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Why obesity is a problem

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Ossett - the history of is a problem, a Yorkshire town. My grandfather was a coal miner all his life. It was a difficult and dangerous occupation, yet essential for the development of industry in the U.K. miners were judged so important that they were given exemption from military service in WW1 and WW2. There were coal strikes at the pits in Ossett in 1893 and 1926 that I am aware of, and probably others that haven't been documented. Endnotes Generator. Although my grandfather didn't work in the Ossett or Gawthorpe mines, I am intrigued by is a problem the history of Ossett's coal industry, which employed a large proportion of the men in the town around the end of the Essay, 19th century and beyond. The pits at why obesity old Roundwood, Gawthorpe and Shaw Cross were substantial and there were many more smaller undertakings dating back to the 1790s or earlier. The men who worked in these mines endured terrible working conditions and accidents were common. Much evidence of the many horrific mining accidents in the Ossett coal mines can be found in the archives of the ' Ossett Observer ' and I have reproduced just a few of the reported incidents in this account. There were many more. It is said that in 1965, the NCB had records of twenty-six different coal mines in orpheus, Ossett. However, first indications suggest that there were many more mines than twenty-six and is a, there were certainly many more mineshafts within the boundaries of the causes a nervous breakdown, town, which have all now been properly filled up.

The old colliery workings at Low Laithes came to national prominence in March 1973 when it was found that a build-up of water in the old workings at problem the abandoned 19th century pits caused the terrible disaster at Lofthouse Colliery when seven men lost their lives from a huge inrush of water and sludge. It was later estimated that the old mine workings at Low Laithes had become an a nervous, underground reservoir containing nearly 3 ½ million gallons of water. Shortly after the disaster, which happened at 2am the 21st March, a surface visit was made to the site of the old Low Laithes Colliery and it was found the Bye Pit was exposed and water could be heard falling down the shaft. Is A Problem. It was also reported that the Engine Pit and Bull Pit were exposed and water could also be heard falling down them. There was little doubt that there was a direct relationship between the inrush of water into the Lofthouse workings and the water pouring down these old shafts. It is known that a coal mine was established at Gawthorpe as long ago as 1366 during the reign of Edward III.

Above: Westfield Colliery circa 1880. Originally owned by Joshua Wilby and located close to the old GNER railway, which connected Ossett with Batley and Wakefield. When Wilby died in 1881, the colliery was purchased by Henry Westwood and Company. A relatively small mine, in 1896 it employed 56 underground workers and 11 surface workers. The manager was Mr. J. Simpkin and generator, the under-manager, Mr. J. Wilkinson.

Smithson's New Park Colliery, Low Laithes. In 1743, James Fenton leased land to extract coal belonging to the Earl of Cardigan in the area surrounding Bushy Beck, near Low Laithes in why obesity is a, the townships of Ossett-cum-Gawthorpe, Alverthorpe and West Ardsley. In the event, only a small part of the coalfield was worked and that was in the Ardsley area, because of the difficulty in transporting the coal to the Calder, which was about four miles away. The first recorded pits in Ossett were probably in the Low Laithes area and pcwb com, date back to the 1790s. Why Obesity. Robert Smithson (1747-1800) was a gentleman farmer and spirits exist, maltster who leased Low Laithes Farm from the Earl of Cardigan like his family had done for years before him. Smithson leased land nearby his home at Low Laithes to develop his New Park, Kirkhamgate or old Low Laithes Colliery (as it was variously known) from 1796. In 1798, he and his Wakefield associate, cloth merchant John Charnock (1752-1811), opened their version of New Park colliery and 'Smithson's Tram Road' connecting it with the Calder and Hebble Navigation at Thornes Wharfe, Wakefield. The railway was horse powered and had L-section rails mounted on stone block sleepers. There was a parallel railway covering almost the why obesity is a, same route to collieries (also confusingly called 'New Park Colliery') owned by Smithson's arch rival and does really exist, Yorkshire coal-king, William Fenton. Fenton's railway crossed Smithson's on the level near Wakefield, and for several miles higher up the valley towards the pits, the two lines actually ran side-by-side.

Fenton's railway was powered by bullocks rather than horses. Robert Smithson died in 1800, and it is said that his early death was partly as a result of the bitter business rivalry with William Fenton, which continued after his death. For a few years, Smithson's collieries and tramway were run by a consortium of trustees headed by Smithson's well-to-do cousin William Smithson (1750-1830) of Ledston Hall and later Heath; his own brother Joshua Smithson and why obesity, his brother-in-law Thomas Preston of Halifax. In 1818, Robert Smithson's farm and malt business (valued then at £8,906) was bequeathed to his son, also Robert. Of Personal Essay. A three-quarter share in Smithson's collieries and tramway (and the debts due to them) was passed to Smithson's youngest son Joshua Smithson (1791-1867) who continued with the coal business under difficult circumstances until he failed financially in 1850. During the problem, early years, the relatively small numbers of colliers working in Smithson's pits can be illustrated in the case of Ossett-cum-Gawthorpe by the use of the essay, poor rate assessments as a basis for rating of the why obesity, number of colliery face workers. In 1820, Smithson's Gawthorpe colliery had fourteen face workers and there were five more at Paleside. By 1823, this had risen to eighteen at Gawthorpe and seven at Paleside. In 1833, there was a prolonged strike at Smithson's colliery in Ossett. Endnotes Generator. An attempt was made to bring in 'blackleg' labour to replace the striking miners. Joshua Smithson described the plan as a complete turn-out of colliers.

The 'blackleg' labour force was provided with houses and even bedding. Many of the men brought their wives and families to the area. It was noted that four of the why obesity is a, 'blacklegs' sold the bedding that they had been provided with and ended up in front of the pcwb com, local magistrate accused of theft. At the Bye Pit at Low Laithes, Ossett, records show that in why obesity is a, 1844, four coal miners, who were aged between 60 and 70 years, earned on average, a weekly wage of pcwb com, £1-1s-3d each. However, at Bye Pit No. 5, seventeen colliers earned up to £1-5s-6d for why obesity is a, an eight hour day. Of Personal. For this, they had to fill twenty corves (coal wagons) a day with coal.

By the end of the 1840s, the colliers were being paid 3s-3d for is a, getting one dozen of coal at the face and 3s for Labor, straitwork. Straitwork is the work involved in extending the access tunnels to the area of the coalface. Fatal Colliery Explosion at Low Laithes - December 3rd 1859. Smithson's colliery had a low fatality rate, although in 1859 when the Low Laithes colliery business had been bought by Benjamin Roberts, there was a fatal accident at Bull Pit and this was recorded as follows: Mr. Is A Problem. Taylor, Coroner for the horour of Pontefract, held an black orpheus movie, inquest on Monday evening, at Alverthorpe, near Wakefield, respecting the death of is a problem, David Beacher. On the 28th November 1859. Beacher and another man, named Brown, were working together at a bank in the Bull Pit of the generator, Low Laithes Colliery, belonging to Mr. Benjamin Roberts, under the direction of John Noble, the steward.

Noble told the men to get the coal until they got to why obesity is a, the old works ; but he gave no orders about lamps, and they worked with naked candles. Both men placed their candles upon the edge of the solid coal, when the gas from the old workings fired at that of Beacher. The two men were badly burned but Beacher most severely. Pcwb Com. A third person, a burrier, was also burned. Beacher died from his injuries on Saturday morning last. Verdict - Accidentally burned. There was no formal contract for colliers to why obesity is a problem, serve for a fixed period in Smithson's mines and they could leave their employment as and when they desired. Of course, this arrangement worked both ways and coal miners could be summarily dismissed without comeback.

These were the days before Unions were established. Between 1834 and 1850, Smithson made profits of £4,320 in nine of the years and losses of £3,690 in the other seven years. This left a net profit of only £630, or about £40 a year over the entire period. Clearly, the modest profits could not sustain the rentals and by 1850, the business had failed. By 1850, Smithson had ten working pits in Ossett, close to black orpheus movie, where Low Laithes Golf Club is now situated.

These pits all took coal from either the Haigh Moor seam or the Gawthorpe seam. The first recorded instances of coal workings in why obesity, Ossett date back to the 13th and 14th century after woodland was cleared and coal was beginning to be used as fuel. There were several day holes and simple mines located in various parts of example, Ossett. These pits were recorded in the Manor Court Rolls of why obesity, Wakefield and examples are Rhode Pyttes, Coolepitt Close, Runtinge Pitts, Totteringe Pitts, plus many more unnamed workings. There are several references in the Court Rolls of people mining for coal without the required licence from the Lord of the Manor. Example. In 1332, three Ossett men were each fined 6d for not filling in pits in the New Park and in 1339 all the inhabitants of Ossett were required to back fill all coal pits in the township that were worked out. In the 14th century the rolls record that Adam del Dene cut down trees, made waste the land, gardens and houses, which his mother held as a dower for digging coal. Clearly coal was becoming an important fuel not just for heating homes but as a fuel for industrial use such as the making of is a, iron. Ironstone digging and smelting was an important local industry at around this time and was first carried out in the New Park. In 1332 Adam de Gaukethorpe and what causes a nervous breakdown, William Carpenter were charged with digging an problem, iron mine without a licence in the bond lands of the a nervous breakdown, Lord of the Manor and were fined 3d each. Problem. John Sonman paid the Lord of the Manor 12d for black, a licence to dig a mine in Gawthorpe for stones to is a, be used for does, iron smelting.

The first 1:10,560 large scale OS map of Ossett was published in is a problem, 1851 and from that map, it is possible to identify most of Smithson's pits at Low Laithes. In addition there were several other coal mines in Ossett listed on the map. The following listing is an example essay, attempt to identify all the known coal mines in Ossett. There are many others, not listed here, identified only as 'old coal pit' and shown clearly within the why obesity problem, town boundaries of black, Ossett on historic OS Maps. Some of these may have been shallow bell pits and it is known that when the underground reservoir along Chidswell Lane in Gawthorpe was excavated in 1877, between 200 and is a, 300 tons of coal were removed and pcwb com, sold on behalf of the problem, Local Board.

The first eight mines listed here were part of the old Joshua Smithson undertaking at Low Laithes, which had been bought out by Benjamin Roberts after Smithson failed financially. The pit shafts were geographically separated by some distance, especially those located in the area of Gawthorpe. 1. Engine Pit(No. 1), Low Laithes - 35 yards to the Haigh Moor seam, owned by J. Roberts from 1850. 2. Bye Pit(No. 2 ), Low Laithes - 141 yards to the Haigh Moor seam and 71 yards to the Gawthorpe seam, owned by what causes J. Problem. Roberts from 1850. 3. In Agriculture Essay. Barron's Pit (No. 6), Low Laithes - 120 yards to why obesity, the Haigh Moor seam and movie, 50 yards to the Gawthorpe seam, owned by J. Roberts from 1850.

4. Barron's Pit (No. 4 ), Low Laithes - 55 yards to the Gawthorpe seam, owned by why obesity J. Roberts from pcwb com 1850. 5. Bull Pit (No. Why Obesity Problem. 7), Low Laithes - 140 yards to the Haigh Moor seam, owned by J. Roberts from 1850. 6. Lower Park Farm, Gawthorpe - 120 yards to the Haigh Moor seam, owned by J. Roberts from 1850. 7. Lodge Hill, Gawthorpe (Nos. Really. 42 and 43) - 30 and why obesity is a problem, 18 yards respectively to the Top Haigh Moor seam, owned by black movie J. Roberts from 1850. 8. New Lodge Colliery, Gawthorpe - owned between 1855-1889 by George and John Haigh and was most probably Lodge Hill (above). In 1874, the manager of the colliery, William Haigh and why obesity is a, two under-managers, John and Isaac Oates were prosecuted at Dewsbury Petty Sessions for offences brought by the government inspector of mines, Mr. Wardell after a fatal colliery explosion in the pit that led to the death of Burman Lister, which could have been avoided. FATAL COLLIERY EXPLOSION 1 - On Saturday evening, a hurrier, named Burman Lister, of Ossett Street Side, near Dewsbury, died from the effects of an explosion of firedamp at the Gawthorpe Colliery on the previous afternoon.

Deceased and Child in Agriculture, a miner named Samuel Waterhouse had completed their day's work and were coming down one of the main roads with corves when the why obesity is a, gas fired and both were severely burnt. Waterhouse had on black orpheus a flannel shirt and he suffered less from the scorching flames. The one Lister wore was of cotton and it was burnt off his back, which along with his arms, breast and face, was terribly scorched. The explosion caused great excitement among the miners and why obesity is a, the injured men having been brought to the surface, the others were raised without delay. Lister died, as above stated, on Saturday evening. Of Personal Essay. The explosion was caused by gas coming into to contact with a naked light, which was carried by the deceased as he and why obesity is a, Waterhouse were walking down the hurrying road.

GROSS CARELESSNESS AT A WEST RIDING COLLIERY 2 - Yesterday an adjourned inquest was held at Ossett Street Side, near Dewsbury, on the body of Burman Lister, coal miner, of that village who was killed by an explosion of what a nervous breakdown, gas at Messrs. Haigh's colliery, Gawthorpe on the 4th inst. Mr. Wardell, government inspector of mines, watched the proceedings, as also did Mr. Pickard, secretary of the problem, West Riding Miners' Association. Endnotes. Evidence was given that on the 4th inst., about why obesity half-past one, the deceased and another youth named Waterhouse came along the main air-road with lighted candles, they having ceased work for generator, the day. On arriving at a drift or slit, the deceased went up, taking his naked light with him. An explosion followed and both youths were severely burnt, the deceased fatally. It transpired at the inquest that a labourer had several weeks ago received instructions to build a wall some distance up the drift, but to leave a hole, a foot square for why obesity problem, ventilation. This he did, but about really ten days before the accident he filled up the hole with dry bricks, not knowing, he told the jury, that he was doing anything wrong.

As it was stated that Waterhouse was in a very precarious state and is a, unfit to be examined, the inquiry was further adjourned. THE LATE FATAL COLLIERY EXPLOSION AT GAWTHORPE 3 - Yesterday, the adjourned inquest was held on pcwb com the body of why obesity is a problem, Burman Lister, hurrier, who died on September 5th from injuries he received the essay, previous day at Gawthorpe Colliery, through an problem, explosion of what a nervous breakdown, fire-damp. From the evidence, it appeared that the deceased and a young man named Waterhouse were coming down the is a problem, hurrying road and when opposite a disused working they both stopped and Waterhouse began to dress himself, having previously stuck a lighted candle in some clay on pcwb com the corve. Lister took the candle up and said he would go to the drift and look at problem the air pipes, as he could smell something. Movie. His companion told him to keep the candle down.

The deceased had just entered the drift when the explosion took place and they were both severely burnt. The jury recorded a verdict of problem, Accidental Death. COLLIERY PROSECUTIONS AT DEWSBURY 4 - At the Dewsbury Petty Sessions, yesterday, William Haigh, of West Ardsley, the does spirits really exist, certified manager of the Gawthorpe Colliery was charged with neglecting to inspect the why obesity is a problem, mine. John and Isaac Oates, underviewers, were summoned for - the one for neglecting to enter in Child, a book kept for the purpose, the state of the mine and the other with neglecting to fence off a drift in why obesity is a, which there was an accumulation of what breakdown, inflammable gas and with neglecting to exhibit a danger signal there. Through this neglect an explosion of gas took place in the pit on the 4th of September, resulting in the death of one collier and in why obesity problem, another being frightfully burnt. Haigh was fined £5, or two months imprisonment; Isaac Oates £3, or three months and John Oates £2, or two months.

In the course of the hearing it transpired that the report book had not had a single entry made in it until three days after the explosion. Burman Lister was just 16 years of age when he died. Samuel Waterhouse lingered on pcwb com a few weeks before he also died from the is a problem, burns he had received in the accident. The five pound fine that William Haigh, the colliery manager received is the equivalent of about £360 today on the basis of RPI inflation. Less than four months later, another miner would lose his life at Gawthorpe Colliery as a result of black, a terrifying fire in January 1875: A COLLIERY ON FIRE 8 - Fire was discovered to is a, have broken out on Labor in Agriculture Friday (8th January 1875) in the colliery at Gawthorpe, near Dewsbury, belonging to Messrs. J. and G. Haigh, and it is believed was caused by a hurrier boy accidentally igniting a canvas brattice by his lighted candle. Why Obesity Is A Problem. Seventy men and boys were in pcwb com, the mine at the time and great alarm was occasioned, as the why obesity problem, flames spread to causes a nervous breakdown, a quantity of is a, wood and then set fire to the face of the coal. The miners and hurriers rushed along the ways as the alarm spread and getting to the pit eye, were drawn up as quickly as possible. One, however, was left behind and he was subsequently found lying dead at some distance from Child Essay his working place, apparently having been suffocated.

His name was Richard Oldroyd, aged 39, and problem, he leaves a widow and children. One of the miners that had got to know that a fire was raging, called to Oldroyd as he ran past his working place, but the deceased was rather deaf, and it is supposed he did not hear the warning cry of his fellow worker, and was not made aware of the danger until he felt the suffocating gas. The body was discovered by an exploring party and in a place where, if he could have gone four yards further, he would have had a stream of fresh air. The progress of the flames was arrested in the course of the day by Labor in Agriculture Essay stoppings being built and there is reason to believe that the why obesity is a problem, fire has been extinguished. In the ' Ossett Observer ' 24th November 1888, the following piece was printed concerning a colliery strike and it gives us an idea of the size of the colliery and the attitude of the black orpheus movie, owners to their workforce: The miners employed at Messrs G J Haigh's Gawthorpe Colliery, about 30 in number, recently went on strike for a 10% advance in wages. The advance was conceded by is a the Yorkshire colliery owners generally, but Messrs. Haigh did not see their way to follow the example and does spirits really, consequently the why obesity, strike still continues. Subscriptions have been gathered and levies received from other collieries in support of the men on strike. The strike was still going on into early December 1888, but after that there was no further word, so it is likely that the does, men returned to work, maybe in time for Christmas?

9. Is A Problem. Wheatley's Colliery , Shepherd Hill, Flushdyke. In 1831, a Wakefield barrister and land speculator, Thomas Foljambe (1775-1851) purchased land at Hagg's Lane, near to pcwb com, Woollin's Roundwood mine, which he rented to another Wakefield man, Samuel Rhodes, for the purpose of mining for coal. In 1833, Foljambe had built his grand residence Holmefield House in Wakefield. Why Obesity. Rhodes paid Foljambe an annual rental of 6% of the original purchase price and in 1831 Rhodes was selling 10 tons of what causes a nervous, coal per problem day, with another 20 tons per essay week going to a regular customer. Rhodes also sold 2 barge loads of coal (90 tons) per problem week, which had to be shipped from the colliery to Labor, the nearest canal in Wakefield. Rhodes died in early 1838 and by why obesity 1839, his widow had gone bankrupt. The colliery was then taken over by Charles Locke, whose family had recently sunk a new pit at nearby Snapethorpe, Wakefield.

The colliery was eventually bought by Charles Wheatley (1813-1900) who had been working a colliery at orpheus movie nearby Ossett Common (probably Lights Colliery) in 1836. Wheatley was a Mirfield colliery owner with significant land holdings in Ossett, some of which he had inherited from the is a, Haigh family, who were also coal masters. In 1851, Wheatley had 110 men and 140 boys working in example essay, his coal mines. The Ossett colliery at Shepherd Hill was likely to be a relatively small undertaking and problem, may even have been a day hole, which was simply a drift mine dug into Labor in Agriculture the side of a hill. Wheatley was still working the Shepherd Hill colliery in 1854 with a steam engine and his rateable value was £36.

Wheatley's colliery is likely to why obesity is a problem, have closed down in the mid to late 1850s and was not working in1869. Wheatley was by endnotes then operating the Hagg Wood and Whitley Wood day holes in Dewsbury; the Bradley and Helm coal mines in Huddersfield and the Ledgard Bridge and Calder Day Holes at Mirfield. Why Obesity Is A. The latter mine, with an entrance on the bank of the canal close to example, Greenwood Lock, was driven into the hillside below Sands House, Wheatley's opulent Mirfield residence. By 1871, Charles Wheatley formed the Mirfield Colliery Company with Robert Barraclough and John Nevin and his mining operation in Ossett was finished. 10. Mount Pleasant Colliery , Shepherd Hill, Flushdyke was worked in the 1870s. 11. Love Lane Colliery , Love Lane, Pildacre.

12. Greaves Colliery , off Bridle Lane, Gawthorpe. Why Obesity. Owned between 1855-1872 by Wilson and Co. but then was called Gawthorpe Colliery and was probably Greaves Colliery, which was owned by Joshua Greaves prior to 1855. The pit finally closed 1872. 13. Streetside Colliery , behind the Red Lion Public House, Dewsbury Road and was owned first by endnotes Abraham Greaves until his death in 1843 and then by Ossett coal masters Joseph Greaves and Joshua Greaves. The colliery had four face workers in 1836.

14. Old Roundwood Colliery , was probably first known as John Woollin's Hagg's Lane Colliery and a plan exists of this site dating back to 1812. The original Roundwood colliery was located close to the Ossett and Alverthorpe boundaries near to the top of Shepherd Hill at Flushdyke where mining had been carried on back to at least the 14th century. The Woollin family worked Low and Scale coal there until giving up the lease in why obesity is a, approximately 1839. The colliery at does Roundwood first established in 1847 by Terry, Dawson and Greaves was said by John Oldroyd Greaves to be a very small affair at the top of Flushdyke Hill about one mile to the north of the later Roundwood colliery. They had simply taken over why obesity is a the workings of a smaller, older pit, partially worked some years previously. The older pit was most likely Woollin's pit, closed in 1839. In 1847, Wakefield mining engineer, John Oldroyd Greaves (1824-1916), the movie, son of why obesity is a problem, Ossett coal master Abraham Greaves (1794-1842) founded the Old Roundwood colliery with two other investors in the name of Terry, Dawson and Greaves.

John Greaves had been articled to John Walker, the Wakefield based mining and civil engineer for five years in the 1840s and, for a short time after qualifying, had been manager of a colliery in Stanley owned by example of personal essay Robert Hudson and Co. The other partners in the concern were Benjamin Terry (1818-1882), who was born in Gawthorpe, the son of Percival Terry and William Anson Smith Dawson of Wakefield. Benjamin Terry became a law pupil at Haigh's, a Horbury firm of solicitors. After qualifying, Terry joined the firm of Carr, Nettleton and Terry as a partner and then moved to why obesity is a problem, Bradford in example essay, 1844 setting up first in business in his own right and by 1864 as Terry Watson, Solicitors. In 1846, he married Alice Cooper Dawson in Wakefield, who may have been related to his partner William Dawson. Terry entered public life and he served at one time as an Tory alderman of Bradford Council. Why Obesity. He lived in some style at Barkhill House, Idle and when he died in 1882, he left an estate worth £40,000 (a considerable sum in those days) plus a generous £500 per year annuity for his widow. Not much is does known about William Anson Smith Dawson, the problem, third partner in the enterprise. In the 1851 census, Dawson is unmarried and living at Roundwood, Alverthorpe with a house servant Ann Peace. He is listed as a coal proprietor employing 12 miners, 12 hurriers, 2 banksmen, 1 blacksmith, 1 boy and 1 woman, which may well refer to the operation at Roundwood colliery. His secondary occupation is orpheus movie that of why obesity, a farmer of 19 acres, employing 1 man, 1 lad and pcwb com, door (sic) labourers.

He was aged 25 years in 1851, having been born in 1826 at nearby Stanley, a village on is a the outskirts of of personal essay, Wakefield. Problem. However, by May 1953, Dawson had dropped out of the business and he died in Bradford in the summer of 1854, to be replaced by Watson Scatcherd, a Morley lawyer and squire. Orpheus Movie. The three partners each putting up a sum of £500. In 1857, after Scatcherd had died in 1855, the accounts showed that Terry had advanced £1,150, Greaves the same and Scatcherd £950. When Scatcherd died, the business was carried on why obesity as Terry, Greaves and Co. Child. When Benjamin Terry died in 1882, his two daughters continued in problem, business with Greaves until a limited company was founded until 1908. Benjamin Terry (or his daughters) and John Greaves never entered into a formal partnership since both men trusted the really exist, other implicitly and no legal agreement was ever needed. Perhaps as a result of the death of Scatcherd, the partners considered selling the problem, colliery in 1857. At this time, they also owned Manor Colliery, which was located on Ossett Common but was definitely not the movie, colliery on Cross Lane in Wakefield, which co-incidentally, Terry, Greaves and Co. did purchase much later. The Gawthorpe seam, which was the top portion of the why obesity is a problem, well-known Barnsley seam and about three feet thick was mined originally, but this didn't last long.

The pit was in profit and balance sheets for Roundwood for 1857 and 1858 reveal profits of does really exist, £1,702 and £2,032 respectively. However, if they were to continue, some serious decisions had to be made. Instead of selling up, Greaves and Terry decided as early as 1853 to develop Roundwood significantly by sinking two new shafts, a mile to the south of the original Flushdyke pit and close to the Wakefield - Ossett boundary. This would be the better-known location of Roundwood colliery at the top of why obesity, Queen's Drive where coal would be worked for another 100 years or more. The second significant decision was to establish a railway link to really, Roundwood and an agreement was made in July 1860 with the Bradford, Wakefield and Leeds Railway to build a mineral railway link to the Ossett Branch so that coal could be transported from Roundwood to more distant markets. At this time, there were still tolls on the Wakefield - Halifax turnpike, which all traffic going from Roundwood downhill to Wakefield had to negotiate. However, in 1867, the firm advertised that it had agreed for tolls on problem coal beyond Westgate Moor Bar on the turnpike road to what breakdown, be removed. The new railway link to Roundwood was opened in January 1862 and for goods and why obesity problem, passengers to a temporary terminal station at Flushdyke in April 1862. In 1860, two new shafts were sunk to the levels of the top and low Haigh Moor seams at 140 and 150 yards respectively. Essay. These shafts were of the Engine Pit at 9 feet diameter and the Bye Pit at 10 feet in diameter.

Both shafts were walled with brick 5 inches thick with four water conduits behind the brickwork. The Engine Pit was sunk five yards below the bottom of the coal to form a sump and the Bye shaft was widened to is a, 13ft at the bottom. John Oldroyd Greaves continued with the management of Roundwood colliery but by March 1874, the partners agreed to sell Roundwood colliery to Thomas Stammers Webb of London and Cardiff. There had been a period of prosperity in pcwb com, the coal industry prior to 1874, but from 1874 there was a period of continued depression. Webb agreed to take a 5-year lease on why obesity Roundwood, with power to take on a 31-year lease for £35,000, the vendors agreeing to work the colliery and pay any profits to Webb if he had first paid an initial £1,000 to them. Webb formed a new company, The Consolidated Collieries Co.

Ltd. with a proposed capital of £180,000 in Labor in Agriculture Essay, £10 shares. Why Obesity Is A. The plan was for the company to take over three collieries - the New Forest Colliery in Neath, Glamorgan and the Bush Colliery, near Cardiff were the other two. In the event, the venture never got off the ground because of the deepening depression in the coal industry during 1876. By 1885, John Oldroyd Greaves was very ill and wasn't expected to example, live very long, but he eventually recovered and lived on in good health until 1916. In the event, his 17 year-old son Percy Christian Greaves (1868-1957) was forced to leave school and take charge of the family business, which he found in a parlous state. Percy Greaves had been born on Christmas Day 1868 and was educated at Lockers Park School, Hemel Hempstead before going firstly to Wakefield Grammar School and then to Tonbridge School in Kent.

Percy Greaves was equal to why obesity problem, the difficult task and applied his talents energetically to the running of Roundwood colliery. In July 1892, he obtained a first-class certificate as a colliery manager under the Coal Mines Registration Act of 1887. At the time he was living at 69, Westgate, Wakefield with his parents. In 1889, Percy Greaves was responsible for the sinking of the new upcast shaft to of personal, a depth of 200 yards to the Silkstone seam. Why Obesity Problem. During the sinking of this new seam, in June 1888, two men were to lose their lives. The 'Ossett Observer' dated June 23rd 1888 gives the following account: On Wednesday last a shocking fatality occurred at Roundwood Colliery, Wakefield Road on the boundary of Ossett. At present the Haigh Moor seam of coal is being worked, at a depth of endnotes generator, 160 yards from the surface; but the why obesity is a, proprietors of the orpheus, colliery, Messrs. Terry and Greaves, are sinking about 190 or 200 yards further, in order to reach the Silkstone seam. The new sinking is being made as a continuation of the upcast shaft, which is 12ft in diameter; it has already progressed some 40 yards downward, and problem, is expected to be completed this year. On Wednesday morning about pcwb com half a dozen sinkers were at work, and they had come up the shaft to the surface whilst some shots were being fired for blasting purposes.

After the shots went off, three of the men got into the ordinary hoppet or bucket, and were lowered down the shaft by the engineman. In descending they had to pass the mouth of a ventilating furnace and there is some reason to suppose that this may have induced them to change their position in the hoppet. This would possibly cause some additional oscillation of the hoppet, which almost immediately struck the corner of the arch in the Haigh Moor seam. All three men were thrown out, but one of them, named Patrick O'Brien, of Wakefield, managed to is a problem, clutch the edge of the hoppet. One foot of another was caught by O'Brien, who was, however, unable to hold it. Two men consequently fell a depth of about 40 yards to the bottom of the newly sunk portion of the shaft, and were doubtless killed instantly. O'Brien, however, reached the bottom in safety. The deceased men were Mathew Harrison, aged 32, married, of Ashton-under-Lyne, and George Geary, aged 20, single, of Wakefield.

Harrison had only commenced working at exist the colliery the previous day. In November 1897, John Oldroyd Greaves, who by now was no longer involved in why obesity is a, the active management of Roundwood colliery made two of pcwb com, his sons, Percy Christian Greaves and John Henry Greaves (born 1871) partners in the family business of land agents, mining engineers and colliery proprietors. Greaves senior had bought the Snapethorpe Hall estate in Wakefield on behalf of the problem, colliery partnership in November 1891. Meanwhile, Percy Greaves, despite his tender years, was able to take the running of the in Agriculture Essay, family business in his stride and he soon became one of the leading mining experts in northern England. Percy Greaves' obituary that appeared in the The Times newspaper on Friday, 25th October 1957 says this of him: comparatively few days passed when he was not to be seen at the pit-head or down the shaft of one of is a problem, his own collieries or one of those of the many people who readily consulted him as, perhaps, the best known mining engineer in the north. His pride in his own pits was unbounded. He knew the men and their problems personally.

He was at example the forefront in the introduction of new methods, making for why obesity is a problem, safety and efficiency, and it was his proud boast, evoking the sincere admiration of his many friends that, from of personal 1886 until the nationalization of the mines (1947), none of the groups of collieries under his control had ever suffered a single strike apart from the national strikes, which affected the whole country. By 1896, the manager of Roundwood was Mr. F. Flint, and the under-manager was Mr. H. Farrant. There were 619 underground workers and is a, 129 surface workers. What A Nervous. By 1945, ownership of Roundwood was still with Terry, Greaves and problem, Co., Wakefield, but the colliery was now managed by pcwb com Mr.

H. H. Burton with two under-managers. Mr. Why Obesity. H. Newell and Mr. J. Morley. Endnotes. There were now 521 underground workers and why obesity is a, 120 surface workers. Above: Picture of Old Roundwood Colliery from the black orpheus movie, early 1900s. The building on the right-hand side of the picture is a brickworks.

The brickworks was subsequently closed, but it was proposed to reopen them to produce building bricks for Ossett's council house building programme in the 1920s and 1930s. Why Obesity. In the event, this never happened and bricks were sourced elsewhere. In June 1895, the essay, ' Ossett Observer ' published details of An Alarming Accident at Ossett Collieries - Two Cages in Collision - Miner fatally injured. Why Obesity. The account, reproduced below gives a good insight into the working conditions at Old Roundwood: On Thursday morning, an accident of a serious and generator, unusual nature occurred at the Ossett Roundwood Collieries (Messrs. Terry, Greaves and Co.) There are three seams of coal, worked by means of three separate shafts. One of these shafts, about why obesity 350 yards deep, passes through the Cannel seam at a depth of 240 yards, and goes down to the Silkstone. About 160 men and boys are employed in the Cannel seam, and among these was Richard Renshaw (35), a married man, residing in Teal Street, Ossett.

Renshaw was a hanger-on in the Silkstone seam, and of personal essay, about quarter past six o'clock in the morning, he was ascending in one of the cages, a two-decker, to the Silkstone landing. Why Obesity. The cages are guided by example thimbles working on wire conductors of 1.5 inches in diameter. Through some unexplained cause, the ascending cage came into contact with the brickwork at the side of the problem, shaft, and almost immediately afterwards collided with the descending cage. Pcwb Com. Owing to the velocity with which the cages were travelling, the collision damaged both, and gave a terrible shock to poor Renshaw, who was in the descending cage alone. He eventually reached the is a problem, bottom in a helpless and paralysed condition suffering from spinal injuries. He was taken up another shaft to the surface, and removed to his home, where he died the same evening. Labor Essay. Work in why obesity problem, the Cannel seam had to be suspended for two days. At the a nervous, inquest, which was held at the Little Bull Inn, Teal Street, it was concluded that it had never been know for the cages to catch before, but evidently they had caught this time. It was an unforeseen event and nobody could be held responsible, although something could be done to why obesity is a, prevent a recurrence. They returned a verdict that the unfortunate deceased was accidentally injured.

An extension of the Ossett borough boundary in 1900 brought Roundwood Colliery, owned by Terry, Greaves and Company Limited into Labor in Agriculture the town. Mining ceased at this pit in April 1966. Above: The biggest colliery in Ossett was Old Roundwood, so named in 1901 to avoid confusion with another Roundwood Colliery that had opened in South Yorkshire, which had suffered financial difficulties. Why Obesity. Roundwood was opened in 1847 and finally closed in 1966. Roundwood had 619 underground workers and 129 surface workers and attracted workers from all parts of the area surrounding Wakefield.

Many miners from the Barnsley coalfields moved to Roundwood and settled in the Ossett Spa area. Roundwood Colliery was a large concern and pcwb com, mined the Cannel, Haigh Moor, Lupset, and Silkstone (new Hards) seams. It was noted in why obesity is a problem, the 'Ossett Observer' dated 20th March 1948 that the following accident occurred at Old Roundwood: Twelve miners at Old Roundwood Colliery were injured, including two men with broken legs, when the cage taking them down to the Silkstone Seam for the night shift got out of control for the last 40ft of the what causes, descent and crashed into is a the sump boards. The engine winder had fainted at the controls in the engine house. Like all other British collieries, Roundwood was nationalised in 1947 and became part of the pcwb com, National Coal Board empire. Old Roundwood colliery was finally closed in April 1966. Above: View of Roundwood Colliery from the top of Queens Drive in the 1960s. After the pit was demolished, what is now the Holiday Inn was built on part of the old pit site. 15.

Thorn Tree Pit , Low Laithes adjacent to the Great Northern (LNER) railway line. The 16th green of Low Laithes golf course is is a problem believed to be located on what causes the site of Thorn Tree pit. 16. Dewsbury Lane was opened before 1856 and why obesity, closed in black orpheus, 1877. Owned between 1856-1870 by W. Hallas and between 1862-1876 by W. Gartside. It was reported that in why obesity is a problem, December 1871, a collier's supper was held in endnotes generator, the George Hotel, Ossett for the miners at Mr. Why Obesity Problem. Gartside's colliery, which is likely to of personal, have been Dewsbury Lane colliery. The meal was for members of the colliery Sick and Accident Club, which was funded by the miners themselves from weekly subscriptions to pay the members during times of sickness. In 1871, there had been no accidents at the colliery and why obesity problem, only £134 had been paid out in sickness benefit. The managers of the colliery, Messrs.

T. Westwood and example of personal, J. Wilkinson were praised by the men for their work at the colliery. Thirty-six members of the club were present at why obesity the supper, suggesting a fairly small coal mine. 17. Field Lane Colliery , Gawthorpe near to the Flying Horse public house. Black Orpheus Movie. The Field Lane colliery was worked by Joshua Greaves and after his death, in 1861, it was offered for sale in February 1862. Why Obesity. The advertisement in 1862 mentioned that the colliery was powered by a steam engine and that there was a 3ft seam of coal at a depth of 30 yards with three leases - two expiring in 1877 and one in 1881. Black. It appears that when the two leases expired in 1877 that the colliery was closed down.

Some more details about Field Lane Colliery following a particularly suspicious accident resulting in the death of 19 year-old Richard Broad: 5. WANTON OUTRAGE NEAR DEWSBURY - A MAN KILLED: On Thursday night last, an inquest was held at the Shoulder of Mutton Inn, Gawthorpe, before Mr. Is A. Taylor, coroner, on the body of Richard Broad, who met with his death after falling down a pit shaft on orpheus the previous Tuesday. Mr. Morton, the is a, Government inspector of mines, was in attendance and watched the case, in consequence of the pit rope having been maliciously cut. The evidence went to show that the deceased was employed at Field-lane Colliery, Gawthorpe and had charge of the pcwb com, pumping engine. At this colliery there are two shafts, one used as a pumping and downcast and the other as as an upcast and drawing shaft. The only apparatus for why obesity, reaching the bottom of the former is a windlass and a rope an inch and a quarter in diameter, and when men wish to Child in Agriculture, go to the bottom, they attach a man-loop to the end of the rope. This man-loop consists of problem, a piece of tough and strong wood, about thirty inches long, and pcwb com, near the ends are two holes about an inch and a half in is a, diameter. Through these holes are drawn a piece of hempen rope an inch and a quarter in diameter, and the ends are securely fastened underneath. On the day in question the deceased used this loop, examining it before he did so, and, having placed himself astride, he was lowered by two men to the bottom with a few tools where he repaired the pump clack.

Having finished his work, he gave the a nervous breakdown, signal for ascending, and was raised to is a problem, within half a yard of the platform, when the rope of the man-loop gave way at once close to both holes, and black orpheus, he was precipitated to the bottom. Why Obesity Is A Problem. He was alive when reached, and was removed home; but he died within a few hours. Broad sustained a fractured thigh, a fractured rib (one portion of the rib was driven into the lung) and a large scalp wound. What Causes A Nervous Breakdown. Dr. Thornton, Church St,, Dewsbury and Mr Greenwood, Surgeon, Ossett attended. The broken rope was examined by why obesity problem the jury and was unanimously pronounced to have been cut.

It ought to have borne half a ton without danger. Endnotes. The deceased was a small, spare youth of nineteen years of age. An open verdict was returned. In the meantime the police are making active inquiries in why obesity problem, the matter. Black. No person was criminated by the evidence offered to the inquest. 18.

Ossett , owned by Messrs Haigh - but as yet unidentified. 19. Crownlands Collier y, possibly the site of is a problem, Northfield Colliery, which was owned by generator Westwood and Co. 20. West Field , owned by Joshua Wilby when it was opened in 1863. The colliery closed in 1908. In 1896, the why obesity problem, owner was Westwood and Co., Ossett. Manager: J. What Causes A Nervous. Simpkin, Under-Manager: J. Wilkinson. In 1896 there were 56 underground workers and 11 surface workers. West Field colliery mined the is a problem, Beeston, Middleton and Haigh Moor seams. 21.

Healey Lane , was owned by Charles Kilner and Henry Slater trading as Hinchcliffe, Kilner and Co., when the pit was first opened 1876. However, their partnership was dissolved in June 1886. Kilner was later declared bankrupt in June 1888, by endnotes generator which time he was living in the Green, Ossett and was working as a colliery weighman and book-keeper. By 1896 the owners were John Wilby and Edward Mortimer, both of is a, Ossett. The Colliery Manager was owner John Wilby, but there was no under-manager. Labor. There were only 18 underground workers and 5 surface workers at the height of the pit's production. Is A. The Yorkshire Sheet 247.08 Ossett (SW) Combs 1905 map (O.S. reprint from black orpheus 1890) by why obesity is a Alan Godfrey clearly shows a pit near the bottom of pcwb com, Healey Lane with a day hole linked by tramline to a series of buildings, which may have had pit shafts. There are other older mine workings below the house called Green Lea shown on the map suggesting extensive coal mining operations in the area over the years.

The colliery closed in 1899. 22. Ox Close, was owned in 1880 by why obesity is a problem the Flockton Coal Co. Limited. Ox Close opened in 1873 and closed in 1881. The pit was sunk between 1873 and 1878. The owners between 1873-1875 were Whitworth and Co. and then between 1876-1880, Tolson Whitworth, who formed a limited company in September 1877.

The colliery had a lease on two beds of coal: the Joan Bed and the Flockton Thin Bed over an area of 48 acres. 11. The pit was not yet operational in 1877 as this excerpt taken from the Ossett Observer on the 11th August 1877 reporting an accident to a miner shows: On Tuesday evening last, shortly after 5 o'clock, a rather serious accident occurred at pcwb com the new coal pit being opened out by Messrs. Whitworth Co. in Runting Lane. A heavy piece of pump gearing weighing about why obesity is a 4 tons was being lowered down the shaft by essay means of a capstan and two-inch ropes. It had reached within about eighteen inches or so of the bottom when one of the ropes broke. Two men who were at why obesity is a the bottom fortunately got out of the way.

The half-dozen men who held the capstan bars, feeling the jerk, and being startled, let go, with the exist, exception of one, a miner, named John Grace, who was instantly knocked off his feet and thrown to the ground. He was found to have sustained a compound fracture of why obesity is a problem, one shoulder , injuries to his arms and back, etc. Does Spirits Really Exist. On his removal to his house at why obesity is a problem Ossett Common in a cab he was attended by Mr. J.G. Wiseman, surgeon, and generator, is, as we hear, progressing as well as can be expected. The cause of the rope giving way is not known, as it was considered to be capable of bearing the strain of six tons. Ox Close was located in the Runtlings area of Ossett and medieval maps show the presence of why obesity is a, Runtinge Pitts in the Ox Close, which is bisected by Ryeroyde Lane . However, Ox Close is example essay not shown on is a problem current maps, although it is thought it was so named at the time of the Ossett Inclosure around 1807. 23. Lights Colliery, was located north-east of the black orpheus movie, old Lights Bridge, which was near the location of the is a problem, present Two Brewers public house and is shown on the 1851 1:10,560 OS Map. Many of the men who worked here were patrons of the Colliers Arms, later the Little Bull in Ossett Common, which dates back to at least 1830. The Wakefield Manor Rolls for 1709 refer to a small colliery at Ossett Lights and between 1712 and 1752, the colliery was operated there by Joseph Naylor.

Lights or a clearing in the woods was so named because the of the way the black orpheus, woodland pasture was managed. Trees were grown on the same land that was used for rearing stock (usually pigs). The branches of the trees were cut and used for fuel, fencing or building. This process was called pollarding (and is the why obesity is a, derivation of the English surname Pollard) so that when the tree branches were cut, sunlight would reach the forest floor through the previously dense canopy of woodland, hence the name The Lights . Ossett Lights covered an estimated area of 254 acres, but presumably, by the time the colliery was established, much of the woodland had been completely cleared. 24. Spirits Really Exist. Manor Colliery, Middle Common, was located between Manor Road and Spa Lane in the area known as Drain Close. The colliery dates back to the 18th century and was owned then by the Naylor family. Later, in 1857, the colliery proprietor was John Mitchell who, according to the 1843 Tithe Map of why obesity, Ossett rented the land at Drain Close from the Ingham.

At some stage, Manor Colliery was owned by Terry, Greaves and Co., owners of Roundwood Colliery, probably prior to 1857. Manor Colliery is almost certainly the site of the Engine shown on Jeffrey's 1775 map. The symbol on the map looks like a windmill, but it seems more likely that it was a steam powered pumping engine at of personal the coal mine. The local press 13 and 14 in 1857 describes a fatal accident at is a the colliery, which gives us some indication of the scale of operations: A MAN KILLED BY FALLING DOWN A COAL PIT SHAFT Mr.

Taylor, coroner for essay, the town of Pontefract, held an inquest, on is a problem Saturday last at Child the Weaver's Arms, Ossett, on the body of Joseph Rushworth, blacksmith, 46 years of age. The deceased was employed in attending the engine of the Manor Colliery, Ossett during the is a, day. (NOTE: Manor Colliery is given as located in Middle Common, Ossett and in the ownership of colliery proprietor John Mitchell in the Leeds Mercury report of the same accident on 22nd December 1857). Last Tuesday evening Rushworth was relieved at the usual time by Luke Veale, the man who performed night duty. Rushworth went to Horbury and returning between ten and eleven o'clock at what causes breakdown night, he went to why obesity, the coal cabin. Does Spirits Really Exist. At that time he was tipsy. He remained there a few minutes, when, he got up saying it was too warm for him there, left the cabin and was not seen again. Why Obesity Is A. On Friday afternoon last, a miner named Joseph Chappel went down the pumping shaft of the pit to unloose a rope which he had made fast to the bottom a week ago, when he was assisting to pcwb com, change the buckets. When he got about forty yards down the why obesity problem, shaft, he saw the body of Rushworth suspended by black orpheus a stay, his head and legs resting on the plank. The body was mutilated, the legs broken, and the jaw-bone crushed in.

The shaft was only about 30 yards from the coal cabin and the deceased, being no doubt confused with the drink he had taken, had missed his way and fallen down the pit. Verdict -found dead with fractures. 25. Park Lane , Ossett was opened in is a, 1862 and closed 1885. Owners between 1862-1874 were Cliffe and Co. then between 1876-1885, G J Haigh. The colliery, which had two working shafts, was located to left of Owlers Farm, Flushdyke.

26. Pildacre Colliery , Ossett was owned originally by Naylor and Co., and opened 1872, but closed in November 1910 after an inrush of water. By 1896 owners were John Naylor and Co., Ossett. Manager: S. Broadbent and endnotes generator, Under-Manager: J. Mann. There were 232 underground workers and 25 surface workers in 1896. Is A Problem. Pildacre mined coal from the Flockton, Joan, Low Haigh Moor, Top Haigh Moor and Haigh Moor seams. The ' Ossett Observer ' for the 25th February 1893 carried the orpheus movie, following report about Pildacre Colliery: Messrs. John Naylor and Co. Ltd. The half-yearly meeting of the shareholders of this company was held at Pildacre Collieries, Ossett, on Monday afternoon last.

The directors report for the half year ended December 31st showed a profit of £162 3s 9d. The Chairman, Mr. Edwin Mitchell J.P. in moving the adoption of the report, said that the problem, directors had continued the policy of developing and improving the efficiency of the colliery plant and workings, and were now in a position to produce about 1,500 tons of coal per black orpheus movie week from the Joan and Flockton beds. Since the beginning of why obesity is a, August last they had incurred considerable expense in black, opening out the Cannel seam at is a Pildacre, which was of a very fine quality and pcwb com, satisfactory thickness; next winter they hoped to send out a respectable quantity of Cannel, the price of which was much higher than black coal. Is A Problem. They now had over 50 wagons, the property of the really exist, company, and another 24 partially paid for. The wages paid were now considerable (between £360 and £370 per week ) and the directors could not spare anything to why obesity is a problem, secure safety in working the collieries. A man's life was of pcwb com, more consequence than a dividend. The Chairman said that there had not been a serious or fatal accident at Pildacre for about seven years, which spoke well for the management. 27. New Low Laithes , owned by the Low Laithes Colliery Co.

Ltd was first opened in 1892 using existing pit shafts, which were widened in 1890 and were probably the old pit shafts from the defunct New Lodge (Gawthorpe) colliery, which had closed in 1889. In September 1890, two local men employed as pit sinkers at New Low Laithes: Michael Glynn (51), Manor Rd., Ossett and John Murray (40), New St., Wakefield, were to lose their lives whilst working on problem widening the Child Labor, existing pit shafts from problem 9ft to 13ft in diameter. 9 They were working on a circular wooden platform 100ft down the pit shaft, which was suspended by heavy-duty iron chains. One of the pcwb com, four chains holding the platform was being re-attached when Glynn slipped, tilting the platform at why obesity is a a precarious angle. Glynn desperately tried to hold on to Murray, but only succeeded in pulling both of them to an instant death as they crashed down 150ft to the bottom of the old pit shaft.

Above: Rare picture of Low Laithes Colliery circa 1920 looking north. The house on the horizon is endnotes thought to be Low Laithes villa. Above: Another rare picture of Low Laithes Colliery courtesy of Ian Taylor. His grandfather Ernest Hutchinson worked in why obesity is a, a clerical capacity at Low Laithes until its closure in movie, 1927, and this picture is from Mr. Hutchinson's photo album. Low Laithes Colliery was located to the west of Low Laithes Farm, and east of the village of Gawthorpe, a few hundred yards along Gawthorpe Lane, which leads to Kirkhamgate and Bushy Beck.

The men from Gawthorpe who worked at the colliery used the shortest route, which was a footpath, shown on the map below going almost due west towards the village. Above: Map of the new Low Laithes Colliery off Gawthorpe Lane, Ossett dated 1908. The terminus of the Mineral Railway that ran to is a problem, Flushdyke can be seen to example of personal, the south-east of the colliery. In 1894 the site was shared with a brickworks. In 1896, the why obesity is a, manager was A.B. Blakeley with the under-manager at does spirits really exist the time C Copley.

There were 155 underground workers and why obesity problem, 43 surface workers in 1896, but by 1908 this had increased significantly to 460 underground workers and 133 surface workers showing that the pit had expanded rapidly in the preceding 12 years. Above: Miners from Low Laithes Colliery, Gawthorpe pictured in 1905 after an underground shift. The bottles were used for example essay, carrying water or cold tea for meal breaks underground. The colliery was affected by the Great Coal Strike of 1893 when the Coal Owners Federation tried to impose a 25% wage cut on is a miners because of a fall in the price of coal. The men at Low Laithes went out on strike for several months in orpheus, the summer and autumn of why obesity, 1893. At Low Laithes, the management offered a 15% reduction in wages rather than the 25% reduction (of the 40% advanced since 1887), but this was unacceptable to the men's representatives and a rumour that Low Laithes was to pcwb com, be re-opened was quickly denied by the manager.

On the 17th November 1893, a settlement was arrived at on basis of the why obesity is a problem, old rate of wages being paid until at least the 1st February 1894, with a Conciliation Board to follow in at least one year. Subsequently, the miners at Low Laithes returned to work the following week. Above: Winding Engine at Low Laithes Colliery, Gawthorpe which was used to pull the cage up the pit shaft. The man operating the Child Essay, controls is thought to be the manager Mr. David Arnold West. In 1908, the colliery was still managed by Mr. A.B. Blakeley, followed in 1915 by Mr. David Arnold West, a mining engineer born in 1875 at nearby Birstall. By 1908, the output of the pit was 61,250 tons per why obesity is a problem annum, all produced by muscle power alone.

Low Laithes was served by example of personal essay what was called a 'mineral railway', which ran from is a Flushdyke to a rail terminus just south of the colliery. The coal from Low Laithes could then be transported via the railway goods yard at Flushdyke to any part of the UK. The coal extracted from of personal essay Low Laithes was taken at various times from the Silkstone, Beeston, Haigh Moor, Flockton or Cannel seams and there was a ready market for why obesity, coal of this quality. Above: The winding engine house at Child in Agriculture Low Laithes Colliery with the water softener and steam accumulator circa 1920. The New Low Laithes Colliery, now owned by W. and E.H. Middlebrook, ceased production in May 1927, and the sister colliery at nearby Wrenthorpe also closed at problem the same time. The effects of the 1926 General Strike were causing severe economic problems at the time and pcwb com, trading was difficult with many coal miners either on shortened working weeks or having already been made redundant. The Ossett Observer in is a, December 1928 noted that the chances of the Gawthorpe pit re-opening were remote and sadly it never did, despite probably being viable. Labor Essay. In the event, the site changed hands, re-emerging as the Doric Kerb Works producing concrete drainage ducts. The Doric works were derelict in the 1960s and it is believed that production ceased completely in the 1950s.

28. Why Obesity Problem. Northfield , Ossett opened in 1896 and in Agriculture, closed in 1917. Why Obesity Is A. The colliery was owned in 1896 by C. Newsome, and in what a nervous breakdown, 1899 by Shaw's Linfit Lane Coal Co. By 1917, Northfield was owned by the Northfield Colliery Co. Why Obesity. Ltd. It is most likely that Northfield and Crownlands Colliery are the same site. Spirits Really Exist. In 1908, there were 61 underground workers and 10 surface workers so this was a relatively small undertaking. The manager in 1908 was Mr. S. Broadbent.

29. Shaw Cross , Owl Lane on the Ossett - Dewsbury border, was owned by why obesity problem C. B. Crawshaw and Warburton and first opened in 1903 and closed in 1968. In 1896, the manager was G.F. Blacher and Labor Essay, the under-manager was P. Winstanley. By the early 1900s, there were 228 underground workers and 45 surface workers, but the colliery expanded significantly. Above: Shaw Cross Colliery as seen from Owl Lane, Ossett.

The pit baths were on why obesity is a problem the opposite causes side of Owl Lane. Above: Miners leaving Shawcross Pit after completing a shift underground circa late 1960s. 30. Storrs Hil l, Ossett, close to the Weavers Arms, was owned by W. Wilcock and was opened in 1901 and closed in 1908. The pit was not working between 1904-1908. 31.

Longlands , Ossett was first opened in 1910 and abandoned in why obesity is a, May 1923. Child In Agriculture. The colliery was owned by the Northfield Colliery Co, Ossett and mined the Haigh Moor seam. 32. Greatfield Colliery , was opened in 1913 and closed September 1954. The pit was initially sunk between 1913-1916 and was owned in problem, 1945 by the Northfield Colliery Co. Ltd., Ossett with manager: A.W. Does Really. Thompson and no under manager. In 1945 there were 49 underground workers and 11 surface workers. In 1947, the colliery was nationalised and came under NCB ownership.

Above: A group of Ossett coal miners at Greatfield Colliery in the early 1950s. Above: A group of why obesity, miners at Greatfield Colliery, Ossett circa 1956, which was always referred to as Westwood's Pit. My thanks to David Maddison who recently contacted me and has identified his father Jack Donald Maddison on the back row, 2nd from the left. The miner with the impressive ZZ-Top beard, second from the right on the back row is Harry Bains. 33. What Causes Breakdown. Whinny Moor , is listed as an Ossett pit, although geographically it was actually located between Lupset and Wakefield. Why Obesity Is A. The colliery was first opened in 1869 and abandoned in causes breakdown, June 1913. The owners between 1869-1873 were Hargreaves, Naylor and why obesity problem, Co. In 1896, the colliery was owned by John Naylor and Co., who was also the owner of Pildacre Colliery in Ossett. In 1896, the manager of Whinny Moor Colliery was S. Broadbent with the under-manager being J. Exist. Hudson. There were 37 underground workers and 7 surface workers.

Collieries adjacent to Ossett. Many Ossett and Gawthorpe men worked at the pits just outside the town boundaries and is a, the nearest four pits are as follows: 1. Chickenley Heath , Dewsbury, was leased by Joshua Greaves in 1854. Pcwb Com. By 1857 it was noted that the Greaves Brothers had a 40 yard shaft at why obesity is a problem Chickenley Heath colliery and one man who had worked for them for six years. In 1861, after the death of Joshua Greaves, the lease of coal at Chickenley Heath was assigned to Gawthorpe butcher and farmer Joseph Terry and two others, most probably the Greaves brothers. In July 1862, the local press 10 had a notice that the partnership of John Henry Greaves and does, Charles Howard Greaves, trading as Greaves Brothers and Co., at Chickenley Heath was being dissolved and that from the 31st March 1862, the business would be carried on by John Henry Greaves alone. Chickenley Heath colliery was owned in 1880 by the Chickenley Heath Coal Co., Dewsbury. In 1896, the manager was Mr. A.B. Problem. Blakeley and the under-manager was Mr. M. Rayner.

There were 122 underground workers and 12 surface workers at this time. 2. Chickenley Wood , Dewsbury, in 1880 the owner was the Chickenley, Wood Coal Co. 3. Endnotes Generator. Chidswell , Dewsbury, In 1880 and 1896, the owners were C. Crawshaw and Warburton, Dewsbury. The manager in problem, 1896 was Mr. G.F. Labor Essay. Blacher and the under-manager was Mr. P. Winstanley with 248 underground workers and why obesity is a, 17 surface workers. Since the owners, the manager and Labor in Agriculture Essay, the under-manager are the is a problem, same as those who were at Shaw Cross in 1903, it seems likely that Chidswell Colliery was an earlier variant of Shaw Cross, with possibly new pit shafts being sunk at Shaw Cross in 1903. In March 1888, the local press 12 carried a report describing a fatal accident at the pit, which was described then as being located in Leeds Road, Ossett: FATAL EXPLOSION AT OSSETT COLLIERY.

An inquest was held at Ossett yesterday by Mr. T. Causes. Taylor, coroner, touching the death of George Brook (45), colliery labourer, Naylor-street, Ossett, who was killed on Monday at Messrs. Crawshaw and Warburton's collieries, Leeds-road. Mr. F.N. Wardell, H.M. Inspector of Mines watched the proceedings. Why Obesity Problem. The evidence stated that three other men working with the deceased had a narrow escape with their lives and had been severely burnt.

Isaac Kilburn, pit sinker deposed that on Monday last he and another man named Waterhouse were working in endnotes, a staple or ventilating shaft between two seams known as Flockton and Old Hards. They were widening the shaft and stood on a scaffolding fixed therein. After they had been working for between two and three hours with naked candles and without noticing anything unusual, gas came up the shaft, and why obesity, there was a violent explosion. The scaffolding was blown away, and Waterhouse and witness, both burnt were left clinging to does spirits exist, the ledge of brickwork at the side of the shaft. The deceased and why obesity problem, another man, who were working a jack-roll or windlass at the top of the shaft were also scorched, and the planking on which they stood was displaced, causing the deceased to fall down the shaft. Generator. When assistance came, Brook was quite dead. James Pomfret, the why obesity, Deputy in charge at the time stated that the cannel seam was chiefly worked at example the collieries, which employed a large number of why obesity is a, men. Next, below this was the Flockton seam, in which the Child Labor in Agriculture Essay, deceased was at the time of the explosion and lowest of all, the Old Hards, which was being newly opened out. He examined the workings in the latter seam prior to the accident and found them free from gas and why obesity problem, when he entered them afterwards, he found the ventilation in good order still.

In answer to Labor Essay, questions by the Inspector, he said that eastwards of the why obesity is a problem, bottom of the staple shaft was a heading driven, the further progress of which had been checked by a fault. Child Labor Essay. When he examined that part of the workings on Monday morning, he did not go up to is a problem, the fault, because part of the header was standing nearly up to the roof in water, but he examined the the edge of the water with his safety lamp and found no trace of gas, a good current of air coming over the water. The jury returned a verdict of accidentally killed. He leaves a widow and black movie, a large family. 4. Wrenthorpe , Wakefield was first opened in why obesity is a, 1838 and was closed in 1900 after the death of the example of personal, owner Mr. W.T. Marriot of Sandal Grange, Wakefield. Is A Problem. Before then and as late as 1885, the does spirits exist, colliery was in is a problem, the ownership of D. Micklethwaite and black movie, Company. In 1896 the manager was Mr. T.W. Is A. Embleton and the under-manager was Mr.

W. Generator. Wood. There were 103 underground workers and 35 surface workers. In 1905, the colliery was bought by the Low Laithes Colliery Co. Ltd, who were operating their pit at Gawthorpe. It was re-opened in 1907, and was used as part of the principal Low Laithes colliery with the same manager, but Mr. D.A. West was the under-manager at Wrenthorpe. Why Obesity. In 1908, there were 80 underground workers and 31 surface workers, suggesting a slight decline from causes a nervous breakdown ten years previously.

Wrenthorpe colliery had a branch line to the nearby main Leeds-London railway to transport coal to distribution centres and is a, larger customers. Wrenthorpe colliery closed in 1927 at the same time as New Low Laithes Colliery as a result of the generator, strike. Above: Wrenthorpe Colliery complete with an Upholsters Shop. The date of the photograph is not known but this section of the colliery opened in 1857. As an why obesity problem, example of the prevailing conditions, there was a report in the ' Ossett Observer ' in June 1912 of a pit deputy being killed at Wrenthorpe pit, part of the Low Laithes Colliery: William Henry Hayes (56), colliery deputy of Dewsbury Road, Ossett met his death as a result of an accident in the Wrenthorpe part of Low Laithes colliery. The deceased was well-known in both Earlsheaton and Chickenley Heath, in which places he had lived for a good many years.

Ezra Ramsden, of 11 East Parade, Eastborough, Dewsbury, coal miner, said that the accident happened on Friday at 12.30 p.m. In a few more minutes he would have finished the job of filling up a gob. There had been a fall of roof three or four days before in the Silkstone seam, and causes breakdown, deceased, who was assisting to remove the why obesity problem, dirt, was working about half a yard from the pcwb com, witness. Suddenly, a stone fell down on the deceased, who was sitting on his right foot and leg and was in why obesity is a, the act of what, using his shovel. The end of the stone struck him on the head, and knocked him against a prop which was behind him. He was still upright when witness pulled him out. The stone was not on why obesity is a problem him.

He said Pull me out Ezra and he (witness) said Tha is out. There was no bleeding, but deceased appeared helpless. He asked him (witness) to a nervous breakdown, lean him against a prop, but he said he was not easy after after that had been done, so he was laid on his back. Deceased asked witness to take him to why obesity, the gate, but witness told him that he could not do that by himself. He would not let witness go for pcwb com, help for some time, and he could not call for help because there was no one near to hear. Why Obesity Problem. Eventually witness got the help of several men, and together they got him out of the pit on a stretcher. He was quite helpless all the example of personal, time. The stone that fell would be about three feet six inches long, twenty inches broad, and would not fill a tub. One end hardly fell fourteen inches, because it reared. The roof was a yard high. Tamar Hayes, of why obesity, Pickersgill Street, Dewsbury Road, Ossett, widow of the deceased said that her husband was an old servant of the company and had worked at of personal Wrenthorpe for about five years.

He left home at about 4.15 a.m. on Friday morning and she heard that he had been hurt at about three in the afternoon. She was able to see him at Clayton Hospital, Wakefield and although conscious, he could not talk much. She was there when he died on Saturday afternoon. Dr. Hugh Walker Moir, assistant house surgeon at the Clayton Hospital, said that deceased was admitted on the 21st June, and was suffering from paralysis of the legs, arms and body, and from shock. He was quite conscious and quite helpless. The case was hopeless from the commencement.

He rallied from the problem, shock, but gradually sank and died at black orpheus movie 12.15 on why obesity is a the following day. The cause of death was fracture of the fourth vertebra of the spine. Mr. D.A. West, the manager of Wrenthorpe colliery, said that the deceased had been at Wrenthorpe for three years and generator, had worked for the company for forty-five years. Is A Problem. He had never worked anywhere else. The Coroner remarked that the deceased was a thoroughly experienced man and not a man likely to work in a reckless way.

The evidence pointed to it having been a pure accident, and he suggested a verdict to the effect That deceased was killed by having his spine accidentally fractured by orpheus movie a fall of stone whilst at work. Why Obesity Problem. The jury agreed. The 1893 Ossett Coal Strike 6. In 1893, the does really exist, price that mine owners could get for their coal dropped significantly. Since 1887, coal miners' wages had increased by 40% above the standard rate and now, because profits were being affected, the Coal-owners' Federation called for a reduction in wages from August 1893. Is A Problem. The mine owners wanted to pay only 15% above the standard rate, i.e. an effective reduction in wages of 25%. When the Coal-owners' Federation presented their revised pay offer to the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, not surprisingly, the endnotes, proposal was turned down flat and why obesity is a problem, the Miners' Federation then asked its members to withdraw their labour from the end of July 1893. All of the Essay, English Coalfields were affected, with the exception of Durham and Northumberland, where wages had already been reduced under sliding scale agreements. In 1893, there were four working collieries inside the town boundaries: Low Laithes (Gawthorpe), Pildacre, Westfield and problem, Healey Lane. Just outside the Ossett boundary, but always regarded as an Ossett coal mine, was Roundwood Colliery, which was easily the biggest of the local pits, and on black orpheus record as employing 619 underground workers, with another 129 surface workers (1896 figures).

The next two largest local collieries were Pildacre with a workforce of why obesity problem, 232 underground and 25 surface workers (1896 figures), then Low Laithes, which had about 120 miners in 1893. Pcwb Com. Westfield and Healey Lane Collieries were relatively small by comparison with Westfield having thirty underground workers and Healey Lane only about twelve. Also, many Ossett and Gawthorpe men worked at Shaw Cross colliery, on Owl Lane, just over the town boundary in Dewsbury and employing about 232 underground workers and 45 surface workers (1896 figures.) Nearby Chickenley Heath and Chidswell collieries employed about another 350 local men, some of whom must have lived in Ossett. Those miners that were union members were organised by problem the Yorkshire Miners Association, based in Barnsley. Within the Ossett collieries, Union membership was strongest in the larger collieries, Roundwood, Pildacre and example, Low Laithes. Work had ceased at Low Laithes and Roundwood by is a problem the end of July in line with the recommendation made by the Miners Federation, and at Pildacre soon afterwards. At the two smaller Ossett pits, Westfield and Healey Lane, the miners worked on and this was to cause trouble in the following weeks. The strike had a serious effect on the local economy, which was based on the use of coal as a fuel for industry and transport. On Saturday, 12th August, the Great Northern Railway cancelled the majority of its passenger trains, from the following Monday, which ran between Ossett, Leeds, Wakefield and does exist, Bradford. The Ossett Observer noted that the short notice that was given had caused the maximum inconvenience to problem, travellers. Worse was to come, and further cancellations followed in September.

Before the end of August, the lack of coal had forced some of Ossett's textile mills to introduce part-time working. In September, the mills of J T Brook at Town End and Flushdyke; Swallow's Mill on Dewsbury Road, and Giggal Clay's Mill at Healey all had to close. The Ossett Gas Company was also affected by the lack of Child Labor in Agriculture Essay, coal and in November, it increased the price of gas from 2s 9d to 3s 0d per 1,000 cubic feet because of the rise in coal prices. Local mill owners tried to keep their businesses going by buying coal from the why obesity, Durham coalfield and some paid up to triple the normal price. Unfortunately, the coal deliveries were delayed because the essay, North-Eastern Railway was unable to cope with the increase in demand for is a, coal from the still operational Durham and Northumberland coalfields. A by-product of making gas from coal is coke and a few enterprising Ossett mill owners used coke purchased from the Ossett Gas Company instead of coal. Unfortunately, by the end of August all the coke stocks had been used up. Pildacre Colliery was a wet pit and needed constant pumping to prevent the generator, underground workings from flooding. Pildacre's manager, Mr.

S. Broadbent applied to the Yorkshire Miners Association for problem, permission for his men to get coal from the pit to keep the orpheus movie, pump engines running. The owners of Pildacre Colliery were not among those trying to problem, impose a wage reduction on their workers, but nevertheless, showing a certain amount of pcwb com, insensitivity, the Miners Association refused the request and Broadbent had to purchase 100 tons of problem, coal from the Durham mines. Pildacre was potentially the what causes a nervous, worst affected of all the Ossett mines because of the flooding, but conditions deteriorated in all the other local collieries during the strike. Ossett's two small collieries, Healey Lane and Westfield tried to work on is a through the dispute. This caused a certain amount of anger among the striking miners and there were several attempts to intimidate the men working at these mines, who in pcwb com, any case, were not members of the mineworker's union.

At Healey Lane, the police were called on problem Saturday the 12th and Monday the 14th August in order to prevent a likely breach of the peace by causes a group of pickets. Why Obesity Problem. This intimidation had some effect, since on the Monday, only part of the workforce turned up for generator, work. When the men came out why obesity is a problem, of the pcwb com, pit, the had to be escorted home by the police amid hooting and is a, cries of 'Baa' and other unfriendly demonstrations by endnotes a crowd of men and women . As a result, the men did not return to work on the Tuesday. On Saturday, 2nd September, some of the miners at Healey Road had returned to work, but were once again the subject of a rather hostile demonstration by a crowd of pickets. On Monday 4th September, a group of forty or fifty miners from outside the town gathered at is a problem Westfield Colliery, Ossett owned by Henry Westwood and where only a few miners were at work. Two or three of the pickets went to see Henry Westwood to ask him to a nervous breakdown, close the is a, pit. Westwood was not imposing any wage reduction on his men and in fact, he was opposed to the wage reduction proposals. Westwood refused to close the pit on what causes breakdown the grounds that depriving Ossett's textile mills of coal would not help the miners, but would inflict hardship on the textile workers, who were unconnected with the strike and why obesity is a problem, would be put out of work. This did not meet the approval of the does spirits, pickets and one of them suggested that they should fetch the blacklegs out of the pit and throw the corves down the shaft.

Sensibly, this proposal was not carried out, but when Westwood's men came up from the shaft and were leaving the pit-yard to go home, some of the pickets started shouting 'Baa' and one of the ringleaders grabbed a pit deputy and hustled him. Any further disturbance was prevented by the timely appearance of why obesity is a problem, two policemen. On Thursday 7th September 1893 at what causes the height of the coal miners strike, it was reported in problem, the Ossett Observer that a serious encounter took place at Chidswell on pcwb com the Ossett boundary a mob of between 2 and 3,000 men was marching in the direction of Ossett. About forty-five police charged the mob, and dispersed it using truncheons. There was a good deal of stone-throwing, and why obesity is a problem, some of the rioters were armed with formidable bludgeons, but they did not make very much of a stand against the police staves ( it was noted that some of the crowd were rather severely punished by the officers' truncheons.) The constables were also armed with cutlasses, but did not resort to endnotes generator, the use of them. Why Obesity Problem. Westfield Colliery in does exist, Ossett was the true objective of the why obesity is a, Chidswell rioters, but Henry Westwood, the owner of Westfield Colliery had learned of the planned attack earlier in the day and had withdrawn his men from the pcwb com, pit. Only two men were arrested at Chidswell; one was a miner and the other a cloth fuller. They were both sentenced to one-month's imprisonment by why obesity is a the West Riding Court in Dewsbury. Unfortunately, for the local police, the black movie, disturbances coincided with the St. Leger races at Doncaster, which annually took some 200 men away from why obesity is a problem their usual duties in the West Riding. When Ossett came under threat, there was only one policeman in the town.

Following the disturbances, Ossett's police force was strengthened by the addition of a sergeant and three constables, to the usual force of six officers. All of the police were armed with cutlasses and black orpheus, officers were stationed at the town's collieries. At the beginning of the week of disturbances, there was the problem, first of three mass meetings by endnotes the town's miners. All three were organised by the local branches of the Yorkshire Miners Association. The first two meetings were held at the football field near Ossett railway station, and is a, the final meeting took place in the Temperance Hall in Illingworth Street. Black Orpheus. At the first meeting, which was held on the evening of Monday 4th September, a resolution expressing continued support for why obesity, the strike was passed by the 800 to 1,000 men present. Although one of the speakers, Mr G.R. Simpson, a check-weighman at Roundwood Colliery condemned the rowdyism that had recently taken place at Westfield Colliery and said that some of the unionists were very sorry that there had been an element in Ossett that day which was no credit to the working class . Another of the speakers, the Reverend B. Haddon, a Primitive Methodist minister, hailing from Durham was more forthright. In his opinion this was not a strike but a lock-out and that a terrible day of retribution would come for men who out of the blood of the working class were selfishly amassing huge fortunes . The miners next meeting took place on the morning of pcwb com, Thursday 14th September. A large number walked to is a problem, the meeting behind a brass band and the banner of the Chickenley Heath branch of the Yorkshire Miners Association.

At the meeting, which was attended by 2,000 people, a resolution to resist the wage reduction was unanimously passed. The final meeting was held on Wednesday 18th October and the principal speaker, the President of the Yorkshire Miners Association, Edward Cowey (1839-1903), received an endnotes, enthusiastic reception from the audience. The Ossett Observer noted Cowey's effectiveness as an orator a big man, with a deep voice, and a North-country accent, Mr. Cowey has a rugged eloquence of his own, which evidently exercises a powerful effect on its hearers - exhibiting as it does, deep earnestness and why obesity is a problem, an absence of affectation. By the time that Cowey visited Ossett, some of the miners' families were suffering hardship. When the dispute began, the Yorkshire Miners Association was able to pay 9 shillings a week to each man. The funds were distributed in the local public houses and one collier wrote to pcwb com, the Ossett Observer protesting about receiving his pay in a public house and problem, suggested instead that a schoolroom in the Temperance Hall would be more suitable. In the third week of September 1893, the Association's fund ran out.

The last strike pay, amounting to essay, 7 shillings a week for each man, was issued on Thursday 21st and Friday 22nd September. The non-union miners who were forced out of work by the strike received no strike pay at all. Why Obesity Is A. For example, of the 30 'coal getters' at Westfield Colliery, five were non-unionists. In Ossett, the local leaders of the Yorkshire Miners' Association began organising relief for non-unionists in September. A Relief Committee, headed by endnotes generator Thomas Webster of Roundwood Colliery was set up and why obesity is a, collections taken. In the week ending Saturday 9th September, almost £20 worth of 'necessaries' were distributed to non-unionists. A number of individuals also tried to help the families of miners who were suffering from hardship. Among them was the Mayor, Councillor Francis Lumb Fothergill, who visited over pcwb com 200 such families and also Alderman Wilson. Why Obesity. Some help came also from the Ossett Industrial Co-operative Society, which received £10 from the Co-operative Wholesale Society and distributed it in the form of groceries. The congregation at the Primitive Methodist Chapel in Dewsbury Road raised £5 9s 8d in black orpheus movie, a collection, while the parishioners in North Ossett raised enough funds to provide thirty boys with breakfast at Gawthorpe Church School.

A meeting for those groups interested in helping provide relief for the miners was called in the Temperance Hall on Wednesday 11th October 1893 and this resulted in the formation of a Relief Sub-Committee of the Borough Council and the opening of a subscription list. The Sub-Committee consisted of eight men representing between them the Borough Council, the town's Anglicans, the town's non-Conformists and the miners. By Saturday, 14th October, the Sub-Committee had raised £48 1s 6d. The largest donation of £10 came from the Leeds Mercury Fund, whist Westwood and Company were among four donors of £5 each. The Sub-Committee distributed some 180 relief tickets weekly until Friday 3rd November, when the funds ran out. During the same period, the Sub-Committee also provided two teas for 600 children in the town's schoolrooms, whilst two Leeds gentlemen provided tea for 200 children.

A dance and then a concert, both held in the Temperance Hall provided the Sub-Committee with fresh funds and there was a further distribution of relief in the weeks ending Saturday 18th November and Saturday 25th November. Why Obesity Problem. Two more free teas for 600 children were provided and orpheus movie, Walter Scott, a butcher in Station Road provided tea for 200 children. By the 25th November, the strike had finally come to an end. It lasted so long because neither side was willing to why obesity, compromise. The Coal-owners Federation insisted on a wage reduction whilst the Miners' Federation was firm that no reduction of wages was acceptable. Orpheus. A ballot, held by the Yorkshire Miners' Association in early September, indicated that most of its members supported the strike. A wage reduction, arbitration and a return to work on the old rate of wages were all rejected by large majorities. However, in Ossett, the feeling was rather different and the Ossett Observer noted that the overwhelming majority of miners in the town wanted to return to work at the old rate of wages. The attitude of the Yorkshire miners changed as their strike fund ran out later in the month. In a second ballot later in September, they accepted a recommendation from the leaders of the Yorkshire Miners' Association to return to work at those collieries where the old rate of why obesity is a, pay was offered. The Miners' Federation endorsed a return to work on these terms, but also imposed a levy of one shilling a day on returning miners in example, order to support those still in dispute.

Most of the Yorkshire miners found that their employers were still insisting on a wage reduction and so only is a, a minority returned to work. In Ossett, Healey Lane and Pildacre Collieries were working double shifts at the beginning of October, while Low Laithes and pcwb com, Roundwood remained closed. At Low Laithes, the management offered a 15% reduction in wages rather than the 25% reduction of the 40% advanced since 1887, but this was unacceptable to the men's representatives. In mid-November, a rumour that Low Laithes was to be re-opened was quickly denied by the manager. The dispute was finally brought to an end by the Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, who appointed the Foreign Secretary, Lord Rosebery as a mediator between the two sides. Why Obesity Is A. On the Labor Essay, 17th November 1893, a joint conference was held at the Foreign Office, under the presidency of why obesity problem, Lord Rosebery between representatives of the Federated Coal-owners and the Miners' Federation. A settlement was arrived at on basis of the old rate of wages being paid until at least the 1st February 1894, with a Conciliation Board to follow in at least one year. In Ossett, the what causes, miners at Low Laithes and Roundwood returned to work the why obesity is a problem, following week.

With the does spirits really, end of the strike, the town's mills were able to return to full production and cancelled rail services were gradually restored. Unfortunately, the Ossett Observer did not comment on how long it took the miners' families to recover from the financial strain of the dispute. Bradford Observer, Monday, 7th September 1874. Bradford Observer, Tuesday, 15th September 1874. Bradford Observer, Friday, 25th September 1874. Bradford Observer, Tuesday October 13th 1874. Leeds Mercury , Saturday January 17th 1863. 1893 Ossett Coal Strike - adapted from an essay by David Scriven. Relative value of UK pound in RPI terms, taken from the web site: http://www.measuringworth.com/calculators/ppoweruk/ York Herald , Monday, January 11th 1875. Leeds Mercury , Thursday, September 25th 1890.

Leeds Mercury , Saturday, July 19th 1862. Leeds Mercury , Saturday, September 8th 1877. Leeds Mercury , Thursday, 29th March 1888. Leeds Mercury , Tuesday, 22nd December 1857. Lancaster Gazette , Saturday, 26th December 1857.

My maternal grandfather, Joseph John Smith worked nearly all his life as a coal hewer in the Yorkshire pits. He was born in Beaufort, Ebbw Vale in 1897, but moved to Yorkshire in is a, the 1920s to work at Sharlston Colliery. Here, Joe Smith met and married local Horbury girl, Frances Margrave and then lost her to cancer in 1936. For a while, in the 1960s, he came to black, live with his only daughter, Margaret Wilson and family in Kingsway, Ossett. Why Obesity Is A Problem. I wish I had talked with him more about his life, but it didn't seem important at the time. My grandfather was a great talker, but he never talked about his experiences in the Welsh and Yorkshire coal mines, where he had worked from the age of 14. His back and upper arms were mottled with bluish-grey tattoo-like markings, which were the scars from cuts and abrasions sustained working bareback, hewing coal in the narrow seams under Wakefield. The bloody, exposed tissue had then filled with black dust, just like ink from a tattooist's needle, leaving him with a permanent reminder of the decades of underground toil. What. His lungs were shot from years of inhaling the coal dust, muck and problem, bad air down the mines. I can hear his hacking, wheezing cough now.

Joe died aged 68 from diseases and complications brought on by his years of working in that subterranean hell-hole. Miner's Death 1869 - Inquest at the Little Bull, Ossett Common. Mr Taylor, honor and county coroner held an inquest at the Little Bull Inn, Ossett Common over what breakdown the body of why obesity, a coal miner, Joseph Crabtree, aged 30. His widow stated that he had his back hurt about two years ago and was laid up for a week. On Friday 27th August 1869 he had left home at 5 o'clock in the morning to pcwb com, go to his work at Messrs. Terry, Greaves and Co., Roundwood Colliery, Soon after 1pm the why obesity problem, same day, he was brought home with his left leg broken. Mr. Kemp from Wakefield attended him and Mr. Lawson Tait also acted to set his leg. Deceased began to complain of pcwb com, pain in why obesity, his left side a day or two afterwards, but he seemed to mend until last Thursday when the pain in his side commenced again.

He died on Wednesday morning about causes a nervous half past two. Why Obesity Is A. Mr. Lawson Tait, Wakefield surgeon said that he visited the deceased about a fortnight ago and endnotes generator, found that he had fractured his left leg and thigh. The leg was in position and appeared to be going on why obesity is a problem well. On Thursday witness made a post mortem examination of the body and found the fractures in process of a cure and in a very satisfactory state. The organs were in a normal condition, except the right side of the black orpheus movie, heart, which was very much distended with dark, fluid blood. The pulmonary artery was entirely stopped with a hard clot of blood. The clot would cause death by suffocation.

It had no direct communication with his injury. It must have been in existence for why obesity is a, several days or possibly weeks. Weakness from injury or illness would be likely to cause disease. Jacob Page of Alverthorpe, coal miner, a fellow worker of the deceased's said that about 11 o'clock in the morning of the 27th August, the deceased's hurrier fetched him and he went to his bank, He found the deceased sitting about two feet from the face with about 3 or 4 hundredweight of coal and rock on his left leg and helped free the a nervous breakdown, deceased by moving the why obesity is a, coal. A row of props were set to within four feet of the face. The seam of coal is the does, Haigh Moor, which is about a yard thick, but in three seams. The deceased told him that he had got the two lower seams and tried to get down the top seam and failed, and he had therefore determined to let it stop up until he had got ready for problem, another fall. Verdict: Died from a clot of blood, accelerated by the accidental fracture of the left leg. From the what breakdown, ' Ossett Observer' 18th September 1869. Fatal Accident to a Hurrier at Roundwood Colliery - 1877. On Tuesday the 2nd inst., a Horbury lad named Wilson Baines was at his work as a hurrier at the Roundwood Colliery, when a mass of stone from the pit roof fell on him inflicting various injuries to his head.

The poor boy was taken home unconscious, in which state he remained till half-past one on Sunday afternoon, when he died. Last Tuesday morning, an inquest was held at the King's Arms, the house of why obesity, Mr. S. Hall, before Mr. T. Taylor and a respectable jury of movie, whom Mr. Why Obesity Is A. Thomas Mitchell was foreman. The following evidence was adduced:- Charles White, joiner of Northgate said the deceased was his step son and was 15 years old on pcwb com Friday. He was a hurrier and the son of the late Mr.

T. Baines, rag dealer. He went out to why obesity, his work at a quarter after five o'clock, a week since that morning. He had worked in a pit going on for four years. He was brought back soon after twelve o'clock, unable to speak, and remained unconscious till he died on Sunday afternoon. He received frequent attention, both from Messrs. Pcwb Com. Kemp and Son, surgeons of Wakefield and from Mr. B. Why Obesity Is A Problem. Kemp from Horbury. William Peace, hurrier of Flushdyke, Ossett said he was working at Messrs. Terry, Greaves Co.'s Roundwood Colliery, and knew Wilson Baines who hurried on endnotes generator the same road with him.

On Tuesday morning deceased was standing in the middle of the horse road, which is about 5ft 6 in high, when a piece of the roof came in suddenly. Only one piece came out; it was a lump of blue bind and seemed to catch the deceased on the head, knocking him down. He raised an alarm, and his father came to the spot. Joseph Peace, coal miner, of Flushdyke, said he was getting coal from the face of a bank, when he heard something fall and his lad scream out O father, do come, and away he ran and found the deceased on the floor bleeding, with knees drawn up and insensible. He was in a new road which he (witness) helped to drive. He had always considered the road good; his own boys passed up and down the way 70 or 80 times a day, and he had to go that way himself. If he had not, he should not have used the road himself or have allowed his boys.

Where the why obesity is a, accident occurred, the road was about 8 or 9ft wide. Deceased was bleeding about the head. The piece of stone which came down would weigh about 5 or 6 stones, and it knocked a prop down in falling. Witness went up to the pit bank immediately to causes a nervous, send for a doctor, and why obesity is a, the deceased was taken to his home. A verdict of accidental death was returned.

From the ' Ossett Observer ' October 13th 1877. Sep 18th 1880: A Chidswell collier with the nickname “Wild Jack” had made a bet that he would “worry a live hedgehog with his teeth, his hands being tied behind him” , also that he would go through other similar performances, in a field behind the of personal, Royal Oak, Owl Lane. On Saturday afternoon a crowd of about 200 had gathered, including a number from Batley and other places. A man was also in attendance with a bag containing the hedgehog. The police had heard of the affair however, and at why obesity 5:00pm a sergeant and two plain clothed constables arrived and were greeted with hooting. Endnotes. No attempt was made to proceed with the exhibition, but it was rumoured that the encounter between the man and the hedgehog came off the same evening at a place called “Dog Loitch”. Above: Percy Christian Greaves (1868-1957) long time principal of Roundwood Colliery, Ossett. Greaves took control of the colliery in 1885 at the tender age of 17 years when his father, John Oldroyd Greaves (1824-1916) suffered a heart attack.

Percy Greaves was destined for a place at Cambridge University, but his father's ill health forced him to take over the family business. By 1892, he had qualified with a first-class colliery manager's certificate and he went on why obesity is a problem to become one of the most eminent mining engineers in the UK. He was respected and very well-liked by the men at Roundwood where there were no strikes (excluding National Strikes) during his ownership. Greaves always strove to provide the really, most up-to-date methods for is a problem, safety and efficiency for his men. It was noted in of personal, his obituary (The Times of October 25th 1957) that few days passed when he was not seen at is a the pit-head or down the shaft of one of his collieries. Percy Greaves lived with his wife and family of black, four children at Woolgreaves, near Wakefield; a large eleven bedroomed house built in the 1830s and is a problem, set in generator, 30 acres of grounds. Miners summoned for leaving work - 1888. At the West Riding Court, Dewsbury, George Cawthorne, Richard Foy and John Richardson were summoned for unlawfully absenting themselves from their employment at Pildacre Colliery, Ossett early in July 1888. Foy did not appear. Mr. T.L.

Chadwick appearing for Messrs. Why Obesity Is A. John Naylor and Co. Ltd., the colliery proprietors stated that the defendants on entering their employment signed the usual printed form of contract to give or take 14 days notice on leaving. On the endnotes generator, dates named, however, they had abstained themselves and were written to by Mr. William Noble, the colliery manager, but appeared to why obesity problem, have obtained work elsewhere. Compensation was claimed from each, being 2 shillings per day, a proportion of the standing expenses of the spirits really exist, colliery during their absence.

Foy was asked to pay £2, Richardson £1 14s and Cawthorne £1 12s. Richardson was allowed two weeks to is a, pay and the others two months. From the ' Ossett Observer' 12th August 1880. Aug 16th 1890: A day hole is to be opened from the Runtlings Lane colliery of Messrs Westwood Co. to Healey. It will be fitted with an engine plane, so that coal can be sent out that way for the mills at Labor Essay Healey, instead of being drawn up that shaft.

The object is to why obesity is a, save the expense of endnotes generator, carting coal down into the valley. During the coal strike in Ossett in 1893, the textile mills in the town were starved of why obesity, coal and really exist, many had to close. Temperance Mill in Church Street, Ossett was owned by Francis Lumb Fothergill and he came up with a novel approach to keep his mill open. Problem. By running the mill boilers on dried sewage sludge, he was able to keep Temperance Mill operating. By the middle of September 1893, Fothergill had used 150 tons of sewage sludge and several other mills in the town followed his example. Orpheus. The sludge was available free-of-charge from the borough sewage works and the only why obesity is a, cost was transporting it, which must have been an unpleasant job. Another approach was to burn rag dust saturated with old engine oil and John William Smith, the owner of Healey Old Mill, Ossett managed to keep his mill operating through the strike using this method.

Fire at Roundwood Pit - 1893. The 'Ossett Observer ' noted in March 1893 that a fire had occurred earlier in the year in the Silkstone pit at Labor in Agriculture Roundwood colliery. The owners of the colliery, Terry, Greaves and Co. Why Obesity Is A Problem. had not seen fit to contribute the one guinea a year for the services of the Wakefield Fire Brigade, which would have attended the fire earlier so that the disaster would not have been so great. Also on the 7th September 1893, on pcwb com the same day as as the riot at Chidswell, at why obesity is a problem nearby Ackton Hall colliery in pcwb com, Featherstone, two men lost their lives, after soldiers opened fire on is a problem a large crowd of people. There had been some destruction of property at the colliery by really exist a group of rioters and flying pickets intent on causing trouble. By the late afternoon 3 officers and 26 men from the 1st Battalion of the South Staffordshire Regiment had been called in, and the local magistrate read the Riot Act. Because the crowd didn't disperse quickly enough, the problem, soldiers were ordered to open fire. Tragically, by then, the crowd had been swollen with many innocent local bystanders. James Gibbs (22) and James Arthur Duggan (25) were to die of gunshot wounds and six other people were injured.

Neither Gibbs or Duggan had been involved in the rioting and the unfortunate sequence of events came to be known as the Featherstone Massacre. Alarming Explosion at Ossett Colliery - 1895. A serious accident occurred in one of the coal seams worked by the Low Laithes Colliery Company Limited, at pcwb com Gawthorpe, Ossett. The seam in question, the why obesity, Cannel is regarded as sufficiently safe to Labor in Agriculture Essay, be worked with naked lights at neighbouring collieries, but safety lamps are used in it at Low Laithes. There were considerably fewer persons employed there on why obesity problem Saturday than on other days of the week. Operations proceeded in the usual fashion until about eleven o'clock, when an explosion occurred. It appears that ripping was done in the main road, to make the latter high enough for Labor Essay, the passage of corves to the coal face.

A shot had been fired to blow down a portion of the roof, and why obesity is a, this left a cavity, in what a nervous, which it is supposed some gas may have collected. At all events, when the why obesity problem, Deputy in charge Asa Dransfield, of Gawthorpe, fired another shot, gas exploded. Dransfield and five other miners who were working in that part of the mine were unfortunately burnt. Example Of Personal Essay. As soon as possible they were drawn to the surface. Dr. Mill (Messrs. Wiseman and Mill) happened to be in the locality, and was quickly summoned. The colliery surgeon, Mr. Oates, of Dewsbury arrived later.

Oil and limewater were applied to the burns of the injured men, which were also bandaged with cotton wool. Assistance in this was rendered by Police-sergeant Wilcock and Police-constable Groves, who are members of the St. John Ambulance Association. Under the direction of Dr. Mill, five men were removed in cabs to the Dewsbury and District Infirmary, their names being: Joseph Peaker (39), married, no children, of Bennett's Buildings, Gawthorpe, Ossett; burnt on right side, back, and arms. John Robinson (33), married, two children, of Commercial Street, Earlsheaton.; burnt on back, shoulder, face, and arms. Fred Squires (27), single, living with his parents at Chickenley Heath, Soothill; burnt on the neck face, and head. Thomas Coulter (20), single, lodging at Sunderland's Buildings, Soothill Lane; burnt on arms, back, and is a, face. Peter Kenney (about 45 or 50), single, of Cobden Street, Batley; burnt on back, arms, and face.

Asa Dransfield, the deputy, who was badly burnt on his arms, etc. did not go to the Infirmary, but was able to go down the pit upon the arrival of the managing director, Mr. A.B. Blakeley of Dewsbury, and explain how the accident had occurred. It is understood that the does spirits really, explosion was not of sufficient violence to do any material damage to the pit workings. Robinson was able to leave the infirmary on Wednesday, and why obesity is a, Peaker yesterday. The other three men are still lying in the Andrew Pickard ward of the institution, but it is thought that Kenny will be ready to go out next Tuesday or Wednesday.

Squires and Coulter, who were both terribly scorched are not yet out of danger. Squires has his face and generator, head entirely enveloped in bandages, with the exception of small orifices for why obesity problem, his eyes, nose and mouth. From the ' Ossett Observer ' July 13th 1895. Above: The engine in the Power House at Low Laithes Colliery, Gawthorpe which was used to example of personal essay, generate electricity. Fatal Accident at Shaw Cross Colliery - 1897. A lad named Joseph Jennings, 14 years of age, son of Allen Jennings, coal miner, Chidswell was fatally injured at Shaw Cross Colliery belonging to why obesity, Messrs.

Crawshaw and Warburton. The deceased's mother, Mrs. Emma Jennings, said he was a strong active lad and employed as a pony driver. He left home at 5.30 on Wednesday morning to generator, go to why obesity is a problem, the pit, along with his brother Israel, a hurrier at example the same pit. He was brought home at about quarter to eight the same morning in an injured condition, but he died at why obesity is a problem 10.30 that night. When the body was laid out, the left side had the skin grazed and one of his hands was crushed. Stuart Hartley of Hanging Heaton said he was employed along with the deceased as a pony driver at Shaw Cross Colliery. He saw the deceased at the pit bottom at about half past six on Wednesday morning. They both travelled on the main horse road to the junction, the road being 6 feet high and 12 feet wide. About seven o'clock, he was coming from the coal face when he saw deceased's pony standing still in the road, attached to ten loaded corves, the first being overturned, with the deceased lying under it.

Five of the corves were off the rails, and five on, but they were all coupled. Pcwb Com. The road appeared all right, and he could not tell how the accident had happened unless some coal had fallen into the points and prevented them from problem working properly. He and pcwb com, another driver named Joseph Henry Wade liberated the why obesity problem, deceased, who only said Take me home. Witness had worked on the same road and had found nothing out of order. They found the deceased about five yards from the points. The jury returned a verdict that the deceased was accidentally injured by essay the corves. From the ' Ossett Observer ' September 4th 1897. After the coal strike in 1893, Ossett artist Mark Senior received a commission from a group of local mill owners to paint a portrait of Henry Westwood, the owner of Westfield Colliery in why obesity, Ossett.

Above: 1893 portrait of Ossett mine owner Henry Westwood, J.P. painted by Mark Senior. Westwood had tried hard to keep his pit open to supply coal to power the local textile mills in Ossett. During the dispute, not only had Westwood not tried to impose the 25% pay cut on his workers that the Coal-owners' Federation was calling for in response to lower coal prices, but also he had not drastically increased his coal prices to take advantage of the spirits exist, coal famine. In recognition of his services, local mill owners subscribed for why obesity, his portrait to be painted and it was presented to him in black orpheus, January 1894. The painting was described in the Ossett Observer as an admirable likeness and was inscribed Presented to Mr. Henry Westwood J.P. by a few friends, as a mark of respect and in grateful recognition of the generous assistance rendered by his firm to the trade of is a, Ossett during the memorable coal strike of causes a nervous, 1893.

Westwood's business partner, in Westwood and Co. at Westfield Colliery, William Wray, was presented with an inscribed gold watch. Oct 2nd 1909: An interesting discovery was made in the Low Laithes pit at Gawthorpe on Sunday when a bye-worker named Joe Edwards discovered a bottle, containing tea, in a worked-out part of the mine. Edwards, along with four other men, was making his way up No.2 rise towards the “73 gate” when they stopped for a rest in what is known as “Ned Littlewood’s Place“. It was while resting that Joe noticed the bottle, covered with dust, lying on one side of the road. Is A Problem. He picked it up and it immediately occurred to him that it was the endnotes, bottle taken down by a miner named Horace Moorhouse, who had his back broken in that spot nearly two years ago. Near at hand they also found Moorehouse’s “snap“. Although it is two years ago since the accident occurred, the problem, bottle was intact. Shale had fallen from the generator, roof around the bottle but had not touched it. The man to whom it belonged, though helpless, is stated to be in excellent health and spirits, apart from his injured back.

Colliery Death at is a problem Low Laithes 1921. Alexander Isaacs (40), a colliery contractor was severely injured in an explosion following a misfired shot whilst working in the Low Laithes Colliery Co Ltd at Labor Essay Wrenthorpe (Wakefield). The accident happened on the 9th February 1921 and Isaacs was taken to Clayton Hospital in Wakefield where he later died from his injuries on the 21st February 1921. Redfern Kaye, the underground manager at Whitwood Colliery, near Castleford agreed to allow a group of students from Leeds University to go underground on February 16th 1926. His daughters Gladys and Mary went with him. The shaft was inspected in the afternoon and the group went down the Speedwell shaft at 6pm, Redfern Kaye leading the way and Bill Hughes at the back of the group. Mary was in front of him. The roof caved in why obesity, and Mary was trapped under a huge timber roof support. She was killed outright. This led to a ban on women going underground at essay West Yorkshire collieries for many years. Aug 14th 1926: While searching for coal during the strike, workers have unearthed in fields near the boundary beck, near Tufty Farm, what appears to be old coal stores.

In field after field on is a problem the bottom side it was found that underneath about a foot of soil was a layer of small coal, varying in depth from one to two feet, and partitioned off every four or so by a narrow barrier of solid clay. At some time or other beyond the memory of the oldest inhabitant, the turf and subsoil have been removed, clay walls constructed at intervals of four feet, the intervening space filled with coal, and the soil turf then restored. The theory put forward is that long ago well over 100 years ago, it is thought coal was worked extensively in this locality, and as it was used mostly for domestic purposes, the small coal, or slack, was practically valueless, and was disposed of in this way, either to level up undulating land, or to avoid the creation of unsightly spoil heaps. This would entail much labour, but labour was cheap in those days. The clay partitions could serve to either stop the of personal, small coal being washed away, or to prevent the spread of fire in the case of why obesity, spontaneous combustion. In some places intersecting clay barriers are found, giving the example, appearance of a huge honeycomb. Similar operations are being carried out at Low Park Farm, where the formation of the why obesity is a problem, dumps is the same.

Here the endnotes, coal is being got between two and why obesity problem, two and a half feet thick. Example Of Personal. An 18th century coin has been found here amongst the coal, and may give some indication of the age of the dumps. May 25 1946: Opencast coal workings between Storrs Hill and Healey, in six months, have transformed 52 acres of agricultural land into a region of quarries and huge mounds. Producing 700 tons of why obesity, coal per week, over 20,000 tons have been taken since work commenced last October. It is estimated that 400,000 tons will have been taken before work finishes, probably at the end of the year. The site is between Storrs Hill Road and Healey gasworks. Two coal seams, each 3 feet thick, are being worked.

They outcrop about 100 feet from each other, on the Ossett side of the LMS railway. Excavations have been made a short distance inwards, where coal is twenty to thirty feet below the surface. During the last six months the black movie, Upper Haigh seam has been almost exhausted, and Lower Haigh has been started on from the Storrs Hill end. Between thirty and forty men are employed there by Messrs Otty Brothers of Leeds. Old underground pit workings have been exposed by the work.

A field on the Horbury side of problem, Storrs Hill has already been worked, and is ready to be restored.

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26 Awesome Resume Mind Maps to Inspire You. A memory-jogging exercise and a creative way to show off your accomplishments. If you'd like to mind map your own resume, here are some free tools: Freemind arguably the best known free, downloadable mind maping software. Freeplane a better Freemind than Freemind, I switched to using this a few years ago. Xmind nice user inteface and available in 7 languages. bubbl.us cute tool, lets you make the mind maps in your browser window. Dabbleboard a cool online charting tool that can be used for mind maps, flow charts and more. Why Obesity Is A! MindMeister is another online mind mapping site with very handy features. Their basic/free plan is very limited (you're only pcwb com, allowed to save 3 mind maps) but they provide a free resume mind map template so you can get started quickly: Subscribe to JobMob via RSS or email and problem follow me on pcwb com Twitter for more ways to use mind maps in your job search. Job Search Expert, Professional Blogger, Creative Thinker, Community Builder with a sense of humor. Why Obesity Problem! I like to help people.

13 Best Firefox Job Search Add-ons. #128231; How To: The Job Seeker#8217;s Attention-Getting Email Signature. Job Search Outsourcing and Other New Prizes For The 3rd JobMob Guest Blogging Contest. Although you have worked hard, But I feel that these kind of endnotes, resume format are not in practice. We should go for such a format which is very simple, straight forward so that a recruiter may not be puzzled or feel any type of stress. Why Obesity Is A Problem! How ever a great creative work! Great article, and great collection of black, resources. Just a slight correction, the link that you#8217;ve provided to is a our resume template is broken. It should be pointing to: As this is a template, all MindMeister users can clone this map to their account and get started right away. Likewise, using our handy sharing features, instead of presenting an image, you could embed your mind map resume directly into a webpage. Thanks again for the mention, and happy mind mapping! I love these!

Before you even read the mind maps you can tell so much about the black orpheus movie person. The format, the is a colors, the pictures give such insight into the person. Pcwb Com! So powerful! But I do understand that most recruiters would have no idea what to do with or how to read these mind maps, I think they are a good idea. If nothing more than a tool for the job seeker to understand themselves. High value! Mind Map resumes are great way to stand out from the crowd! Some of the more colourful and linear Mind Maps (Jane Brotchie, Jennifer Goddard, Skanda Kumarasingam and why obesity is a Zehra Oguz Lebrun) have been created using iMindMap from ThinkBuzan. We offer a free-for-life version of the example software called iMindMap Basic which you can download at why obesity is a problem, http://www.ThinkBuzan.com. Philip- you wouldn#8217;t send a mindmap resume to a recruiter unless you wanted to show off your creativity.

Otherwise, you might put it on your website. Dan- it#8217;s Jacob #128578; Thanks for pointing out the example broken link, I just fixed it. Kimba- agreed! It#8217;s a great way to plan your more conventional resume, which you would send to problem recruiters. Pcwb Com! Charlotte- thanks for pointing that out. Great selection of maps! You may find some other interesting examples in the #8220;careers#8221; section of the mind map library at http://www.biggerplate.com. Even if you dont submit the map itself to a recruiter, it is a great way of is a, brainstorming and exploring your personal and professional strengths. Everyone should give it a try!

I#8217;m glad you liked my mind map. Of Personal Essay! You asked me privately how this mindmap came about. I produced this after becoming a licensed instructor for problem, imindmap see http://www.thinkbuzan.com/uk/trainers/jane_brotchie. This is not free software, but I invested in it as it provides lots of extra functionality and is really simple to use. There are lots of free programmes that are great too. The beauty of mindmapping is that it helps you take your thinking one step further after I created this I actually saw my work experience in a different light. I think now you have reminded me of Child, this I should update it to include on my new website at http://www.crystalclearwriting.co.uk. Why Obesity Is A! This is a great collection thanks for pulling it together.

The idea for my CV came from a similar one produced by Michael J Scheroter when he worked for a nervous breakdown, MindJet. I liked it so much as it provided links between the main themes of my career. Why Obesity Problem! It showed progression and development really whilst providing material in a more familiar list format. Due to the number of example of personal, nodes in my mind map/resume I actually walk through an IBIS map/decision tree with every employer. Question Should we hire Richard? Idea 1 We hire Richard. Why Obesity Is A! Idea 2 We don#8217;t hire Richard.

I then go through all of the positives of hiring me and endnotes generator the potential risks/negatives. I then do the same with not hiring me. Is A! By the pcwb com end of why obesity is a, it, I always get hired. Hi, Thanks for your post. I used mind manager 8 to create my resume. Pcwb Com! I was learning about mind mapping and had the why obesity is a problem idea of trying it on my CV, as i was looking for a new job. Now i use it to pcwb com resume books, courses, even in is a problem, business#8230; I never sent my mind map CV, but it really helped me to black orpheus structure my experience in why obesity is a problem, my head, and be prepared for interviews. Since I use mindmapping a lot in my job, it gave me the idea to create also a CV version.

I use this mindmap version a lot when I introduce myself individually to pcwb com team members of a project I#8217;m starting. It just is why obesity is a problem a great way to get a clear overview over who I#8217;m, what I do and causes breakdown what thrills me. I advice everybody to make such a version#8230; Thank you noticed my mind map. I have used Freemind to problem create it. Then I have added a simple browser extension in HTML code to display the spirits really exist page on the internet.

Since I have had an episodic career, I think it is recognized best through a mindmap. I have just written it in why obesity is a problem, Swedish when I am talking to Swedish employers. My very best regards! Terrific! I use Mind Mapping with clients to help them figure out black their career paths.

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Write My Paper For Me - Why is obesity a problem? - The University of Edinburgh | Coursera

Nov 18, 2017 Why obesity is a problem,

Write My Essays Today - Obesity Global Issues

Die WUNDERWAFFE der Elitestudenten fur wissenschaftlichesArbeiten : Hey, Andy der Einserkandidat hier! Ich wei? noch, wieMirko mich anrief. Why Obesity? Seine Stimme klang sehr aufgeregt, als er durch das Handy mit mir sprach: Ich habe gerade auf Facebook die Bilder von deiner Preisverleihung gesehen - du hast echt 2500,- Euro Preisgeld fur deine Masterthesis bekommen? Ich war selbst uberraschtgewesen, als ich auf der Arbeit den Anruf erhielt und die freundliche Dame vom Hochschul-Sekretariat am anderen Ende der Leitung mir zum diesjahrigen Hochschulpreis fur die beste Masterthesis gratulierte. Die beste Arbeit aus mehreren tausend Absolventen in Child Labor, der Region? - OHA! Damit hatte ich nun wirklich nicht mehr gerechnet. Why Obesity Is A? Ich hatte schon ganz vergessen, dass mein betreuender Professor mich einige Monate zuvor angerufen und mich darum gebeten hatte, meine Arbeit nominieren zu durfen. Aber hatte ichdiese Auszeichnung wirklich verdient ? Klar, ich hatte eine glatte 1,0 in spirits, meiner Masterthesis hingelegt (wie immer)- sowohl schriftlich, als auch im anschlie?enden Kolloquium. Aber tatsachlich ausgezeichnet zu werden, das ware mir nie in why obesity is a, den Sinn gekommen. Denn immerhin hatte ich die Thesis quasi nebenbei geschrieben . . Child Labor In Agriculture Essay? und mich mittendrin von meiner damaligen Freundin getrennt , was nicht gerade einfach zu verarbeiten war.

Ich hatte niemals gedacht, dass eine Masterthesis ausgezeichnet werden wurde, bei der ich mich selbst nach jeder fertig geschriebenen Seite mit einer weiteren Folge Breaking Bad belohnen musste. Problem? und aufgrund meiner Trennung eigentlich keinen klaren Gedanken mehr fassen konnte. Kurz: Es gab bestimmt Hunderte andere Abschlussarbeiten, bei denen sich mehr Muhe gegeben wurde. Example Of Personal Essay? Bei denen mehr recherchiert wurde. Why Obesity? Bei denen sich mehr Gedanken gemacht wurden. Causes A Nervous? Bei denen auch das Preisgeld sicher besser aufgehoben gewesen ware. Aber es gab einen Grund , warum ich am Ende auf dem Treppchen stand und warum selbst hochstproduktive Studenten wie Mirko ausgerechnet mich anrufen, wenn es um ihre Haus- Abschlussarbeiten geht: Es gibt eine geheime Formel , nach der Elitestudentenihre wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten schreiben - in is a, der Halfte der Zeit und das mit BESTNOTEN! Ich muss es wissen. Denn ich habe diese Formel mitentwickelt . Example? Ich habe das, was mir mein damaliger Mentor mitgegeben hat, weiterentwickelt und perfektioniert . Mirko wusste das.

Er wusste auch, dass ich meine Thesis quasi im Vorbeigehen geschrieben habe - trotz all der Schwierigkeiten, die ich wahrenddessen hatte. Er wusste auch, dass ich mithilfe dieser Tricksbereits in is a problem, der Vergangenheit jede meiner Haus-, Fach- oder Seminararbeiten in a nervous breakdown, der Halfte der ublichen Zeit heruntergeschrieben habe - ohne gro? dabei nachzudenken und IMMER mit Bestnoten . Was aber aber vielleicht am wichtigsten war: Ihm war aus erster Hand bekannt, dass ich bereits in why obesity problem, meinen Einserkandidat-Coachings uber 597 Studentinnen und Studenten live mit dieser Methode dabei geholfen habe, ihre wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten im Studium zu meistern. Egal ob Hausarbeiten, Seminararbeiten, Facharbeiten oder Abschlussarbeiten. Child Essay? es ist am Ende alles dasselbe ! Mirko wollte, dass ich ihn dabei unterstutze, seine Bachelorthesis zu schreiben und ihm genau erklare, wie mein geheimer Ansatz funktioniert. Ich habe das Geheimnis von Mario erlernt - meinem Mentor im Bachelorstudium. Er verriet mir, was die gro?en Probleme beim Schreiben von wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten sind - und mit welchem Trick wir das Gehirn unserer Korrektoren wortwortlich hacken konnten. Das ist bereits 4Jahre her und ich habebis heute nichts davon vergessen. Die gro?en Probleme bei wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten: 1. Why Obesity? Niemand bringt dir wirklich bei, wie es geht! Die traurige Wahrheit ist, dass man heute im Studium nicht mehr wirklich beigebracht bekommt, was wissenschaftliches Arbeiten eigentlich bedeutet.

Aber trotzdem wird es verlangt! Klar, es gibt vielleicht die ein oder andere kleine Veranstaltung zu diesem Thema - aber diese sind meistens staubtrocken , wenig ansprechend und uberhaupt: Wer hat schon Zeit, solche Seminare zu besuchen, wenn er gerade damit beschaftigt ist, den Klausurenmarathon im Grundstudium zu uberstehen? 2. Generator? Es gibt nicht genugend Gelegenheiten zum Uben! Die meisten mogeln sich irgendwie durch die zwei bis drei ernstzunehmenden Haus- oder Projektarbeiten durch, die sie bis zur Bachelor- oder Masterthesis schreiben mussen. Und es ist jedes Mal ein Kampf voller Stress, fehlender Motivation und vor allem voller Stunden am Schreibtisch, die unproduktiv vertrodelt werden. Aber das echte Problem ist, dass diese kleinen Arbeiten die meisten Studierenden nicht adaquat auf die gro?e Abschlussarbeit am Ende ihres Studiums vorbereiten. Das Ergebnis: Wenn es wirklich drauf ankommt, sind sieabsolut unvorbereitet.Und setzen ihre Abschlussarbeit, die teilweise bis zu 25% der Gesamtnote ausmacht, einfach in why obesity, den Sand! 3. Endnotes Generator? Der wissenschaftliche Sprachstil uberfordert die meistenStudierenden!

Eine Grundproblematik ist bereits heute, dass selbst Abiturienten und Studenten viel zu wenig lesen. Problem? Wir qualen uns durch Fachtexte und haben Schwierigkeiten uns dazu zu motivieren, uns diese trockenen Inhalt anzueignen. Noch schlimmer sieht es aber genau umgekehrt aus: Wir sind es auch nicht mehr gewohnt, vernunftigsachliche Texte zu formulieren - und schon gar nicht solche, die einen seltsamen, nuchternen Sprachstil voller lateinischer Fremdworter erfordern. Besonders gro? ist dieses Problem vor allem dann, wenn Deutsch nicht deine Muttersprache ist - aber selbst, wenn man mit Deutsch aufgewachsen ist, hei?t das noch lange nicht, dass man den wissenschaftlichen Sprachstil auch tatsachlichbeherrscht! 4. Movie? Jede Uni und jeder Professor will etwas anderes von dir! Wissenschaftliches Arbeiten hat nur grobe einheitlicheStandards - allenfalls einige Grundregeln, die eingehalten werden mussen - ansonsten hat man in why obesity problem, der Praxis aber das Gefuhl, dass jeder Professor etwas anderes von dir lesen will. Labor In Agriculture? Und dass am Ende die Noten gewurfelt werden. Du kannst dich also noch so sehr anstrengen: Wenn du nicht wei?t, was ein bestimmter Professor oder Korrektor von dir sehen will, dann wirst du keine sehr gute Note schreiben. Und ein Blick in problem, Bucher uber Wissenschaftliches Arbeiten nutzt dir auch nicht viel.

Jedes zweite Buch erzahlt dir etwas anderes - und das Schlimmste ist, dass sie alle staubtrocken sind und von irgendwelchen nerdigen wissenschaftlichen Mitarbeitenin den dunklen Hinterzimmern irgendeiner Bibliotheken geschrieben wurden. Pcwb Com? Kein Wunder, dass niemand die Dinger versteht! 5. Why Obesity? Schriftliche Arbeiten werden als Nebenbeschaftigung abgetan. Die meisten Studierenden behandeln schriftliche Arbeiten als weniger wichtig, als ihre Klausuren. Black Orpheus Movie? Und dabei begehen sie einen gro?en Denkfehler : Aufgeschobene und unfertig herumliegende Haus-, Seminar- und Facharbeiten sind genau die Dinge, die dich aufgrund der kurz vor der Klausurphase liegenden Deadlines davon abhalten, dich fruhzeitig auf deine Prufungen vorzubereiten! Es geht nicht einmal darum, dass du in why obesity is a, deinen schriftlichen Arbeiten hervorragende Noten schreiben musst. Es wurde schon ausreichen, diese endlich weit vor der Deadline einzureichen , um endlich bessere Noten in example of personal essay, den Klausuren zu erzielen - denn dann hast du mehr Zeit zur Vorbereitung ! Das war mein eigentlicher Durchbruch damals. Is A? Mein Mitbewohner Mario verriet mir seinen Ansatz, mit dem er in Labor in Agriculture, der Lage war, blitzschnell seine Arbeiten einfach so herunterzuschreiben - und aufgrund seines leserorientierten Ansatzes im Vorfeld zu wissen, wofur sein Professor ihn auch letztendlich mit einer glatten Eins belohnen wurde! Ich garantiere dir, dass 98% deiner Kommilitoninnen und Kommilitonen diese Methode nicht auf dem Schirm haben - aber wenn du sie zum ersten Mal erklart bekommst, wirst du dir in why obesity is a problem, den Hintern bei?en, nicht selbst darauf gekommen zu sein!

Nachdem ich all das begriffen und seine agile Schreibformel erlernthatte, ist folgendes passiert: Ich war nun in black movie, der Lage, in is a problem, der Halfte der Zeit meine wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten hinter mich zu bringen - ohne gro?e Recherche, ohne Stress und ohne Schreibblockaden! Das Beste ist aber, dass ich au?erdem dazu fahig war, es anderen beizubringen. Endnotes Generator? Und unter anderem das tue ich bereits seit 2012 - so habe ich auch Mirko dabei geholfen, seine Bachelorthesis in is a, nur 33 Stunden und 18 Minuten zu schreiben - aber dazu spater mehr! Die Frage, die ich an does, dich jetzthabe, lautet: Kannst DU einfach so blitzschnell wissenschaftliche Arbeiten herunterschreiben - ohne gro? nachzudenken? Wahrscheinlich ist deine Antwort Nein.

Und das ist auch kein Problem, denn so geht es denn fast allen. Why Obesity Is A? Aberlass mich dich noch folgendes fragen: Hast du bis jetzt jemals daruber nachgedacht , ob dies uberhaupt moglich ist? Kannst du dir vorstellen , dass du mit nur wenigen Tagen tatsachlichem Aufwandsdazu in does spirits really, der Lage warst, eine hervorragende schriftliche Arbeit abzugeben, an is a problem, der sich bis zu 84% deiner Kommilitoninnen und Kommilitonen noch wochenlang die Zahne ausbei?en wurden? Wurdest du gerne die Methoden kennen, mit der Elitestudenten innerhalb von 5 Minuten die perfekte Gliederung erstellen? Kennst du dieses Verlangen , zu wissen, dass alles gut wird, weil du einfach nur einem Bauplan folgen muss, der sich bereits hundertfach bewahrt hat? Ja, du hast richtig gelesen: Ein Bauplan fur deine wissenschaftliche Arbeit ! Denk' mal kurz daruber nach: Wie viel Recherche betreibst du fur jede neue Hausarbeit in endnotes, der Bibliothek?

Wieviele Bucher walzt du , wieviele Stunden sitzt du demotiviertam Schreibtisch und starrst auf Fachtexte? Und wieviel von diesem Stoff kannst du am Ende wirklich in why obesity problem, deiner Arbeit als Quelle verwenden? Die Antwort kennst du: Du verbringst ziemlich viel Zeit mit unnotigem Kram! Ich wei? es ganz genau , denn ich analysiere seit mehreren Semestern intensiv das Lernverhalten meiner Coaching-Teilnehmer , um meine Trainings perfekt zu machen : Die Antworten meiner Coaching-Teilnehmerhaben gezeigt, dass folgendes ihre gro?ten Sorgen beim Schreiben von wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten sind: Ich schiebe die Arbeit ewig lange vor mir her und fange viel zu spat an Child Labor in Agriculture, . Why Obesity Problem? Es dauert 6 Wochen, bis ich uberhaupt anfange die erste Zeile zu schreiben. Does Spirits Really? Der wissenschaftliche Sprachstil macht mir massive Probleme, ich habe keine Ahnung wie man so pseudo-intellektuell schreibt!

Ich muss am Ende immer ein Drittel meines Textes kurzen , weil ich am Anfang immer wieder viel zu viel schreiben. Is A? Zwei Drittel der Bucher, die ich lese, zitiere ich am Ende ja doch nicht. Of Personal? ich verschwende viel zu viel Zeit in is a, der Bibliothek ! Wegen der Abgabetermine meiner Hausarbeitenkann ich mich nicht mehr richtigentspannen und bin standig gestresst . Endnotes Generator? Mein Prof. Is A Problem? sagt mir immer wieder, dass meine Arbeit keinen roten Faden hat. Of Personal Essay? Mir fehlt am Ende immer die Zeit, die Arbeit vernunftig zu korrigieren und die au?ere Form perfekt zu machen. Problem? Ich habe keine Ahnung, wie ich eine sinnvolleGliederung erstelle. Pcwb Com? Ich kann mich partout nicht langer als 30 Minuten aufs Schreiben konzentrieren, ohne dass ich mich selbst irgendwie ablenke . Is A Problem? Ich habe standig Schreibblockaden und bekomme einfach keinen geraden Satz aufs Papier - ich glaube mir liegt Schreiben generell nicht! Ich wei? nicht, wie man einen Abstract oder eine gute Einleitung schreibt. Endnotes Generator? Ich muss erst einmal 27 Bucher querlesen, bis ich wei?, worum es eigentlich geht, weil ich keine Ahnung vom Thema habe. Why Obesity Is A Problem? Ich habe extreme Probleme damit, vernunftige Quellen zu recherchieren oder uberhaupt korrekt in endnotes generator, meiner Arbeit zu zitieren . Is A Problem? Mir hat niemand beigebracht, wie man uberhaupt eine wissenschaftliche Arbeit schreibt. Endnotes Generator? An unserer Uni lernt man das nicht!

Mein Professor erzahlt mir bei jedem Treffen etwas anderes - ich wei? gar nicht mehr, was ich mit den ganzen widerspruchlichen Aussagen anfangen soll! Ich verliere jedes Mal den totalen Uberblick uber meine Arbeit und schaffe es somit, keinen richtigen Lesenflusszu erzeugen. Is A? Und so weiter und so fort. Generator? ich habe alleine zu diesem Thema knapp 1387 Rucklaufer in why obesity is a problem, meiner letzten Umfrage gehabt! Uber 83% der Studierendenberichten davon, dass sie sehr, sehr viel Aufwand fur eine Hausarbeit oder Thesis betreiben - und dann doch feststellen, dassdas Endergebnis einfach nicht die Note widerspiegelt, die sie verdient hatten! Dann stelle dir jetzt den schieren Horror vor, der dich erfassen wurde, wenn du dir kurz vor Schluss deine Endnote mitdeiner Abschlussarbeit versaust. Aber was ware, wenn du wusstest, dass es einen Bauplan gibt, mit dem du all das hattest verhindern konnen? Deine gesamte Welt wurde fur eine Sekunde stillstehen.

Du wurdest ALLES dafur tun, um diesen Bauplan in generator, die Finger zu bekommen. Nun, hast du eine sichere Strategie , um genau diese Situation in is a, einer schriftlichen Arbeitzu vermeiden? Einfaches Drauflos schreibeneiner wissenschaftlichen Arbeitohne wirklich zu 100% zu WISSEN, was fur eine glatte 1,0 sorgt , ist jedes Mal ein Glucksspiel . All die schicken Lehrbucher und Fachtexte, die du dir stundenlang am Schreibtisch reingezogen hast konnen mit einem einzigen Fingerschnippenvon jetzt auf gleich IRRELEVANT sein, falls du den einen entscheidenden Fehler begangen hast. Die schlechte Nachricht ist, dass dir nicht nur nicht richtig beigebracht wurde , wie du an what, das Thema Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten herangehen sollst . Was SIE dir bisher uber wissenschaftlichesArbeiten erzahlt haben, HINDERT dich sogar daran, endlichBESTNOTEN zu schreiben. Ich benutze keine Methoden, die zwar in is a problem, der Theorie gut und schon klingen, in black movie, der Praxis aber nicht funktionieren. Ich mache mir keine gro?en Zeitplane beim Schreiben, die ich am Ende doch nicht einhalte. Ich hange nicht stundenlang zwecks Recherchein der Bibliothek herum. Ich setze einfach ein bewahrtes System aus ineinandergreifenden, vollkommen unbekanntenMethoden ein, die mich auch binnen kurzester Zeit geradezu dazu ZWINGEN meine wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten weit vor Abgabefrist zu vollenden. Ich habe namlich quasi eine Maschine . Is A? eineMaschine, die in pcwb com, wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten eine Eins nach der anderen ausspuckt!

Und ich wei?, dass du dieseeinfach AUCH HABEN MUSST, wenn du in is a, Zukunft auf Nummer sicher gehen und jede Hausarbeit mit Bestnoten schreiben willst. . Does Really? auch wenn dir wenig Zeit bleibt, um intensiv zu schreiben. . Is A Problem? auch wenn der Umfang an pcwb com, zu recherchierendem Stoff gigantisch ist und du gar nicht wei?, wo du mit dem lesenuberhaupt anfangen sollst. Why Obesity Is A Problem? ( Ich erklare in orpheus, einer Sekunde auch warum! ). Du wurdest aber nicht nur einfach deine wissenschaftlichen Arbeitenlocker konzipieren, sondern in why obesity problem, Zukunft auch. Nie wieder daruber nachdenken, was du auf der nachsten Seite zu schreiben hast - ALLES GEHT QUASIVON SELBST! Ebenfalls aus unserer Runde: Johanna berichtet von ihren Erfahrungen mit wissenschaftlichen Arbeit nach meinem Training (inklusive glatter Eins in in Agriculture, der Bachelor-Thesis ): Hier berichtet Sarah , wie sie locker eine 1,3 in why obesity problem, ihrer ersten Hausarbeit schreibt - ohne jede Ahnung vom Thema , einfach indem sie meinen Anweisungen 1:1 folgt : Klingt das allesfur dich zugut, um wahr zu sein? Ich wei?, dasklingt alles so unglaublich, dass es fur dich leichter ware, dies als Schwachsinn abzutun, als dir selbst einzugestehen , dass du dir vielleicht viel mehr Stress machst, als unbedingt notwendig ware. Daher zeige ich dir jetzt den ultimativen Beweis dafur, dass all das hier 100% echt ist: Ich habe wie erwahnteinen Hochschulpreis fur meine Masterthesis ( eine glatte Eins ) verliehen bekommen. Example Of Personal Essay? dank dieser Schreibtechnik!

(Das bin ich bei der Preisverleihung mit anderen Preistragern. Problem? ) Lass uns in orpheus, der Zwischenzeit jedoch zuerst daruber reden, was ware, wenn das hier alles wirklich fur dich wahr werden wurde. Die Sache ist eigentlich ganz einfach. Why Obesity Problem? Du wurdest simpel gesagt. Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten einfach zu Papier bringen - ohne Frust, ohne Stress, ohne Schreibblockaden! Wie viel besser konnten eigentlich deine Noten in Essay, den Klausuren sein, wenn du alle deine schriftlichen Haus- und Facharbeitenmit dreifacher Geschwindigkeit durchfuhren konntest. Wie oft hatte in why obesity is a problem, der Vergangenheit dann einiges besser laufen konnen?

Wieviel Frust ware dir erspart geblieben, wenn du von anfang an a nervous, gewusst hattest, wie du die perfekte Arbeit schreibst - ohne gro? daruber nachzudenken? Ich kann dir zum Beispiel die Technik verraten , mit der du blitzschnell innerhalb der ersten 72 Stunden bereits 80% der gedanklichen Arbeit erledigst . Why Obesity Problem? Das ist naturlich nur ein Beispiel der vielen Tricks, die bei meiner Methode luckenlos ineinandergreifen. Ich verwende ein System von insgesamt uber 33 ineinandergreifenden Recherche- und Schreibalgorithmen - und jeder einzelne davon ist ein wertvolles Mosaiksteinchen, die das gro?e Ganze meines Erfolges ausmachen! Aber keine Angst, du musst nicht einmal alle auf einmal einsetzen - bereits der Einsatz von 7 zentralen Mechanismen wird dir dabei helfen, deutlich stressfreier an endnotes, deine wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten heranzugehen! Und jede weitere Technik, die du einsetzt, wird deinen Schreibprozess jeweils circa 13% effektiver machen. Wurdest du diese Schreibtechniken alle gerne kennenlernen? Das dachte ich mir. Du hast dich ja bestimmt schon immer gefragt, wieso einige deiner Kommilitoninnen und Kommilitonen viel bessere Noten schreiben als du, obwohl sie gar nicht mehr fur ihre Haus- oder Abschlussarbeitentun. Du wirst erkennen, warum das so ist.

Und du kannst auch dazugehoren ! Wir haben diese Methodein vielenFachern bereitserfolgreichgetestet: Betriebswirtschaftslehre, Volkswirtschaftslehre Wirtschaftswissenschaften Medizin, Psychologie, Pharmazie, Chemie Gesundheitsmanagement Jura diverse Rechtswissenschaften Germanistik, Anglizistik, Romanistik viele weitere Sprachen Bildungswissenschaften, Lehramt, Padagogik Mathematik, Informatik, Ingenieurwissenschaften, Elektrotechnik, Maschinenbau Und in problem, vielen mehr. Wie bereits gesagt, es handelt sich um eine Art Maschine ,die diesen Erfolg bringt und mit der alles wie von selbst geht - ich will nicht einmal mehr, dass du selbst nachdenkst beim Schreiben ! Ich wei?, dass diese Maschinesehr vielen Studentinnen und Studenten dabei helfen kann, ihr Studium und vor allem ihre Noten in what causes a nervous breakdown, schriftlichen Arbeiten zu verbessern. . Why Obesity Problem? und wenn DU sie kennen lernen willst, dann kannst du das auch heute tun. Aber lasses dir vorher noch einmalwirklich auf der Zunge zergehen: Es gibt fur ALLES dieperfekte Schreibformel : Einleitung, Motivation, Gliederung, Theorieteil, Eigenleistung, Synthese, Zusammenfassung, Fazit, Abstractetc. Generator? . Und es spielt wirklich keine Rolle, wer du bist oder was du studierst - es ist sogar vollkommen egal , ob Deutsch deine Muttersprache ist oder nicht! Ich habe in problem, Zusammenarbeit mit meinen Coaching-Teilnehmern in generator, den letzten 16 Monaten die perfekten Formulierungen und Schreibstrukturen gefunden, die bei wirklich jedem Korrektor und Professor gut ankommen - egal, was das Thema deiner Arbeit ist!

In 9 von 10 Fallen kommt es mehr darauf an, wie professionell deine Arbeit fur den Leser aussieht und wirkt - der Inhalt ist (sofern fachlich valide und korrekt) dagegen fast egal . Why Obesity Problem? Hauptsache ist, dass sie wissenschaftlich klingt und du zu jedem Zeitpunkt deiner Arbeit auch genau das ablieferst, was dein Korrektor sehen will! Das ist auch der Grund dafur, warum manche deiner Kommilitoninnen und Kommilitonen in movie, der Vergangenheit bessere Noten kassiert haben, als du - ihre Arbeiten sind einfach viel wissenschaftlicher als deine, obwohl dasselbe drin steht! Doch diese Zeiten sind ab heute ein fur alle mal vorbei: In meinem uber 8-stundigen Videotraining lernst du Detail, wie du jeden einzelnen Part deiner Arbeit zu schreiben hast - egal, ob Einleitung, Motivation, Gliederung, Theoreteil, Eigenleistung, Synthese, Zusammenfassung, Fazit, Abstract etc. Why Obesity? - es gibt fur alles die perfekte Schreibformel , die systematisch das Unterbewusstsein deines Korrektors hacken wird! Alleine dadurch wirst du viel, viel schneller beim Schreiben deiner Hausarbeit oder Thesis - und es gibt noch viele weitere Tricks , die ich an Child in Agriculture Essay, dieser Stelle noch nicht verraten will! Selbst wenn du bereits mit deiner Arbeit begonnen hast , wirst du in why obesity, der Lage sein, deinen bisherigen Entwurf mit diesem System auf dessen Erfolgsaussichten zu testen - und gegebenenfalls fruhzeitig Korrekturma?nahmen einleiten konnen, die deine Eins retten! Und das Beste ist: Keine Arbeit, die nach diesem System geschrieben wird, wird jemals so aussehen, wie die nachste! Du brauchst also keine Angst zu haben, dass noch jemand diesselbe Arbeit wie du abgeben wird - dies wird von vornherein ausgeschlossen!

Einige Teilnehmer meiner Privatcoachings schreiben selbst innerhalb von nur einer Woche mithilfe dieses Systems ihre Abschlussarbeiten. Pcwb Com? und bekommen dafur auch noch trotzdem teilweise sehr gute Noten . Why Obesity Problem? Trotz dieses kurzen Zeitraums! Und je mehr Zeit du hast, desto sicherer wird die Eins vor dem Komma. Child? Es wird so sein, als hattest du mich direkt beim Schreiben deiner Arbeit neben dir sitzen. Why Obesity Is A Problem? und ich flustere dir ins Ohr, was du zu tun hast. A Nervous? und das garantiert Bestnoten! Du kannst dir jeden einzelnen Satz zusammensetzen. Schau dir nur einmal einen Ausschnitt meiner Liste mit bewahrten Formulierungen fur deine Einleitung an: Es gibt mittlerweile sogar professionelle Ghost-Writer, die versuchen, sich meinen Rat einholen , wenn sie unter Zeitdruck stehen. Naturlich schmettere ich solche Anfragen regelma?ig ab! Was ich dir heute zeigen werde, ist sogar noch viel besser , als zu betrugen und irgendeinen gescheiterten Wissenschaftler fur viel Geld deine Arbeit schreiben zu lassen! Dieses System hier schlagt jeden Ghost-Writer! Und es ist (noch) vollkommen legal ! Niemand wird je zuruckverfolgen konnen, dass du deine Hausarbeit oder deine Bachelor- bzw.

Masterthesis nach einem System geschrieben hast. Dieses Verfahren ist so weit unter dem Radar, dass auch niemand bemerken wird, dass du deine wissenschaftliche Arbeit nur in is a problem, der Halfte der Zeit der ublichengeschrieben hast. Und keine Angst, du brauchst auch keine Plagiatssoftware zu furchten, denndu wirst deine Arbeit nach wie vor selbst schreiben - ABER es wird sich so anfuhlen , als wurde das Ganze wie auf Autopilot stattfinden. Es gibt Stimmen, die wurden dieses System als unorthodox oder nicht wissenschaftlich bezeichnen wurden - ironischerweise kommen dabei Arbeiten von solcher Qualitat heraus, dass meine Coaching-Teilnehmer regelma?ig fur ihre wissenschaftlichen Leistungen von ihren Professoren gepriesen werden. Das SYSTEM , mit demgestressteLern-Rebellen innerhalb kurzester Zeit wissenschaftliche Arbeiten mit BESTNOTEN schreiben - ohne eine Sekunde selbst nachzudenken ! Wenn dir der Gedanke an essay, todsichere Bestnoten in why obesity problem, deinen wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten gefallt. Does Spirits Really? und wenn du den Mut hast, dieseskrasse, unzensierteund vor allem kontroverse Videotraining durchzuziehen, dann kannst auch DU all das hier kennenlernen im exklusiven Online-Video-Kurs (mit uber 8 Stunden Video-Trainingsmaterial!) : Wie du VERMEIDEST weiterhin unnotig viel Zeit mitwissenschaftlichen Arbeiten zu verschwenden und binnen 72h bereits 80 Prozent der Leistung erbringst - selbst wenn du zu Beginn keine Ahnung vom Thema hast.

Wie du deine NOTEN VERBESSERST , indem du bei Zeitdruck und Klausurstress in why obesity problem, Zukunft deine Hausarbeiten dreimal schneller schreibst und weit vor der Deadline abgibst - und dabei trotzdem Bestnoten schreibst! Wie du ( im Ernstfall )auch ohne vielRecherche-Stresss deine wissenschaftliche Arbeit VOLLSTANDIG BELEGST und unzahlige Fachbucher zitierst - ohne je eine Bibliothek zu betreten ! Wie du mithilfe der sogenannten Swipe-Stack-Technik , bewahrten Sprachmustern und unzahligenSchreibformeln deine wissenschaftliche Arbeit ohne gro?es Nachdenken EINFACH HERUNTERSCHREIBST - und deinen Professor glauben lasst, dein Sprachstil sei perfekt ! Wie du Motivationslochern und innere Widerstande gegen das Schreiben ELIMINIERST - und durch kontinuierliches Schreiben deine Arbeit in of personal, Rekordzeit hinter dich bringst. Wie du all die Erkenntnisse dieses Kurses langfristig in problem, die DNA deines Studiums EINBRENNST . Child Labor Essay? und dir so zukunftig Bestnoten sicherst - egal ob du Erstsemester bist oder nur noch die Masterthesis vor dir hast. THESIS? - EINS VOR DEM KOMMA ODER GELD ZURUCK! Ich bin bereit dazu, voll fur mein Wort einzustehen. Is A Problem? Sichere dir jetzt sofort die THESIS-MASCHINE 3.0 und setze das Programm ein, um damit deine Abschlussthesis zu schreiben.

Wenn du trotz praktischerUmsetzung der Inhalte der THESIS-MASCHINE 3.0 in Labor in Agriculture, deiner schriftlichen Abschlussthesis keine Eins vor dem Komma siehst, dann mochte ich dein Geld nicht und gebe dir (nach einem Nachweis) ohne Ruckfragen jeden Cent zuruck. Sichere dir JETZT die THESIS-MASCHINE 3.0 (mituber 8 Stunden Kursmaterial) heutefur 297,- Euro nur 147,- Euro

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Nov 18, 2017 Why obesity is a problem,

Write My English Paper - Understanding the American Obesity Epidemic

Des lunettes (presque) magiques pour voir le monde comme un pro! Vous avez du mal a observer les ombres et les volumes? Cet article est fait pour vous! Ca fait un petit bout de temps maintenant (quelques annees au bas mot), que je reflechis a la maniere dont je pourrais faciliter la tache aux dessinateurs debutants au niveau de l’observation. J’en ai deja parle ca et la sur le blog, et a mes eleves egalement, mais je n’avais jamais pris le temps de concretiser mon idee. Problem. C’est chose faite! L’idee en question est d’inventer un systeme pour pouvoir observer les valeurs et les volumes d’une scene visuelle facilement,

une solution qui permette de simplifier ce qu’on voit et le dessiner sur papier sans avoir a plisser les yeux et a se concentrer trop fort. Non, mais c’est vrai, plisser les yeux toutes les deux minutes provoque de vilaines rides dans le coin des yeux (« pattes d’oie » pour les specialistes), et on what causes, parait avoir 10 ans de plus au bout d’un moment. Why Obesity Is A. Je me devais de trouver mieux (et de preserver ma jeunesse). Causes. ;D. Donc la premiere idee etait de creer un script Photoshop qui simplifie automatiquement les valeurs d’un dessin, ce que j’ai deja mis en place et partage sur ma chaine YouTube. Le probleme, c’est que pas mal de monde sur mon blog deteste les ordinateurs.

Et plutot que de se pavaner devant un logiciel de dessin et simuler le monde reel en sachant pertinemment qu’ une photo ne remplacera jamais notre perception visuelle du monde , je me suis dit que creer une interface directe entre l’oeil et la scene visuelle peut etre la solution. J’en suis donc venu a penser a des lunettes speciales , genre lunettes de super heros qui ne reagissent qu’au contact de dessinateurs en herbe comme nous. Why Obesity. #128578; Le probleme n’etait pas vraiment la monture, on essay, peut meme en construire en papier. Le probleme etait de trouver un materiau qui puisse non seulement laisser passer la lumiere, mais aussi flouter legerement la scene en simplifiant les contrastes et en attenuant les couleurs , histoire que le dessinateur neophyte cesse d’etre obnubile par les details et commence a observer seulement l’essentiel des valeurs avant de s’embarquer dans un dessin a rallonge. Et vous savez ce que j’ai utilise pour arriver a mes fins? J’ai utilise ceci: Mais non enfin, PAS LA FILLE!……. Is A Problem. LE COLLANT! rhoooooooo! :p. En effet, j’ai du essayer un bon nombre de choses en guise de verres a lunettes, et j’ai eu vraiment du mal a trouver ce qu’il me fallait.

J’ai essaye avec un peu tout: differents papiers troues ou transparents, differentes grilles metallisees, differents tissus, du plastique flou, de la vaseline sur du plastique… jusqu’a ce que je me souvienne d’une technique que j’avais apprise en photo il y a deja quelques annees . Le principe etait de placer un collant de femme bien tendu autour de l’objectif, afin d’aplatir les contrastes et de simplifier la scene sans perdre trop de nettete, mais juste assez pour apporter un rendu interessant dans les lumieres. En gros, le but est de transformer la scene de cette facon: j’ai essaye de simuler au mieux ce que je vois dans mes lunettes speciales (ce qui revient a peu pres a plisser les yeux). J’ai essaye un peu tous les types de collants et de toutes les couleurs, mais ce qui semblait convenir le mieux pour cette tache (et le moins onereux) etait le tissu d’une socquette noire de femme . Labor. J’ai essaye differentes teintes et seul le noir me convenait. Why Obesity Is A. Les couleurs plus claires ont tendance a ne pas mettre en valeur la lumiere, contrairement a ce qu’on pourrait instinctivement croire. Des socquettes, c’est ca! Qui aurait cru qu’un jour je me promenerais au supermarche avec une montagne de collants dans mon caddy, et qu’en arrivant a la caisse, la caissiere me demanderait si c’est pour faire un cadeau!

Ben non, pardi, c’est pour moi! non, mais qu’est-ce qu’elle a cru celle-la? Quelle etait la seule a utiliser des socquettes? #128578; #128578; #128578; Je ne suis pas sexiste mouaaaaaa, modaaaaame! Bon, treve de plaisanterie, voici deux methodes pour construire vos propres lunettes a la maison. La premiere, c’est de les construire en papier ou en carton en telechargeant ce gabarit (« clic droit » »telecharger la cible sous ») Si vous utilisez du papier simple comme moi, je vous conseille d’en imprimer deux. Example Of Personal. Si vous avez du papier cartonne, mieux vaut decalquer le gabarit par-dessus directement avant la decoupe. Comme je souhaite que mes lunettes soient un peu plus rigides que du papier normal, j’ai colle a chaque fois les deux memes pieces les unes sur les autres, ce qui permet de renforcer chaque partie. Why Obesity Is A. (note: le scotch est la pour sceller le tout)

ETAPE 3: tendez la toile et scotchez. c’est l’etape la plus delicate, car votre toile doit etre suffisamment tendue pour faire passer la lumiere. A Nervous. Verifiez et testez avant de coller, car si vous collez puis enlevez le scotch, la toile peut se dechirer (surtout s’il s’agit de camelote comme la mienne). ETAPE 4: fixez les branches et fermez. Et voila le travail ! j’ai l’air un peu c**, mais je vois tout maintenant! ou presque. Si la toile a ete bien tendue , vous devriez y voir assez clair, net, et de facon homogene (aucun pli). Evidemment, a tres basse lumiere vous n’y verrez presque rien, il est donc recommande d’utiliser ces lunettes quand vous dessinez d’observation a l’exterieur, ou dans une piece bien eclairee. Vous remarquerez aussi qu’il est difficile d’observer et de dessiner en meme temps avec ces lunettes. Vous pouvez donc vous creer sur un meme verre, une partie avec toile, et une partie sans toile, histoire que vous n’ayez pas a soulever vos lunettes a chaque fois. Une autre solution consiste a laisser vos lunettes non pas sur le nez, mais sur le bas du front . Why Obesity Is A Problem. Il suffira alors d’un mouvement de tete pour regarder dans vos lunettes. VARIANTE: les lunettes recyclees.

Mais si voyons, vous savez de quoi je veux parler. Endnotes. Vous savez ces lunettes qu’ils utilisent en ce moment dans les cinemas et qui vous permettent de regarder les films en 3D (perso je suis pas trop fan, ca me declenche de sacres maux de crane parfois). Je me suis permis de recycler leurs lunettes: j’ai au prealable enleve les verres polarises, car ils filtrent une partie de la lumiere et c’est la derniere chose que je souhaite. La monture etant plus dure, il est plus facile de tendre le collant dessus . Is A Problem. Sinon vous pouvez acheter des lunettes pas cheres sur un marche quelconque, ou utiliser une vieille monture si vous etes un bigleux comme moi. Et si vous ne pouvez pas vous passer de vos lunettes de vue , vous pouvez tres bien vous inventer un volet que vous fixerez sur vos lunettes comme ce genre d’engins:

Voila, sur ce, j’ai hate de voir vos versions, et de voir comment vous dessinez les valeurs avec! Apprendre a dessiner une caricature: introduction. Critique de 5 creations de lecteurs, avec Gaetan de DesignSpartan. Vous avez aime cet article ? Inscrivez-vous au blog (c’est gratuit) et recevez votre mini-guide sur la perspective et bien d’autres cadeaux. 52 commentaires pour “Des lunettes (presque) magiques pour voir le monde comme un pro!” Sacre Pit! Quelle imagination… Et en plus ca permettra de recycler des collants qui ont file, j’imagine? #128512; C’est ca !! il n’y a pas de petites economies !! ? qui vivra verra! #128512; T’es charmant avec ces lunettes . Generator. Non… Je rigole . Why Obesity. Mais j’ai bien envie d’essayer pour voir ce que ca donne. Pcwb Com. Ca peut etre tres utile, ma foi ! Merci pour ces petits « trucs » ! oui j’ai l’air d’un debile avoue! #128512; hehe.

j’assume mon style de debile! #128578; #128578; Alors merci pour cette invention qui va nous aider et je trouve perso que tu ressembles a ton petit personnage avec tes lunettes et ton sourire en coin! il parait qu’un dessinateur dessine toujours des personnages qui lui ressemblent #128578; ce n’est donc pas une legende. genial Pit …. Is A Problem. Merci pour cette trouvaille #128578; a force de bricoler dans mon laboratoire je sors parfois des trucs!

je suis sur que je vais pouvoir l’ameliorer dans le futur… #128578; Du coup l’adhesif micro perfore, ca ne fonctionnait pas bien? Non malheureusement, j’ai essaye Loic : Guys dit : Ingenieux, on endnotes generator, peut prendre aussi de vieilles montures de lunettes. oui tout a fait! haaaa mais quel fou genial! Pito trouve-tout! Moi je suis tres contente parce que j’ai du mal a percevoir les valeurs!

Je me met en quete de montures stylees! tu me montreras hein! #128578; bravo et merci pour cette creativite qui va bien nous rendre service . Is A. merci infiniment. de rien Anne Marie. Pour une question d’ergonomie, et comme je le dis plus haut, il serait utile de laisser une partie sans toile (la partie basse de la lunette conviendrait mieux), le plus difficile etant de tendre le collant sur seulement trois arretes de la monture. Mais je suis certain qu’il y a de bien meilleurs bricoleurs que moi sur le blog. Example Of Personal Essay. ^^’ Moi qui dessine parfois comme un pied…je pense que cela m’irait bien de dessiner a travers une soquette mdr… Plus serieusement, c’est efficace, on why obesity is a, peut aussi regarder a travers une passoire, si tu en as deux cela fait assez « oeil de mouche » Toi dessiner comme un pied? allez allez, tu n’as pas besoin de passoire vas #128578; Quand j’aurais ton age j’aimerai y voir aussi bien! (et je dis ca, PAS parce que tu es « vieux », mais parce que tu es plus age que moi ^^)

J’ai deja des corps volants devant les yeux qui me pourrissent la vie en basse lumiere sans parler que mes yeux n’accommodent presque plus (a trop trainer sur l’ordinateur…) , j’imagine que ta vision est meilleure que la mienne a en juger par la precision de tes dessins. Of Personal Essay. : Mais peut etre travailles-tu a la loupe, dans ce cas je n’ai rien dit #128512; En mode men in why obesity is a black :p ! de mon cote je les ai agrafee #128578; attention aux agrafes dans les yeux! Je me detache de toute responsabilite si tu deviens borgne hein ^^’ Merci pour cette belle trouvaille ! Je vais essayer la technique des que j’arrive a mettre la main sur des « socquettes » #128521; regarde vite fait dans les tiroirs de ta femme sans le lui dire. Of Personal Essay. #128521; Et les lunettes bien sur, c’est la classe! huhu, on why obesity is a problem, a la classe ou on spirits really exist, l’a pas #128512; Si Kofkof est celui que je pense il est loin de dessiner comme un pied !! Ou alors c’est un pied magique ! Comme les lunettes de Pit !! oui oui c’est bien lui.

Il modere la communaute apprendre a dessiner sur google+ avec mes autres chers amis modos. Il a un sens des details incroyable., il faut bien le dire. Ahh sympa comme idee, merci pour l’astuce #128578; Tu m’enverras une photo? non je dis ca histoire que d’autres personnes aient l’air ridicules, pas que moi #128512; #128512; hehe.

J’ai pris une chaussette noir, du fils, une aiguille et une vielle paire de lunette de vue XD. je t’envoie la photo lol. Pas bete du tout . Is A. J’ai un mi-bas qui s’est retrouve tout seul apres le lavage. Pcwb Com. C’est le moment d’en profiter.Merci pour l’astuce.:) ah ben voila, la chance! j’ai jamais de bas qui se retrouvent tout seul moi, snif. Why Obesity Is A. :p.

merci pour cette ingenieuse astuce #128578; Cependant, ne penses-tu pas qu’utiliser ce genre d’accessoires au lieu de plisser les yeux et de juger correctement les valeurs sans aucune aide n’est pas plus benefique ? je veux dire par la, pourquoi donc ce casser la tete a essayer de tracer des ellipses correctes si un gabarit existe ou des lignes droites a main levee alors qu’on peut utilizer une latte ? mais le jour ou tu ne peux compter sur ces outils, tes talents de dessinateur s’evaporent… Curieux de connaitre ton avis #128578; Personnellement, je prefere ne pas etre tributaire d’aide quelle qu’elle soit. Example Of Personal. Mes yeux, mon cerveau, et un crayon… Les outils peuvent etre utiles quand on why obesity, debute ou dans certaines circonstances. Par exemple, la regle permet de finaliser un dessin grand format, aide aux traits de construction mais pour une vignette, il faut savoir dessiner a main levee pour prendre confiance en son trait. OUI, les outils sont utiles au debut, OUI, a terme, ils peuvent desservir et il faut savoir se debrouiller sans. Si vous dessinez en pleine nature ou dans un cadre pas aussi confortable que chez vous notamment, il parait delicat de se balader avec toute une « caisse a outils ». tout est question de finalite, imaginerai t on generator, un architecte sans regles lol.

en realite j’ai surtout invente ces lunettes pour ceux qui ont justement du mal a plisser les yeux. Why Obesity Is A Problem. Rigole pas, y en a. What A Nervous. ^^ Et puis ca peut etre un bon apprentissage pendant quelques temps, histoire de pouvoir anticiper ensuite le regroupement des valeurs. A terme tu prefereras utiliser ton propre cerveau c’est sur. Why Obesity Is A. Mais certains debutants necessitent parfois quelques bons coups de pouce.

Et puis… c’est marrant! et en rigolant, on example essay, fait sauter des verrous ancres depuis bien longtemps dans notre cerveau! et il y en a un paquet concernant le dessin, et surtout les ombres! pas facile, par exemple de faire une grosse tache noire a la place d’un oeil parce qu’il est completement dans l’ombre alors que notre cerveau nous dit qu’il faut dessiner, paupieres, iris, pupille, reflet! moi, je trouve l’idee vraiment excellente!! Merci pour ta reponse et avis Pit. Why Obesity Is A Problem. Mais j ai toujours un peu de mal a me faire a cette idee d utiliser une aide, surtout comme debutant. Endnotes Generator. Je pense que c est un mauvais calcul a long terme, mais bon, chacun son avis et tant mieux lol #128512; Tu sais c est comme certaines personnes qui recommandent de tourner la feuille de dessin pour trouver un angle ideal sur le trace des lignes… Ok, parfait, ensuite quand tu te lances sur un format A2 ou A1 ben tu peux commencer a tourner autour de la table plutot #128512; Enfin bref, chacun fait fait… Merci encore pour ton blog et tes conseils en tout cas, que je trouve bien utile en general. mon look tu veux dire? :p. ca peut etre utile effectivement ( et c’est ingenieux ! )! .Neanmoins je n’en ai pas besoin, j’ai une autre technique : je ne sais pas comment je fait mais j’arrive a « flouter » volontairement ma vision. Is A. Je vois floue, donc ca fait le meme effet qu’avec les yeux plisser mais sans les rides. Pcwb Com. ^_^

. Problem. il faudra que tu m’apprennes. What Causes Breakdown. c’est comme si tu passais en vision peripherique? ou comme si tu faisais le point ailleurs? tu crois que c’est dans ton cerveau que ca se passe? ce que tu me dis est assez bluffant en realite. si tu peux me decrire cette capacite avec plus de precisions, je serai vraiment curieux, tu es un phenomene! #128578; Personnelement je suis comme Loana ,pas besoin de plisser les yeux pour flouter ma vision. Why Obesity Is A Problem. Je ne pense pas que cela vienne du cerveau, pour ma part c’est tout a fait mecanique . Pcwb Com. Tu parles de « faire le point ailleurs » et je pense que c’est a peu pres ca qui se passe avec mes yeux lorsque je floute ma vision. Why Obesity Is A. C’est comme si mes yeux se concentraient sur un point fictif proche de mon visage pour que l’arriere plan apparaisse flou.

J’espere avoir pu t’apporter les precisions que tu souhaites , ce n’est evident a expliquer . Effectivement, ca demande un peu d’entrainement, mais je viens d’y parvenir volontairement. C’est un peu lorsqu’on rentre dans un etat pensif, la vision se trouble. c’est une excellente trouvaille, merci et bravo Pit. et merci a toi pour ton commentaire! Cependant une question tout de meme . Essay. Est ce que le contraste n’est pas trop fort ?Est ce que les valeurs ,meme si elle sont a la bonne place ,ne seront pas 2 poils(couches) trop sombre ? Est ce que le resultat final ne manquera pas un peu de « subtilite »? les questions sont a chaud faut que je trouve des bas noirs (les miens sont bruns ou beiges:-( et un vieille paire de lunette (j’ai :-)) puis tester … cela est et reste une excellente idee…. En fait ces lunettes sont surtout recommandees pour faire le tri entre les valeurs, et placer grossierement les ombres.

Mais il est clair que les valeurs sont assombries et decontrastees (pas contrastees justement, car toutes les tonalites sont aplaties). C’est le gros inconvenient de ces lunettes. Une fois la hierarchie de valeurs clairement etablie, il faudra les quitter pour pouvoir aller davantage dans les details effectivement. Super cette article. Bravo pour ton esprit astucieux. Problem. Etant photographe specialise dans le mariage, j’aime bien quand il y a un lien entre le photo et le dessin. Black Movie. effectivement,le collant est utile dans de nombreuses situations. Je vais construire mes propres lunettes.

merci pour cette astuce et… OH MON DIEU TU ES LE JUMEAU CACHE DE DRNOZMAN . non mais serieusement merci ! ca me facilite le vie tu peux pas imaginer !!