numerical examples show that moderate changes in potato enzyme, investor protection can have large effects on the terms of the em forster fear, contract and on the entrepreneur's welfare. Finally, I study the role of leverage and potato, consider the welfare consequences suboptimally implementing standard debt contracts. In Chapter 3 I study firm dynamics and Is There a Relationship Health and Homeless?, industry equilibrium when firms under financial distress face a non-trivial choice between alternative bankruptcy procedures. Given limited commitment and asymmetric information, financial contracts specify default, renegotiation and reorganization policies. Default occurs in equilibrium and leads to potato lab, either liquidation or renegotiation.
Renegotiation entails a redistribution of social surplus, while reorganization takes the form of enhanced creditor monitoring. Firms with better contract histories are less likely to default, but, contingent on default, firms with better outside options successfully renegotiate, in deprivation, line with the potato lab, empirical evidence. Unless monitoring is too costly, renegotiation leads to reorganization, which resembles actual bankruptcy practice. I calibrate the model to stereotyping, match certain aspects of the data on enzyme lab bankruptcy and firm dynamics in sleep deprivation in teens, the U.S. My counterfactual experiments show that, compared with an enzyme lab, economy with liquidation only, the rehabilitation of firms (renegotiation and reorganization) has a sizable negative effect on define french revolution exit rates and potato, size dispersion, and positive effects on average size and productivity. Three Essays On Financial Contracting. Author by worldview meaning : Christopher J. Tamm. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 445. File Size : 50,7 Mb. Description : In these essays, I examine the characteristics of financial contracts around Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
In the first essay, I document significant changes firms make in potato lab, the type and characteristics of its debt and equity securities during bankruptcy. The changes I find indicate that firms are using Chapter 11 to increase their financial flexibility after emergence. In the second essay, I compare the characteristics of warrants issued by the united states policy communism from spreading firms during initial public offerings with those of warrants issued by firms emerging from bankruptcy. I show that the characteristics are very different for the warrants issued in each category. Warrants issued by potato lab firms emerging from Chapter 11 tend to have very little managerial flexibility, and are instead designed to placate junior creditors to allow a faster emergence from bankruptcy. In the third essay, I examine the the united of keeping communism from spreading was called:, financial covenants and restrictions in debt securities issued shortly after emerging from chapter 11. Potato Enzyme Lab! I find the firms with more covenants and restrictions are less likely to refile for bankruptcy. Essays On Capital Structure And Trade Financing. Author by : Klaus Hammes.
Publisher by : Dept. of Economics School of Economics and Commercial Law Go. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 546. File Size : 53,5 Mb. Author by : Felipe Cortes. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 606. File Size : 51,5 Mb. Description : This dissertation seeks to understand the effect of information asymmetries on corporate liquidity choices and define revolution, efficiency of bankruptcy resolution, and the role of potato enzyme pooling and deprivation in teens, reputational concerns on an originator's incentives to invest in signal precision. The first chapter identifies and provides a causal estimate of the economic importance of information asymmetries between corporate insiders and outsiders in equity markets on small public firms decision to potato, hoard liquid assets. The second chapter develops a theory of securitization in which the originator's incentives to screen are endogenized and states of keeping communism spreading was called:, affected by reputational concerns to investigate the potato enzyme lab, effect of the meaning, pooling of assets on screening and enzyme, systematic risk.
In the third chapter, we investigate the french revolution, impact of lab relative bargaining power of firms over creditors during bankruptcy on ex-post firm performance, once the firm emerges out of bankruptcy. Although existing theories predict a causal link between firm opaqueness and define french revolution, firm cash holdings, endogenous and potato, coarse measures of stereotyping women opaqueness hinder the identification of this link. Using the discontinuous requirement of financial reporting introduced by Sarbanes-Oxley Act, Section 404, we estimate the enzyme lab, causal effect of opaqueness on cash holdings. We show that firms that comply with Section 404 and provide more reliable information exhibit lower cash holdings compared to observationally similar firms. Em Forster Where Angels To Tread! Further, compliant firms that hold less cash exhibit higher R D expenditures relative to potato lab, non-compliant firms. Where Fear! This difference sheds light on the opportunity costs of holding cash. In the second chapter, we develop a theory of securitization in which the securitization of large asset pools leads to a reduction in idiosyncratic risk but an increase in systematic risk, and the originate-to-distribute model of securitization is not sufficient for this result. Potato Enzyme! The model is one in which the originator's screening incentives are endogenized, and screening and pooling of loans in sleep deprivation, securitization have both idiosyncratic and systematic risk consequences. The originator's screening incentives are affected by potato enzyme lab career concerns as well as by the impact of screening on the risk of the securitized portfolio.
The effect of securitization on Essay Is There a Relationship Betwen Mental Health idiosyncratic risk and systematic risk occurs via a dilution of the originator's screening incentives, with greater dilution occurring as more loans are added to the pool being securitized. Further, when we endogenize the information acquisition incentives of the investors who purchase securitized claims, we find that there is an potato enzyme lab, interaction between these incentives and the screening incentives of worldview meaning originators. A weakening of the issuer's screening incentives leads to weaker incentives for investors to become informed and a higher valuation uncertainty, creating a feedback effect that further weakens the issuer's screening incentives. In the third chapter of my thesis evaluates the impact of bargaining between management and creditors on bankruptcy outcome and ex-post efficiency of bankruptcy resolution. We find that firms in potato enzyme, which creditors (management) exerts greater (lower) influence in the negotiation process are more likely to be liquidated.
Increase in power of fear to tread creditors during the bankruptcy negotiations is associated with lower likelihood of potato lab re-filing and superior post-bankruptcy profitability among firms that emerge. However such ex-post efficiency gains come at a cost as increase in power of creditors also leads to a lengthier bankruptcy. The unique aspect of our analysis is our ability to correct for the selection bias engendered by our focus on firms that emerge out of bankruptcy using the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act (BACPA) passed in 2005 as an exogenous shock to the likelihood of liquidation. Collectively, our results lend credence to the idea of allocating greater power to creditors in bankruptcy proceedings. International Finance And Financial Crises Essays In Honor Of Robert P Flood Jr. Author by : Robert P. Sleep Deprivation In Teens! Flood. Publisher by : International Monetary Fund. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 506. File Size : 40,8 Mb.
Description : This book contains the potato enzyme lab, proceedings of a conference held in where angels fear, honor of Robert P. Flood Jr. Contributors to the conference were invited to address many of the topics that Robert Flood has explored including regime switching, speculative attacks, bubbles, stock market voloatility, macro models with nominal rigidities, dual exchange rates, target zones, and rules versus discretion in potato enzyme, monetary policy. The results, contained in Betwen Health and Homeless?, this volume, include five papers on topics in international finance. Essays In Honor Of Edwin Mansfield. Author by : Albert N. Potato Enzyme Lab! Link. Publisher by : Springer Science Business Media. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 619. File Size : 43,9 Mb.
Description : Edwin Mansfield was a research pioneer into where, the economics of R and D and technological change. Potato Lab! As appreciation and remembrance for meaning, his scholarly contributions, eminent scholars have contributed original papers for this edited volume. The authors have followed the Mansfieldian” approach of emphasizing economic insight and potato enzyme lab, intuition over mathematical rigor and as a result are very accessable. Essays in Honor of Edwin Mansfield has the potential to serve as a reader in all advanced undergraduate and graduate classes/seminars in define french revolution, the economics of R and D and technological change. This edited volume will be the definitive work in the field. Author by : Baris Korcan Ak. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 522.
File Size : 43,6 Mb. Description : Financial statement analysis has been used to assess a company's likelihood of potato enzyme lab financial distress - the Essay Is There a Relationship and Homeless?, probability that it will not be able to repay its debts. In the dissertation at hand, I provide two essays that add to the literature on the application of financial analysis to distressed firms. The first chapter is titled Predicting Extreme Negative Stock Returns: The Trouble Score. This chapter examines the potato enzyme lab, ability of accounting information to predict large negative stock returns. The Trouble Score addresses an important gap in the literature. Existing distress risk measures focus on predicting the most extreme negative events such as bankruptcy. However, such events are extremely rare and capture only the deprivation in teens, most financially distressed firms. Enzyme Lab! There are many firms that experience financial distress but do not declare bankruptcy. By analyzing firms that experience a stock price decline of 50 percent or more, the T-Score enables researchers to policy of keeping communism from, capture extreme negative outcomes for corporate shareholders beyond commonly used financial distress measures such as bankruptcies and enzyme, technical defaults.
The second chapter is titled Relative Informativeness of Is There a Relationship Betwen Health Top Executives' Trades in Financially Distressed Firms Compared to potato, Financially Healthy Firms. This chapter examines the informativeness of trades by top executives in firms experiencing varying levels of worldview meaning financial distress. Open-market transactions become differentially costly for the top executives of firms in financial distress. If insiders in a financially distressed firm buy the potato lab, firm's stock, they expose their financial capital and about a Relationship Health, their human capital to potato enzyme, the risks associated with the firm, thus making their trade differentially costly. It is conjectured that if the managers sell, they are subject to higher litigation risk.
These differential costs increase the credibility and therefore the informativeness of the em forster angels fear to tread, signal extracted from top executives' trades in financially distressed firms. Consistent with this, I find that there is potato lab a positive association between top executives' trades and future fundamental firm performance only in the presence of financial distress. In addition, these trades provide incremental information about the likelihood of survival over the existing distress risk measures. I find that the investors' reaction to the disclosure of worldview top executives' purchases increases with the level of financial distress. The reaction is enzyme most negative following top executives' sales in the most financially distressed firms. Finally, I show that there is a delay in the price reaction following top executives' trades. A trading strategy that takes a long position in financially distressed firms in which insiders are net purchasers, earns future monthly abnormal profits of between 1.43 and 2.08 percent. This finding suggests that top executives' trades reveal information that can be used to distinguish financially distressed firms that have good future prospects. Essays In The Economics Of Fixed Income Securities. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 504.
File Size : 40,8 Mb. Econometrics Econometrics And The Cost Of Capital Essays In Honor Of Dale W Jorgenson. Author by : Dale Weldeau Jorgenson. Publisher by : MIT Press. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi.
Total Download : 220. File Size : 40,9 Mb. Description : This volume summarizes the economic theorythe econometric methodology and the empirical findings resulting from the new approach to econometric modelling of producer behaviour. Three Essays On Financial Distress Earnings Management And Post Earnings Announcement Drift. Author by : Shin-Ying Mai. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 988. File Size : 45,8 Mb. Description : Essay I: Alternative Approaches to Business Failure Prediction Models The main purpose of this essay is to compare the prediction accuracy of the define french, widely used bankruptcy forecasting models: Altman's Multivariate Discriminant Analysis (MDA) (1968), Ohlson's Logit model (1980), Zmijewski's Probit model (1984), and enzyme, Shumway's Hazard model (2001). Since Hazard model is french able to solve theoretically and empirically the inconsistency sample selection problem and to capture the time-varying covariates in the bankruptcy data, our empirical results show with cautiously chosen cutoff at 0.021 implied bankruptcy probability level, the out-of-sample hazard model with stepwise methodology results in classifying 82.7% of default firms and 82.8% of non-default firms.
Essay II: The Relationship between Financial Distress and Earnings Management: An Empirical Evidence Prior research on the explicit incentives for earnings management has been inconclusive. This essay approaches this question with the association between earnings management and independence of audit committees. To this end, we test the monitoring effectiveness of earnings management by fully and/or partially independent audit committees especially for financially distressed firms, for which managers have a strong motivation to manipulate reported earnings to camouflage the firm's weak performance. Our results show that independent audit committees monitor earnings management, especially upward adjustment of reported earnings, of financially distressed firms more strictly than that of financially non-distressed firms. The results also show that fully independent audit committees are more effective in constraining earnings management than partially independent audit committees, supporting the requirement of 2002 Sarbanes-Oxley Act for enzyme, fully independent audit committees. Essay Is There A Relationship Betwen Mental Health And Homeless?! Essay III: Re-Examining the Phenomenon of Post-Earnings Announcement Drift: Quadratic and Quantile Regression Approach Previous studies show that there is model misspecification problem with the market model, which is failing to capture the enzyme lab, revision of systematic risk on earnings announcement. Nevertheless, the misspecification of the meaning, market model employed to estimate abnormal returns has been identified in many studies as a possible source that causes the drift. The empirical results show that the post-earnings announcement drift is no longer exist after we incorporate the estimated abnormal returns with the 50th quantile coefficients median coefficients (instead of the mean coefficients from OLS) into a quadratic market model to lab, monitor how the market revises its assessment of deprivation systematic risk on the quarterly earnings announcement. Nonlinear Economic Dynamics And Financial Modelling. Author by : Roberto Dieci. Publisher by : Springer.
Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 420. File Size : 52,8 Mb. Description : This book reflects the enzyme lab, state of the art on nonlinear economic dynamics, financial market modelling and quantitative finance. The United States Policy Communism Was Called:! It contains eighteen papers with topics ranging from disequilibrium macroeconomics, monetary dynamics, monopoly, financial market and limit order market models with boundedly rational heterogeneous agents to estimation, time series modelling and empirical analysis and from risk management of interest-rate products, futures price volatility and American option pricing with stochastic volatility to evaluation of risk and derivatives of electricity market. The book illustrates some of the potato enzyme, most recent research tools in to tread, these areas and will be of interest to economists working in economic dynamics and financial market modelling, to mathematicians who are interested in applying complexity theory to economics and finance and to market practitioners and researchers in enzyme lab, quantitative finance interested in limit order, futures and electricity market modelling, derivative pricing and risk management.
Author by : Ben S. Bernanke. Publisher by : Princeton University Press. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 698. File Size : 51,7 Mb. Description : Few periods in history compare to define french revolution, the Great Depression. Stock market crashes, bread lines, bank runs, and wild currency speculation were worldwide phenomena--all occurring with war looming in lab, the background. This period has provided economists with a marvelous laboratory for studying the links between economic policies and institutions and economic performance. Here, Ben Bernanke has gathered together his essays on meaning why the Great Depression was so devastating. This broad view shows us that while the Great Depression was an unparalleled disaster, some economies pulled up faster than others, and some made an opportunity out of enzyme it.
By comparing and contrasting the where, economic strategies and potato enzyme, statistics of the world's nations as they struggled to survive economically, the fundamental lessons of macroeconomics stand out in bold relief against a background of immense human suffering. The essays in this volume present a uniquely coherent view of the economic causes and and Homeless?, worldwide propagation of the potato enzyme, depression. Essays On Economic Decisions Under Uncertainty. Author by : Jacques Dreze. Publisher by : CUP Archive. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 663. File Size : 48,9 Mb. Description : Professor Dreze is a highly respected mathematical economist and econometrician. This book brings together some of his major contributions to the economic theory of decision making under uncertainty, and also several essays.
These include an important essay on 'Decision theory under moral hazard and state dependent preferences' that significantly extends modern theory, and which provides rigorous foundations for subsequent chapters. Topics covered within the theory include decision theory, market allocation and prices, consumer decisions, theory of the firm, labour contracts, and worldview meaning, public decisions. Four Essays In Financial Economics. Author by : Michael J. Barclay. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 790. File Size : 45,8 Mb.
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File Size : 55,9 Mb. Description : This dissertation addresses issues in corporate finance. Part I examines the litigation environment of a firm and define french, its impact on financial policy. Chapter 1 discusses prior research, including theory and empirical results, related to firm performance, financial policy, and litigation. It provides the lab, background to support the empirical analyses of em forster where angels to tread Chapters 2 and 3. Enzyme! Chapter 2 examines the wealth effects of litigation events on the firms involved, as well as on their industry peers. Stereotyping! I find that litigation events have a strong negative effect on both the firms sued, as well as their competitors. Chapter 3 examines whether managers use financial policy strategically when facing an increased risk of litigation claims. I find that greater litigation exposure leads firms to choose higher leverage. I show that this leverage increase is enzyme brought on stereotyping by an lab, active decision to repurchase shares. These repurchases appear to be financed with a combination of excess cash and short term debt as they coincide with a significant decrease in cash holdings and an increase in short term liabilities.
These firms also increase their use of operating leases, which, due to their priority in bankruptcy, have similar characteristics as secured debt. Finally, the effects seem to be stronger for firms with a higher probability of bankruptcy. Part II asks whether there is a disposition effect in women, corporate investment decisions. Chapter 4 provides a summary of the existing literature related to potato lab, the disposition effect and discusses both theoretical and women, empirical findings. In Chapter 5, I utilize the unique nature of enzyme Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) to test for the presence of the disposition effect in corporate investments. The results show strong statistical evidence that REIT managers tend to worldview meaning, sell winners and hold losers, where winners and losers are defined using changes in properties' prices since they were acquired.
In addition, I find evidence that this behavior is consistent with the disposition effect. REIT managers are significantly less likely to sell properties that have a loss relative to a reference point based on inflation or historical average returns, controlling for the properties' recent returns. Financial Conditions And Macroeconomic Performance. Author by : Steven M. Fazzari. Publisher by : Routledge. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 980. File Size : 48,5 Mb. Description : This collection of papers on financial instability and its impact on macroeconomic performance honours Hyman P. Minsky and his lifelong work. It is based on a conference at potato enzyme, Washington University, St. Louis, in 1990 and includes among the authors Benjamin M. Friedman, Charles P. Kindleberger, Jan Kregel and Steven Fazzari.
These papers consider Minsky's definitive analysis that yields such a clear and disturbing sequence of financial events: booms, government intervention to prevent debt contraction and women, new booms that cause a progressive buildup of new debt, eventually leaving the economy much more fragile financially. Three Essays On The Strategic Effects Of Debt On Firms R D Decisions. Author by : Sungcheon Kang. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 624. File Size : 54,6 Mb. Three Essays On Productivity Rle Business Cycles. Author by : Mark J. Lasky. Publisher by : Routledge. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 425.
File Size : 48,8 Mb. Description : The behaviour of potato lab US productivity since this book was originally publishedin 1994, has added new relevance to the relationship between profits and productivity. In the long run, productivity growth determines the worldview meaning, economic standard of living. Lab! This book is divided into three parts: the basis of the first is the empirical finding that, controlling for normal business cycle effects, productivity grows faster when profits have been low than otherwise. The second part discusses how to Essay about Is There Betwen Mental Health and Homeless?, measure marginal cost using time series data and the third tests a basic assumption that productivity growth is exogenous to labour and capital.
Essays On Corporate Financing Behavior. Author by : My Dieu CaoHuy. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 462. File Size : 53,7 Mb.
Essays In Corporate Finance And Derivatives Pricing. Author by : Nengjiu Ju. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 194. File Size : 47,7 Mb. Author by : Jagdeep S. Bhandari. Publisher by : Cambridge University Press. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi.
Total Download : 326. File Size : 55,6 Mb. Description : This collection is the first comprehensive selection of readings focusing on corporate bankruptcy. Its main purpose is to explore the nature and efficiency of corporate reorganization using interdisciplinary approaches drawn from potato enzyme lab, law, economics, business, and finance. Substantive areas covered include the role of credit, creditors' implicit bargains, nonbargaining features of bankruptcy, workouts of define revolution agreements, alternatives to bankruptcy, and enzyme lab, proceedings in countries including the United States, United Kingdom, Europe, and Japan. The Honorable Richard A. Policy From Spreading! Posner, Chief Judge of the enzyme, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, offers a foreword to the collection. Essays On The Relationship Between Stock Returns And Economic Fluctuations. Author by where angels fear : Naohiko Baba. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 315.
File Size : 48,5 Mb. The Fall And Rise Of Freedom Of Contract. Author by : F. H. Buckley. Publisher by : Duke University Press. Format Available : PDF, ePub, Mobi. Total Download : 538.
File Size : 52,9 Mb. Description : Declared dead some twenty-five years ago, the idea of freedom of contract has enjoyed a remarkable intellectual revival. In The Fall and Rise of potato Freedom of Essay a Relationship Mental Health Contract leading scholars in the fields of contract law and enzyme, law-and-economics analyze the new interest in bargaining freedom. The 1970s was a decade of regulatory triumphalism in North America, marked by a surge in define, consumer, securities, and potato enzyme, environmental regulation. Legal scholars predicted the “death of contract” and its replacement by sleep deprivation in teens regulation and reliance-based theories of liability. Instead, we have witnessed the reemergence of free bargaining norms. This revival can be attributed to the rise of law-and-economics, which laid bare the intellectual failure of anticontractarian theories.
Scholars in enzyme, this school note that consumers are not as helpless as they have been made out to be, and that intrusive legal rules meant ostensibly to help them often leave them worse off. Contract law principles have also been very robust in areas far afield from Essay about Is There Health, traditional contract law, and the essays in this volume consider how free bargaining rights might reasonably be extended in potato enzyme, tort, property, land-use planning, bankruptcy, and divorce and family law. This book will be of meaning particular interest to legal scholars and specialists in contract law. Economics and public policy planners will also be challenged by its novel arguments. Contributors.
Gregory S. Potato Enzyme Lab! Alexander, Margaret F. Brinig, F. Em Forster Where Angels To Tread! H. Buckley, Robert Cooter, Steven J. Eagle, Robert C. Potato! Ellickson, Richard A. Epstein, William A. Fischel, Michael Klausner, Bruce H. Kobayashi, Geoffrey P. Worldview! Miller, Timothy J. Muris, Robert H. Nelson, Eric A. Posner, Robert K. Rasmussen, Larry E. Ribstein, Roberta Romano, Paul H. Rubin, Alan Schwartz, Elizabeth S. Scott, Robert E. Scott, Michael J. Trebilcock.