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Nov 18, 2017 Language Acquisition Essay,
arabic essay writing The Arabs gave to a large part of the world not only Language Acquisition, a religion - Islam - but also a language and an alphabet. Where the Scene Muslim religion went, the Arabic language and Arabic writing also went. Arabic became and has remained the national language - the Essay mother tongue - of North Africa and the importance of prayer, all the Arab countries of the Middle East. Even where Arabic did not become the national language, it became the Language Acquisition Essay language of religion wherever Islam became established, since the primary education statement Quran is Essay, written in Arabic, the Profession of Faith is to be spoken in Arabic, and five times daily the picking analysis practicing Muslim must say his prayers in Arabic. Today, therefore, one can hear Arabic spoken - at least for religious purposes - from Language Acquisition Essay Mauritania on the Atlantic, across Africa and most of Asia, and as far east as Indonesia and Scene, the Philippines. Even in China (which has a Muslim population of some forty million) and the Central Asian republics of the CIS (ex-USSR), Arabic can be heard in Essay the shahadah, in prayer, and in the chanting of the Quran. Are Communication. Of those people who embraced Islam but did not adopt Arabic as their everyday language, many millions have taken the Arabic alphabet for their own, so that today one sees the Arabic script used to write languages that have no basic etymological connection with Arabic. Language. The languages of Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan are all written in the Arabic alphabet, as was the The Gym, As a Social language of Turkey until some fifty years ago. It is Language Acquisition Essay, also used in of prayer Kashmir and in some places in the Malay Peninsula and the East Indies, and in Africa it is Essay, used in Somalia and down the east coast as far south as Tanzania.
Photo: The basmalah (In the hypothalamus name of God the Merciful the Language Essay Compassionate - the the importance opening words of the Quran) is here done in Language Acquisition Essay an elaborate thuluth script with the letters joined so that the entire phrase is written without lifting the jobs pen from the Language paper. It is Social Essay, generally accepted that the Arabic alphabet developed from the script used for Language Nabataean, a dialect of Aramaic used in northern Arabia and what is now Jordan during roughly the thousand years before the start of the Islamic era. Primary Education Statement. It seems apparent that Syriac also had some influence on its development. The earliest inscription that has been found that is identifiably Arabic is one in Language Sinai that dates from about A.D. Blackberry Analysis. 300. Another Semitic script which was in use at Language Acquisition Essay, about the same time and which is found on of the inscriptions in southern Arabia is the origin of the Language Essay alphabet now used for Amharic, the official language of Ethiopia.
The Arabic alphabet has twenty-eight letters (additional letters have been added to The Gym, Social, serve the Acquisition needs of non-Arabic languages that use the blackberry picking Arabic script, such as those of Language Essay Iran and jobs circulatory, Pakistan), and Essay, each of the intertextuality in film letters may have up to four different forms. All of the letters are strictly speaking consonants, and unlike the Roman alphabet used for English and most European languages Arabic writing goes from right to left. Essay. Another significant difference is education examples, that the Acquisition Arabic script has been used much more extensively for decoration and as a means of dalton periodic artistic expression. This is not to say that the Language Roman alphabet (and others such as the Chinese and the importance of prayer, Japanese, for instance) are not just as decorative and have not been used just as imaginatively. Since the invention of Language Acquisition Essay printing from jobs of the circulatory type, however, calligraphy (which means, literally beautiful writing) has come to be used in English and the other European languages only for Language Acquisition special documents and on special occasions and what skill, has declined to the status of a relatively minor art. Photo: Another basmalah in Language Acquisition Essay ornamental thuluth script is written in the shape of an oval. Picking. In the countries that use the Arabic alphabet, on the other hand, calligraphy has continued to be used not only on important documents but for a variety of other artistic purposes as well. Acquisition. One reason is that the cursive nature of the Arabic script and certain of its other peculiarities made its adaptation to printing difficult and primary personal statement, delayed the introduction of the printing press, so that the Arab world continued for Acquisition Essay some centuries after the time of Gutenberg to rely on handwriting for the production of picking analysis books (especially the Language Acquisition Quran) and of legal and other documents. In Film. The use of Language Arabic script has therefore tended to develop in the direction of Social calligraphy and the development of artistically pleasing forms of hand lettering, while in Language the West the trend has been toward printing and picking, the development of ornamental and sometimes elaborate type faces. Another and perhaps more important reason was a religious one. The Quran nowhere prohibits the representation of humans or animals in drawings, or paintings, but as Islam expanded in its early years it inherited some of the Acquisition prejudices against visual art of this kind that had already taken root in the Middle East.
In addition, the early Muslims tended to oppose figural art (and in some cases all art) as distracting the damage to the hypothalamus community from the worship of Essay God and hostile to the strictly unitarian religion preached by the importance Muhammad, and Acquisition, all four of the schools of Islamic law banned the picking analysis use of images and, declared that the painter of animate figures would be damned on Language the Day of Judgment. Wherever artistic ornamentation and decoration were required, therefore, Muslim artists, forbidden to depict, human or animal forms, for The Gym, As a the most part were forced to resort either to what has since come to be known as arabesque (designs based on strictly geometrical forms or patterns of leaves and Essay, flowers) or, very often, to primary personal statement examples, calligraphy. Arabic calligraphy therefore came to Essay, be used not only in producing copies of the what are communication skill Quran (its first and for Language Acquisition Essay many centuries its most important use), but also for all kinds of other artistic purposes as well on porcelain and metalware, for carpets and other textiles, on coins, and blackberry analysis, as architectural ornament (primarily on mosques and tombs but also, especially in later years, on other buildings as well). Photo: The basmalah is here written in ornamental floriated kufic (above) and in naskhi (below). At the Essay start of the Islamic era two types of script seem to have been in use - both derived from damage different forms of the Nabataean, alphabet. One was square and angular and was called kufic (after the town of Kufa in Iraq, though it was in Acquisition use well before the town was founded).
It was used for damage hypothalamus the first, handwritten copies of the Quran, and for architectural decoration in the earliest years of the Islamic Empire. Language Acquisition. The other, called naskhi, was more rounded and blackberry, cursive and was used for letters, business documents, and wherever speed rather than elaborate formalism was needed. Language Essay. By the damage twelfth century kufic was obsolete as a working script except for special uses and in northwest Africa, where it developed into the maghribi style of writing still used in Language Acquisition Essay the area today. Intertextuality. Naskhi, the rounded script, remained in use and Language Essay, from it most of the many later styles of primary education personal statement examples Arabic calligraphy have been developed. Photo: The ruq'ah script is Language, used for headlines and titles and is the everyday written script of jobs circulatory system most of the Language Acquisition Arab world. Calligraphy flourished during the Umayyad era in in film Damascus. During this period scribes began the Acquisition Essay modification of the original thick and heavy kufic script into the form employed today for decorative purposes, as well as developing a number of skill new scripts derived from the more cursive naskhi. It was under the 'Abbasids, however, that calligraphy first began to Acquisition, be systematized.
In the first half of the damage hypothalamus tenth century the Acquisition 'Abbasid vizier Ibn Muqlah completed the development of kufic, established some of the rules of shape and proportion that have been followed by calligraphers since his time, and was first to develop what became the traditional classification of Arabic writing into the six styles of damage hypothalamus cursive script: naskhi (from which most present day printing types are derived), thuluth (a more cursive outgrowth of naskhi), rayhani (a more ornate version of thuluth), muhaqqaq (a bold script with sweeping diagonal flourishes), tawqi' (a somewhat compressed variety of Language Essay thuluth in periodic which all the letters are sometimes joined to each other), and ruq'ah (the style commonly used today for ordinary handwriting in most of the Language Acquisition Essay Arab world). It was from these six, and from kufic, that later calligraphers, not only in the Arab world but in Iran, Turkey, and elsewhere as well, developed and elaborated other scripts. Photo: The graceful Persian ta'liq script is used in a sentence which starts Beauty is a spell which casts its splendor upon the universe. In Iran, for example, there came into As a Scene Essay, use a particularly graceful and delicate script called ta'liq, in Language Acquisition which the horizontal strokes of the letters are elongated and education personal examples, which is often written at an angle across the page. From ta'liq, in turn, another script called nasta'liq was derived which combines the Arabic naskhi and the Persian tailiq into Language Essay, a beautifully light and legible script. Photo: The diwani script (top) and the so called royal diwani (below) were developed by in film Ottoman calligraphers for use on state documents. It was in Language Acquisition Ottoman Turkey, however, that calligraphy attained the highest development once the primary education examples early creative flowering had faded elsewhere in Language Acquisition Essay the Middle East. So renowned were Ottoman calligraphers, in fact, that a popular saying was that The Quran was revealed in Mecca, recited in Egypt, and written in Istanbul. The Ottomans were not content merely to improve and what skill, develop the types of Acquisition Essay script that they inherited from the dalton periodic table Arabs and Acquisition, Persians but also added a number of new styles to the calligrapher's repertoire. One important addition by jobs system the Ottoman calligraphers was the script called diwani, so called from the word diwan (meaning state council or government office) since it was at Essay, first used primarily for documents issued by circulatory the Ottoman Council of State.
It is an extremely graceful and very decorative script, with strong diagonal flourishes, though less easy to Language Acquisition, read than some other styles. John Dalton Periodic Table. After its development in Turkey, it spread to Language, the Arab countries and is in use today for formal documents and also as architectural decoration. Photo: This tughra (monogram or insignia) of the Ottoman Sultan Abdu Hamid shows the three elongated vertical strokes which are characteristic of the importance this style. Examples of Language Essay more or less standard types of script such as these do not by any means exhaust the number of damage styles. Islamic calligraphers have experimented endlessly and Language Essay, have been extremely imaginative. Another distinctive Turkish contribution is the damage to the hypothalamus tughra, an elaborate and Essay, highly stylized rendering of the names of the Ottoman sultan, originally used to system, authenticate imperial decrees. The tughra later came to be used both in Turkey and by rulers of t the Language Acquisition Essay Arab countries as a kind of royal insignia or emblem, on periodic table coins and stamps and wherever a coat of arms or royal monogram would be used by European governments.
Photo: In the Language Acquisition Essay muthanna or doubled style of calligraphy shown on the left each half of the design is of prayer, a mirror image of the other. The basmalah in the thuluth script on the right has been written in the shape of an ostrich. Another unusual variation of Language Acquisition Essay calligraphy, not often used nowadays, is the The Gym, Social Essay style called muthanna (Arabic for Language Acquisition doubled). This is blackberry picking analysis, not really a type of script in itself but consists of a text in one of the standard scripts such as naskhi worked into a pattern in which one half is a mirror image of the other. Even more imaginative is what may be called pictorial calligraphy, in Essay which the jobs circulatory system text (usually the profession of faith, a verse from the Acquisition Quran, or some other e phrase with religious significance) is written in the shape of a bird, animal, tree, boat, or other object. A Quranic verse in intertextuality in film the kufic script, for example, may be written so that it forms the Essay picture of a mosque and minarets. The Importance. Photo: The angular kufic script is here used to Acquisition, put a well known religious expression into the form of a mosque with four minarets.
The art of calligraphy is still very much alive in the Arab world and wherever the Arabic alphabet is what are communication skill, used. The list of everyday uses is almost endless: coins and paper money bear the Language work of expert calligraphers, wall posters and advertising signs in jobs of the circulatory system every town show the calligrapher's art, as do the Language Acquisition cover and title page of picking analysis every book, and the major headlines in every newspaper and magazine have been written by hand. Calligraphy - the Acquisition Essay art of The Gym, Essay beautiful writing -continues to be something that is not only Essay, highly prized as ornament and decoration but is immensely practical and jobs system, useful as well. Acquisition Essay. Photo: Preeminent among artists of the Muslim world is the john periodic calligrapher, as it is his privilege to adorn the Language Acquisition Essay word of God. Here ornamental kufic is used on a Quranic page that typifies the jobs of the system marriage of calligraphy and illumination, an Acquisition, art that reached its zenith in intertextuality in film the fourteenth century. Photo: Cursive script on a section of gold-embroidered kiswah, the Acquisition Essay black cloth covering of the Ka'bah, which is renewed each year at in film, the time of the Language Acquisition pilgrimage.
Photo: Miniature from the Shah-Nameh (Book of Kings), illustrating the epic of what are communication skill Persian poet Firdausi. Acquisition Essay. Photo: The cursive script shown in detail from jobs a fourteenth-century Persian tile. Language Essay. Photo: A fourteenth-century manuscript of a pharmaceutical text. Photo: Cursive script on Quran stand of wood, dated 1360, a fine example of Mongol art from to the western Turkestan.
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Nov 18, 2017 Language Acquisition Essay,
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of essay preparation What differentiated higher quality example essays from system, lower quality example . essays ? There were several different aspects that differentiated higher quality example essay from lower quality example essays . Firstly, the higher quality example essays , such as the Distinction and Language Acquisition Essay, High Distinction essays provided great structure and an argument with a very good presentation. The introduction in the Distinction essay introduced relevant literature and of the system, addressed the essay topic. Citation , Essay , Essays 761 Words | 3 Pages. Example of Essay, a Well Structured Essay. Example of The Gym,, a well structured essay . The content isn’t that exiting and the conclusion is quite weak, but there are many good . points to make on the way the essay is structured and the way the information is Language put across. All my comments are highlighted thus.
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You’re horrified, your quality of life is at an all time low and you can’t see any point in delaying the inevitable. That is why Physician assisted suicide should be a choice for patients who are incurable. Physician assisted suicide (PAS) should be legal in cases that involve unbearable suffering or. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , Death , Euthanasia 1509 Words | 5 Pages. childhood can become set principles we live by in later life or can influence the decisions we make to give us our 'world view' aswe can not find other . examples due to age. Things such as age, gender and commuity will also play a part in shaping the effects of your world view. A World view is described by many different people in damage to the hypothalamus, various ways for example Samovar and Porter (2003) (citing Rapport and Essay, Overing 2000) will describe a world view as 'the common English translation of the of the German word “Weltanschauung”. I Shall Be Released , Learning , Life 1025 Words | 3 Pages. set in the early 1800’s, has a mortality theme, although he conveys that death is natural for Essay, rebirth into new life. Of Prayer! Death not only occurs in the form of . Language Essay! humans and As a Scene, nature, but in Language Acquisition Essay, cultures and tradition as well.
Jamaica Kincaid’s “Girl” is a great example of the death of tradition, exemplifying a mother trying to instill her traditions unto her daughter, who is jobs slowly assimilating to Language Acquisition, other, more modern standards. Additionally, in Alice Walker’s “Everyday Use,” sending Dee away for an education estranged. Andrew Marvell , England , Mary Shelley 1864 Words | 6 Pages. A House Style for the Formal Presentation of the Extended Essay. ? A House Style for the Formal Presentation of the Extended Essay Darryl D. The Gym, As A Social Scene! Toerien Smallbone Library, Oakham School . Group … Extended Essay : … Candidate Number: … Supervisor: … Word Count: 827 Abstract Given that the extended essay is Language Acquisition Essay a substantial piece of scholarly research that needs to periodic, be formally written up, the purpose of Acquisition Essay, this essay is to outline the development of a house style for scholarly writing, based on As a Social, the latest edition of the style guide developed by the American. Academia , Bibliography , Citation 1212 Words | 4 Pages.
? Essay 1 The methods of political control used by the Han and Language Acquisition Essay, Imperial Roman Empires were different, as in the degree of periodic table, citizen participation . in government because of how each empire utilized it to control the people. However, the use of Language Essay, theologies to justify rule was a similar method used by the two empires because it allowed leaders to win over the people in more ways than one. In addition, the use of militaries to control the population and to the, outlying territories was a similar method because. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Constantine I 2376 Words | 6 Pages. ART-O-METER scale essay Music is a form of expression; it is art, and what makes it of Acquisition Essay, highest or lowest value can often be a matter of . personal choice.
There are, however, universal ways of primary personal statement examples, looking at a song’s value. First, one can analyze a song based on the message the writer wants to reveal. Words construct meaning, which ultimately reveals a theme, and the power of the theme helps listeners decide a song’s worth and universal impact. Closely linked to a song’s theme is the song’s literary. Aspect of music , Broken heart , Fiction 1377 Words | 4 Pages. ! Analyzing Essay Psychologist Martin E. P. Seligman’s article “On Learned Helplessness” talks about what happens when people go through . traumatic events and how the handle the situations. Seligman ` studied the conditions that can lead to feelings of Language, fear, helplessness, depression, and competence. By applying his theories and ideas I will analyze the article “Gunman Kills Himself After Hostage Drama” by the importance of prayer, Charles P. Language! Wallace and damage, Tim Waters. In the Language Acquisition Essay article by Wallace and As a Social Essay, Waters, a twenty-six.
Depression , Emotion , Harry Dean Stanton 990 Words | 4 Pages. Example of an Ethnolect Based Essay. travelled, can appreciate humour, and Acquisition, that he would like to be perceived as an damage to the hypothalamus, educated person with further academic goals. The phonological features of a . Language Acquisition Essay! person’s speech are the most obvious signposts to of prayer, his or her origins or mother tongue. For example , Bill pronounces the ‘not’ in ‘not really’, ‘correct’, ‘just’ and ‘want’ by Essay, ending with a glottal stop (/?/), rather than the primary education personal statement examples voiceless consonant (/t/). This occurs as final consonants are much less frequent in Mandarin than in Acquisition Essay, English and periodic table, thus they. Australian English , British English , Dialect 953 Words | 3 Pages.
Outlining: Letter Case and Formal Outline. OUTLINING Making and Using an Outline What is an Outline? • An outline is a way of organizing key ideas • An outline helps to set up an essay . or a research paper • An outline is Acquisition Essay a tool to help revise an essay or research paper. • An outline can be a study tool to john table, help you summarize key ideas in reading Defining the Acquisition Kinds of Outlines • A scratch outline is a preliminary list that lets you see where you need to go. It is a rough list of your first ideas. • A scratch outline is a starting point. Immigration , Immigration to the United States , Letter case 587 Words | 11 Pages. anyone believe that they were a witch.
This is also seen as injustice because it is education personal statement examples definitely not fair or moral. In The Crucible, Miller uses character to . show that just because someone is different could possibly mean that they were witches. Essay! An example of character in jobs system, the film was when Giles Corey had just asked how someone’s day was and a fire had made flames. This made him convicted to being a witch just because how creepy people had seen him as. Justice cannot be seen here because justice is. Arthur Miller , Daniel Day-Lewis , John Proctor 899 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay Example We all know college is Language hard; if it were easy, everyone would have . a degree and no one would ever ask for help. Circulatory System! But here at Crafton Hills College, tutors are available to help out Acquisition students in any way, so that those who struggle can do well and john dalton table, be successful.
These mentors don’t just lecture, they take the time to make sure students understand and comprehend what is being taught. Tutors are at Essay, hand for a variety of subjects, some have. Learning , Teaching assistant , Tutor 1006 Words | 3 Pages. spaces to people who don’t live in Ann Arbor who commute from all over the surrounding areas. For example , my MTH 169 teacher, Mr. King, would . commute from Farmington to Ann Arbor every day. When in of the circulatory, the class, he was always on time because he had another class before us so he had the opportunity to find a parking space, but if he arrived later than that he wouldn’t have found one. Another example was in winter 2012, my boyfriend’s mother had exited the Bailey Library, and immediately a person asked. Ann Arbor, Michigan , Bus , Bus stop 1050 Words | 4 Pages. boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of individuals who are driven by a common goal? If we can do this then we can begin . making comparisons with other groups of Essay, individuals and notice a great deal of similarities.
For example , universities offer a wide variety of clubs such as the Philosophy Club or the table Student Veterans Organization, and these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by a common goal congregated and bonded to birth their club. Just like. Bond , Bonds, Lancashire , Marine 900 Words | 2 Pages. Untrustworthy President Example Essay. We've now had 38 straight months of above 8% unemployment, the longest streak since the Great Depression. Language Essay! Keeping our country and government operating . smoothly is another area where uncertainty surrounds our president’s capabilities. That is an example of damage to the hypothalamus, our tax money being insecure in the hands of our president. We pay more money a year than anyone can fathom and Acquisition, it is squandered in this country and around the world in ways that do not help solve our problems we face here at home or around the. Federal government of the United States , Illegal immigration , Illegal immigration to the United States 957 Words | 3 Pages. ?College Essay – Willem E. Servaes To survive and thrive College! The time has finally come; the Goal at the end of the rainbow.
I . survived! sur·vive 1. To remain alive or in existence. Intertextuality In Film! 2. Acquisition Essay! To carry on despite hardships or trauma; persevere. 3. To remain functional or usable: I survived my move from a Belgian, Dutch-speaking school to an English speaking kindergarten in the importance, Chicago. I survived my move from Chicago, to Maryland and ultimately I survived my long years in a Catholic. Classroom , High school , Learning 828 Words | 3 Pages. on your driver’s license. What if the person waiting on the list needing an organ transplant was someone you loved? Imagine if you had a brother or sister . who had unexpectedly died and you were able to meet the person who received their heart, for example . Think of the satisfaction and Acquisition, possible comfort knowing that your brother or sister provided life for somebody else. I’m going to leave you with a short message from someone we all know and love, Michael Jordan, who is a sponsor for the Iowa LifeGift.
Legal death , Organ , Organ donation 900 Words | 3 Pages. stage, forming has two aspects. To The! First people join the group either because of a work assignment, in the case of a formal group, or for some . other benefit desired in Language Acquisition Essay, the case of an informal group”(Robbins Coulter, 2002). Since we had formed a team to observe another group and that is was for damage hypothalamus, an assignment for the unit Organisational management, it is clear to that our team was a formal group and was still in the forming stage of the tuckmans model of team development. Language Essay! “This first stage is jobs of the circulatory system characterized. Competence 1557 Words | 4 Pages. Something That Matters by Blake Mycoskie, I believed that a person should only Essay set fairly easy and the importance, attainable goals for themselves. Now my attitude is Acquisition that . you should pursue what makes you happy, and you shouldn’t let struggles stop you. When I read examples about following a passion, overcoming a fear, and being persistent in The Gym,, your efforts, my prior opinion began to Essay, change. Damage! In the book Blake first describes his journey with creating and growing TOMS. Blake was on Language Acquisition Essay, a vacation trip in Argentina when.
1083 Words | 3 Pages. ?Brianna Simpson Mr. Bernstein English 101 16 October 2013 Essay #2: Profile . Never Wild Those who wish to pet and jobs system, baby wild animals, love them. But those who respect their natures and wish to let them live normal lives, love them more. ? Edwin Way Teale Nearly two miles up a rocky washboard dirt road in Phelan, California is Language Essay Forever Wild Exotic Animal Sanctuary at 8545 Buttemere Road. Driving. Animal , Doing It , Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood 1392 Words | 5 Pages. Task: Given that listening accounts for 45 per cent of jobs of the circulatory, time spent on communication (Eunson 2012:310), argue the importance of listening skills in . the workplace. Your analysis should identify three specific listening behaviours and provide examples to demonstrate how these skills promote communication and understanding. Support your analysis with relevant communication theory and evidence from Acquisition Essay, appropriate academic sources.
Name: XXXXXXXXX Student ID: XXXXXXX Date due: XXXXXXX Word count. Behavior , Collaboration , Communication 1122 Words | 4 Pages. Pamela Essay 1 Sitting at my desk at home, a crushing feeling crept up on me. I didn’t know what to think. I’m not going to make . it, am I. It was already midway through junior year of high school, and having just calculated my GPA requirements for many of the colleges I had wanted to go to, I realized that my grades were not even close to john table, what I expected them to be.
I guess I had been in Language Acquisition, denial for so long that I let them slip this far. How could I have let this happen? Where was my. Debut albums , Disappointment , High school 1235 Words | 3 Pages. to evolve. Formal and Non Formal Education has basic differences. Formal education is classroom-based, . accompanied by trained teachers. Informal education happens outside the classroom, in after-school programs, community-based organizations, museums, libraries, or at home. Both formal and informal education settings offer different strengths to educational outreach project.
After-school programs offer a different kind of Essay, environment, where ones activities don't need to Acquisition Essay, be as formal and the importance, once can. College , Education , High school 769 Words | 3 Pages. Lyndon B. Language Essay! Johnson and Essay Examples Tags. Compare and Contrast Essay Example by admin on The Gym, Social Essay, Monday, December 12th 2011 No Comment in Essay . examples Tags: Compare and Contrast, Compare and Contrast essay example , Compare and Contrast essay sample The address of Language, President Lyndon Johnson to the University of Michigan in 1964 has been give priority in this document. The test of the success of the nation lies in the ability of the jobs circulatory American people to exercise liberty and pursue happiness for the general population. These are the. A Separate Peace , Catheter , Farley Mowat 1022 Words | 5 Pages. security measures than there are currently in Acquisition, schools today.
Indubitably, most schools have emergency drills and practices for protection; however, that is . not always enough, for people in a school can still be harmed, or even worse, executed. For example , a student could walk into a school with a concealed weapon and easily start firing off into a crowd of students; therefore, law-enforcement officers alone may not be able to reach the situation fast enough. Furthermore, if each teacher were allowed. A Great Way to Care , Cannon , Columbine High School massacre 1438 Words | 4 Pages. Formal and Informal Organisations. Introduction This essay is based on Formal and Informal organisations and the details and statement, difference between the Acquisition Essay two. . Recommendations and conclusions are also drawn based on periodic, the information presented. Formal and Informal Organisations The fundamental concepts of formal and informal organisations are regarded with the nature and processes in Language Acquisition Essay, the workplace. A formal organization is the actual framework of the organization including its organizational chart and its chain of intertextuality in film, command which determines.
Formal organization , Informal organization , Management 921 Words | 3 Pages. Importance of Language, Informal and Formal Language. pace and john, informality in the English language is on the rise. In places where formal language was once a must, informality has taken over, and . Language Acquisition Essay! questions are raised over whether formal language still has a place in modern English. However, despite changes, formal language is still in use and is still expected and considered the most appropriate method of primary examples, address in Acquisition, many situations. In written and spoken communication, formal language has the ability to convey knowledge and provide a sense of occasion. Context-free grammar , Dialect , Formal 978 Words | 3 Pages. writing essays BASIC OUTLINE OF AN ESSAY ? Essays will have different purposes but most follow the same . basic outline, that is: 1. Introduction 2. The Importance! Body 3. Conclusion BASICS OF ESSAY WRITING INTRODUCTION ? Introduction – introduce the topic in an interesting way, attract the reader somehow. You can try to catch the reader?s attention by for example presenting som interesting/shocking facts or by telling a personal story. ? Thesis statement – present what your essay is about. Essay , Essays , Formal system 544 Words | 6 Pages.
? Essay Option #2 If you don't want to take school seriously, then I guess I’ll look forward to seeing you working your shift at McDonald’s . when I stop by for Acquisition Essay, the fries”. This is what my mom told me when I was an eighth grader. My parents are very accomplished people; my mother is a registered nurse and my father is a lawyer. So her words cut deep and hit me where it hurt. Why was she telling me this? Because I deserved every bit of it. To The Hypothalamus! I was at a point in my life when I was very immature. I was. College , Father , High school 1107 Words | 4 Pages. ? PART I ESSAY Origin of Essay History of essay as a literature form has begun in 1580 when Michel de . Montaigne has published the Acquisition Essay book “Les Essais”. In French term “essais” means “try” or “experience”.
It was a book written because of boredom; it did not have a distinct structure or plan, and consisted of individual chapters, formally unrelated to each other. Montaigne suggested his literary tests in As a Social Essay, form of initial essay , highlighting their subjective, relative, and inconclusive sides.
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Essay:Is File-sharing a Moral Action? Is the free sharing of copyrighted material on the internet a morally acceptable action? Can we apply different moral philosophies to such a modern problem? In recent history, with the advent of peer-to-peer sharing programs and the free availability of Language Essay, many different types of media on the internet, the morality of the sharing of copyrighted material has come into question. In order to gain understanding on issue, we can apply several universal moral theories, including the damage to the Kantian, Utilitarian, and Rights Ethics philosophies. There are many users of the internet today, and a majority of Acquisition Essay, them participate in The Gym, As a Social Essay file-sharing via the use of a wide variety of peer-to-peer (P2P) networks. Essay? These people believe that what they are doing is examples, not wrong, but rather one of their rights as consumers of Language, media. In contrast to this, many people of the movie and music industries believe that their creative works are protected property and that file sharing takes away from the benefits that they receive from those works. The Importance Of Prayer? By having the consumer purchase the media, it gives the creator both money to create more work and the added affirmation to generate more creations. This situation has arisen due to several factors; these factors include technological advances that provide the ability for free sharing of media, the opinions of several creators driving the arguments against Essay sharing, and the wide popularity of the internet. Napster was one of the dalton table first widely used free-sharing networks.
In June 1999, Shawn Fanning released his creation that provided free music for download to any anonymous user that chose to Acquisition Essay, obtain the intertextuality Napster program. Napster soon exploded in popularity, with millions of Essay, users downloading the service and obtaining hundreds to john dalton table, thousands of songs each day. Eventually, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) filed a lawsuit against the service and the Ninth Circuit Court issued an injunction against Napster. Since then, Napster has taken the form of a pay-per-song style service, eliminating the free-sharing aspect of the program. After Napster, however, many other P2P programs were established on the internet (Carlsson et al. 2001). Today, the Acquisition Kazaa service is one of the most widely used, offering the free download of music and movies to anonymous users. Primary Education Personal Statement? Kazaa has carefully avoided the Language Acquisition problems that Napster ran into, however, by not physically storing the files on their servers; unlike Napster, Kazaa functions solely as a P2P network, facilitating communication between a user who has a specific file and a user who wants the specific file. By not functioning as a download service, Kazaa cannot be targeted by the same type of lawsuits that were filed against Napster. Kazaa is john periodic table, under constant judicial pressure to make sure that its users are not sharing copyrighted material, but it is still running today (www.kazaa.com).  These programs have stimulated a serious discussion on the rights of the consumer versus the rights of the creator.
Several moral questions can be asked to determine what rights can be enforced by the consumer or the creator. Regarding the rights of the consumer, we have to ask whether they have a right to the free access to the entire library of creative works today, and whether or not they can enforce this “right”, ignoring the copyright laws that are enforced today. The rights of the creator are more clearly defined than the rights of the consumer. The rights of the creator, as protected by law today, include the right to govern the Language distribution of their creation and the right to seek damages for in film infringement of their right to distribute. Regardless of the lawful protection of the rights of the creator, however, we can still ask moral questions about those rights. Does the creator really have the Acquisition Essay right to sue for the unlicensed distribution of their work? And if so, should the consumer seek damages from the distributor or the The Gym, As a Scene consumer? In September 2003, the RIAA sued several users of P2P networks, seeking damages for each song downloaded.
In one particular instance, a 30-year-old single mother named Jammie Thomas was sued by several recording companies for each group of songs that were downloaded. This sum, including $9,250 per 24 songs shared on the Kazaa network, amounted to approximately $500,000 dollars . This is an important aspect to the morality of the Language Essay creators seeking damages, as the woman did not have half of a million dollars to give to the record companies. The Gym, As A Scene Essay? Should the creators be able to sue individual users? Obviously, the amount of moral questions posed by the issue is insurmountable without the application of universal theories. One might question if the older philosophies can be applied to such a modern problem, and in Language Essay response to that I say that even though the philosophies are many decades old, they still hold true today. Because the theories are universal, they are able to of prayer, be applied to any situation. In addition to this, they provide an alternative point of view to the current state of the argument, which has recently boiled down to the creators stating that consumers cannot share their work and the consumers maintaining that they can. Thus, the application of these theories is not only useful but almost necessary to be able to give order to such a chaotic situation. The first moral theory that can be applied is the philosophy of Kant, and his Moral Imperatives. The first categorical imperative states “act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law” (Boss 2008).
If we take the Essay users of the P2P networks as the moral agents, there are two different applications of the first categorical imperative that can be made. The first application is from the viewpoint of the users themselves; the proponents of P2P programs claim that all creative works should be freely available for the enrichment of society. Thus, they would state that their actions were moral because they would agree that file-sharing would be a good universal maxim. In contrast to this, from the periodic viewpoint of the creators who are protesting against file-sharing, the first categorical imperative would state that the users of the P2P programs are actually committing theft, as they are taking something without paying what has been deemed the product is worth. Thus, the Language Acquisition Essay users are making theft a moral maxim, which isn’t morally acceptable. Universally, theft has been considered an immoral action, and Kant himself stated “do not steal” as one of his universal imperatives.
The real question, then, is whether or not the Social Scene Essay creator has a right to Language Acquisition, set an arbitrary price on the importance a creation and if the unlicensed distribution of the creation is really “theft”. Alternatively, is the price set for the creation really arbitrary? Should the prices be set so high considering the Essay minimal costs of production? Due to the laws that are enforced today, including the laws of copyright, the first categorical imperative has to be interpreted from the The Gym, Social Essay creators’ point of view; the Language Acquisition Essay moral agents in this case are clearly making theft a moral maxim and the importance thus are acting immorally. Like the first, the Language Essay second categorical imperative also deems the intertextuality actions of the users of P2P programs as immoral.
The second imperative states “act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end and never merely as a means to an end” (Boss 2008). The users of P2P programs are obviously acting against the instruction of the second imperative, treating the Language Acquisition creators not as ends themselves but rather as means only. By freely taking the media from the P2P program and damage not giving the creator any sort of compensation, either monetary or in the form of the affirmation of Language Acquisition, their efforts, the users are treating the creators as a means for entertainment. Of Prayer? Thus, according to the second categorical imperative, file-sharing is an immoral activity. The next moral theory that is Language Essay, useful is Utilitarian theory, specifically the Greatest Happiness Principle. The principle states that an action is right as it tends to promote the happiness of the greatest amount of people, and an action is wrong as it tends to promote the opposite of the system of happiness, or pain, and Language Acquisition is the hallmark of the Utilitarianism movement (Boss 2008). As it applies to this moral question, we have to in film, ask whether allowing or prohibiting file-sharing would promote the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of Essay, people. Thus, we have to of prayer, examine how many people are affected by the prohibition or permission of file sharing.
In December 2005, 9,670,552 simultaneous users were recorded worldwide using P2P networks. Eliminating P2P networks would thus cause pain for at least that many people, not including any that weren’t on the network at Language Acquisition Essay, that time. The pain mentioned would be that caused by the inability to freely access desired media. If we were to damage, permit P2P sharing, it would harm the people in the movie and Language music industries. Of The Circulatory? This is where Utilitarian theory would consider file-sharing a moral action. Essay? The USA has the highest amount of entertainment export, and thus can be used as the prototypic example of the number of laborers that could be “harmed” by intertextuality, file-sharing, in this case being in the tens of millions. The problem with this particular argument is that most of the laborers aren’t being harmed by file sharing; the grips still get paid the same amount regardless of the sales the movie or album receives. Thus, to claim that allowing file-sharing harms a greater amount of people is inaccurate- the pleasure that most laborers in the entertainment industry receive remains unchanged. One could state that in the future jobs could be lost, which would directly harm the laborer’s happiness, but in the 11 years that P2P programs have existed, the job market for the entertainment industry has not changed.
In addition to this, the profits that the industry receives have not changed more than a single percent (www.bigchampagne.com). Therefore, Utilitarianism would probably side with the consumers of the media using P2P networks, given that they are receiving a greater amount of pleasure than if P2P networks were banned and that the pain received by Essay, the members of the industry does not outweigh that pleasure.   The last moral theory that will be applied falls under Rights Ethics. Liberty rights can be defined as “the right to be left alone to the importance, pursue our legitimate interests” (Boss 2008). Legitimate interests are those interests that do not violate other people’s similar and equal interests.
Because of the definition of “legitimate interests”, we must determine if file-sharing is a legitimate interest of the consumer or if it violates the right of the creator to Acquisition, gain benefits from intertextuality in film, their creation. Language Acquisition Essay? According to the copyright laws that are in effect today, it is clear that file-sharing cannot be a legitimate interest (and is thus immoral) because it directly violates copyright, which is protected by john table, law as a legitimate interest. The issue is not so clear cut, however, when we examine exactly how much file-sharing affects the legitimate interests of the Language Essay creators. In terms of financial benefits, it has been shown that profits for of the circulatory the movie and music industries have not changed more than a percent. In terms of intangible benefits, such as the affirmation of the creator’s work giving them the motivation to continue, the impact of file-sharing changes from person to person. Metallica, one of the original proponents of the suit against Napster, believed that they were being seriously harmed by file-sharing and as such refused to create any more music until the dispute was resolved. Language Essay? On the other hand, The Grateful Dead promoted the distribution of their music and took unlicensed distribution as a motivation to continue creating.
Because of the minimal impact that file-sharing has on intertextuality the interests of the creators, it could be argued that file-sharing is not a violation of the Language Essay legitimate interests of the As a Social Scene creators and Language Acquisition Essay thus is a legitimate interest itself, and thus it is a morally acceptable action. Regardless of this, however, due to jobs circulatory system, the laws are in place, file-sharing will remain a violation of the creators’ legitimate interests and Acquisition Essay thus is not a legitimate interest and is immoral. Given all of the different factors that influence the morality of file-sharing, determining an statement, absolute answer is a difficult task. Different philosophies have generated different answers, but most, including the Kantian and Liberty Rights theories, summarily dismiss file sharing as an Language Essay, immoral activity. As A Essay? My personal belief is that file-sharing should be allowed and promoted, due to the benefits that the free availability of media gives to society.
If a person is unable to Language Acquisition Essay, afford to obtain media that might enrich or educate them, it is society’s duty to provide them the access to that media. While the definition of primary personal statement examples, education generally applies to what is Language Essay, traditional (school rooms, paid teachers, etc.), I believe that the ideas and concepts depicted by many movies and musical forms can educate in ways that traditional education cannot. With the availability of file-sharing, people who previously did not have access to music and movies now can enrich themselves. Social Scene Essay? In addition to this educational aspect, I also believe that most people who are involved with the production of music and movies are grossly overpaid and for them to demand compensation for the minute amounts they’ve lost to file-sharing seems both greedy and Language immoral. Once a particular production has been released to of prayer, the public, and the creator has received an appropriate compensation (one that provides them with a good quality of life and Language the ability to pursue their legitimate interests, which is all cases is far less than most creators normally make), the creation becomes the property of the consumers and thus public domain and free to share. Until the impact of file-sharing reaches severe proportions, as in directly harming the damage to the quality of life of the majority of laborers in the entertainment industry, I see no reason why file-sharing should be banned.
Until we reach a universal agreement between the entertainment industry and the P2P networks, file-sharing will continue to be debated on both a moral and Acquisition Essay judicial basis and right now will be considered an immoral action.